physician

A physician is a doctor. If you wake up and your eyes are red, your skin is yellow, and your tongue is swollen, find a physician, soon!

When we use the word physician, we typically mean a doctor that practices general healing, as opposed to a surgeon. Physician is a very old word, coming from both Greek and Latin roots for physic, meaning "natural science and medicine."

Definitions of physician
1

n a licensed medical practitioner

Synonyms:
Dr., MD, doc, doctor, medico
Examples:
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Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd
Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina
Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
Robert Barany
Austrian physician who developed a rotational method for testing the middle ear (1876-1936)
Caspar Bartholin
Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)
Sir David Bruce
Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855-1931)
Burrill Bernard Crohn
United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)
John L. H. Down
English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)
Christiaan Eijkman
Dutch physician who discovered that beriberi is caused by a nutritional deficiency (1858-1930)
Etienne-Louis Arthur Fallot
French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)
William Gilbert
English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)
William Harvey
English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood; he later proposed that all animals originate from an ovum produced by the female of the species (1578-1657)
Thomas Hodgkin
English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)
George Huntington
United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea
Aletta Jacobs
Dutch physician who opened the first birth control clinic in the world in Amsterdam (1854-1929)
Edward Jenner
English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749-1823)
Harry Fitch Kleinfelter
United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)
Clemence Sophia Harned Lozier
United States physician who in 1863 founded a medical school for women (1813-1888)
Sir Patrick Manson
Scottish physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitos and suggested that mosquitos also spread malaria (1844-1922)
Friedrich Anton Mesmer
Austrian physician who tried to treat diseases with a form of hypnotism (1734-1815)
Theophrastus Philippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim
Swiss physician who introduced treatments of particular illnesses based on his observation and experience; he saw illness as having an external cause (rather than an imbalance of humors) and replaced traditional remedies with chemical remedies (1493-1541)
Peter Mark Roget
English physician who in retirement compiled a well-known thesaurus (1779-1869)
Sir Ronald Ross
British physician who discovered that mosquitos transmit malaria (1857-1932)
Benjamin Rush
physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)
Albert Schweitzer
French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
Anna Howard Shaw
United States physician and suffragist (1847-1919)
Sir James Young Simpson
Scottish obstetrician and surgeon who pioneered in the use of ether and discovered the anesthetic effects of chloroform (1811-1870)
English Hippocrates
English physician (1624-1689)
Erik Adolf von Willebrand
Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)
William Beaumont
United States surgeon remembered for his studies of digestion (1785-1853)
Alexis Carrel
French surgeon and biologist who developed a way to suture and graft blood vessels (1873-1944)
Jean Martin Charcot
French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)
William Cowper
English surgeon who discovered Cowper's gland (1666-1709)
Harvery Williams Cushing
United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939)
Michael Ellis De Bakey
United States heart surgeon who in 1966 implanted the first artificial heart in a human patient (born in 1908)
Sir Howard Walter Florey
British pathologist who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1898-1968)
Sigmund Freud
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
William Crawford Gorgas
United States Army surgeon who suppressed yellow fever in Havana and in the Panama Canal Zone (1854-1920)
Harold Hirschsprung
Danish pediatrician (1830-1916)
Karen Danielsen Horney
United States psychiatrist (1885-1952)
Karl Theodor Jaspers
German psychiatrist (1883-1969)
Melanie Klein
United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960)
Baron Richard von Krafft-Ebing
German neurologist noted for his studies of sexual deviance (1840-1902)
Karl Landsteiner
United States pathologist (born in Austria) who discovered human blood groups (1868-1943)
Joseph Lister
English surgeon who was the first to use antiseptics (1827-1912)
Prosper Meniere
French otologist who first described a form of vertigo now known as Meniere's disease and identified the semicircular canals as the site of the lesion (1799-1862)
Charles Frederick Menninger
United States psychiatrist who with his sons founded a famous psychiatric clinic in Topeka (1862-1953)
Karl Augustus Menninger
United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1893-1990)
William Claire Menninger
United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1899-1966)
Sir James Paget
English pathologist who discovered the cause of trichinosis (1814-1899)
