Music

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definitions & notes only words
  1. a cappella
    without musical accompaniment
  2. accelerando
    with increasing speed
  3. accent
    a diacritical mark used for stress or special pronunciation
  4. accidental
    musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural
  5. accompaniment
    a musical part that supports other musical parts
  6. accordion
    a portable box-shaped free-reed instrument
  7. adagio
    slowly
  8. Aeolian
    of or pertaining to Aeolus, the Greek god of the winds
  9. allegro
    in a quick and lively tempo
  10. alto
    the lowest female singing voice
  11. amplify
    increase the volume of
  12. analog
    having an output that is proportional to the input
  13. andante
    at a moderately slow tempo
  14. annotation
    the act of adding notes
  15. aria
    an elaborate song for solo voice
  16. articulation
    the manner in which things come together and are connected
  17. atonal
    characterized by avoidance of traditional diatonic scales
  18. attack
    a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase
  19. audition
    perform in order to get a role
  20. augmented
    added to or made greater in amount or number or strength
  21. bagpipe
    a tubular wind instrument
  22. ballad
    a narrative poem of popular origin
  23. ballet
    a theatrical performance of a story by trained dancers
  24. banjo
    a stringed instrument that has long neck and circular body
  25. bar
    musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats
  26. baritone
    the second lowest adult male singing voice
  27. baritone
    the second lowest brass wind instrument
  28. baroque
    relating to an elaborately ornamented style of art and music
  29. bass
    the lowest part of the musical range
  30. bass drum
    a large drum with two heads
  31. bass drum
    a large drum with two heads
  32. bass guitar
    the guitar with six strings that has the lowest pitch
  33. bassoon
    a double-reed woodwind instrument that makes a low sound
  34. beat
    the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music
  35. binary
    of or pertaining to a number system having 2 as its base
  36. bluegrass
    any of various grasses of the genus Poa
  37. blues
    a state of depression
  38. brass instrument
    a wind instrument that consists of a brass tube (usually of variable length) that is blown by means of a cup-shaped or funnel-shaped mouthpiece
  39. brusque
    marked by rude or peremptory shortness
  40. bugle
    a brass instrument without valves
  41. cadence
    the close of a musical section
  42. cadenza
    a solo passage occurring near the end of a piece of music
  43. calando
    gradually decreasing in tempo and volume
  44. canon
    piece of music in which a melody is imitated in other parts
  45. cantabile
    smooth and flowing
  46. cantata
    a musical composition for voices and orchestra
  47. carol
    a joyful song
  48. castrato
    a male singer who was castrated before puberty and retains a soprano or alto voice
  49. cello
    a large stringed instrument
  50. chamber music
    serious music performed by a small group of musicians
  51. chime
    a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument
  52. choir
    a chorus that sings as part of a religious ceremony
  53. chorale
    a stately Protestant (especially Lutheran) hymn tune
  54. chord
    a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously
  55. chordophone
    a stringed instrument of the group including harps, lutes, lyres, and zithers
  56. chromatic
    based on a scale consisting of 12 semitones
  57. clarinet
    a single-reed instrument with a straight tube
  58. classical
    traditional genre of music conforming to an established form
  59. clavichord
    an early stringed instrument like a piano but with more delicate sound
  60. clavier
    a stringed instrument that has a keyboard
  61. clef
    a musical notation written on a staff indicating the pitch of the notes following it
  62. coda
    the closing section of a musical composition
  63. composer
    someone who writes music as a profession
  64. composition
    a musical work that has been created
  65. concertina
    free-reed instrument played like an accordion by pushing its ends together to force air through the reeds
  66. concertise
    give concerts; perform in concerts
  67. concerto
    a composition for orchestra and a soloist
  68. concerto grosso
    a baroque composition for orchestra and a group of solo instruments
  69. conductor
    the person who leads a musical group
  70. conga
    a Latin American dance of 3 steps and a kick by people in single file
  71. conjunct
