A leader is the one in the charge, the person who convinces other people to follow. A great leader inspires confidence in other people and moves them to action.

A leader is the head guy or gal, the one running the show. The leader of the band calls the shots and sets the tempo for the music. A conductor is the leader of an orchestra; all musicians look to him or her to know when to begin and end playing their instruments. A president is the leader of a country whose decisions make a difference to the whole population. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a leader of the Civil Rights Movement. A leader comes first in line — in a parade or a social system — and gets a lot of attention, but ultimately, a leader needs followers.

Primary Meanings of leader

a person who rules or guides or inspires others
a featured article of merchandise sold at a loss in order to draw customers
Full Definitions of leader

n a person who rules or guides or inspires others

a person who accepts the leadership of another
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Saddam bin Hussein at-Takriti
Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran; his invasion of Kuwait led to the Gulf War (born in 1937)
Judas Maccabaeus
Jewish leader of a revolt in Judea that recovered Jerusalem around 166 BC; hero of the Apocryphal books I Maccabees and II Maccabees (?-161 BC)
Ahmad Shah Masoud
Afghan leader of forces opposed to the Taliban; won fame by successfully resisting the Soviets in the 1980s; was assassinated by men posing as journalists (1953-2001)
Muammar al-Qaddafi
Libyan leader who seized power in a military coup d'etat in 1969; deposed the Libyan monarchy and imposed socialism and Islamic orthodoxy on the country (born in 1942)
(Roman mythology) a princess of Tyre who was the founder and queen of Carthage; Virgil tells of her suicide when she was abandoned by Aeneas
(Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion
Sleeping Beauty
fairy story: princess under an evil spell who could be awakened only by a prince's kiss
(Old Testament) elder brother of Moses and first high priest of the Israelites; created the golden calf
Dean Gooderham Acheson
United States statesman who promoted the Marshall Plan and helped establish NATO (1893-1971)
Samuel Adams
American Revolutionary leader and patriot; an organizer of the Boston Tea Party and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1722-1803)
Konrad Adenauer
German statesman; chancellor of West Germany (1876-1967)
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
Roman general who commanded the fleet that defeated the forces of Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (63-12 BC)
Thomas a Kempis
German ecclesiastic (1380-1471)
Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel
prince consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)
ancient Athenian statesman and general in the Peloponnesian War (circa 450-404 BC)
Pope Alexander VI
Pope and father of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503)
an Ismaili caliph of Egypt who declared himself an incarnation of God and founded the Druze religious sect (985-1021)
Yasser Arafat
Palestinian statesman who was chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (1929-2004)
German hero; leader at the battle of Teutoburger Wald in AD 9 (circa 18 BC - AD 19)
Indian religious leader and founder of the Yogacara school of Buddhism in India (4th century)
Nancy Witcher Astor
British politician (born in the United States) who was the first woman to sit in the British House of Commons (1879-1964)
Kemal Ataturk
Turkish statesman who abolished the caliphate and founded Turkey as a modern secular state (1881-1938)
Clement Richard Attlee
British statesman and leader of the Labour Party who instituted the welfare state in Britain (1883-1967)
Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC; defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC at Actium (63 BC - AD 14)
Viscount St. Albans
English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley
English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867-1947)
Arthur James Balfour
English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1848-1930)
Alben William Barkley
United States politician and lawyer; vice president of the United States (1877-1956)
Bernard Mannes Baruch
economic advisor to United States Presidents (1870-1965)
William Maxwell Aitken
British newspaper publisher and politician (born in Canada); confidant of Winston Churchill (1879-1964)
Henry Ward Beecher
United States clergyman who was a leader for the abolition of slavery (1813-1887)
Menachem Begin
Israeli statesman (born in Russia) who (as prime minister of Israel) negotiated a peace treaty with Anwar Sadat (then the president of Egypt) (1913-1992)
Prospero Lambertini
pope who was a patron of the arts and who denounced the cruelty to the indigenous peoples of South America (1675-1758)
Giacomo della Chiesa
pope who founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war during World War I (1854-1922)
David Ben Gurion
Israeli statesman (born in Poland) and active Zionist who organized resistance against the British after World War II; prime minister of Israel (1886-1973)
Thomas Hart Benton
United States legislator who opposed the use of paper currency (1782-1858)
Ernest Bevin
British labor leader and statesman who played an important role in diplomacy after World War II (1884-1951)
Prince Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck
German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)
Sauk leader who in 1832 led Fox and Sauk warriors against the United States (1767-1838)
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair
British statesman who became prime minister in 1997 (born in 1953)
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)
Anne Boleyn
the second wife of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I; was executed on a charge of adultery (1507-1536)
El Libertador
Venezuelan statesman who led the revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule; founded Bolivia in 1825 (1783-1830)
Benedetto Caetani
pope who declared that Catholic princes are subject to the pope in temporal as well as in theological matters (1235-1303)
Duchess of Ferrara
Italian noblewoman and patron of the arts (1480-1519)
Thomas Bradley
United States politician who was elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles (1917-1998)
Willy Brandt
German statesman who as chancellor of West Germany worked to reduce tensions with eastern Europe (1913-1992)
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev
Soviet statesman who became president of the Soviet Union (1906-1982)
Harry Bridges
United States labor leader who organized the longshoremen (1901-1990)
Saint Bruno
(Roman Catholic Church) a French cleric (born in Germany) who founded the Carthusian order in 1084 (1032-1101)
Marcus Junius Brutus
statesman of ancient Rome who (with Cassius) led a conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar (85-42 BC)
Boy Orator of the Platte
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
John Bunyan
English preacher and author of an allegorical novel, Pilgrim's Progress (1628-1688)
Edmund Burke
British statesman famous for his oratory; pleaded the cause of the American colonists in British Parliament and defended the parliamentary system (1729-1797)
Aaron Burr
United States politician who served as vice president under Jefferson; he mortally wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south (1756-1836)
Gaius Julius Caesar
conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC)
Guy of Burgundy
pope who in 1122 forced the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V to sign a concordat that recognized the right of the church to choose its own leadership (died in 1124)
Alfonso Borgia
Italian pope whose nepotism put the Borgia family in power in Italy (1378-1458)
