speech act

Definitions of speech act
1

n the use of language to perform some act

Examples:
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Ten Commandments
the biblical commandments of Moses
Emergency Alert System
a federal warning system that is activated by FEMA; enables the President to take over the United States airwaves to warn the whole country of major catastrophic events
Hippocratic oath
an oath taken by physicians to observe medical ethics deriving from Hippocrates
Gettysburg Address
a three-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg (November 19, 1863)
Sermon on the Mount
the first major discourse delivered by Jesus (Matthew 5-7 and Luke 6:20-49)
Types:
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congratulation, felicitation
the act of acknowledging that someone has an occasion for celebration
slander
words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
proposal, proposition
the act of making a proposal
bid, bidding, command, dictation
an authoritative direction or instruction to do something
agreement
the verbal act of agreeing
citation
(law) the act of citing (as of spoken words or written passages or legal precedents etc.)
disagreement
the speech act of disagreeing or arguing or disputing
offer, offering
the verbal act of offering
asking, request
the verbal act of requesting
reply, response
the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
description
the act of describing something
affirmation, assertion, statement
the act of affirming or asserting or stating something
denial
the act of refusing to comply (as with a request)
rejection
the speech act of rejecting
objection
the speech act of objecting
informing, making known
a speech act that conveys information
disclosure, revealing, revelation
the speech act of making something evident
promise
a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
boast, boasting, jactitation, self-praise
speaking of yourself in superlatives
naming
the verbal act of naming
challenge
a call to engage in a contest or fight
explanation
the act of explaining; making something plain or intelligible
denouncement, denunciation
a public act of denouncing
address, speech
the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience
resignation
the act of giving up (a claim or office or possession etc.)
counterblast
a vigorous and unrestrained response
mud
slanderous remarks or charges
singing, tattle, telling
disclosing information or giving evidence about another
presentation
the act of presenting a proposal
countermand
a contrary command cancelling or reversing a previous command
order
(often plural) a command given by a superior (e.g., a military or law enforcement officer) that must be obeyed
charge, commission, direction
a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something
commandment
something that is commanded
injunction
a formal command or admonition
behest
an authoritative command or request
open sesame
a magical command; used by Ali Baba
acquiescence, assent
agreement with a statement or proposal to do something
concurrence, concurrency
agreement of results or opinions
accord, accordance, conformity
concurrence of opinion
collusion, connivance
agreement on a secret plot
accession, assenting
agreeing with or consenting to (often unwillingly)
subscription
agreement expressed by (or as if expressed by) signing your name
confirmation, ratification
making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it
concord, concordance, harmony
agreement of opinions
endorsement, indorsement, second, secondment
a speech seconding a motion
confrontation, encounter, face-off, showdown
a hostile disagreement face-to-face
dissidence
disagreement; especially disagreement with the government
dissent
a difference of opinion
nonconformity
lack of harmony or correspondence
discord, dissension
disagreement among those expected to cooperate
conflict, difference, difference of opinion, dispute
a disagreement or argument about something important
notice, notification
a request for payment
indirect request, wish
an expression of some desire or inclination
invitation
a request (spoken or written) to participate or be present or take part in something
appeal, entreaty, prayer
earnest or urgent request
orison, petition, prayer
reverent petition to a deity
call
a request
billing, charge
request for payment of a debt
trick or treat
a request by children on Halloween; they pass from door to door asking for goodies and threatening to play tricks on those who refuse
inquiring, questioning
a request for information
non sequitur
a reply that has no relevance to what preceded it
comeback, counter, rejoinder, replication, retort, return, riposte
a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one)
echo
a reply that repeats what has just been said
answer
the speech act of replying to a question
characterisation, characterization
the act of describing distinctive characteristics or essential features
label
a brief description given for purposes of identification
detailing, particularisation, particularization
an individualized description of a particular instance
sketch, vignette
a brief literary description