    progressing melodically by intervals of a second
  72. conservatory
    a schoolhouse with special facilities for fine arts
  73. consonance
    the property of sounding harmonious
  74. contrabass
    largest and lowest member of the violin family
  75. contralto
    the lowest female singing voice
  76. copyright
    the exclusive right to sell a work
  77. cornet
    a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone
  78. country music
    a simple style of folk music heard mostly in the southern United States; usually played on stringed instruments
  79. courante
    a court dance of the 16th century
  80. crescendo
    a gradual increase in loudness
  81. cymbal
    a percussion instrument consisting of a concave brass disk
  82. dance
    taking a series of rhythmical steps in time to music
  83. decrescendo
    (music) a gradual decrease in loudness
  84. development
    section of a composition where major themes are elaborated
  85. diatonic
    based on or using the five tones and two semitones of the major or minor scales of western music
  86. diction
    the articulation of speech to be intelligible to an audience
  87. digital
    of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in numbers
  88. diminished
    reduction by a semitone of any perfect or minor interval
  89. diminuendo
    (music) a gradual decrease in loudness
  90. diphthong
    a sound consisting of two vowel sounds
  91. disjunct
    progressing melodically by intervals larger than a major second
  92. dissonance
    disagreeable sounds
  93. dominant
    (music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale
  94. Dorian
    of or relating to the ancient Greek inhabitants of Doris, to their Doric dialect of Greek, or to their culture
  95. drone
    make a monotonous low dull sound
  96. drumbeat
    the sound made by beating a drum
  97. duet
    two performers or singers who perform together
  98. duple
    consisting of or involving two parts or components usually in pairs
  99. duration
    the period of time during which something continues
  100. dynamics
    mechanics concerned with forces that cause motions of bodies
  101. eighth note
    a musical note having the time value of an eighth of a whole note
  102. embellish
    make more beautiful
  103. embouchure
    the aperture of a wind instrument into which the player blows directly
  104. encore
    an extra performance in response to audience demand
  105. encore
    an extra performance in response to audience demand
  106. English horn
    a double-reed woodwind instrument similar to an oboe but lower in pitch
  107. ensemble
    a group of musicians playing or singing together
  108. episode
    a brief section of a work forming part of a connected series
  109. etude
    a short, technical composition for a solo instrument
  110. exposition
    section of a movement where major musical themes first occur
  111. expressionistic
    of or relating to expressionism
  112. falsetto
    a male singing voice with artificially high tones
  113. fandango
    a provocative Spanish courtship dance in triple time
  114. fanfare
    a short lively tune played on brass instruments
  115. fermata
    (music) a prolongation of unspecified length on a note or chord or rest
  116. finale
    the closing section of a musical composition
  117. flag
    a conspicuously marked or shaped tail
  118. flamenco
    guitar music composed for dancing the flamenco
  119. flat
    lowered in pitch by one chromatic semitone
  120. flute
    a high-pitched woodwind instrument
  121. folk
    the traditional and typically anonymous music that is an expression of the life of people in a community
  122. form
    an arrangement of the elements in a composition or discourse
  123. forte
    used as a direction in music; to be played relatively loudly
  124. fortemente
    chiefly a direction or description in music; loud and strong
  125. fortissimo
    a direction in music; to be played very loudly
  126. fugue
    a musical form consisting of a repeated theme
  127. gavotte
    an old formal French dance in quadruple time
  128. genre
    a kind of literary or artistic work
  129. glee
    great merriment
  130. glissando
    a rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale
  131. gospel
    genre of a cappella music featuring call and response
  132. grave
    dignified and somber in manner or character
  133. Gregorian chant
    a liturgical chant of the Roman Catholic Church
  134. guitar
    a stringed instrument usually having six strings
  135. half note
    a musical note having the time value of half a whole note
  136. harmonica
    a small rectangular free-reed instrument having a row of free reeds set back in air holes and played by blowing into the desired hole