Gaius Cassius Longinus
prime mover in the conspiracy against Julius Caesar (died in 42 BC)
Fidel Castro Ruz
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
Catherine de Medicis
queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority of her son Charles IX (1519-1589)
Arthur Neville Chamberlain
British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)
Prince Charles
the eldest son of Elizabeth II and heir to the English throne (born in 1948)
Salmon Portland Chase
United States politician and jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1808-1873)
Francois Rene Chateaubriand
French statesman and writer; considered a precursor of the romantic movement in France (1768-1848)
Cesar Estrada Chavez
United States labor leader who organized farm workers (born 1927)
Fourth Earl of Chesterfield
suave and witty English statesman remembered mostly for letters to his son (1694-1773)
Chiang Chung-cheng
Chinese military and political figure; in the Chinese civil war that followed World War II he was defeated by the Chinese communists and in 1949 was forced to withdraw to Taiwan where he served as president of Nationalist China until his death (1897-1975)
Sir Winston Leonard Spenser Churchill
British statesman and leader during World War II; received Nobel prize for literature in 1953 (1874-1965)
Marcus Tullius Cicero
a Roman statesman and orator remembered for his mastery of Latin prose (106-43 BC)
Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus
Roman statesman regarded as a model of simple virtue; he twice was called to assume dictatorship of Rome and each time retired to his farm (519-438 BC)
Charles Joseph Clark
Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1939-)
the Great Compromiser
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
Georges Eugene Benjamin Clemenceau
French statesman who played a key role in negotiating the Treaty of Versailles (1841-1929)
Guibert of Ravenna
Italian antipope from 1080 to 1100 who was installed as pope by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV who consistently opposed efforts at papal reform (died in 1100)
Giulio de' Medici
Italian pope from 1523 to 1534 who broke with Henry VIII of England after Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn (1478-1534)
Giovanni Francesco Albani
Italian pope from 1700 to 1721 who condemned Jansenist ideas on papal infallibility
Lorenzo Ganganelli
Italian pope from 1769 to 1774 who lost whatever support remained of Catholic Europe, causing the church to fall into the hands of secular princes (1705-1774)
beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt; mistress of Julius Caesar and later of Mark Antony; killed herself to avoid capture by Octavian (69-30 BC)
DeWitt Clinton
United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal (1769-1828)
Hilary Rodham Clinton
wife of President Clinton and later a woman member of the United States Senate (1947-)
Baron Clive of Plassey
British general and statesman whose victory at Plassey in 1757 strengthened British control of India (1725-1774)
Apache leader of the resistance to United States troops in Arizona (1812-1874)
Cosimo de Medici
Italian financier and statesman and friend of the papal court (1389-1464)
a chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)
David Crockett
United States frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo (1786-1836)
Oliver Cromwell
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)
Cyrus the Younger
Persian prince who was defeated in battle by his brother Artaxerxes II (424-401 BC)
Jefferson Davis
American statesman; president of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1808-1889)
William Dawes
American patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn that the British were advancing on Lexington and Concord (1745-1799)
Moshe Dayan
Israeli general and statesman (1915-1981)
Charles Andre Joseph Marie de Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
Athenian statesman and orator (circa 385-322 BC)
Teng Hsiao-ping
Chinese communist statesman (1904-1997)
Eamon de Valera
Irish statesman (born in the United States); as president of the Irish Free State he was responsible for the new constitution of 1937 that created the state of Eire (1882-1975)
Lady Diana Frances Spencer
English aristocrat who was the first wife of Prince Charles; her death in an automobile accident in Paris produced intense national mourning (1961-1997)
Duchesse de Valentinois
French noblewoman who was the mistress of Henry II; she had more influence over him than did his wife Catherine de Medicis (1499-1566)
First Earl of Beaconsfield
British statesman who as Prime Minister bought controlling interest in the Suez Canal and made Queen Victoria the empress of India (1804-1881)
Domingo de Guzman
(Roman Catholic Church) Spanish priest who founded an order whose members became known as Dominicans or Black Friars (circa 1170-1221)
Don Juan
a legendary Spanish nobleman and philanderer who became the hero of many poems and plays and operas
John Donne
English clergyman and metaphysical poet celebrated as a preacher (1572-1631)
Stephen Arnold Douglas
United States politician who proposed that individual territories be allowed to decide whether they would have slavery; he engaged in a famous series of debates with Abraham Lincoln (1813-1861)
Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC)
Black Prince
son of Edward III who defeated the French at Crecy and Poitiers in the Hundred Years' War (1330-1376)
Edward Antony Richard Louis
third son of Elizabeth II (born in 1964)
Eleanor of Aquitaine
queen of France as the wife of Louis VII; that marriage was annulled in 1152 and she then married Henry II and became Queen of England (1122-1204)
Friedrich Engels
socialist who wrote the Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx in 1848 (1820-1895)
(Old Testament) a beautiful Jewess chosen by the king of Persia to be his queen; she stopped a plot to massacre all the Jews in Persia (an event celebrated by Jews as the feast of Purim)
a Jewish priest and scribe sent by the Persian king to restore Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem
Gaius Flaminius
Roman statesman and general who built the Flaminian Way; died when he was defeated by Hannibal (died 217 BC)
Charles James Fox
English statesman who supported American independence and the French Revolution (1749-1806)
Francis Ferdinand
archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I; his assassination at Sarajevo triggered the outbreak of World War I (1863-1914)
Benjamin Franklin
printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics; he helped draw up the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution; he played a major role in the American Revolution and negotiated French support for the colonists; as a scientist he is remembered particularly for his research in electricity (1706-1790)
Frederick William
the Elector of Brandenburg who rebuilt his domain after its destruction during the Thirty Years' War (1620-1688)
James William Fulbright
United States senator who is remembered for his creation of grants that fund exchange programs of teachers and students between the United States and other countries (1905-1995)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
political and spiritual leader during India's struggle with Great Britain for home rule; an advocate of passive resistance (1869-1948)
Indira Nehru Gandhi
daughter of Nehru who served as prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977 (1917-1984)
Sir Geraint
(Arthurian legend) one of the knights of the Round Table
Apache chieftain who raided the white settlers in the Southwest as resistance to being confined to a reservation (1829-1909)
William Ewart Gladstone
liberal British statesman who served as prime minister four times (1809-1898)
Owen Glendower
Welsh chieftain who led a revolt against Henry IV's rule in Wales (1359-1416)
John Herschel Glenn Jr.