say-so
one chap's arbitrary assertion
abnegation
the denial and rejection of a doctrine or belief
naysaying
the act of saying no to a request
negative
a reply of denial
refusal
the act of refusing
disavowal, disclaimer
denial of any connection with or knowledge of
renunciation, repudiation
rejecting or disowning or disclaiming as invalid
rebuff, repulse, snub
an instance of driving away or warding off
short shrift, summary treatment
a brief and unsympathetic rejection
challenge
a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror
complaint
an expression of grievance or resentment
demur, demurral, demurrer
(law) a formal objection to an opponent's pleadings
dissent
(law) the difference of one judge's opinion from that of the majority
exception
grounds for adverse criticism
beef, bitch, gripe, kick, squawk
informal terms for objecting
protest, protestation
a formal and solemn declaration of objection
protest
the act of making a strong public expression of disagreement and disapproval
apprisal, notification, telling
informing by words
divine revelation, revelation
communication of knowledge to man by a divine or supernatural agency
display
behavior that makes your feelings public
divulgement, divulgence
the act of disclosing something that was secret or private
discovery
something that is discovered
discovery
(law) compulsory pretrial disclosure of documents relevant to a case; enables one side in a litigation to elicit information from the other side concerning the facts in the case
giveaway
an unintentional disclosure
informing, ratting
to furnish incriminating evidence to an officer of the law (usually in return for favors)
leak, news leak
unauthorized (especially deliberate) disclosure of confidential information
exposure
the disclosure of something secret
concession
a point conceded or yielded
intro, introduction, presentation
formally making a person known to another or to the public
briefing
detailed instructions, as for a military operation
account, report
the act of informing by verbal report
warning
a message informing of danger
oath
a solemn promise, usually invoking a divine witness, regarding your future acts or behavior
parole, word, word of honor
a promise
betrothal, engagement, troth
a mutual promise to marry
pinning
a mutual promise of a couple not to date anyone else; on college campuses it was once signaled by the giving of a fraternity pin
rain check
a promise that an unaccepted offer will be renewed in the future
brag, bragging, crow, crowing, gasconade, line-shooting, vaporing
an instance of boastful talk
bluster, braggadocio, rhodomontade, rodomontade
vain and empty boasting
vaunt
extravagant self-praise
self-assertion
the act of putting forth your own opinions in a boastful or inconsiderate manner that implies you feel superior to others
acrophony
naming a letter of the alphabet by using a word whose initial sound is the sound represented by that letter
numeration
naming numbers
denotation, indication
the act of indicating or pointing out by name
specification
naming explicitly
dare, daring
a challenge to do something dangerous or foolhardy
confrontation
a bold challenge
call-out
a challenge to a fight or duel
defiance
a hostile challenge
calling into question, demand for explanation
a challenge to defend what someone has said
demand for identification
as by a sentry
gantlet, gauntlet
to offer or accept a challenge
elucidation
an act of explaining that serves to clear up and cast light on
explication
the act of making clear or removing obscurity from the meaning of a word or symbol or expression etc.
excoriation
severe censure
diatribe, fulmination
thunderous verbal attack
broadside, philippic, tirade
a speech of violent denunciation
damnation
the act of damning
condemnation, curse, execration
an appeal to some supernatural power to inflict evil on someone or some group
allocution
(rhetoric) a formal or authoritative address that advises or exhorts
colloquium
an address to an academic meeting or seminar
dithyramb
a wildly enthusiastic speech or piece of writing
impromptu
an extemporaneous speech or remark
inaugural, inaugural address
an address delivered at an inaugural ceremony (especially by a United States president)
lecture, public lecture, talk
a speech that is open to the public
litany
any long and tedious address or recital
oratory
addressing an audience formally (usually a long and rhetorical address and often pompous)
oral presentation, public speaking, speaking, speechmaking
delivering an address to a public audience
discourse, preaching, sermon
an address of a religious nature (usually delivered during a church service)
abdication, stepping down
a formal resignation and renunciation of powers
renouncement, renunciation
an act (spoken or written) declaring that something is surrendered or disowned
order
a request for something to be made, supplied, or served
callback, recall
a request by the manufacturer of a defective product to return the product (as for replacement or repair)
Type of:
act, deed, human action, human activity
something that people do or cause to happen

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