civilian

The most common meaning for civilian is simply someone who is not in the military. It can also refer to any object that is not military in origin — e.g., "civilian clothes" or "civilian life."

The meaning of civilian as a non military person is a relatively new one, dating from the early 19th century. Before that it referred to the code of law that governed non-military life. In fact for hundreds of years a civilian was somebody who was a judge or otherwise an expert on the law that applied outside military courts. Because it comes originally from a French word, remember to spell it with only one "l," even though it sounds like it should have two.

Definitions of civilian
1

n a nonmilitary citizen

Antonyms:
man, military man, military personnel, serviceman
someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a military force
Type of:
citizen
a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community

adj associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military

civilian clothing”
civilian life”
Synonyms:
civil
applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military
noncombatant
used of civilians in time of war
Antonyms:
military
associated with or performed by members of the armed services as contrasted with civilians
expeditionary
(used of military forces) designed for military operations abroad
martial
of or relating to the armed forces
combatant
engaging in or ready for combat
noncombatant
member of armed forces whose duties do not include fighting as e.g. a chaplain or surgeon
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