made the first orbital rocket-powered flight by a United States astronaut in 1962; later in United States Senate (1921-)
Lady Godiva
according to legend she rode naked through Coventry in order to persuade her husband not to tax the townspeople so heavily; the only person to look at her as she rode by was a man named Tom and Peeping Tom has become a synonym for voyeur (circa 1040-1080)
Samuel Gompers
United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1924 (1850-1924)
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)
Harley Granville-Barker
English actor and dramatist and critic and director noted for his productions of Shakespearean plays (1877-1946)
William Green
United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873-1952)
Gregory the Great
(Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership; a saint and Doctor of the Church (540?-604)
Gregory VII
the Italian pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Roman Catholic Church and the supremacy of the church over the state (1020-1085)
Angelo Correr
the Italian pope from 1406 to 1415 who worked to end the Great Schism and who retired to make it possible (1327-1417)
Ugo Buoncompagni
the pope who sponsored the introduction of the modern calendar (1572-1585)
Bartolomeo Alberto Capillari
Italian pope from 1831 to 1846; conservative in politics and theology; worked to propagate Catholicism in England and the United States (1765-1846)
Second Earl Grey
Englishman who as Prime Minister implemented social reforms including the abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire (1764-1845)
First Viscount Haldane of Cloan
Scottish statesman and brother of Elizabeth and John Haldane (1856-1928)
Nathan Hale
a soldier of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British; his last words were supposed to have been `I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country' (1755-1776)
Alexander Hamilton
United States statesman and leader of the Federalists; as the first Secretary of the Treasury he establish a federal bank; was mortally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr (1755-1804)
Lady Emma Hamilton
English beauty who was the mistress of Admiral Nelson (1765-1815)
John Hancock
American revolutionary patriot who was president of the Continental Congress; was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence (1737-1793)
Vaclav Havel
Czech dramatist and statesman whose plays opposed totalitarianism and who served as president of Czechoslovakia from 1989 to 1992 and president of the Czech Republic since 1993 (born in 1936)
William Dudley Haywood
United States labor leader and militant socialist who was one of the founders of the Industrial Workers of the World (1869-1928)
Patrick Henry
a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)
a Native American chieftain who argued for peace with the European settlers (16th century)
Palestinian rabbi and interpreter of Judaic law
Paul Ludwig von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg
German field marshal and statesman; as president of the Weimar Republic he reluctantly appointed Hitler as chancellor in 1933 (1847-1934)
Nguyen Tat Thanh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South Vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
James Riddle Hoffa
United States labor leader who was president of the Teamsters Union; he was jailed for trying to bribe a judge and later disappeared and is assumed to have been murdered (1913-1975)
Francis Hopkinson
American Revolutionary leader and patriot; a signer of the Declaration of Independence (1737-1791)
Samuel Houston
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
Catherine Howard
Queen of England as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who was accused of adultery and executed (1520-1542)
Samuel Huntington
American revolutionary leader who signed the Declaration of Independence and was president of the Continental Congress (1731-1796)
Lotario di Segni
Italian pope from 1198 to 1216 who instituted the Fourth Crusade and under whom papal intervention in European politics reached its height (1161-1216)
Giovanni Battista Cibo
Italian pope from 1484 to 1492 who was known as a nepotist and was attacked by Savonarola for his worldliness (1432-1492)
Benedetto Odescalchi
Italian pope from 1676 to 1689 whose papacy was marked by the struggle with Louis XIV of France over papal authority over French Catholics; known for saintliness and canonized in 1956 (1611-1689)
Antonio Pignatelli
Italian pope from 1691 to 1700 who abolished nepotism within the church hierarchy and was universally loved for his charity and piety
Isabella the Catholic
the queen of Castile whose marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and sponsored the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1451-1504)
Ivan III Vasilievich
grand duke of Muscovy whose victories against the Tartars laid the basis for Russian unity (1440-1505)
Jesse Louis Jackson
United States civil rights leader who led a national campaign against racial discrimination and ran for presidential nomination (born in 1941)
Glenda Jackson
English film actress who later became a member of British Parliament (born in 1936)
Jeanne d'Arc
French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king; she was later tried for heresy and burned at the stake (1412-1431)
wife of Ahab who was king of Israel; according to the Old Testament she was a cruel immoral queen who fostered the worship of Baal and tried to kill Elijah and other prophets of Israel (9th century BC)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Indian statesman who was the founder of Pakistan as a Muslim state (1876-1948)
a Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith in God in spite of afflictions that tested him
Saint John the Apostle
(New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally said to be the author of the 4th Gospel and three epistles and the book of Revelation
Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli
Italian pope from 1958 to 1963 who convoked the Second Vatican Council (1881-1963)
St. John Chrysostom
(Roman Catholic Church) a Church Father who was a great preacher and bishop of Constantinople; a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-407)
Albino Luciano
the first Pope to assume a double name; he reigned for only 34 days (1912-1978)
Karol Wojtyla
the first Pope born in Poland; the first Pope not born in Italy in 450 years (1920-2005)
Mary Harris Jones
United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)
Chief Joseph
leader of the Nez Perce in their retreat from United States troops (1840-1904)
(Old Testament) Moses' successor who led the Israelites into the Promised Land; best remembered for his destruction of Jericho
Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin
soviet statesman and head of state of the USSR (1875-1946)
Kenneth David Kaunda
statesman who led Northern Rhodesia to full independence as Zambia in 1964 and served as Zambia's first president (1924-1999)
Elia Kazanjoglous
United States stage and screen director (born in Turkey) and believer in method acting (1909-2003)
John Keble
English clergyman who (with John Henry Newman and Edward Pusey) founded the Oxford movement (1792-1866)
Jomo Kenyata
Kenyan statesman and the first president of independent Kenya (1893-1978)
Sauk leader who aided the United States against Black Hawk (1790-1848)
Aleksandr Feodorovich Kerensky
Russian revolutionary who was head of state after Nicholas II abdicated but was overthrown by the Bolsheviks (1881-1970)
Sir Seretse Khama
Botswanan statesman who was the first president of Botswana (1921-1980)
Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
Iranian religious leader of the Shiites; when Shah Pahlavi's regime fell Khomeini established a new constitution giving himself supreme powers (1900-1989)
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev
Soviet statesman and premier who denounced Stalin (1894-1971)
Martin Luther King Jr.
United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968)
Prince Fumimaro Konoye
Japanese statesman who set Japan's expansionist policies and formed an alliance with Germany and Italy (1891-1945)
Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger
Boer statesman (1825-1904)
Henry Laurens
leader of the American Revolution and president of the Continental Congress (1724-1792)
Richard Henry Lee
leader of the American Revolution who proposed the resolution calling for independence of the American Colonies (1732-1794)
Leo the Great
Italian pope from 440 to 461 who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome (440-461)
Italian pope from 795 to 816 who in 800 crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans (750-816)
Bruno of Toul
German pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054)
Giovanni de'Medici
son of Lorenzo de'Medici and pope from 1513 to 1521 who excommunicated Martin Luther and who in 1521 bestowed on Henry VIII the title of Defender of the Faith (1475-1521)
Giovanni Vincenzo Pecci
Italian pope from 1878 to 1903 who was interested in the advancement of learning and who opened the Vatican secret archives to all scholars
John Llewelly Lewis
United States labor leader who was president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960 and president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations from 1935 to 1940 (1880-1969)
Lydia Kamekeha Paki Liliuokalani
queen of the Hawaiian islands (1838-1917)
Robert R. Livingston
American Revolutionary leader who served in the Continental Congress and as minister to France (1746-1813)
Lorenzo the Magnificent
Italian statesman and scholar who supported many artists and humanists including Michelangelo and Leonardo and Botticelli (1449-1492)
Saint Luke
(New Testament) the Apostle closely associated with St. Paul and traditionally assumed to be the author of the third Gospel
Niccolo Machiavelli
a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
Andre Maginot
French politician who proposed the Maginot Line (1877-1932)
John Roy Major
British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943)
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)
Mao Tsetung
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Marie Antoinette
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular; her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Saint Mark
Apostle and companion of Saint Peter; assumed to be the author of the second Gospel
George Catlett Marshall
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)
Oddone Colonna
Italian pope from 1417 to 1431 whose election as pope ended the Great Schism (1368-1431)
Mary Queen of Scots
queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried and executed for sedition (1542-1587)
George Mason
American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights (1725-1792)
Wampanoag leader who aided the Pilgrims (1580-1661)
Saint Matthew the Apostle
(New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally considered to be the author of the first Gospel
Joseph Raymond McCarthy
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)
John Joseph McGraw
United States baseball player and manager (1873-1934)
George Meany
United States labor leader who was the first president of the AFL-CIO (1894-1980)
Golda Meir
Israeli statesman (born in Russia) (1898-1978)
Prince Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar von Metternich
Austrian statesman (1773-1859)
John Mitchell
United States labor leader; president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1898 to 1908 (1870-1919)
Francois Maurice Marie Mitterrand
French statesman and president of France from 1981 to 1985 (1916-1996)
Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov
Soviet statesman (1890-1986)
Sun Myung Moon
United States religious leader (born in Korea) who founded the Unification Church in 1954; was found guilty of conspiracy to evade taxes (born in 1920)
Sir Thomas More
English statesman who opposed Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and was imprisoned and beheaded; recalled for his concept of Utopia, the ideal state
Gouverneur Morris
United States statesman who led the committee that produced the final draft of the United States Constitution (1752-1816)
Robert Morris
leader of the American Revolution who signed the Declaration of Independence and raised money for the Continental Army (1734-1806)
Roger de Mortimer
English nobleman who deposed Edward II and was executed by Edward III (1287-1330)
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
United States politician and educator (1927-2003)
Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian statesman who became president in 1981 after Sadat was assassinated (born in 1929)
Mullah Mohammed Omar
reclusive Afghanistani politician and leader of the Taliban who imposed a strict interpretation of shariah law on Afghanistan (born in 1960)
Guru Nanak
Indian religious leader who founded Sikhism in dissent from the caste system of Hinduism; he taught that all men had a right to search for knowledge of God and that spiritual liberation could be attained by meditating on the name of God (1469-1538)
Fridtjof Nansen
Norwegian explorer of the Arctic and director of the League of Nations relief program for refugees of World War I (1861-1930)
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Egyptian statesman who nationalized the Suez Canal (1918-1970)
Tomasso Parentucelli
Italian pope from 1447 to 1455 who founded the Vatican library (1397-1455)
queen of Egypt and wife of Akhenaton (14th century BC)
