conforming exactly or almost exactly to a standard
Can I be sure the rankings are fully
having the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task
Synonyms for "adequate" that start with "a" are: average, acceptable, all right. But to truly get an A in life, you should aim to be amazing.
benefit resulting from some event or action
an investigation of the component parts of a whole
of data from England and Wales shows air pollution is particularly harmful in the elderly.BBC (Jun 4, 2014)
break down into components or essential features
A baseball coach raved about using his iPad to help his players
and improve their swing.Forbes (Jun 2, 2014)
suitable for a particular person, place, or situation
When pronounced with the accent on the second syllable, "appropriate" is an adjective. When pronounced with the accent on the last syllable, "appropriate" is a verb that describes an inappropriate action: take possession of by force, as after an invasion.
present reasons to support one's views
that the jury reached the correct verdict in the case.Washington Post
an assertion offered as evidence that something is true
Both the definitions and example sentences for "argue" and "argument" are for reasonable ways of talking and thinking. But both the verb and noun can also refer to disagreements and fights that can get loud and ugly.
take to be the case or to be true
they are at home, sleeping. It is four in the morning, after all,” Mama said.Number the Stars
a statement that is held to be true
Lorenz’s work reminds us exactly why, in today’s unsettled economy, it can be difficult to make
about what will happen next.Forbes (May 29, 2014)
having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization
promoting or enhancing well-being
something that aids or promotes well-being
And how do you compare the
of vegetables versus fruits?Washington Post
"Benefit" and "advantage" are synonyms (see list for Words 1-10). Both are used as nouns in the example sentences here and in your workbook, but they can also both be verbs that mean "to be helpful or useful to."
a justification for something existing or happening
Winning the World Cup would be
for the world’s biggest street party.Time (Jun 9, 2014)
A cause can also be a goal that people support and work toward. A soccer goal is too small to be considered a cause. But the goal of winning the World Cup and bringing honor to one's country could be considered a worthy cause. If that happens, then that would be a reasonable cause to have a really big party.
make act in a specified manner
A couple of problems
the Jabulani to fly every which way but straight.Washington Post
a demanding or stimulating situation
Sometimes that can pose the most difficult
because you can only advance to a level that your mind perceives is possible.Forbes (Jun 10, 2014)
Note the letters of the word "call" are also in "challenge"--this might be helpful for remembering that you can challenge someone by calling the person out for a contest or fight. Or you can challenge an idea by calling attention to it and demanding an explanation. Both "call" and "challenge" can be used as nouns or verbs.
requiring full use of your abilities or resources
an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction
Players create their own
and try to save a city in which an addictive energy drink has turned everyone into mutants.Time (Jun 10, 2014)
What you're reading right now are characters (written symbols) on the screen. On a larger scale, you might meet characters (people) in real life, video games, or fictional works. On getting to know them, you might discover their characters (personal features that make them unique) that would help you figure out how they would act or how you might act towards them.
a distinguishing quality
"Characteristic" is used as a noun here. But it has the suffix -ic which is characteristic of adjectives. As an adjective, it means "typical or distinctive." Eye color is a physical characteristic; members of the same family might share a characteristic trait of violet eyes.
examine and note the similarities or differences of
The researchers said
Neanderthals to modern man is like
apples and oranges.Washington Post
relation based on similarities and differences
come to a close
a position or opinion reached after consideration
Some have challenged Professor Whitehouse’s
, pointing out that teenagers are made to read and pass tests far too often.The Guardian (Jun 9, 2014)
Compare with "assumption" in the list for Words 1-10. Sometimes, the two words are used as synonyms. But keep in mind the given definition of "conclude" as a verb. This might be helpful in remembering that a conclusion usually comes at the end of a lot of thinking. A conclusion can also agree or disagree with an assumption that had been made earlier.
the outcome of an event
But just like on Halloween, overdoing it has predictable
: a huge tummy ache.Time (Jun 3, 2014)
as a result
think about carefully; weigh
Consider this: a person who is considerate would always think carefully before having and sharing an opinion about something or someone.
be different; display differences when compared
People can contribute in so many different ways: money, resources, thoughts, or actions. The contributions can be made to so many different things: charities, classroom discussions, baseball games, fields of knowledge...
a voluntary gift made to some worthwhile cause
In just five years, your $10
to your future self is worth $39,000 at a market rate of return.Forbes (Jun 6, 2014)
make realize the truth or validity of something
causing one to believe the truth of something
Lovato explains that she saw a “really
documentary” about mermaids.Salon (Jun 5, 2014)
determine the nature of
"This will not
us. While it is a temporary challenge, this will not break us. We will recover and we will be stronger."The Guardian (Jun 5, 2014)
The definition in your workbook focuses on explaining the meanings of words or ideas. This is usually a fine thing to do. But in Latin, "finis" means "end, limit" (seen in "final" and "finish"). This is why people do not want to be defined.
