patrician

That refined gentleman over there with the excellent manners, the elegant suit, and the beautiful home on Park Avenue? He’s a patrician, a member of the upper classes.

In ancient Rome, the word patrician referred to members of the aristocracy, but its meaning has evolved to include those who belong to the upper classes. The adjective form of patrician describes things that are associated with the upper class, like a patrician assumption that all children should go to boarding school. Someone who enjoys refined dinners might be described as having patrician taste.

Definitions of patrician
  1. noun
    a person of refined upbringing and manners
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    type of:
    adult, grownup
    a fully developed person from maturity onward
  2. noun
    a member of the aristocracy
    synonyms: aristocrat, blue blood
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    examples:
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    Dido
    (Roman mythology) a princess of Tyre who was the founder and queen of Carthage; Virgil tells of her suicide when she was abandoned by Aeneas
    Sleeping Beauty
    fairy story: princess under an evil spell who could be awakened only by a prince's kiss
    Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel
    prince consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)
    Anne
    Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; daughter if James II and the last of the Stuart monarchs; in 1707 she was the last English ruler to exercise the royal veto over parliament (1665-1714)
    Anne Boleyn
    the second wife of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I; was executed on a charge of adultery (1507-1536)
    Duchess of Ferrara
    Italian noblewoman and patron of the arts (1480-1519)
    Catherine de Medicis
    queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority of her son Charles IX (1519-1589)
    Prince Charles
    the eldest son of Elizabeth II and heir to the English throne (born in 1948)
    Cleopatra
    beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt; mistress of Julius Caesar and later of Mark Antony; killed herself to avoid capture by Octavian (69-30 BC)
    First Marquess Cornwallis
    commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence; was defeated by American and French troops at Yorktown (1738-1805)
    Cyrus the Younger
    Persian prince who was defeated in battle by his brother Artaxerxes II (424-401 BC)
    Lady Diana Frances Spencer
    English aristocrat who was the first wife of Prince Charles; her death in an automobile accident in Paris produced intense national mourning (1961-1997)
    Duchesse de Valentinois
    French noblewoman who was the mistress of Henry II; she had more influence over him than did his wife Catherine de Medicis (1499-1566)
    Don Juan
    a legendary Spanish nobleman and philanderer who became the hero of many poems and plays and operas
    Black Prince
    son of Edward III who defeated the French at Crecy and Poitiers in the Hundred Years' War (1330-1376)
    Edward Antony Richard Louis
    third son of Elizabeth II (born in 1964)
    Eleanor of Aquitaine
    queen of France as the wife of Louis VII; that marriage was annulled in 1152 and she then married Henry II and became Queen of England (1122-1204)
    Elizabeth I
    Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; she succeeded Mary I (who was a Catholic) and restored Protestantism to England; during her reign Mary Queen of Scots was executed and the Spanish Armada was defeated; her reign was marked by prosperity and literary genius (1533-1603)
    Elizabeth II
    daughter of George VI who became the Queen of England and Northern Ireland in 1952 on the death of her father (1926-)
    Esther
    (Old Testament) a beautiful Jewess chosen by the king of Persia to be his queen; she stopped a plot to massacre all the Jews in Persia (an event celebrated by Jews as the feast of Purim)
    Francis Ferdinand
    archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I; his assassination at Sarajevo triggered the outbreak of World War I (1863-1914)
    Frederick William
    the Elector of Brandenburg who rebuilt his domain after its destruction during the Thirty Years' War (1620-1688)
    Sir Geraint
    (Arthurian legend) one of the knights of the Round Table
    Lady Godiva
    according to legend she rode naked through Coventry in order to persuade her husband not to tax the townspeople so heavily; the only person to look at her as she rode by was a man named Tom and Peeping Tom has become a synonym for voyeur (circa 1040-1080)
    Lady Jane Grey
    Queen of England for nine days in 1553; she was quickly replaced by Mary Tudor and beheaded for treason (1537-1554)
    Lady Emma Hamilton
    English beauty who was the mistress of Admiral Nelson (1765-1815)
    Catherine Howard
    Queen of England as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who was accused of adultery and executed (1520-1542)
    Isabella the Catholic
    the queen of Castile whose marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and sponsored the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1451-1504)
    Ivan III Vasilievich
    grand duke of Muscovy whose victories against the Tartars laid the basis for Russian unity (1440-1505)
    Jezebel
    wife of Ahab who was king of Israel; according to the Old Testament she was a cruel immoral queen who fostered the worship of Baal and tried to kill Elijah and other prophets of Israel (9th century BC)
