A psychiatrist is a doctor who specializes in emotional, behavioral, or mental disorders. Sigmund Freud is the founder of the field of psychiatry, pioneering psychoanalytic treatment.

The noun psychiatrist has Greek roots in psykhe, meaning mind, and iatreia, meaning healing, so the word psychiatrist is literally one who heals the mind. As opposed to a psychologist, who also offers psychotherapy, a psychiatrist is a medical doctor and, as such, can prescribe medication for things like depression and anxiety.

Definitions of psychiatrist

n a physician who specializes in psychiatry

head-shrinker, shrink
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Karen Danielsen Horney
United States psychiatrist (1885-1952)
Karl Theodor Jaspers
German psychiatrist (1883-1969)
Charles Frederick Menninger
United States psychiatrist who with his sons founded a famous psychiatric clinic in Topeka (1862-1953)
Karl Augustus Menninger
United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1893-1990)
William Claire Menninger
United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1899-1966)
Harry Stack Sullivan
United States psychiatrist (1892-1949)
Sigmund Freud
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
Melanie Klein
United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960)
Wilhelm Reich
Austrian born psychoanalyst who lived in the United States; advocated sexual freedom and believed that cosmic energy could be concentrated in a human being (1897-1957)
a psychiatrist and specialist in the legal aspects of mental illness
analyst, psychoanalyst
a licensed practitioner of psychoanalysis
Type of:
medical specialist, specialist
practices one branch of medicine

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