treaty

When a war ends, often two countries will sign a treaty, which is a contract where both sides agree to behave a certain way. Treaties are used for many reasons, like creating alliances or preventing nuclear weapons from being built.

The Latin root of treaty is tractare, which means “handle.” When two nations sign a treaty, they decide to handle things according to rules defined in their agreement. However, treaties are not always permanent, and can be broken if one side changes their mind. When white Europeans were settling in the United States, they made many treaties with Native Americans, and every single treaty was eventually broken, some even less than a day later.

Definitions of treaty
  1. noun
    a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
    synonyms: accord, pact
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    examples:
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    North Atlantic Treaty
    the treaty signed in 1949 by 12 countries that established NATO
    SALT I
    the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
    SALT II
    the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
    Peace of Westphalia
    the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648
    Chemical Weapons Convention
    a global treaty banning the production or acquisition or stockpiling or transfer or use of chemical weapons
    Geneva Convention
    an agreement first drawn up in Geneva in 1864 and later revised concerning the treatment of captured and wounded military personnel and civilians in wartime
    Treaty of Versailles
    the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
    types:
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    alliance
    a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim
    commercial treaty
    a treaty governing commerce between two or more nations
    pacification, peace, peace treaty
    a treaty to cease hostilities
    convention
    (diplomacy) an international agreement
    type of:
    written agreement
    a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
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