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expatriate

An expatriate is someone who lives in another country by choice. If you leave your split-level ranch in Ohio and move to a writers' commune in Paris for good, you've become an expatriate.

Expatriate can also be a verb, so that American in Paris has expatriated. There was a scene of expatriates, or expats, living in Paris in the roaring '20s that included writers like F. Scott Fitzgerald and Gertrude Stein. The word used to mean to get kicked out of your native country — it's from the French word expatrier which means "banish." The prefix ex means "out of" and the Latin patria "one's native country," but the word took a turn and now refers to people who left without getting shoved out.

Definitions of expatriate
  1. noun
    a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country
    “American expatriates
    synonyms: exile, expat
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    types:
    refugee
    an exile who flees for safety
    remittance man
    an exile living on money sent from home
    DP, displaced person, stateless person
    a person forced to flee from home or country
    type of:
    absentee
    one that is absent or not in residence
  2. verb
    expel from a country
    synonyms: deport, exile
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    Antonyms:
    repatriate
    admit back into the country
    type of:
    expel, kick out, throw out
    force to leave or move out
  3. verb
    move away from one's native country and adopt a new residence abroad
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    type of:
    emigrate
    leave one's country of residence for a new one
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