A fiddle is the same thing as a violin. The instrument, which has strings and is played with a bow, is more likely to be called a fiddle when it's used to play traditional or folk tunes, rather than classical music.

Fiddle music is typically written for dancing, and it comes from backgrounds as diverse as Scotland, Eastern Europe, and the Cajun and Zydeco traditions from Louisiana. To play the fiddle is to fiddle, and when you mess or play around with something, you also fiddle: "Do you have to fiddle with your pen while I'm talking?" Someone who's "fit as a fiddle" is in perfect health.

Definitions of fiddle
  1. noun
    bowed stringed instrument that is the highest member of the violin family; this instrument has four strings and a hollow body and an unfretted fingerboard and is played with a bow
    synonyms: violin
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    a violin made by Nicolo Amati or a member of his family
    a violin made by a member of the Guarneri family
    Strad, Stradavarius
    a violin made by Antonio Stradivari or a member of his family
    type of:
    bowed stringed instrument, string
    stringed instruments that are played with a bow
  2. verb
    play the violin or fiddle
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    type of:
    perform music on (a musical instrument)
  3. verb
    play on a violin
    “Zuckerman fiddled that song very nicely”
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    type of:
    play, spiel
    replay (as a melody)
  4. verb
    manipulate manually or in one's mind or imagination
    “Don't fiddle with the screws”
    synonyms: diddle, play, toy
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    put out, retire
    cause to be out on a fielding play
    type of:
    hold something in one's hands and move it
  5. verb
    play around with or alter or falsify, usually secretively or dishonestly
    “The reporter fiddle with the facts”
    synonyms: monkey, tamper
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    type of:
    hold something in one's hands and move it
  6. verb
    try to fix or mend
    “She always fiddles with her van on the weekend”
    synonyms: tinker
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    type of:
    bushel, doctor, fix, furbish up, mend, repair, restore, touch on
    restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
  7. verb
    avoid (one's assigned duties)
    synonyms: goldbrick, shirk, shrink from
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    British military language: avoid work
    malinger, skulk
    avoid responsibilities and duties, e.g., by pretending to be ill
    avoid responsibilities and work, be idle
    type of:
    refrain from doing something
  8. verb
    commit fraud and steal from one's employer
    “We found out that she had been fiddling for years”
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    type of:
    defalcate, embezzle, malversate, misappropriate, peculate
    appropriate (as property entrusted to one's care) fraudulently to one's own use
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