"March: Book Three," Vocabulary

This final volume of John Lewis's autobiographical trilogy reveals insights into many of the civil rights acts of the time. Senator Lewis' graphic memoir takes the reader along as he recalls his experiences with the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, the march from Selma to Montgomery, the Freedom Summer in Mississippi, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

A vocabulary list for MARCH: BOOK ONE is at https://www.vocabulary.com/lists/1225633
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Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. integrate
    open up to members of all races and ethnic groups
    We don't want to integrate!!
  2. spawn
    call forth
    Four little children murdered in the House of the Lord. How could our quest for human dignity spawn such evil?
  3. segregation
    a social system with separate facilities for minority groups
    Governor George Wallace had started his term declaring " segregation forever," and two weeks before the bombing, he was quoted in the paper saying, "What this country needs is a few first-class funerals."
  4. provoked
    incited, especially deliberately, to anger
    Jim Clark was the sheriff of Dallas County. He was mean, violent, and easiy provoked.
  5. picket
    a protester posted by a labor organization outside a place of work
    Sheriff Clark, and Al Lingo of the Alabama State Troppers, led the brutal response, which provoked local teenagers to picket the next day in front of the county courthouse.
  6. demonstration
    a public display of group feelings
    The next demonstration in front of the Dallas County Courthouse resulted in 30 arrests.
  7. radical
    far beyond the norm
    SNCC had already been growing apart from the mainstream of the movement. We were younger and, by their accounts, more radical.
  8. apartheid
    a social policy of racial segregation
    Lowenstein had compared the conditions in Mississippi to those in South Africa under apartheid, so he and Bob Moses modeled their idea after a similar effort by South African activists.
  9. eulogy
    a formal expression of praise for someone who has died
    The speech I gave that night became a eulogy for our slain president.
  10. preconceived notion
    an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
    I'll admit, I had some preconceived notions about President Johnson. He was a Southerner -- a Texan -- which made me suspicious.
  11. showdown
    a hostile disagreement face-to-face
    Pour in thousands of students and force a showdown between local and federal governments.
  12. unanimously
    of one mind; without dissent
    The motion passed unanimously.
  13. intervention
    the act of coming between
    ...But that didn't stop the violence we faced. We made a direct appeal to President Johnson and Attorney General Robert Kennedy for intervention.
  14. agitator
    one who agitates; a political troublemaker
    John Lewis!! You... You're nothin' but an outside agitator.
  15. passion
    a strong feeling or emotion
    A movement is fueled by passion.
  16. subvert
    destroy completely
    It is essential that this convention repudiate, here and now, any doctrinaire, militant minority -- whether Communist, Ku Klux Klan, or Bircher -- which would subvert this party purposes alien to the very basic tenets which gave this party birth.
  17. disenfranchised
    deprived of the rights of citizenship, as the right to vote
    For all the disenfranchised millions of this earth -- whether they be in Mississippi, Alabama, behind the Iron Curtain, floundering in the mire of South Africa apartheid, or freedom-seeking person in Cuba who have now gone three years with an election....
  18. incensed
    angered at something unjust or wrong
    After their testimony, the delegates went back to their hotel where they learned that President Johnson had pre-empted Mrs. Hamer's testimony with a trumped-up press conference. They were incensed.
  19. delegation
    a group of representatives
    Harry Belafonte invited a delegation from SNCC to accompany him on a three-week trip to Africa to speak to young people and share ideas about what we were doing in the American south.
  20. white supremacy
    the prejudice that members of the white race are superior to members of other races
    Assumptions of male superiority are as widespread and deep-rooted, and every much as crippling to the woman as assumptions of white supremacy are to the negro.
  21. injunction
    a judicial remedy to prohibit a party from doing something
    We will hold a mass meeting on January 2nd to break Judge Hare's injunction and concentrate our efforts on voter registration and mass demonstrations in Dallas County.
  22. mockery
    showing your contempt by derision
    This courthouse is a serious place of business! You seem to think it's Disneyland or somethin' on parade. You came to make a mockery of this courthouse and we are not going to have it!
  23. alternative
    one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
    I want Dr. King to know that I didn't come to Selma to make his job difficult. I really do think my presence could make it easier if the white people realize what the alternative is, perhaps they'll be more willing to hear him out.
  24. grief
    intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one
    Malcolm X has been assassinated by a group of armed gunmen in New York City. I had my differences with Malcolm, but after seeing him in Africa I was filled with grief over what could have been for him.
  25. brutality
    a barbarous savage act
    Jimmie Lee Jackson's funeral service was held on March 3rd. He was murdered by the brutality of every sheriff who practiced lawlessness in the name of the law.
  26. detrimental
    causing harm or injury
    It will be detrimental to your safety to continue this march.
  27. legislation
    the act of making or enacting laws
    Ninety-five years ago, our constitution was amended to require than no American be denied the right to vote because of race or color. Almost a century later, many Americans are kept from voting, simply because they are negroes. Therefore, this Monday, I will send to the Congress a request for legislation to carry out this amendment to the Constitution.

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