organic process

Definitions of organic process

n a process occurring in living organisms

biological process
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adaptation, adaption, adjustment
the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
a clumping of bacteria or red cells when held together by antibodies (agglutinins)
ageing, aging, senescence
the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age
the absence of ovulation due to immaturity or post-maturity or pregnancy or oral contraceptive pills or dysfunction of the ovary
antisepsis, asepsis
the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
absorption, assimilation
the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
(physiology) processes that maintain a generally constant physiological state in a cell or organism
inhibition of the growth of bacteria
bloom, blooming
the organic process of bearing flowers
activity, bodily function, bodily process, body process
an organic process that takes place in the body
carbon cycle
the organic circulation of carbon from the atmosphere into organisms and back again
catabolism, destructive metabolism, dissimilation, katabolism
breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
cell division, cellular division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divides to form daughter cells
crossing over, crossover
the interchange of sections between pairing homologous chromosomes during the prophase of meiosis
the loss of foliage
the loss of the mineral content of bone tissue
the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body
a change that occurs in degenerative joint disease in which bone is converted into a dense smooth substance resembling ivory
the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black-and-blue spot on the skin
shortening of the uterine cervix and thinning of its walls as it is dilated during labor
the process of producing red blood cells by the stem cells in the bone marrow
excessive nutrients in a lake or other body of water, usually caused by runoff of nutrients (animal waste, fertilizers, sewage) from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life; the decomposition of the plants depletes the supply of oxygen, leading to the death of animal life
evolution, organic evolution, phylogenesis, phylogeny
(biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms
(genetics) the process of expressing a gene
the process of exuding or passing out of a vessel into surrounding tissues; said of blood or lymph or urine
the process in which a gastrula develops from a blastula by the inward migration of cells
the formation in animals of glycogen from glucose
development, growing, growth, maturation, ontogenesis, ontogeny
(biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
haematogenesis, haematopoiesis, haemogenesis, haemopoiesis, hematogenesis, hematopoiesis, hemogenesis, hemopoiesis, sanguification
the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
the biological process whereby genetic factors are transmitted from one generation to the next
the process of the formation of humus from plant remains
epistasis, hypostasis
the suppression of a gene by the effect of an unrelated gene
implantation, nidation
(embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals
(physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part
infolding, introversion, intussusception, invagination
the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface
reduction in size of an organ or part (as in the return of the uterus to normal size after childbirth)
organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm of a cell following karyokinesis bringing about the separation into two daughter cells
organic process consisting of the division of the nucleus of a cell during mitosis or meiosis
keratinisation, keratinization
organic process by which keratin is deposited in cells and the cells become horny (as in nails and hair)
Krebs citric acid cycle, Krebs cycle, citric acid cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle
in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high-energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
the formation of lymphocytes in the bone marrow and lymph nodes and thymus and spleen
lysogenisation, lysogenization
the process by which a bacterium acquires a phage that becomes integrated into its genome
maturation, maturement, ripening
coming to full development; becoming mature
metabolic process, metabolism
the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
metabolism, metamorphosis
the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
nitrogen cycle
the circulation of nitrogen; nitrates from the soil are absorbed by plants which are eaten by animals that die and decay returning the nitrogen back to the soil
nitrogen fixation
the assimilation of atmospheric nitrogen by soil bacteria and its release for plant use on the death of the bacteria
failure of normal development to occur
(physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance
the process of organ formation
the developmental process of bone formation
the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
oxidative phosphorylation
an enzymatic process in cell metabolism that synthesizes ATP from ADP
birth, birthing, giving birth, parturition
the process of giving birth
pathologic process, pathological process
an organic process occurring as a consequence of disease
the process of living through a number of years (as a perennial plant)
a process that saves organic substances from decay
quellung, quellung reaction
the swelling of the capsule surrounding a microorganism after reaction with an antibody; the basis of certain tests for identifying microorganisms
the process of showing signs of life
(biology) growth anew of lost tissue or destroyed parts or organs
(embryology) the ability of an early embryo to continue normal development after its structure has been somehow damaged or altered
(genetics) the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