    Lydia Kamekeha Paki Liliuokalani
    queen of the Hawaiian islands (1838-1917)
    Marquise de Maintenon
    French consort of Louis XIV who secretly married the king after the death of his first wife (1635-1719)
    Marie Antoinette
    queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular; her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
    Bloody Mary
    daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon who was Queen of England from 1553 to 1558; she was the wife of Philip II of Spain and when she restored Roman Catholicism to England many Protestants were burned at the stake as heretics (1516-1558)
    Mary II
    Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; she was the eldest daughter of James II and ruled jointly with her husband William III (1662-1694)
    Mary Queen of Scots
    queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried and executed for sedition (1542-1587)
    Francoise-Athenais de Rochechouart
    French noblewoman who was mistress to Louis XIV until he became attracted to Madame de Maintenon (1641-1707)
    Roger de Mortimer
    English nobleman who deposed Edward II and was executed by Edward III (1287-1330)
    Nefertiti
    queen of Egypt and wife of Akhenaton (14th century BC)
    Catherine Parr
    Queen of England as the 6th wife of Henry VIII (1512-1548)
    Duke of Edinburgh
    Englishman and husband of Elizabeth II (born 1921)
    Jeanne Antoinette Poisson
    French noblewoman who was the lover of Louis XV, whose policies she influenced (1721-1764)
    Prince Rupert
    English leader (born in Germany) of the Royalist forces during the English Civil War (1619-1682)
    Jane Seymour
    Queen of England as the third wife of Henry VIII and mother of Edward VI (1509-1537)
    Queen Victoria
    queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901; the last Hanoverian ruler of England (1819-1901)
    Nancy Witcher Astor
    British politician (born in the United States) who was the first woman to sit in the British House of Commons (1879-1964)
    Duke of Lancaster
    the fourth son of Edward III who was the effective ruler of England during the close of his father's reign and during the minority of Richard II; his son was Henry Bolingbroke (1340-1399)
    Earl of Leicester
    an English nobleman who led the baronial rebellion against Henry III (1208-1265)
    types:
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    Bart, baronet
    a member of the British order of honor; ranks below a baron but above a knight
    brahman, brahmin
    a member of a social and cultural elite (especially a descendant of an old New England family)
    female aristocrat
    a woman who is an aristocrat
    Highness
    (Your Highness or His Highness or Her Highness) title used to address a royal person
    male aristocrat
    a man who is an aristocrat
    prince
    a male member of a royal family other than the sovereign (especially the son of a sovereign)
    princess
    a female member of a royal family other than the queen (especially the daughter of a sovereign)
    raja, rajah
    a prince or king in India
    ranee, rani
    (the feminine of raja) a Hindu princess or the wife of a raja
    archduchess
    a wife or widow of an archduke or a princess of the former ruling house of Austria
    archduke
    a sovereign prince of the former ruling house of Austria
    cavalier, chevalier
    a gallant or courtly gentleman
    crown prince
    a male heir apparent to a throne
    crown princess
    a female heir apparent to a throne
    czarina, czaritza, tsarina, tsaritsa, tzarina
    the wife or widow of a czar
    dauphin
    formerly, the eldest son of the King of France and direct heir to the throne
    grand duke
    a prince who rules a territory
    knight
    originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry; today in Great Britain a person honored by the sovereign for personal merit
    Lady, noblewoman, peeress
    a woman of the peerage in Britain
    Lord, noble, nobleman
    a titled peer of the realm
    maharaja, maharajah
    a great raja; a Hindu prince or king in India ranking above a raja
    maharanee, maharani
    a great rani; a princess in India or the wife of a maharaja
    Elector
    any of the German princes who were entitled to vote in the election of new emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
    prince consort
    a prince who is the husband of a reigning female sovereign
    princeling
    a young prince
    princeling
    a petty or insignificant prince who rules some unimportant principality
    Prince of Wales
    the male heir apparent of the British sovereign
    princess royal
    the eldest daughter of a British sovereign
    female monarch, queen, queen regnant
    a female sovereign ruler
    queen
    the wife or widow of a king
    Sir
    a title used before the name of knight or baronet
    type of:
    leader
    a person who rules or guides or inspires others
  3. adjective
    befitting a person of noble origin
    “a patrician nose”
    Synonyms:
    refined
    (used of persons and their behavior) cultivated and genteel
  4. adjective
    belonging to or characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy
    patrician landholders of the American South”
    patrician tastes”
    synonyms: aristocratic, aristocratical, blue, blue-blooded, gentle
    noble
    of or belonging to or constituting the hereditary aristocracy especially as derived from feudal times
Word Family