Basic medical vocabulary 2022

Vocabulary used in MDG201
104 words 1,896 learners

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Full list of words from this list:

  1. specimen
    a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes
  2. diagnosis
    identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  3. prevention
    the act of hindering
  4. calf
    the muscular back part of the lower leg
  5. abdomen
    the region of the body between the thorax and the pelvis
  6. prominence
    something that projects from its surroundings
  7. navel
    a scar where the umbilical cord was attached
  8. sprain
    twist suddenly so as to wrench
  9. intense
    extremely sharp
  10. allow
    make it possible for something to happen
  11. examine
    observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect
  12. prenatal
    occurring or existing before birth
  13. numb
    lacking sensation
  14. paralyze
    cause to be immobile
  15. spasm
    a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
  16. supervise
    keep an eye on; keep under surveillance
  17. patient
    a person who requires medical care
  18. condition
    the state of health
  19. complain
    express discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness
  20. anesthetic
    a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
  21. risk
    the probability of becoming infected
  22. genetic
    relating to the study of heredity and variation in organisms
  23. counseling
    something that provides direction or advice
  24. muscle
    animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells
  25. nervous
    of or relating to a system of sensory apparatus
  26. convulsive
    affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions
  27. disorder
    a disturbance of normal functioning
  28. malignant
    dangerous to health
  29. excessive
    beyond normal limits
  30. benign
    not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive
  31. progressive
    favoring or promoting modern or innovative ideas
  32. disability
    a condition that prevents one from performing some task
  33. systemic
    affecting an entire structure, network, or complex of parts
  34. arthritis
    inflammation of a joint or joints
  35. failure
    loss of ability to function normally
  36. deterioration
    the process of changing to an inferior state
  37. fluid
    continuous amorphous matter that tends to flow
  38. homeostasis
    metabolic equilibrium maintained by biological mechanisms
  39. acute
    extremely sharp or intense
  40. seizure
    a sudden attack characterized by spasms or convulsions
  41. prevalence
    the quality of being widespread
  42. febrile
    of or relating to or characterized by fever
  43. dull
    blunted in responsiveness or sensibility
  44. allergy
    hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance
  45. abnormal
    not typical or usual or regular
  46. immune
    of the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  47. emergency
    a sudden unforeseen crisis that requires immediate action
  48. amnesia
    partial or total loss of memory
  49. memory
    the cognitive process whereby past experience is remembered
  50. amputate
    remove surgically
  51. limb
    one of the jointed appendages of an animal
  52. infection
    the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
  53. anemia
    a deficiency of red blood cells
  54. anemic
    relating to or having a deficiency of red blood cells
  55. swollen
    abnormally enlarged, bloated, or expanded
  56. asthma
    respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing
  57. wound
    an injury to living tissue
  58. lump
    a compact mass
  59. brace
    a support that steadies or strengthens something else
  60. injured
  61. breech
    opening in the barrel of a gun where bullets can be loaded
  62. bruise
    a small injury that results in discoloration
  63. procedure
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
  64. incision
    the cutting of or into body tissues or organs
  65. resuscitation
    reviving a person and returning them to consciousness
  66. coroner
    an official who investigates death not due to natural causes
  67. dementia
    mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  68. mental
    involving the mind or an intellectual process
  69. suffering
    feelings of mental or physical pain
  70. fatal
    bringing death
  71. prescription
    the action of issuing authoritative rules or directions
  72. influenza
    an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  73. respiratory
    pertaining to the act of breathing
  74. fracture
    breaking of hard tissue such as bone
  75. germ
    a structure from which tissue can develop into an organism
  76. organism
    a living thing that can act or function independently
  77. ward
    a person who is under the protection of another
  78. hive
    a structure that provides a natural habitation for bees
  79. rash
    imprudently incurring risk
  80. surgery
    science treating disease or injury by operative procedures
  81. injury
    physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident
  82. intravenous
    within or by means of a vein
  83. deliver
    bring to a destination
  84. vein
    a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
  85. toddler
    a young child
  86. dehydrate
    remove water from
  87. tumor
    an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  88. physician
    a licensed medical practitioner
  89. poison
    any substance that causes injury or illness or death
  90. prescribe
    issue commands or orders for
  91. malfunction
    fail to work properly
  92. epilepsy
    a nervous disorder characterized by convulsions
  93. prone
    having a tendency
  94. ligament
    a band of fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages
  95. transplant
    transfer from one place or period to another
  96. artery
    a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  97. nausea
    the state that precedes vomiting
  98. plasma
    the watery fluid in which blood cells are suspended
  99. pancreas
    a large gland that secretes insulin and digestive enzymes
  100. prognosis
    a prediction of the course of a disease
  101. obstetrics
    the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and pregnancy
  102. gurney
    a metal stretcher with wheels
  103. gurney
    a metal stretcher with wheels
  104. stretcher
    a device for transporting someone who is ill or wounded
Created on June 7, 2013 (updated February 10, 2022)

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