the process of generating offspring
reabsorption, resorption
the organic process in which the substance of some differentiated structure that has been produced by the body undergoes lysis and assimilation
ageing, aging, ripening
acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
secernment, secretion
the organic process of synthesizing and releasing some substance
(genetics) the separation of paired alleles during meiosis so that members of each pair of alleles appear in different gametes
shedding, sloughing
the process whereby something is shed
(physiology) the process whereby multiple stimuli can produce a response (in a muscle or nerve or other part) that one stimulus alone does not produce
a growing together of parts or structures
the side by side pairing of homologous maternal and paternal chromosomes at the start of meiosis
synezesis, synizesis
the contraction of chromatin towards one side of the nucleus during the prophase of meiosis
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA; the process whereby a base sequence of messenger RNA is synthesized on a template of complementary DNA
(genetics) the process of transfering genetic material from one cell to another by a plasmid or bacteriophage
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
folding, protein folding
the process whereby a protein molecule assumes its intricate three-dimensional shape
(genetics) an exchange of chromosome parts
the transport of dissolved material within a plant
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
the process of tumefying; the organic process whereby tissue becomes swollen by the accumulation of fluid within it
the process of ulcer formation; the process of becoming ulcerated
vascularisation, vascularization
the organic process whereby body tissue becomes vascular and develops capillaries
blistering, vesication, vesiculation
the formation of vesicles in or beneath the skin
fixation, fixing
(histology) the preservation and hardening of a tissue sample to retain as nearly as possible the same relations they had in the living body
preservation (of a dead body) by treating with balsams and drugs and other chemicals
(physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc
cellular respiration, internal respiration, respiration
the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs
breathing, external respiration, respiration, ventilation
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
a single complete act of breathing in and out
the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing
consumption, ingestion, intake, uptake
the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
sex, sex activity, sexual activity, sexual practice
activities associated with sexual intercourse
the introduction of semen into the genital tract of a female
the suspension of consciousness and decrease in metabolic rate
reaction, response
a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some antecedent stimulus or agent
crying, tears, weeping
the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
(biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar)
the cessation of lactation
shedding of flowers and leaves and fruit following formation of scar tissue in a plant
acclimation, acclimatisation, acclimatization
adaptation to a new climate (a new temperature or altitude or environment)
agenesia, agenesis
imperfect development; nondevelopment of a part
the developmental process of forming tooth enamel
the direct method of cell division characterized by simple division of the nucleus without formation of chromosomes
anabolism, constructive metabolism
the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
anamorphism, anamorphosis
the evolution of one type of organism from another by a long series of gradual changes
muscular action of the alimentary tract in a direction opposite to peristalsis
the formation of new blood vessels
anthropogenesis, anthropogeny
the evolution or genesis of the human race
(biology) growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposit of successive layers of material
agamogenesis, asexual reproduction
reproduction without the fusion of gametes
growth from increase in cell size without cell division
basal metabolism
the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state
anthesis, blossoming, efflorescence, florescence, flowering, inflorescence
the time and process of budding and unfolding of blossoms
brooding, incubation
sitting on eggs so as to hatch them by the warmth of the body
giving birth to a calf
normal aging of cells
caenogenesis, cainogenesis, cenogenesis, kainogenesis, kenogenesis
introduction during embryonic development of characters or structure not present in the earlier evolutionary history of the strain or species (such as the addition of the placenta in mammalian evolution)
accouchement, childbearing, childbirth, vaginal birth
the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
cleavage, segmentation
(embryology) the repeated division of a fertilised ovum
(botany) the process in some plants of parts growing together that are usually separate (such as petals)
the process of fostering the growth of something
cytogenesis, cytogeny
the origin and development and variation of cells
the loss of specialization in form or function
discharge, emission, expelling
any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body
adaptation to intimate association with human beings
emergent evolution
the appearance of entirely new properties at certain critical stages in the course of evolution
the process of coughing up and spitting out
farrow, farrowing
the production of a litter of pigs
fat metabolism
a metabolic process that breaks down ingested fats into fatty acids and glycerol and then into simpler compounds that can be used by cells of the body
feminisation, feminization
the process of becoming feminized; the development of female characteristics (loss of facial hair or breast enlargement) in a male because of hormonal disorders or castration
