Speaking is what we do when we talk to each other, either out loud or through sign language. Many classrooms have a rule that speaking is not allowed during quizzes and exams.

In addition to the speaking we do to communicate feelings and ideas, there's also public speaking, when someone gives a speech in front of an audience. And if you're not on speaking terms with someone, it means that you're so angry with each other that you don't talk anymore.

Definitions of speaking

adj capable of or involving speech or speaking

“human beings--the speaking animals”
“a speaking part in the play”
having a manner of speaking as specified; often used in combination
nonspeaking, walk-on
not capable of or especially not involving speech or spoken lines

n the utterance of intelligible speech

speech production
the exchange of spoken words
susurration, voicelessness, whisper, whispering
speaking softly without vibration of the vocal cords
stage whisper
a loud whisper that can be overheard; on the stage it is heard by the audience but it supposed to be inaudible to the rest of the cast
Type of:
utterance, vocalization
the use of uttered sounds for auditory communication

n delivering an address to a public audience

oral presentation, public speaking, speechmaking
reading, recital, recitation
a public instance of reciting or repeating (from memory) something prepared in advance
debate, disputation, public debate
the formal presentation of a stated proposition and the opposition to it (usually followed by a vote)
recitation of a speech from memory with studied gestures and intonation as an exercise in elocution or rhetoric
Type of:
address, speech
the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience

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