show the validity of something, as by example or explanation
"Study after study
that when you put money into the pockets of consumers, they spend it," Munoz said.Reuters (May 28, 2014)
a visual presentation showing how something works
on stage, developers showed off the new abilities of the game’s protagonist, Sackboy, including flying and wall-jumping.Time (Jun 9, 2014)
In Latin, "monstrare" means "to show"--this is the most important part of the verb "demonstrate" and the noun "demonstration." A demonstration can show that something is true, show how something works, show how a group feels, or show military force.
give a statement representing something
When asked to
Chrome’s morning workout, Delgado said he “was like a monster.”Time (Jun 8, 2014)
a statement that represents something in words
gain through experience
The definition given here is similar to the one in your workbook about changing and growing. Almost everything that already exists can develop; this includes the changing and growing of people, animals, countries, situations, or ideas. But you could also develop something completely new, such as technology or an essay. The most important thing to remember about development is that it is a process that takes time and energy.
a process in which something passes to a different stage
The balance work benefits kids’ brain and muscle
, Birnes said, and helps with coordination.Washington Post
add details, as to an account or idea
He told her to be more polite and not to
on questions that could be answered with one word.Washington Post
When the last syllable "ate" is pronounced with a long "a" sound, "elaborate" is a verb. When the last syllable is pronounced to sound like "it" then "elaborate" is an adjective. An elaborate idea or thing has been carefully developed with lots of rich and complex details.
special importance or significance
There will be international film, for instance, but the
will be domestic, perhaps leaning toward Los Angeles.New York Times (Jun 9, 2014)
stress or single out as important
of the greatest importance
means by which an alleged matter is established or disproved
, and always remember: You could be wrong--and there's nothing wrong with that, unless you refuse to admit you were wrong.Los Angeles Times (Jun 9, 2014)
a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully
generally agree that the first two years of a cat's life are equal to 25 human years.BBC (Jun 11, 2014)
skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
make plain and comprehensible
Even most people who claim to understand it can’t clearly
it, and you can forgive a certain amount of confusion.Slate (Jun 9, 2014)
Compare with "define" and "elaborate" in the list for Words 31-40. All three words have similar meanings, but each needs a different amount of details. Explaining something usually needs more details than defining it. Someone who is explaining should stop once something is clear, while someone who is elaborating would go on to add extra details to make the point prettier or more powerful.
making something plain or intelligible
anything that contributes causally to a result
Compare with "cause" in the list for Words 11-20. As this example sentence shows, the two words are synonyms. They are used as nouns here, but they can also both be verbs. As a verb, "factor" is used with the preposition "in" or "into" (for example: speed factored into the crash).
recognize as being
the characteristics by which a thing or person is known
"In the movies, people who are threatened undergo plastic surgery, change their
, leave the country."The Guardian (Jun 8, 2014)
a forceful consequence; a strong effect
"So his loss is going to have a huge
on his friends, his classmates, the staff and the wider school family."BBC (Jun 9, 2014)
Compare with "consequence" in the list for Words 21-30. As the definitions here and in your workbook show, the presence of force or strength is important for an impact. An impact can happen immediately and last a second or millions of years. A consequence must come after something else (note its connection to sequence).
have as a part; be made up out of
have as a part; be made up out of
All the kids in the program,
my sisters and me, giggled.One Crazy Summer
See the definition for "including" in your workbook. I am not including the other definitions for the word. But as you can guess, the same word can both have different definitions and be used as different parts of speech.
give evidence of
Compare with the synonym "demonstrate." As the definitions in your workbook indicate, the act of showing is important to both verbs. But note the adverb "probably" in the second definition for "indicate." This suggests that you should choose the word "demonstrate" when you want to make a stronger point.
something that serves to suggest
bring something new to an environment
formally making a person known to another or to the public
some situation or event that is thought about
The given definition of "issue" is the one most people think and talk about. But "issue" has many definitions both as a noun and verb, and most connect to an idea of going out. An issue of a newspaper goes out to the readers; the issue of a person can be children or other creations that go out into the world. You can issue a noise or smell that goes out to other people's ears and noses; the government can issue supplies that go out to the army or the country.
defend, explain, or make excuses for by reasoning
I have seen kids solve problems I never would have thought to ask, then explain their thinking and
their answers with pride.Washington Post
determine the place of by searching or examining
capable of correct and valid reasoning
It was a decade or more later that I realized that my
mind and communication skills gave me great advantages in programming.New York Times (May 31, 2014)
the largest possible quantity
In the future, we’ll even tell you how to choose your buddy for
benefit to you.US News (Jun 9, 2014)
the smallest possible quantity
expressing things perceived without distortion of feelings
When you communicate, do people believe that you are telling them the
truth?Forbes (Jun 10, 2014)
A possible answer to the question is: That depends on my objective (here, "objective" is used as a noun to mean "goal"). If my objective in communicating is to entertain, then I don't need to convince an audience that my stories are objective truths. If my objective in communicating is to report a crime, then I do need to convince the police that my descriptions are objective truths.
