privilege

A privilege is a special advantage not enjoyed by everyone. If you're very snooty, you probably don't allow just anyone the privilege of being your friend.

Privilege comes from Latin privilegium, meaning a law for just one person, and means a benefit enjoyed by an individual or group beyond what's available to others. Someone wealthy come from privilege. Someone with a library card has borrowing privileges. Privilege can also be used as a verb. If you are on a committee giving away scholarships, you'll have to decide whether to privilege students from poor backgrounds or the students with high test scores.

Definitions of privilege
1

n a special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all

Type of:
advantage, vantage
the quality of having a superior or more favorable position

n a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right)

Synonyms:
exclusive right, perquisite, prerogative
Types:
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easement
(law) the privilege of using something that is not your own (as using another's land as a right of way to your own land)
privilege of the floor
the right to be admitted onto the floor of a legislative assembly while it is in session
public easement
any easement enjoyed by the public in general (as the public's right to use public streets)
right of way
the privilege of someone to pass over land belonging to someone else
Type of:
right
an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature

n (law) the right to refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship

Types:
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attorney-client privilege
the right of a lawyer to refuse to divulge confidential information from his client
informer's privilege
the right of the government to refuse to reveal the identity of an informer
journalist's privilege
the right of a journalist to refuse to divulge sources of confidential information
husband-wife privilege, marital communications privilege
neither spouse can divulge confidential communications from the other while they were married
physician-patient privilege
the right of a physician to refuse to divulge confidential information from a patient without the consent of the patient
priest-penitent privilege
the right of a clergyman to refuse to divulge confidential information received from a person during confession or similar exchanges
Type of:
right
an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature

v bestow a privilege upon

Synonyms:
favor, favour
Type of:
allow, countenance, let, permit
consent to, give permission

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