Jawaharlal Nehru
Indian statesman and leader with Gandhi in the struggle for home rule; was the first prime minister of the Republic of India from 1947 to 1964 (1889-1964)
Syrian who was a Christian bishop and Patriarch of Constantinople in the early fifth century; one of the major heresies concerning the doctrine of the hypostasis of Christ was named after him (died in 451)
Second Earl of Guilford
British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732-1792)
Daniel Ortega Saavedra
Nicaraguan statesman (born in 1945)
Ignace Jan Paderewski
Polish pianist who in 1919 served as the first Prime Minister of independent Poland (1860-1941)
Thomas Paine
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
Robert Treat Paine
American Revolutionary leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1731-1814)
Charles Stewart Parnell
Irish nationalist leader (1846-1891)
Catherine Parr
Queen of England as the 6th wife of Henry VIII (1512-1548)
William Patterson
American Revolutionary leader (born in Ireland) who was a member of the Constitutional Convention (1745-1806)
Alessandro Farnese
Italian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545; was active in the Counter Reformation and promoted the Society of Jesus for this purpose (1468-1549)
Giovanni Battista Montini
Italian pope from 1963 to 1978 who eased restrictions on fasting and on interfaith marriages (1897-1978)
Sir Robert Peel
British politician (1788-1850)
Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athens' political and cultural supremacy in Greece; he ordered the construction of the Parthenon (died in 429 BC)
Duke of Edinburgh
Englishman and husband of Elizabeth II (born 1921)
Patriarch of Constantinople and saint of the Greek Orthodox Church; was condemned by the Fourth Council of Constantinople in 869 but was reinstated by a later pope
First Earl of Chatham
English statesman who brought the Seven Years' War to an end (1708-1778)
Second Earl of Chatham
English statesman and son of Pitt the Elder (1759-1806)
Enea Silvio Piccolomini
Italian pope from 1458 to 1464 who is remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks (1405-1464)
Antonio Ghislieri
Italian pope from 1566 to 1572 who led the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church; he excommunicated Elizabeth I (1504-1572)
Giovanni Angelo Braschi
Italian pope from 1775 to 1799 who served during the French Revolution; Napoleon attacked the Papal States and in 1797 Pius VI was taken to France where he died (1717-1799)
Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti
Italian pope from 1800 to 1823 who was humiliated by Napoleon and taken prisoner in 1809; he concluded a concordat with Napoleon and crowned him emperor of France; he returned to Rome in 1814 (1740-1823)
Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti
Italian pope from 1846 to 1878 who in 1854 declared the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto
pope who condemned religious modernism; he was canonized in 1954 because of his interest in the poor (1835-1914)
Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti
pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939)
Eugenio Pacelli
pope who maintained neutrality during World War II and was later criticized for not aiding the Jews who were persecuted by Hitler (1876-1958)
Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered (106-48 BC)
Colin luther Powell
United States general who was the first African American to serve as chief of staff; later served as Secretary of State under President George W. Bush (born 1937)
Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia; father of Pocahontas (1550?-1618)
Pierre Joseph Proudhon
French socialist who argued that property is theft (1809-1865)
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin
Russian statesman chosen as president of the Russian Federation in 2000; formerly director of the Federal Security Bureau (born in 1952)
Josiah Quincy
American patriot who presented the colonists' grievances to the English king (1744-1775)
Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles
British colonial administrator who founded Singapore (1781-1826)
a chief of the Sioux; he was with Sitting Bull and others at the Battle of Little Bighorn (1876) when General Custer's troops were massacred (1835-1905)
Jeannette Rankin
leader in the women's suffrage movement in Montana; the first woman to serve in the United States House of Representatives (1880-1973)
Red Cloud
leader of the Oglala who resisted the development of a trail through Wyoming and Montana by the United States government (1822-1909)
John Reed
United States journalist who reported on the October Revolution from Petrograd in 1917; founded the Communist Labor Party in America in 1919; is buried in the Kremlin in Moscow (1887-1920)
Paul Revere
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)
Armand Jean du Plessis
French prelate and statesman; principal minister to Louis XIII (1585-1642)
Cesar Ritz
Swiss hotelier who created a chain of elegant hotels (1850-1918)
Second Marquis of Rockingham
English statesman who served as prime minister and who opposed the war with the American colonies (1730-1782)
Norse chieftain who became the first duke of Normandy (860-931)
Nellie Tayloe Ross
a politician in Wyoming who was the first woman governor in the United States (1876-1977)
Prince Rupert
English leader (born in Germany) of the Royalist forces during the English Civil War (1619-1682)
Benjamin Rush
physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)
Charles Taze Russell
United States religious leader who founded the sect that is now called Jehovah's Witnesses (1852-1916)
Anwar el-Sadat
Egyptian statesman who (as president of Egypt) negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin (then prime minister of Israel) (1918-1981)
Haym Salomon
American financier and American Revolutionary War patriot who helped fund the army during the American Revolution (1740?-1785)
Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt
German statesman who served as chancellor of Germany (born in 1918)
Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Roman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero; his nine extant tragedies are modeled on Greek tragedies (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)
George Guess
Cherokee who created a notation for writing the Cherokee language (1770-1843)
Saint Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
United States religious leader who was the first person born in the United States to be canonized (1774-1821)
William Henry Seward
United States politician who as Secretary of State in 1867 arranged for the purchase of Alaska from Russia (known at the time as Seward's Folly) (1801-1872)
Jane Seymour