James Parkinson
English surgeon (1755-1824)
Walter Reed
United States physician who proved that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes (1851-1902)
Wilhelm Reich
Austrian born psychoanalyst who lived in the United States; advocated sexual freedom and believed that cosmic energy could be concentrated in a human being (1897-1957)
John Rock
United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill (1890-1984)
Francis Peyton Rous
United States pathologist who discovered viruses that cause tumors (1879-1970)
Hermann Snellen
Dutch ophthalmologist who introduced the Snellen chart to study visual acuity (1834-1908)
Benjamin Spock
United States pediatrician whose many books on child care influenced the upbringing of children around the world (1903-1998)
Harry Stack Sullivan
United States psychiatrist (1892-1949)
Georges Gilles de la Tourette
French neurologist (1857-1904)
Henry Hubert Turner
United States endocrinologist (1892-1970)
Rudolf Karl Virchow
German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821-1902)
Karl Wernicke
German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848-1905)
Thomas Willis
English physician who was a pioneer in the study of the brain (1621-1675)
Types:
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abortionist
a person (who should be a doctor) who terminates pregnancies
allergist
a physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies
angiologist
a physician who specializes in angiology
extern, medical extern
a nonresident doctor or medical student; connected with a hospital but not living there
gastroenterologist
a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
GP, general practitioner
a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses
hakeem, hakim
a Muslim physician
house physician, resident, resident physician
a physician (especially an intern) who lives in a hospital and cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the medical staff of the hospital
houseman, intern, interne, medical intern
an advanced student or graduate in medicine gaining supervised practical experience (`houseman' is a British term)
primary care physician
the physician who provides primary care
quack
an untrained person who pretends to be a physician and who dispenses medical advice
medical specialist, specialist
practices one branch of medicine
operating surgeon, sawbones, surgeon
a physician who specializes in surgery
vet, veterinarian, veterinary, veterinary surgeon
a doctor who practices veterinary medicine
amputator
a surgeon who removes part or all of a limb
anaesthetist, anesthesiologist, anesthetist
a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated
baby doctor, paediatrician, pediatrician, pediatrist
a specialist in the care of babies
cardiologist, heart specialist, heart surgeon
a specialist in cardiology; a specialist in the structure and function and disorders of the heart
chiropodist, foot doctor, podiatrist
a specialist in care for the feet
cosmetic surgeon, plastic surgeon
a surgeon who beautifies the body (especially the face)
country doctor
a doctor who practices in the country (rather than in a city) usually remote from a modern hospital
dermatologist, skin doctor
a doctor who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin
diagnostician, pathologist
a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis
diplomate
medical specialist whose competence has been certified by a diploma granted by an appropriate professional group
ear doctor, ear specialist, otologist
a physician who specializes in the ear and its diseases
embryologist
a physician who specializes in embryology
endocrinologist
physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the endocrine system
ENT man, ear-nose-and-throat doctor, otolaryngologist, otorhinolaryngologist, rhinolaryngologist
a specialist in the disorders of the ear or nose or throat
family doctor
a general practitioner who treats all the family members
geriatrician, gerontologist
a specialist in gerontology
gynaecologist, gynecologist, woman's doctor
a specialist in gynecology
haematologist, hematologist
a doctor who specializes in diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
horse doctor
a veterinarian who treats horses
hygienist
a medical specialist in hygiene
internist
a specialist in internal medicine
brain doctor, neurologist
a medical specialist in the nervous system and the disorders affecting it
brain surgeon, neurosurgeon
someone who does surgery on the nervous system (especially the brain)
accoucheur, obstetrician
a physician specializing in obstetrics
oncologist
a specialist in oncology
eye doctor, oculist, ophthalmologist
a medical doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the eye
orthopaedist, orthopedist
a specialist in correcting deformities of the skeletal system (especially in children)
orthoptist
a specialist in orthoptics
proctologist
a doctor specializing in diseases of the rectum and anus
head-shrinker, psychiatrist, shrink
a physician who specializes in psychiatry
radiographer
a person who makes radiographs
radiologist, radiotherapist
a medical specialist who uses radioactive substances and X-rays in the treatment of disease
rheumatologist
a physician specializing in rheumatic diseases
urologist
a specialist in urology
Type of:
medical man, medical practitioner
someone who practices medicine

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