in a manner not influenced by emotion
You tend to be happier if you think you're good looking, rather than if you actually,
speaking, are.BBC (Jun 29, 2013)
a personal belief or judgment
He becomes in every obvious way the worst student, a dummy mouthing the
of others.Hunger of Memory
a way of regarding situations or topics
cause somebody to adopt a certain position or belief
Compare with "convince" in the list for Words 21-30. In your workbook, the definitions for both words are the same, except that each word is used as a synonym to explain the other. But the definitions here show that there used to be a difference between the verbs: you can convince someone that something is true, but you need to persuade someone to do something.
communication intended to induce belief or action
In order for
to occur, you must touch a person’s heart before reaching their head.Forbes (Feb 25, 2014)
It always meant victory when a trumpet call
tell in advance
That means that, at least in part, learning another language does
brain health in old age, Bak said.Washington Post
a statement made about the future
that one day your oven would be connected to the Internet and have the ability to talk to your car?New York Times (May 14, 2014)
just preceding something else in time or order
at an earlier time or formerly
assign a status in order of importance or urgency
status established in order of importance or urgency
The inclusion of more black and Latino composers, and those from a broader swath of the globe, should be a
.New York Times (Jun 8, 2014)
cause to happen, occur or exist
Compare the definition here to the one in your workbook: they mean the same thing, except this shows that you can produce events or effects as well as physical things. For example, farmers can produce produce (the second "produce" is pronounced with the accent on the first syllable and is a noun that refers to fruits and vegetables). If farmers produce quality produce, then they can produce a healthy change in people's diets.
an artifact that has been created by someone or some process
Except for farmers, whose products are called "produce," everything created by everyone else are products. A product can be a consequence of something you did or something that you create for yourself. But most of the time, a product is some kind of creation that can be offered to others for sale or use.
show a response to something
a response that reveals a person's feelings or attitude
Looking over the sentences on page 160 of your workbook, you might notice that most of them describe reactions that are negative. Look closely at the word, and you can see that a reaction is a response to an action--this could make the reaction seem opposite and negative.
the relation of something to the matter at hand
having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue
Students deserve a
, modern, customized education that helps them acquire 21st century skills.Forbes (May 23, 2014)
Compare with "appropriate" in the list for Words 1-10. The two adjectives can be synonyms. But "appropriate" has a more negative tone often used by others who think they know what is good for you. "Relevant" has a more positive tone that connects something directly to you, and it is often used to describe something that wants to remain connected throughout time.
make someone do something
The downside of this is that it
me to wake up very early, which is something I am bad at.Slate (Jun 12, 2014)
something that is needed in advance
show a reaction to something
Compare with "react" and "reaction" in the list for Words 71-80. As you can see from the definitions, the words are synonyms. But unlike the negative tone that a reaction might have, a response is often a positive thing that people look forward to receiving.
a statement that is made to reply to a question or request
Rather, the presence of “favorite” in a question triggers the generic
“It’s hard to decide.”Slate (Jun 10, 2014)
look at again; examine again
As a noun, "review" can refer to the act of looking at something again, or it can refer to the document that is created afterwards. For examples, scientists can review another scientist's research and then write a review about it; or a critic can view a movie and then write a review about it.
reorganize, especially for the purpose of improving
"Revise" and "review" can both be traced back to Latin roots that can be broken down like this: re (again) + videre (to see). Both actions require a second look, but revising usually comes after a review has pointed out that something can be better.
pick out or choose from a number of alternatives
an internship by who was the nicest or friendliest in the interview.US News (Jun 5, 2014)
an assortment of things from which a choice can be made
The gift shop has a huge
of stuffed toy owls, owl postcards, owl purses, even owl oven mitts.Washington Post
the quality of being important
important in effect or meaning
There is a
amount of research into the relationship between the words we chose and the personalities we possess.New York Times (Jun 11, 2014)
The second definition in your workbook is for a noun but "significant" can only be used as an adjective. Sometimes, being large can make something seem significant. But often, you need to look past size to figure out how important something actually is. For example, the significant amount of research done on word choice and personalities does not guarantee that the research would have any significant impact on the way people communicate.
having the same or nearly the same characteristics
the quality of being alike
taking place within the mind and modified by individual bias
a specific practice of long standing
the single one of its kind
Fingerprints are used to identify people because each person's fingerprints are
, but people can have similar fingerprint patterns.Scientific American (Jun 12, 2014)
well grounded in logic or truth or having legal force
a collection containing an assortment of things
be subject to change
There are other holidays during the school year and the length of the school day can
.BBC (Jun 10, 2014)