communist

Communism is a political doctrine that is an extreme form of Socialism, and anyone belonging to this particular political party is called a communist. A handful of countries call themselves communist, including China, Cuba, and North Korea — though many communists would disagree.

We can find the roots of the word communist in the Latin communis, meaning "common" or "shared." These meanings certainly apply to the ideal version of Communism, which means that everyone is equal, and no one has more than anyone else. It was first used in English as both a noun and an adjective in 1841, taken from the French communiste. In the mid-20th Century, division between the U.S. and its allies and those that were Communist formed what became the “Cold War.”

Definitions of communist
  1. adjective
    relating to or marked by communism
    communist governments”
    synonyms: communistic
  2. noun
    a socialist who advocates communism
    synonyms: commie
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    examples:
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    Mao Tsetung
    Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
    John Reed
    United States journalist who reported on the October Revolution from Petrograd in 1917; founded the Communist Labor Party in America in 1919; is buried in the Kremlin in Moscow (1887-1920)
    Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili
    Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
    Chou En-lai
    Chinese revolutionary and communist leader (1898-1976)
    Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin
    Bolshevik leader in Russia who advocated gradual collectivism of the farms; was executed in a purge by Stalin (1888-1938)
    Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov
    Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
    Lev Davidovich Bronstein
    Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army; he was ousted from the Communist Party by Stalin and eventually assassinated in Mexico (1879-1940)
    types:
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    apparatchik
    a communist who was a member of the administrative system of a communist party
    Bolshevik, Bolshevist
    a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party
    Comrade
    a fellow member of the Communist Party
    revisionist
    a Communist who tries to rewrite Marxism to justify a retreat from the revolutionary position
    type of:
    socialist
    a political advocate of socialism
Word Family