Queen of England as the third wife of Henry VIII and mother of Edward VI (1509-1537)
Roger Sherman
American Revolutionary leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution (1721-1793)
Sitting Bull
a chief of the Sioux; took up arms against settlers in the northern Great Plains and against United States Army troops; he was present at the Battle of Little Bighorn (1876) when the Sioux massacred General Custer's troops (1831-1890)
Francesco della Rovere
Italian pope from 1471 to 1484 who consented to the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition and built the Sistine Chapel (1414-1484)
Ian Douglas Smith
Rhodesian statesman who declared independence of Zimbabwe from Great Britain (born in 1919)
Jan Christian Smuts
South African statesman and soldier (1870-1950)
Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Konstantin Sergeyevich Stanislavsky
Russian actor and theater director who trained his actors to emphasize the psychological motivation of their roles (1863-1938)
Charles Dillon Stengel
United States baseball manager (1890-1975)
Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben
American Revolutionary leader (born in Prussia) who trained the troops under George Washington (1730-1794)
Petrus Stuyvesant
the last Dutch colonial administrator of New Netherland; in 1664 he was forced to surrender the colony to England (1592-1672)
Indonesian statesman who seized power from Sukarno in 1967 (born in 1921)
Achmad Sukarno
Indonesian statesman who obtained the independence of Indonesia from the Netherlands in 1949 and served as president until ousted by Suharto in a coup d'etat (1901-1970)
Maxmilien de Bethune
French statesman (1560-1641)
Sun Yat-sen
Chinese statesman who organized the Kuomintang and led the revolution that overthrew the Manchu dynasty in 1911 and 1912 (1866-1925)
Sylvester II
French pope from 999 to 1003 who was noted for his great learning (945-1003)
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand
French statesman (1754-1838)
Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven
British stateswoman; first woman to serve as Prime Minister (born in 1925)
Athenian statesman who persuaded Athens to build a navy and then led it to victory over the Persians (527-460 BC)
Norman Mattoon Thomas
United States socialist who was a candidate for president six times (1884-1968)
Marshal Tito
Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German occupation during World War II and established a communist state after the war (1892-1980)
Jonathan Trumbull
American Revolutionary leader who as governor of Connecticut provided supplies for the Continental Army (1710-1785)
Otho of Lagery
French pope from 1088 to 1099 whose sermons called for the First Crusade (1042-1099)
Guillaume de Grimoard
French pope from 1362 to 1370 who tried to reestablish the papacy in Rome but in 1367 returned to Avignon hoping to end the war between France and England; canonized in 1870 (1310-1370)
Bartolomeo Prignano
Italian pope from 1378 to 1389 whose contested election began the Great Schism; he alienated his political allies by his ruthless treatment of his opponents (1318-1389)
Maffeo Barberini
Italian pope from 1623 to 1644 who sanctioned the condemnation of Galileo but later freed him (1568-1644)
Getulio Dornelles Vargas
Brazilian statesman who ruled Brazil as a virtual dictator (1883-1954)
Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd
South African statesman who instituted the policy of apartheid (1901-1966)
Kurt Waldheim
Austrian diplomat who was Secretary General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981; in 1986 he was elected president of Austria in spite of worldwide allegations that he had direct knowledge of Nazi atrocities during World War II (born in 1918)
Lech Walesa
Polish labor leader and statesman (born in 1943)
First Earl of Orford
Englishman and Whig statesman who (under George I) was effectively the first British prime minister (1676-1745)
Earl of Warwick
English statesman; during the War of the Roses he fought first for the house of York and secured the throne for Edward IV and then changed sides to fight for the house of Lancaster and secured the throne for Henry VI (1428-1471)
Daniel Webster
United States politician and orator (1782-1817)
Chaim Azriel Weizmann
Israeli statesman who persuaded the United States to recognize the new state of Israel and became its first president (1874-1952)
First Duke of Wellington
British general and statesman; he defeated Napoleon at Waterloo; subsequently served as Prime Minister (1769-1852)
John Wesley
English clergyman and founder of Methodism (1703-1791)
Charles Wesley
English clergyman and brother of John Wesley who wrote many hymns (1707-1788)
Roger Williams
English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism; he founded Providence in 1636 and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663 (1603-1683)
James Wilson
American Revolutionary leader who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence (1742-1798)
Isaac Mayer Wise
United States religious leader (born in Bohemia) who united reform Jewish organizations in the United States (1819-1900)
Stephen Samuel Wise
United States Jewish leader (born in Hungary) (1874-1949)
John Witherspoon
American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who signed of the Declaration of Independence and was president of the college that became Princeton University (1723-1794)
William of Wykeham
English prelate and statesman; founded a college at Oxford and Winchester College in Winchester; served as chancellor of England and bishop of Winchester (1324-1404)
Brigham Young
United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith; he led the Mormon exodus from Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah (1801-1877)
Chou En-lai
Chinese revolutionary and communist leader (1898-1976)
(Old Testament) the minister of the Persian emperor who hated the Jews and was hanged for plotting to massacre them
Saint Ambrose
(Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)
Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; daughter if James II and the last of the Stuart monarchs; in 1707 she was the last English ruler to exercise the royal veto over parliament (1665-1714)
Bishop Berkeley
Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin
Bolshevik leader in Russia who advocated gradual collectivism of the farms; was executed in a purge by Stalin (1888-1938)
First Marquess Cornwallis
commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence; was defeated by American and French troops at Yorktown (1738-1805)
Elizabeth I
Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; she succeeded Mary I (who was a Catholic) and restored Protestantism to England; during her reign Mary Queen of Scots was executed and the Spanish Armada was defeated; her reign was marked by prosperity and literary genius (1533-1603)