  137. harmonious
    exhibiting equivalence or correspondence among constituents
  138. harmonium
    a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
  139. harmony
    compatibility in opinion and action
  140. harp
    a chordophone with strings between the neck and the soundbox
  141. harpsichord
    a clavier with strings that are plucked by plectra mounted on pivots
  142. hymn
    a song of praise, especially a religious song
  143. impressionistic
    of or relating to or based on an impression rather than on facts or reasoning
  144. impromptu
    with little or no preparation or forethought
  145. improvise
    perform without preparation
  146. inharmonic
    lacking in harmony
  147. interlude
    an intervening period or episode
  148. intermission
    a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
  149. interpretation
    the act of expressing something in an artistic performance
  150. interval
    the difference in pitch between two notes
  151. intonation
    the act of singing in a monotonous tone
  152. Ionian
    of or pertaining to the ancient Ionians who lived in Attica and related territories, to their Ionic dialect of Greek, or to their culture
  153. jazz
    genre of American music that developed in the 20th century
  154. jingle
    a comic verse of irregular measure
  155. kazoo
    a toy wind instrument that has a membrane that makes a sound when you hum into the mouthpiece
  156. key
    diatonic scale providing tonal framework for a musical piece
  157. keyboard
    device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer or the like
  158. largo
    slowly and broadly
  159. leading tone
    (music) the seventh note of the diatonic scale
  160. ledger line
    a short line
  161. legato
    connecting the notes; in music
  162. leitmotif
    a melodic phrase that accompanies a person or situation
  163. lento
    (of tempo) slow
  164. libretto
    the words of an opera or musical play
  165. ligature
    (music) a group of notes connected by a slur
  166. light opera
    a short amusing opera
  167. loudness
    the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction)
  168. lute
    a stringed instrument with a pear-shaped body
  169. Lydian
    an Anatolian language
  170. lyre
    a harp used by ancient Greeks for accompaniment
  171. lyric
    relating to or being musical drama
  172. lyrical
    suitable for or suggestive of singing
  173. madrigal
    an unaccompanied partsong for several voices
  174. maestro
    an artist of consummate skill
  175. major
    of a scale or mode
  176. mandolin
    a stringed instrument related to the lute
  177. march
    genre of music written for walking with regular steps
  178. marimba
    a percussion instrument with wooden bars tuned to produce a chromatic scale and with resonators; played with small mallets
  179. masterpiece
    the most outstanding work of a creative artist or craftsman
  180. measure
    musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats
  181. mediant
    the third note of a diatonic scale
  182. medley
    a musical composition consisting of a series of songs
  183. melodic
    containing or characterized by a pleasing tune or sound
  184. melody
    a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
  185. meter
    rhythm as given by division into parts of equal duration
  186. mezzo
    a soprano with a voice between soprano and contralto
  187. mezzo-soprano
    a soprano with a voice between soprano and contralto
  188. MIDI
    a standard protocol for communication between electronic musical instruments and computers
  189. minor
    of a scale or mode
  190. minuet
    a stately court dance from the 17th century
  191. modal
    relating to or expressing the mood of a verb
  192. mode
    a particular functioning condition or arrangement
  193. moderato
    (of tempo) moderate
  194. modern
    characteristic of present-day art and music and literature
  195. modulation
    a musical passage moving from one key to another
  196. monophonic
    consisting of a single melodic line
  197. monotone
    an unchanging intonation
  198. motif
    a theme that is repeated or elaborated in a piece of music
  199. musette
    a small bagpipe formerly popular in France
  200. music
    an artistic form of auditory communication
  201. musical
    characterized by or capable of producing music
  202. musical
    a play or film whose action and dialogue is interspersed with singing and dancing
  203. musician
    someone who plays a musical instrument (as a profession)
  204. musicianship
    artistry in performing music
  205. musicology
    the scholarly and scientific study of music
  206. natural
