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MD

Definitions of MD
  1. noun
    a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
    synonyms: Free State, Maryland, Old Line State
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    example of:
    American state
    one of the 50 states of the United States
  2. noun
    a doctor's degree in medicine
    synonyms: Doctor of Medicine
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    type of:
    doctor's degree, doctorate
    one of the highest earned academic degrees conferred by a university
  3. noun
    a licensed medical practitioner
    synonyms: Dr., doc, doctor, medico, physician
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    examples:
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    Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd
    Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina
    Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    Robert Barany
    Austrian physician who developed a rotational method for testing the middle ear (1876-1936)
    Caspar Bartholin
    Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)
    Sir David Bruce
    Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855-1931)
    Burrill Bernard Crohn
    United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)
    John L. H. Down
    English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)
    Christiaan Eijkman
    Dutch physician who discovered that beriberi is caused by a nutritional deficiency (1858-1930)
    Etienne-Louis Arthur Fallot
    French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)
    William Gilbert
    English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)
    William Harvey
    English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood; he later proposed that all animals originate from an ovum produced by the female of the species (1578-1657)
    Thomas Hodgkin
    English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)
    George Huntington
    United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea
    Aletta Jacobs
    Dutch physician who opened the first birth control clinic in the world in Amsterdam (1854-1929)
    Edward Jenner
    English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749-1823)
    Harry Fitch Kleinfelter
    United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)
    Clemence Sophia Harned Lozier
    United States physician who in 1863 founded a medical school for women (1813-1888)
    Sir Patrick Manson
    Scottish physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitos and suggested that mosquitos also spread malaria (1844-1922)
    Friedrich Anton Mesmer
    Austrian physician who tried to treat diseases with a form of hypnotism (1734-1815)
    Theophrastus Philippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim
    Swiss physician who introduced treatments of particular illnesses based on his observation and experience; he saw illness as having an external cause (rather than an imbalance of humors) and replaced traditional remedies with chemical remedies (1493-1541)
    Peter Mark Roget
    English physician who in retirement compiled a well-known thesaurus (1779-1869)
    Sir Ronald Ross
    British physician who discovered that mosquitos transmit malaria (1857-1932)
    Benjamin Rush
    physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)
    Albert Schweitzer
    French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Anna Howard Shaw
    United States physician and suffragist (1847-1919)
    Sir James Young Simpson
    Scottish obstetrician and surgeon who pioneered in the use of ether and discovered the anesthetic effects of chloroform (1811-1870)
    English Hippocrates
    English physician (1624-1689)
    Erik Adolf von Willebrand
    Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)
    types:
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    abortionist
    a person (who should be a doctor) who terminates pregnancies
    allergist
    a physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies
    angiologist
    a physician who specializes in angiology
    extern, medical extern
    a nonresident doctor or medical student; connected with a hospital but not living there
    gastroenterologist
    a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
    GP, general practitioner
    a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses
    hakeem, hakim
    a Muslim physician
    house physician, resident, resident physician
    a physician (especially an intern) who lives in a hospital and cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the medical staff of the hospital
    houseman, intern, interne, medical intern
    an advanced student or graduate in medicine gaining supervised practical experience (`houseman' is a British term)
    primary care physician
    the physician who provides primary care
    quack
    an untrained person who pretends to be a physician and who dispenses medical advice
    medical specialist, specialist
    practices one branch of medicine
    operating surgeon, sawbones, surgeon
    a physician who specializes in surgery
    vet, veterinarian, veterinary, veterinary surgeon
    a doctor who practices veterinary medicine
    amputator
    a surgeon who removes part or all of a limb
    anaesthetist, anesthesiologist, anesthetist
    a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated
    baby doctor, paediatrician, pediatrician, pediatrist
    a specialist in the care of babies
    cardiologist, heart specialist, heart surgeon
    a specialist in cardiology; a specialist in the structure and function and disorders of the heart
    chiropodist, foot doctor, podiatrist
    a specialist in care for the feet
    cosmetic surgeon, plastic surgeon
    a surgeon who beautifies the body (especially the face)
    country doctor
    a doctor who practices in the country (rather than in a city) usually remote from a modern hospital
    dermatologist, skin doctor
    a doctor who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin
    diagnostician, pathologist
    a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis
    diplomate
    medical specialist whose competence has been certified by a diploma granted by an appropriate professional group
    ear doctor, ear specialist, otologist
    a physician who specializes in the ear and its diseases
    embryologist
    a physician who specializes in embryology
    endocrinologist
    physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the endocrine system
    ENT man, ear-nose-and-throat doctor, otolaryngologist, otorhinolaryngologist, rhinolaryngologist
    a specialist in the disorders of the ear or nose or throat
    family doctor
    a general practitioner who treats all the family members
    geriatrician, gerontologist
    a specialist in gerontology
    gynaecologist, gynecologist, woman's doctor
    a specialist in gynecology
    haematologist, hematologist
    a doctor who specializes in diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
    horse doctor
    a veterinarian who treats horses
    hygienist
    a medical specialist in hygiene
    internist
    a specialist in internal medicine
    brain doctor, neurologist
    a medical specialist in the nervous system and the disorders affecting it
    brain surgeon, neurosurgeon
    someone who does surgery on the nervous system (especially the brain)
    accoucheur, obstetrician
    a physician specializing in obstetrics
    oncologist
    a specialist in oncology
    eye doctor, oculist, ophthalmologist
    a medical doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the eye
    orthopaedist, orthopedist
    a specialist in correcting deformities of the skeletal system (especially in children)
    orthoptist
    a specialist in orthoptics
    proctologist
    a doctor specializing in diseases of the rectum and anus
    head-shrinker, psychiatrist, shrink
    a physician who specializes in psychiatry
    radiographer
    a person who makes radiographs
    radiologist, radiotherapist
    a medical specialist who uses radioactive substances and X-rays in the treatment of disease
    rheumatologist
    a physician specializing in rheumatic diseases
    urologist
    a specialist in urology
    type of:
    medical man, medical practitioner
    someone who practices medicine
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