The process of a seed sprouting is called germination. In biology class, you might conduct an experiment to see which factors affect the germination of radish seeds.

Inside every seed is a tiny baby plant that stays there, protected by the seed's coat, until it's ready for germination. Germination can start when moisture penetrates the seed and the air and soil temperature is high enough for the plant to grow. You can also use this word for a figurative type of sprouting: "That class was perfect for the germination of new ideas." The word germination comes from the Latin germinationem, "a sprouting forth or budding."

Definitions of germination
  1. noun
    the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow
    synonyms: sprouting
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    type of:
    development, growing, growth, maturation, ontogenesis, ontogeny
    (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  2. noun
    the origin of some development
    “the germination of their discontent”
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    type of:
    inception, origin, origination
    an event that is a beginning; a first part or stage of subsequent events
Word Family