festering, maturation, suppuration
(medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus
foliation, leafing
(botany) the process of forming leaves
the bearing of fruit
the secretion of milk
the development and maturation of sex cells through meiosis
gastric digestion
the process of breaking down proteins by the action of the gastric juice in the stomach
germination, sprouting
the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow
a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and releases energy for the body in the form of ATP
the general form or mode of growth (especially of a plant or crystal)
hatch, hatching
the production of young from an egg
the natural process by which the body repairs itself
haemagglutination, hemagglutination
agglutination of red blood cells
hemimetabolism, hemimetaboly, hemimetamorphosis
incomplete or partial metamorphosis in insects
heterometabolism, heterometaboly
development of insects with incomplete metamorphosis in which no pupal stage precedes maturity
holometabolism, holometaboly
complete metamorphosis in insects
excessive secretion
the accumulation of blood in an organ
(medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
the fruiting stage of the inflorescence
(biology) growth in the surface area of a cell by the deposit of new particles between existing particles in the cell wall
agglutination of an agglutinogen of one individual by a serum from another individual of the same species
the process of growing into a youth
lachrymation, lacrimation, tearing, watering
shedding tears
the production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands
egg laying, laying
the production of eggs (especially in birds)
life cycle
the course of developmental changes in an organism from fertilized zygote to maturity when another zygote can be produced
evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and resulting in the formation of new taxonomic groups
abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
masculinisation, masculinization, virilisation, virilization
the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
meiosis, miosis, reduction division
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms; the nucleus divides into four nuclei each containing half the chromosome number (leading to gametes in animals and spores in plants)
the process of becoming mellow
the spreading of a disease (especially cancer) to another part of the body
evolution resulting from small specific genetic changes that can lead to a new subspecies
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
ecdysis, molt, molting, moult, moulting
periodic shedding of the cuticle in arthropods or the outer skin in reptiles
regeneration on a reduced scale of a body part; observed especially in invertebrates such as certain lobsters
differentiation and growth of the structure of an organism (or a part of an organism)
myelinisation, myelinization
the development of a myelin sheath around a nerve fiber
the pathological process that results in the formation and growth of a tumor
the development of nerve tissues
opsonisation, opsonization
process whereby opsonins make an invading microorganism more susceptible to phagocytosis
excessive activity
palingenesis, recapitulation
emergence during embryonic development of various characters or structures that appeared during the evolutionary history of the strain or species
the origination and development of a disease
peristalsis, vermiculation
the process of wavelike muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along
diaphoresis, hidrosis, perspiration, sudation, sweating
the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
process in which phagocytes engulf and digest microorganisms and cellular debris; an important defense against infection
process by which certain cells can engulf and incorporate droplets of fluid
the formation of the placenta in the uterus
a process involving fixation and dehydration and forced impregnation and hardening of biological tissues; water and lipids are replaced by curable polymers (silicone or epoxy or polyester) that are subsequently hardened
growth by the rapid multiplication of parts
falling out of hair
a general term for the origin and development of almost any aspect of the mind
the development in the life of an individual of some disorder that is caused by psychological rather than physiological factors
psychomotor development
progressive acquisition of skills involving both mental and motor activities
psychosexual development
(psychoanalysis) the process during which personality and sexual behavior mature through a series of stages: first oral stage and then anal stage and then phallic stage and then latency stage and finally genital stage
infrigidation, refrigeration
the process of cooling or freezing (e.g., food) for preservative purposes
the process of putting forth roots and beginning to grow
the secretion of saliva
amphimixis, sexual reproduction
reproduction involving the union or fusion of a male and a female gamete
differentiation, specialisation, specialization
(biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
the evolution of a biological species
the failure to develop some part or organ
process in which skin pigmentation darkens as a result of exposure to ultraviolet light
dentition, odontiasis, teething
the eruption through the gums of baby teeth
the development of defects in an embryo
the process of giving off or exhaling water vapor through the skin or mucous membranes
the process of growth in plants
childbed, confinement, labor, labour, lying-in, parturiency, travail
concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of contractions to the birth of a child
blood extravasation
the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it; can occur in injuries or burns or allergic reactions
extravasation of urine into the scrotal sac
Type of:
physical process, process
a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states

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