Human Rights

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definitions & notes only words
  1. human right
    (law) any basic right or freedom to which all human beings are entitled and in whose exercise a government may not interfere (including rights to life and liberty as well as freedom of thought and expression and equality before the law)
    What are human rights?
  2. equality before the law
    the right to equal protection of the laws
    Interdependent and indivisible
    All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent.
  3. international law
    the body of laws governing relations between nations
    Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
  4. discrimination
    unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice
    We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination.
  5. inalienable
    incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another
    Universal and inalienable
    The principle of universality of human rights is the cornerstone of international human rights law.
  6. right to life
    the right to live
    Interdependent and indivisible
    All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent.
  7. elimination
    the act of removing or getting rid of something
    The principle is present in all the major human rights treaties and provides the central theme of some of international human rights conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
  8. facilitate
    make easier
    The improvement of one right facilitates advancement of the others.
  9. due process
    administration of justice according to rules and principles
    They should not be taken away, except in specific situations and according to due process.
  10. universal
    applicable to or common to all members of a group or set
    Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
  11. ratify
    approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation
    All States have ratified at least one, and 80% of States have ratified four or more, of the core human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States which creates legal obligations for them and giving concrete expression to universality.
  12. principle
    a basic generalization that is accepted as true
    Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
  13. deprivation
    the disadvantage that results from losing something
    Likewise, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others.
  14. norm
    a standard or model or pattern regarded as typical
    Some fundamental human rights norms enjoy universal protection by customary international law across all boundaries and civilizations.
  15. fundamental
    serving as an essential component
    International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
  16. cultural
    relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society
    The 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, for example, noted that it is the duty of States to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems.
  17. protect
    shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage
    International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
  18. declaration
    a statement that is emphatic and explicit
    This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions.
  19. convention
    the act of meeting formally
    This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions.
  20. non
    negation of a word or group of words
    Equal and non-discriminatory
    Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law.
  21. complement
    something added to embellish or make perfect
    The principle of non-discrimination is complemented by the principle of equality, as stated in Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”
  22. customary
    commonly used or practiced
    Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
  23. curtail
    terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end
    The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights.
  24. promote
    assign to a higher position
    International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
  25. refrain
    resist doing something
    International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
  26. freedom
    the condition of being free
    International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
  27. emphasized
    spoken with intensity or forcefulness
    This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions.
  28. emphasize
    stress or single out as important
    This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions.
  29. entail
    have as a logical consequence
    Both Rights and Obligations
    Human rights entail both rights and obligations.
  30. International
    any of several international socialist organizations
    International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
  31. ethnic
    distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people
    Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status.
  32. inherent
    existing as an essential constituent or characteristic
    Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status.
  33. restricted
    subject to an act of limitation
    For example, the right to liberty may be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law.
  34. category
    a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations
    The principle applies to everyone in relation to all human rights and freedoms and it prohibits discrimination on the basis of a list of non-exhaustive categories such as sex, race, colour and so on.
  35. individual
    being or characteristic of a single thing or person
    International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
  36. core
    the center of an object
    All States have ratified at least one, and 80% of States have ratified four or more, of the core human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States which creates legal obligations for them and giving concrete expression to universality.
  37. restrict
    limit access to
    For example, the right to liberty may be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law.
  38. prohibit
    command against
    The principle applies to everyone in relation to all human rights and freedoms and it prohibits discrimination on the basis of a list of non-exhaustive categories such as sex, race, colour and so on.
  39. guarantee
    an unconditional commitment that something will happen
    Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
  40. status
    a state at a particular time
    Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status.
  41. economic
    of or relating to production and management of wealth
    The 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, for example, noted that it is the duty of States to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems.
  42. respect
    regard highly; think much of
    States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights.
  43. specific
    stated explicitly or in detail
    They should not be taken away, except in specific situations and according to due process.
  44. equal
    having the same quantity, value, or measure as another
    Equal and non-discriminatory
    Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle in international human rights law.
  45. theme
    the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
    The principle is present in all the major human rights treaties and provides the central theme of some of international human rights conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
  46. determination
    the act of finding out the properties of something
    Interdependent and indivisible
    All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self- determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent.
  47. positive
    characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance
    The obligation to fulfil means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights.
  48. assume
    take to be the case or to be true
    States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights.
  49. civilization
    a society in an advanced state of social development
    Some fundamental human rights norms enjoy universal protection by customary international law across all boundaries and civilizations.
  50. create
    bring into existence
    All States have ratified at least one, and 80% of States have ratified four or more, of the core human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States which creates legal obligations for them and giving concrete expression to universality.
  51. likewise
    in like or similar manner
    Likewise, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others.
  52. legal
    established by or founded upon law or official rules
    All States have ratified at least one, and 80% of States have ratified four or more, of the core human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States which creates legal obligations for them and giving concrete expression to universality.
  53. provide
    give something useful or necessary to
    The principle is present in all the major human rights treaties and provides the central theme of some of international human rights conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
  54. resolution
    a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
    This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions.
  55. numerous
    amounting to a large indefinite number
    This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions.
  56. consent
    give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
    All States have ratified at least one, and 80% of States have ratified four or more, of the core human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States which creates legal obligations for them and giving concrete expression to universality.
  57. reflect
    throw or bend back from a surface
    All States have ratified at least one, and 80% of States have ratified four or more, of the core human rights treaties, reflecting consent of States which creates legal obligations for them and giving concrete expression to universality.
  58. conference
    a prearranged meeting for consultation or discussion
    The 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, for example, noted that it is the duty of States to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems.
  59. require
    have need of
    The obligation to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses.
  60. source
    the place where something begins
    Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
  61. major
    greater in scope or effect
    The principle is present in all the major human rights treaties and provides the central theme of some of international human rights conventions such as the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
  62. affect
    have an influence upon
    Likewise, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others.
  63. security
    the state of being free from danger or injury
    Interdependent and indivisible
    All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent.
  64. civil
    of or occurring between or among citizens of the state
    Interdependent and indivisible
    All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent.
  65. education
    activities that impart knowledge or skill
    Interdependent and indivisible
    All human rights are indivisible, whether they are civil and political rights, such as the right to life, equality before the law and freedom of expression; economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to work, social security and education , or collective rights, such as the rights to development and self-determination, are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent.
  66. crime
    an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act
    For example, the right to liberty may be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law.
  67. process
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
    They should not be taken away, except in specific situations and according to due process.
  68. liberty
    freedom of choice
    For example, the right to liberty may be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law.
  69. level
    a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
    At the individual level, while we are entitled our human rights, we should also respect the human rights of others.
  70. court
    an assembly to conduct judicial business
    For example, the right to liberty may be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law.
  71. accord
    concurrence of opinion
    They should not be taken away, except in specific situations and according to due process.
  72. action
    something done (usually as opposed to something said)
    The obligation to fulfil means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights.

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