    a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat
  207. nocturne
    a pensive lyrical piece of music (especially for the piano)
  208. notation
    a technical system of symbols to represent special things
  209. note
    a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound
  210. obbligato
    a part of the score that must be performed without change or omission
  211. obligato
    a part of the score that must be performed without change or omission
  212. oboe
    a slender double-reed instrument
  213. ocarina
    egg-shaped terra cotta wind instrument with a mouthpiece and finger holes
  214. octave
    a musical interval of eight tones
  215. octet
    eight performers or singers who perform together
  216. opera
    a drama set to music
  217. operetta
    a short amusing opera
  218. opus
    a musical work that has been created
  219. oratorio
    a musical composition for voices and orchestra
  220. orchestra
    a musical organization consisting of instrumentalists
  221. organ
    a structure in an animal specialized for some function
  222. ornament
    something used to beautify
  223. ostinato
    a musical phrase repeated over and over during a composition
  224. overture
    orchestral music at the beginning of an opera or musical
  225. pan
    make a sweeping movement
  226. partita
    (music) an instrumental suite common in the 18th century
  227. pastiche
    a musical composition consisting of a series of songs
  228. pastoral
    devoted to raising sheep or cattle
  229. pentatonic
    relating to a pentatonic scale
  230. performance
    the act of presenting a piece of entertainment
  231. phrase
    a short musical passage
  232. Phrygian
    a Thraco-Phrygian language spoken by the ancient inhabitants of Phrygia and now extinct--preserved only in a few inscriptions
  233. pianissimo
    a direction in music; to be played very softly
  234. piano
    a keyboard instrument that is played by depressing keys that cause hammers to strike tuned strings and produce sounds
  235. pianoforte
    a keyboard instrument that is played by depressing keys that cause hammers to strike tuned strings and produce sounds
  236. piccolo
    a small flute; pitched an octave above the standard flute
  237. pipe organ
    wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard
  238. pitch
    the high or low quality of a sound
  239. pizzicato
    with a light plucking staccato sound
  240. play
    perform music on (a musical instrument)
  241. playback
    the act of reproducing recorded sound
  242. pluck
    pull lightly but sharply
  243. polyphonic
    of or relating to or characterized by polyphony
  244. pop
    new and of general appeal
  245. postmodern
    of or relating to postmodernism
  246. posture
    the arrangement of the body and its limbs
  247. practice
    learn by repetition
  248. prelude
    music that precedes a fugue or introduces an act in an opera
  249. presto
    at a very fast tempo (faster than allegro)
  250. production
    presentation for the stage or screen or radio or television
  251. program
    announcement of what will occur as part of a public event
  252. progression
    a movement forward
  253. pulse
    expand and contract rhythmically
  254. quadruple
    having four units or components
  255. quarter note
    a musical note having the time value of a quarter of a whole note
  256. quartet
    a musical composition for four performers
  257. quintet
    a musical composition for five performers
  258. ragtime
    music with a syncopated melody (usually for the piano)
  259. range
    the limits within which something can be effective
  260. recapitulate
    repeat an earlier theme of a composition
  261. recital
    performance of music or dance especially by soloists
  262. recitation
    systematic training by multiple repetitions
  263. recorder
    equipment for making records
  264. reed instrument
    a musical instrument that sounds by means of a vibrating reed
  265. reed organ
    a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
  266. refrain
    part of a song or poem that recurs at regular intervals
  267. register
    timbre characteristic of a certain range of the human voice
  268. release
    let go as from one's grip
  269. Renaissance
    period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages
  270. reprise
    repeat an earlier theme of a composition
  271. requiem
    a song or hymn of mourning as a memorial to a dead person
  272. resolution
    (music) a dissonant chord is followed by a consonant chord
  273. resonance
    having the character of a loud deep sound
  274. resonate
    produce a deep, clear sound
  275. rest
    musical notation indicating silence of a specified duration
  276. rhythm