Elizabeth II
daughter of George VI who became the Queen of England and Northern Ireland in 1952 on the death of her father (1926-)
Eusebius of Caesarea
Christian bishop of Caesarea in Palestine; a church historian and a leading early Christian exegete (circa 270-340)
William Franklin Graham
United States evangelical preacher famous as a mass evangelist (born in 1918)
Lady Jane Grey
Queen of England for nine days in 1553; she was quickly replaced by Mary Tudor and beheaded for treason (1537-1554)
Saint Ignatius
bishop of Antioch who was martyred under the Roman Emperor Trajan (died 110)
William Ralph Inge
English prelate noted for his pessimistic sermons and articles (1860-1954)
Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros
prelate who was the confessor of Isabella I and who was later appointed Grand Inquisitor (1436-1517)
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Marquise de Maintenon
French consort of Louis XIV who secretly married the king after the death of his first wife (1635-1719)
St. Martin
French bishop who is a patron saint of France (died in 397)
Bloody Mary
daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon who was Queen of England from 1553 to 1558; she was the wife of Philip II of Spain and when she restored Roman Catholicism to England many Protestants were burned at the stake as heretics (1516-1558)
Mary II
Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; she was the eldest daughter of James II and ruled jointly with her husband William III (1662-1694)
Aimee Semple McPherson
United States evangelist (born in Canada) noted for her extravagant religious services (1890-1944)
Francoise-Athenais de Rochechouart
French noblewoman who was mistress to Louis XIV until he became attracted to Madame de Maintenon (1641-1707)
Dwight Lyman Moody
United States evangelist (1837-1899)
John Henry Newman
English prelate and theologian who (with John Keble and Edward Pusey) founded the Oxford movement; Newman later turned to Roman Catholicism and became a cardinal (1801-1890)
Saint Nicholas
a bishop in Asia Minor who is associated with Santa Claus (4th century)
Jeanne Antoinette Poisson
French noblewoman who was the lover of Louis XV, whose policies she influenced (1721-1764)
Oral Roberts
United States evangelist (born 1918)
William Ashley Sunday
United States evangelist (1862-1935)
Lev Davidovich Bronstein
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army; he was ousted from the Communist Party by Stalin and eventually assassinated in Mexico (1879-1940)
Desmond Tutu
South African prelate and leader of the antiapartheid struggle (born in 1931)
Bishop Ulfilas
a Christian believed to be of Cappadocian descent who became bishop of the Visigoths in 341 and translated the Bible from Greek into Gothic; traditionally held to have invented the Gothic alphabet (311-382)
James Ussher
Irish prelate who deduced from the Bible that Creation occurred in the year 4004 BC (1581-1656)
Queen Victoria
queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901; the last Hanoverian ruler of England (1819-1901)
Stefan Wyszynski
Polish prelate who persuaded the Soviet to allow greater religious freedom in Poland (1901-1981)
Ahmed Zoki Yamani
Saudi Arabian minister of petroleum who was a central figure in the creation of OPEC (born in 1930)
Saint Anselm
an Italian who was a Benedictine monk; was archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109; one of the founders of scholasticism; best known for his proof of the existence of God
Saint Thomas a Becket
(Roman Catholic Church) archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170; murdered following his opposition to Henry II's attempts to control the clergy (1118-1170)
Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmine
Italian cardinal and theologian (1542-1621)
Cesare Borgia
Italian cardinal and military leader; model for Machiavelli's prince (1475-1507)
Albert Gore Jr.
Vice President of the United States under Bill Clinton (born in 1948)
Duke of Lancaster
the fourth son of Edward III who was the effective ruler of England during the close of his father's reign and during the minority of Richard II; his son was Henry Bolingbroke (1340-1399)
Earl of Leicester
an English nobleman who led the baronial rebellion against Henry III (1208-1265)
show 122 types...
hide 122 types...
spiritual leader
a leader in religious or sacred affairs
aristocrat, blue blood, patrician
a member of the aristocracy
someone who assumes leadership of a movement or activity
the person who convenes a meeting
captain, chieftain
the leader of a group of people
someone who leads the cheers by spectators at a sporting event
(ancient Greece) leader of a group or festival; leader of a chorus
civic leader, civil leader
a leader in municipal affairs
someone in an official position of authority who can command or control others
Ubermensch, demigod, superman
a person with great powers and abilities
a person or firm that employs workers
a person who holds an important or distinguished position in some organization
a person who exercises control and makes decisions
a leader and organizer and spokesman (especially a political leader)
galvaniser, galvanizer, inspirer
a leader who stimulates and excites people to action
someone who shows the way by leading or advising
a recognized leader in some field or of some movement
chief, head, top dog
a person who is in charge
chief, chieftain, headman, tribal chief
the head of a tribe or clan
imam, imaum
(Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
initiator, instigator
a person who initiates a course of action
labor leader
a leader of a labor movement
lawgiver, lawmaker
a maker of laws; someone who gives a code of laws
the leader of a town or community in some parts of Asia Minor and the Indian subcontinent
military leader
a leader of military forces
someone who leads astray (often deliberately)
model, role model
someone worthy of imitation
a man distinguished by exceptional courage and nobility and strength
nationalist leader
the leader of a nationalist movement
pied piper
a leader who entices people to follow (especially to their doom)
point man
someone who is the forefront of an important enterprise
point woman
a woman who is the forefront of an important enterprise
pol, political leader, politician, politico
a person active in party politics
a leader engaged in civil administration
presiding officer
the leader of a group meeting
puppet leader, puppet ruler
a leader or ruler who is chosen by a despot to head a government
religious leader
leader of a religious order
the leader of a troop of Scouts
someone who leads or initiates an activity (attack or campaign etc.)
