Not Your Father's Word List: Pater, Patr

Learn these words derived from the Latin roots pater and patris, meaning "father."
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definitions & notes only words
  1. compatriot
    a person from your own country
    In search of compatriots, they used to trail their fingers, at the start of each new semester, through the columns of the university directory, circling surnames familiar to their part of the world.Interpreter of Maladies
  2. expatriate
    a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country
    In embassies and consulates around the world, government employees work to promote the institutions of democracy and assist U.S. expatriates and travelers in need while abroad.Washington Post (Jan 3, 2019)
  3. expatriation
    the act of expelling a person from their native land
    This was followed by a period of expatriation and forced assimilation, when American Indians were removed from their tribal lands and required to repudiate their languages, their traditions, and their cultures.Washington Times (Dec 9, 2016)
  4. paternal
    related on the father's side
    Father's brother or father's father's brother, if the relationship was on the paternal side her maiden name would be Westing.The Westing Game
  5. paternity
    the state of being a father
    And last year, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg helped to set an example around paternity leave by taking time off after the birth of his second daughter.The Verge (Aug 31, 2018)
  6. patriarch
    the male head of family or tribe
    The birth of a son, the death of a patriarch—these events likewise affected the state of a household’s garbage.A Single Shard
  7. patriarchy
    a form of social organization in which men hold power
    Iranian society may be a traditional patriarchy, but at least in the sophisticated precincts of Tehran, its capital city, wives often call the shots, and husbands tremble in fear of their rage.New York Times (Mar 15, 2016)
  8. patrician
    characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy
    He is a wealthy lawyer with a grand house and a long, patrician heritage.New York Times (Aug 29, 2012)
  9. patricide
    the murder of your father
    Whatever method is used to explain why the young Ben Solo became so estranged from his parents that patricide became the only option, there must be an acceptable level of detail in the devilry.The Guardian (Nov 28, 2017)
  10. patrilineal
    based on or tracing descent through the male line
    Most societies in the ancient world were patrilineal—that is, leadership or status passed through the father’s line.Science Magazine (Feb 21, 2017)
  11. patrimony
    an inheritance coming by right of birth
    Hernández showed off artifacts discovered at the site and told reporters that Honduras was obliged to protect its “national patrimony” – for tourism as much as history.The Guardian (Jan 17, 2016)
  12. patriot
    one who loves and defends his or her country
    “She personifies duty, she is a patriot and a servant of our country,” said one.New York Times (Jan 17, 2019)
  13. patriotic
    inspired by love for your country
    As the song boomed from speakers throughout the Grand Ballroom, two huge screens above the stage displayed a series of patriotic images: the Statue of Liberty, the Lincoln Memorial, amber waves of grain.Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal
  14. patriotism
    love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
    We bought small American flags to hang in the window to show our patriotism.Bad Boy
  15. patron
    a regular customer
    The black bear seen roaming Burlington’s retail district on Friday evening stunned patrons and employees of local businesses.Washington Times (Dec 8, 2018)
  16. patronage
    the act of providing approval and support
    A few years later, when Robbie won his scholarship to the local grammar, Jack Tallis took the first step in an enduring patronage by paying for the uniform and textbooks.Atonement
  17. patronizing
    characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance
    To this day I’ll never forget the patronizing, condescending way they spoke to her.Born a Crime: Stories from a South African Childhood
  18. patronymic
    of or derived from a personal or family name
    In Spain, Ximenez is often called Cisneros, for there two surnames are used; the first following the Christian name is the patronymic name of the father, the second that of the mother.O'Reilly, Elizabeth Boyle
  19. patter
    plausible glib talk (especially useful to a salesperson)
    He registers at first as an amiable host with an amusing line of patter about growing up Catholic in Denver.New York Times (Dec 3, 2018)
    Patter in this sense derives from the Middle English verb pateren, "to speak or mumble prayers quickly," which in turn derives from paternoster, a repeated prayer, especially the Lord's Prayer (literally "Our Father" in Latin). Over time, patter developed a more secular meaning associated with the language of thieves and beggars, and later with the persuasive talk of street traders and salespeople.
  20. perpetrate
    perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
    He’s in a talkative mood, focusing on what I imagine is his favorite theme: the injustices perpetrated against him by everyone else, all the time.Every Day
    From the Latin root words per ("entirely") and patrare ("carry out"), we get perpetrate in its literal sense, "to carry out completely." Originally, patrare was borrowed from pater, with the sense of "to bring into existence." Perpetrate took on a negative connotation during the 15th century, when British courts first implied in statutes that to perpetrate meant "to perform criminally."
  21. repatriate
    send someone back to his homeland against his will
    With more than 2,000 other protesters, Ashe gathered in front of the White House to seek justice for the growing mass of Haitian “boat people” being forcibly repatriated without a hearing.The Guardian (Sep 9, 2018)
  22. repatriation
    the act of returning to one's country of origin
    The Canadian government is discussing the repatriation of the skulls of five Labrador Inuits from the collection of the Musée de l’Homme in Paris.New York Times (Nov 25, 2014)

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