    an interval during which a recurring sequence occurs
  277. rhythm and blues
    a combination of blues and jazz that was developed in the United States by Black musicians; an important precursor of rock 'n' roll
  278. ritardando
    gradually decreasing in tempo
  279. rock and roll
    a genre of popular music originating in the 1950s
  280. rococo
    having excessive asymmetrical ornamentation
  281. romantic
    expressive of or exciting love
  282. rondo
    a musical form that is often the last movement of a sonata
  283. root
    the place where something begins
  284. round
    a partsong in which voices follow each other
  285. rubato
    a flexible tempo; not strictly on the beat
  286. sackbut
    a medieval musical instrument resembling a trombone
  287. sacred
    concerned with religion or religious purposes
  288. salsa
    spicy sauce of tomatoes and onions and chili peppers to accompany Mexican foods
  289. saxophone
    a single-reed woodwind with a conical bore
  290. score
    a written form of a musical composition
  291. secular
    not concerned with or devoted to religion
  292. septet
    a musical composition written for seven performers
  293. sequence
    several repetitions of a melodic phrase in different keys
  294. sextet
    six performers or singers who perform together
  295. shanty
    a rhythmical work song originally sung by sailors
  296. sharp
    raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone
  297. sing
    produce tones with the voice
  298. sitar
    a stringed instrument of India
  299. sixteenth note
    a musical note having the time value of a sixteenth of a whole note
  300. sixty-fourth note
    a musical note having the time value of a sixty-fourth of a whole note
  301. skip
    bypass
  302. slur
    play smoothly or legato
  303. snare
    a small drum with wires stretched across the lower head
  304. softness
    the property of giving little resistance to pressure and being easily cut or molded
  305. solfege
    singing using solfa syllables to denote the notes of the scale of C major
  306. solo
    a musical composition for one voice or instrument
  307. song
    a short musical composition with words
  308. soprano
    the highest female voice; the voice of a boy before puberty
  309. sousaphone
    the lowest brass wind instrument
  310. spiritual
    religious song originated by Blacks in the southern U.S.
  311. staccato
    separating the notes; in music
  312. staff
    five horizontal lines on which the musical notes are written
  313. steel drum
    a concave percussion instrument made from the metal top of an oil drum; has an array of flattened areas that produce different tones when struck (of Caribbean origin)
  314. stem
    cylinder forming a long narrow part of something
  315. step
    a musical interval of two semitones
  316. strophe
    one section of a lyric poem or choral ode in classical Greek drama
  317. subdominant
    (music) the fourth note of the diatonic scale
  318. submediant
    the sixth note of a major or minor scale
  319. subtonic
    (music) the seventh note of the diatonic scale
  320. supertonic
    (music) the second note of a diatonic scale
  321. swing
    a jaunty rhythm in music
  322. symphony
    a long and complex sonata for an orchestra
  323. syncopation
    a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat
  324. synthesizer
    (music) an electronic instrument (usually played with a keyboard) that generates and modifies sounds electronically and can imitate a variety of other musical instruments
  325. tablature
    a musical notation indicating the fingering to be used
  326. tempo
    the speed at which a composition is to be played
  327. tenor
    the adult male singing voice above baritone
  328. ternary
    having three units or components or elements
  329. texture
    the musical pattern created by parts being played together
  330. theme
    melodic subject of a musical composition
  331. thirty-second note
    a musical note having the time value of a thirty-second of a whole note
  332. timbre
    the distinctive property of a complex sound
  333. time
    rhythm as given by division into parts of equal duration
  334. time signature
    a musical notation indicating the number of beats to a measure and kind of note that takes a beat
  335. tom-tom
    any of various drums with small heads
  336. tone
    the distinctive property of a complex sound
  337. tongue
    articulate by using the fleshy organ of the mouth
  338. tonic
    (music) the first note of a diatonic scale
  339. triad
    a three-note major or minor chord
  340. triangle
    a percussion instrument consisting of a metal bar bent in the shape of an open triangle