strike leader
someone who leads a strike
higher-up, superior, superordinate
one of greater rank or station or quality
a leader in a campaign or movement
one who trains other persons or animals
American Revolutionary leader
a nationalist leader in the American Revolution and in the creation of the United States
administrator, executive
someone who manages a government agency or department
administrator, decision maker
someone who administers a business
a confident assertive person who acts as instigator
a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
Bart, baronet
a member of the British order of honor; ranks below a baron but above a knight
a superior person having claim to precedence
boss, hirer
a person responsible for hiring workers
brahman, brahmin
a member of a social and cultural elite (especially a descendant of an old New England family)
campaigner, candidate, nominee
a politician who is running for public office
cantor, hazan
the official of a synagogue who conducts the liturgical part of the service and sings or chants the prayers intended to be performed as solos
the head of a branch of an organized crime syndicate
the ecclesiastical title of the leaders of the Nestorian and Armenian churches
a guide who conducts and informs sightseers
clergyman, man of the cloth, reverend
a member of the clergy and a spiritual leader of the Christian Church
coach, handler, manager
(sports) someone in charge of training an athlete or a team
a member of the communist party
the member of a group whose duty it is to convene meetings
demagog, demagogue, rabble-rouser
a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions and prejudices
a member of the Democratic Party
department head
the head of a department
don, father
the head of an organized crime family
drug baron, drug lord
a person who controls an organization dealing in illegal drugs
(when capitalized) any of the spiritual leaders who are assumed to be authors of the Gospels in the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
female aristocrat
a woman who is an aristocrat
general, superior general
the head of a religious order or congregation
general manager
the highest ranking manager
a man of such superior qualities that he seems like a deity to other people
the head of a state government
grand dragon
a high ranking person in the Ku Klux Klan
a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher
each of the first ten leaders of the Sikh religion
animal trainer, handler
one who trains or exhibits animals
head of household
the head of a household or family or tribe
(Your Highness or His Highness or Her Highness) title used to address a royal person
Indian chief, Indian chieftain
the leader of a group of Native Americans
a member of the British Labour Party
someone who makes or enacts laws
hack, machine politician, political hack, ward-heeler
a politician who belongs to a small clique that controls a political party for private rather than public ends
male aristocrat
a man who is an aristocrat
directs the work of others
city manager, mayor
the head of a city government
a woman master who directs the work of others
apotheosis, ideal, nonesuch, nonpareil, nonsuch, paragon, saint
model of excellence or perfection of a kind; one having no equal
someone who presides over a forum or debate
in the Presbyterian church, the officer who presides over a synod or general assembly
someone who bolted from the Republican Party during the U.S. presidential election of 1884
someone who has announced they are not a candidate; especially a politician who has announced that he or she is not a candidate for some political office
an employer who exploits Italian immigrants in the U.S.
boss, party boss, political boss
a leader in a political party who controls votes and dictates appointments
party liner, party man
a member of a political party who follows strictly the party line
title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in Istanbul and Alexandria and Moscow and Jerusalem)
the supreme war chief of the ancient Britons
Bishop of Rome, Catholic Pope, Holy Father, Roman Catholic Pope, Vicar of Christ, pontiff, pope
the head of the Roman Catholic Church
chair, chairman, chairperson, chairwoman, president
the officer who presides at the meetings of an organization
non-Christian priest, priest
a person who performs religious duties and ceremonies in a non-Christian religion
a male member of a royal family other than the sovereign (especially the son of a sovereign)
a female member of a royal family other than the queen (especially the daughter of a sovereign)
(law) one who promulgates laws (announces a law as a way of putting it into execution)
spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation; qualified to expound and apply Jewish law
raja, rajah
a prince or king in India
ranee, rani
(the feminine of raja) a Hindu princess or the wife of a raja
a member of the Republican Party
a political leader (especially of Tammany Hall)
a person who is head of an administrative department of government
Simon Legree, slave driver
a cruel employer who demands excessive work from the employees
a political advocate of socialism
the presiding officer of a deliberative assembly
an outstanding leader of a political movement
national leader, solon, statesman
a man who is a respected leader in national or international affairs
one who supervises or has charge and direction of
an advocate of technocracy
tour guide
a guide who leads others on a tour
fashion arbiter, taste-maker, trend-setter
someone who popularizes a new fashion
supreme military leader exercising civil power in a region especially one accountable to nobody when the central government is weak
a member of the Whig Party that existed in the United States before the American Civil War
Grigori Aleksandrovich Potemkin, Grigori Potemkin, Grigori Potyokin, Potemkin, Potyokin
a Russian officer and politician who was a favorite of Catherine II and in 1762 helped her to seize power; when she visited the Crimea in 1787 he gave the order for sham villages to be built (1739-1791)
Type of:
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
a human being

n a featured article of merchandise sold at a loss in order to draw customers

drawing card, loss leader
Type of:
an article of merchandise that is displayed or advertised more than other articles

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