civil

Civil has several meanings. The simplest is cultured and polite, as in someone who is civilized. Civil can also describe things related to a community of people and their government, or a civilization.

If you work for the post office, you're a civil servant. The Civil Rights movement focused on the notion that all American citizens were entitled to the same basic personal rights and freedoms. Civil wars are named in reference to the fact that conflict occurs between citizens of the same country, and civil law is similarly limited to non-criminal issues that community members have with each other. The Latin root, civilis, means both "relating to a citizen" and "courteous."

Primary Meanings of civil

1.
adj
of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state
2.
adj
applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military
3.
adj
not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others
4.
adj
(of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life
Full Definitions of civil
1

adj of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state

civil affairs”
civil strife”
civil disobedience”
civil branches of government”

adj of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals

civil rights”
civil liberty”
Synonyms:
civic
2

adj applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military

civil authorities”
Synonyms:
civilian
associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military
3

adj not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others

“"even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"- W.S. Maugham”
Synonyms:
polite
Antonyms:
rude, uncivil
lacking civility or good manners

adj of or in a condition of social order

civil peoples”
Synonyms:
civilised, civilized
having a high state of culture and development both social and technological
4

adj (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life

“the civil calendar”
“a civil day begins at mean midnight”
Antonyms:
sidereal
(of divisions of time) determined by daily motion of the stars

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