  341. trio
    a set of three similar things considered as a unit
  342. triple
    having three units or components or elements
  343. trombone
    a brass instrument with a long tube and a U-shaped slide
  344. troubadour
    a singer of folk songs
  345. trumpet
    a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone
  346. tuba
    the lowest brass wind instrument
  347. twelve-tone system
    a type of serial music introduced by Arnold Schoenberg
  348. ukulele
    a small guitar having four strings
  349. unison
    two or more sounds or tones at the same pitch or in octaves
  350. variation
    a repetition of a musical theme in which it is modified
  351. verse
    a line of metrical text
  352. vibration
    the act of moving back and forth rapidly
  353. vibrato
    (music) a pulsating effect in an instrumental or vocal tone produced by slight and rapid variations in pitch
  354. viola
    a bowed stringed instrument slightly larger than a violin, tuned a fifth lower
  355. violin
    bowed stringed instrument that is the highest member of the violin family; this instrument has four strings and a hollow body and an unfretted fingerboard and is played with a bow
  356. vivace
    lively, in music
  357. vocal
    music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment
  358. voice
    the sound made by the vibration of vocal folds
  359. volume
    the magnitude of sound, usually in a specified direction
  360. waltz
    music composed in triple time for waltzing
  361. whistle
    the sound made by something moving rapidly
  362. whole note
    a musical note having the longest time value
  363. whole tone
    a musical interval of two semitones
  364. wood block
    engraving consisting of a block of wood with a design cut into it; used to make prints
  365. woodwind
    any wind instrument other than the brass instruments
  366. xylophone
    a percussion instrument with wooden bars played with mallets
  367. zither
    a musical instrument with strings over a flat sounding board
  368. scherzo
    a fast movement (usually in triple time)
  369. rubato
    a flexible tempo; not strictly on the beat
  370. scale
    a series of notes differing in pitch according to a scheme
  371. serenade
    a song played outside the house of a woman
  372. slide
    (music) rapid sliding up or down the musical scale
  373. bow
    a curved piece of wood used in playing stringed instruments
  374. sonatina
    a short and simple sonata
  375. sonata
    a musical composition of movements of contrasting forms
  376. sonata form
    a musical form having 3 sections -- exposition and development and recapitulation; characteristic of 1st movement of a sonata or symphony
  377. suite
    a musical composition of several loosely connected movements
  378. tremolo
    a tremulous effect produced by repetition of a single tone
  379. treble
    having or denoting a high range
  380. treble clef
    a clef that puts the G above middle C on the second line of a staff
  381. bass clef
    a clef that puts the F below middle C on the fourth line of a staff
  382. trill
    a note that alternates with another note a semitone above it
  383. tune
    a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
  384. tuning
    calibrating something to a standard frequency
  385. virtuoso
    a musician who is a consummate master of artistry
  386. duo
    two performers or singers who perform together
  387. alto saxophonist
    a musician who plays the alto saxophone
  388. tenor saxophonist
    a musician who plays the tenor saxophone
  389. saxhorn
    any of a family of brass wind instruments that resemble a bugle with valves
  390. tenor drum
    any of various drums with small heads
  391. tenor voice
    the adult male singing voice above baritone
  392. basso
    the lowest adult male singing voice
  393. bass clarinet
    a large clarinet whose range is an octave below the B-flat clarinet
  394. basset horn
    a tenor clarinet
  395. soprano clef
    a clef that puts middle C on the bottom line of the staff
  396. indie
    not affiliated with a major recording company
  397. Gypsy
    a member of a people with dark skin and hair who speak Romany and who traditionally live by seasonal work and fortunetelling; they are believed to have originated in northern India but now are living on all continents (but mostly in Europe, North Africa, and North America)
  398. Johann Sebastian Bach
    German baroque organist and contrapuntist
  399. Ludwig van Beethoven
    German composer of instrumental music
  400. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    prolific Austrian composer and child prodigy
  401. Georg Friedrich Handel
    a prolific British baroque composer (born in Germany) remembered best for his oratorio Messiah (1685-1759)
  402. Antonio Vivaldi
    Italian baroque composer and violinist (1675-1741)
  403. Joseph Haydn
    prolific Austrian composer who influenced the classical form of the symphony (1732-1809)
  404. Franz Schubert
    Austrian composer known for his compositions for voice and piano (1797-1828)
  405. Felix Mendelssohn
    German musician and romantic composer of orchestral and choral works (1809-1847)
  406. Johannes Brahms
    German composer who developed the romantic style of both lyrical and classical music (1833-1897)
  407. Richard Wagner
    German composer of operas and inventor of the musical drama in which drama and spectacle and music are fused (1813-1883)
  408. Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky
    important Russian composer whose works are noted for their expressive melodies (1840-1893)
  409. Igor Stravinsky
    composer who was born in Russia but lived in the United States after 1939 (1882-1971)
  410. Robert Schumann
    German romantic composer known for piano music and songs
  411. Chopin
    French composer and pianist of the romantic school
  412. Claude Debussey
    French composer who is said to have created Impressionism in music (1862-1918)
  413. Franz Liszt
    Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso (1811-1886)
  414. Antonin Dvorak
    Czech composer who combined folk elements with traditional forms (1841-1904)
  415. Giuseppe Verdi
    Italian operatic composer (1813-1901)
  416. Gustav Mahler
    Austrian composer and conductor (1860-1911)
  417. Hector Berlioz
    French composer of romantic works (1803-1869)
  418. Richard Strauss
    German composer of many operas
  419. Prokofiev
    Russian composer of ballets and symphonies and operas
  420. Dmitri Shostakovich
    Russian composer best known for his fifteen symphonies
  421. Bela Bartok
    Hungarian composer and pianist who collected Hungarian folk music; in 1940 he moved to the United States (1881-1945)
  422. Anton Bruckner
    Austrian organist and composer of romantic music (1824-1896)
  423. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
    Italian composer (1526-1594)
  424. Claudio Monteverdi
    Italian composer (1567-1643)
  425. Jean Sibelius
    Finnish composer (1865-1957)
  426. Maurice Ravel
    French composer and exponent of Impressionism (1875-1937)
  427. Ralph Vaughan Williams
    English composer influenced by folk tunes and music of the Tudor period (1872-1958)
  428. Modest Mussorgsky
    Russian composer of operas and orchestral works (1839-1881)
  429. Giacomo Puccini
    Italian operatic composer noted for the dramatic realism of his operas (1858-1924)
  430. Henry Purcell
    English organist at Westminster Abbey and composer of many theatrical pieces (1659-1695)
  431. Sergei Rachmaninoff
    composer and piano virtuoso born in Russia (1873-1943)
  432. Nikolai Andreyevich Rimski-Korsakov
    Russian composer of operas and orchestral works
  433. Arnold Schoenberg
    United States composer and musical theorist (born in Austria) who developed atonal composition (1874-1951)
  434. Christoph Willibald von Gluck
    German composer of more than 100 operas (1714-1787)
  435. Paul Hindemith
    German neoclassical composer and conductor who believed that music should have a social purpose (1895-1963)
  436. Aaron Copland
    United States composer who developed a distinctly American music (1900-1990)
  437. Francois Couperin
    French composer of music for organ and a member of a family of distinguished organists (1668-1733)
  438. William Byrd
    English organist and composer of church music
  439. Erik Satie
    French composer noted for his experimentalism and rejection of Romanticism (1866-1925)
  440. Benjamin Britten
    major English composer of the 20th century
  441. Cesar Franck
    French composer and teacher who influenced a generation of composers (1822-1890)
  442. Jean Baptiste Lully
    French composer (born in Italy) who was the court composer to Louis XIV and founded the national French opera (1632-1687)
  443. Jean-Philippe Rameau
    French composer of operas whose writings laid the foundation for the modern theory of harmony (1683-1764)
  444. Carl Maria von Weber
    German conductor and composer of romantic operas (1786-1826)
  445. Sir Edward Elgar
    British composer of choral and orchestral works including two symphonies as well as songs and chamber music and music for brass band (1857-1934)
  446. Edvard Grieg
    Norwegian composer whose work was often inspired by Norwegian folk music (1843-1907)
  447. Bedrich Smetana
    Czech composer (1824-1884)
  448. Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
    Russian composer of orchestral and piano music (1872-1915)
  449. John Cage
    United States composer of avant-garde music (1912-1992)
  450. Georg Philipp Telemann
    German baroque composer (1681-1767)
  451. George Gershwin
    United States composer who incorporated jazz into classical forms and composed scores for musical comedies (1898-1937)
  452. Georges Bizet
    French composer best known for his operas (1838-1875)
  453. Carl Nielsen
    Danish composer (1865-1931)
  454. William Walton
    English composer (1902-1983)
  455. Vincenzo Bellini
    Italian composer of operas (1801-1835)
  456. Aleksandr Borodin
    Russian composer (1833-1887)
  457. Francis Poulenc
    French pianist and composer (1899-1963)
  458. Alban Berg
    Austrian composer in Schoenberg's twelve-tone music system
  459. Samuel Barber
    United States composer (1910-1981)
  460. Duke Ellington
    United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader
  461. Miles Davis
    United States jazz musician; noted for his trumpet style
  462. Coleman Hawkins
    United States jazz saxophonist (1904-1969)
  463. Benny Goodman
    United States clarinetist who in 1934 formed a big band (including black as well as white musicians) and introduced a kind of jazz known as swing (1909-1986)
  464. Charlie Parker
    United States saxophonist and leader of the bop style of jazz (1920-1955)
  465. Dizzy Gillespie
    United States jazz trumpeter and exponent of bebop
  466. Louis Armstrong
    United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader
  467. Scott Joplin
    United States composer who was the first creator of ragtime to write down his compositions (1868-1917)
  468. John Philip Sousa
    a United States bandmaster and composer of military marches
  469. mazurka
    a Polish national dance in triple time
  470. W. C. Handy
    United States blues musician who transcribed and published traditional blues music (1873-1958)
  471. Jelly Roll Morton
    United States jazz musician who moved from ragtime to New Orleans jazz (1885-1941)
  472. ditty
    a short simple song
  473. Bob Dylan
    United States songwriter noted for his protest songs
  474. Beatles
    a rock group from Liverpool who between 1962 and 1970 produced a variety of hit songs and albums (most of them written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon)
  475. John Lennon
    English rock star and guitarist and songwriter who with Paul McCartney wrote most of the music for the Beatles (1940-1980)
  476. Frank Sinatra
    United States singer and film actor (1915-1998)
  477. Bessie Smith
    United States blues singer (1894-1937)
  478. Bob Marley
    Jamaican singer who popularized reggae (1945-1981)
  479. Jimi Hendrix
    United States guitarist whose innovative style with electric guitars influenced the development of rock music (1942-1970)
  480. Michael Jackson
    United States singer who began singing with his four brothers and later became a highly successful star during the 1980s (born in 1958)
  481. Elvis Presley
    United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977)
  482. Chuck Berry
    United States rock singer (born in 1931)
  483. fiddle
    bowed stringed instrument that is the highest member of the violin family; this instrument has four strings and a hollow body and an unfretted fingerboard and is played with a bow
  484. Johnny Cash
    United States country music singer and songwriter
  485. fusion
    the act of melding or melting together
  486. psychedelic
    producing distorted sensory perceptions and feelings
  487. Bollywood
    the film industry of India
  488. electronic
    concerned with principles governing behavior of electrons
  489. experimental
    of the nature of or undergoing a trial
  490. funk
    an earthy type of jazz combining it with blues and soul
  491. samba
    a lively ballroom dance from Brazil
  492. dub
    new sounds added to a soundtrack
  493. skank
    a rhythmic dance to reggae music performed by bending forward and extending the hands while bending the knees
  494. ambient
    completely enveloping
  495. avant-garde
    radically new or original
  496. rumba
    a folk dance in duple time that originated in Cuba with Spanish and African elements; features complex footwork and violent movement
  497. hip-hop
    genre of African-American music of the 1980s and 1990s in which rhyming lyrics are chanted to a musical accompaniment; several forms of rap have emerged
  498. bebop
    an early form of modern jazz (originating around 1940)
  499. turntable
    a circular horizontal platform that rotates a phonograph record while it is being played
  500. soul
    secular form of gospel that was a major Black musical genre

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