food

Food is anything that you can eat and digest. Your body needs food to grow and live.

Some people love pizza, others love Thai food, and many can't get enough fruits and vegetables. Everything served at a restaurant is some kind of food — you eat it, digest it, and poop it out. Just because you can chew and swallow something doesn't make it food — try eating a crayon. To be food, it has to have nutritional value. Along with water and shelter, food is something you need to survive.

Definitions of food
1

n any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue

Synonyms:
nutrient
Types:
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vitellus, yolk
nutritive material of an ovum stored for the nutrition of an embryo (especially the yellow mass of a bird or reptile egg)
comfort food
food that is simply prepared and gives a sense of wellbeing; typically food with a high sugar or carbohydrate content that is associated with childhood or with home cooking
comestible, eatable, edible, pabulum, victual, victuals
any substance that can be used as food
fare
the food and drink that are regularly served or consumed
food product, foodstuff
a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
aliment, alimentation, nourishment, nutriment, nutrition, sustenance, victuals
a source of materials to nourish the body
commissariat, provender, provisions, viands, victuals
a stock or supply of foods
feed, provender
food for domestic livestock
manna, manna from heaven, miraculous food
(Old Testament) food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus
beverage, drink, drinkable, potable
any liquid suitable for drinking
water
a liquid necessary for the life of most animals and plants
soul food
food traditionally eaten by African-Americans in the South
micronutrient
a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.g., vitamins or minerals)
chyme
a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum
culture medium, medium
(bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that is used to cultivate micro-organisms
milk
produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young
tuck
eatables (especially sweets)
course
part of a meal served at one time
dainty, delicacy, goody, kickshaw, treat
something considered choice to eat
dish
a particular item of prepared food
fast food
inexpensive food (hamburgers or chicken or milkshakes) prepared and served quickly
finger food
food to be eaten with the fingers
ingesta
solid and liquid nourishment taken into the body through the mouth
kosher
food that fulfills the requirements of Jewish dietary law
diet
the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal)
diet
a prescribed selection of foods
dietary
a regulated daily food allowance
menu
the dishes making up a meal
chow, chuck, eats, grub
informal terms for a meal
board, table
food or meals in general
ration
the food allowance for one day (especially for service personnel)
starches
foodstuff rich in natural starch (especially potatoes, rice, bread)
breadstuff
flour or meal or grain used in baking bread
coloring, colouring, food color, food coloring, food colour, food colouring
a digestible substance used to give color to food
concentrate
a concentrated form of a foodstuff; the bulk is reduced by removing water
meal
coarsely ground foodstuff; especially seeds of various cereal grasses or pulse
fiber, roughage
coarse, indigestible plant food low in nutrients; its bulk stimulates intestinal peristalsis
flour
fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain
blood meal
the dried and powdered blood of animals
corn gluten feed
a feed consisting primarily of corn gluten
food cache
food in a secure or hidden storage place
larder
a supply of food especially for a household
frozen food, frozen foods
food preserved by freezing
canned food, canned foods, canned goods, tinned goods
food preserved by canning
dehydrated food, dehydrated foods
food preserved by dehydration
meal, repast
the food served and eaten at one time
Saint-John's-bread, carob, carob powder
powder from the ground seeds and pods of the carob tree; used as a chocolate substitute
tapioca
granular preparation of cassava starch used to thicken especially puddings
mess
soft semiliquid food
mince
food chopped into small bits
puree
food prepared by cooking and straining or processed in a blender
cocoa
powder of ground roasted cacao beans with most of the fat removed
cattle cake
a concentrated feed for cattle; processed in the form of blocks or cakes
creep feed
feed given to young animals isolated in a creep
fodder
coarse food (especially for livestock) composed of entire plants or the leaves and stalks of a cereal crop
feed grain
grain grown for cattle feed
ensilage, silage
fodder harvested while green and kept succulent by partial fermentation as in a silo
oil cake
mass of e.g. linseed or cottonseed or soybean from which the oil has been pressed; used as food for livestock
cereal, food grain, grain
foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
stodge
heavy and filling (and usually starchy) food
wheat germ
embryo of the wheat kernel; removed before milling and eaten as a source of vitamins
pigswill, pigwash, slop, slops, swill
wet feed (especially for pigs) consisting of mostly kitchen waste mixed with water or skimmed or sour milk
mash
mixture of ground animal feeds
cud, rechewed food
food of a ruminant regurgitated to be chewed again
bird feed, bird food, birdseed
food given to birds; usually mixed seeds
pet food, pet-food, petfood
food prepared for animal pets
mast
nuts of forest trees used as feed for swine
fixings, ingredient
food that is a component of a mixture in cooking
egg, eggs
oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food
dairy product
milk and butter and cheese
milk
a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings
milk
any of several nutritive milklike liquids
curd
a coagulated liquid resembling milk curd
wish-wash
any thin watery drink
concoction, intermixture, mixture
any foodstuff made by combining different ingredients
potion
a medicinal or magical or poisonous beverage
alcohol, alcoholic beverage, alcoholic drink, inebriant, intoxicant
a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent
hydromel
honey diluted in water; becomes mead when fermented
oenomel
wine mixed with honey
near beer
drink that resembles beer but with less than 1/2 percent alcohol
ginger beer
carbonated slightly alcoholic drink flavored with fermented ginger
mixer
club soda or fruit juice used to mix with alcohol
cooler
an iced drink especially white wine and fruit juice
refresher
a drink that refreshes
smoothie
a thick smooth drink consisting of fresh fruit pureed with ice cream or yoghurt or milk
fizz
an effervescent beverage (usually alcoholic)
cider, cyder
a beverage made from juice pressed from apples
chocolate, cocoa, drinking chocolate, hot chocolate
a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
juice
the liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue by squeezing or cooking
fruit crush, fruit juice
drink produced by squeezing or crushing fruit
ade, fruit drink
a sweetened beverage of diluted fruit juice
mate
South American tea-like drink made from leaves of a South American holly called mate
soft drink
nonalcoholic beverage (usually carbonated)
coffee, java
a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans
tea
a beverage made by steeping tea leaves in water
tea-like drink
a beverage that resembles tea but is not made from tea leaves
branch water
pure natural water from a stream or brook; often distinguished from soda water
spring water
water from a spring
drinking water
water suitable for drinking
perishable, spoilable
food that will decay rapidly if not refrigerated
fish meal
ground dried fish used as fertilizer and as feed for domestic livestock
agar, nutrient agar
any culture medium that uses agar as the gelling agent
vitamin
any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
Type of:
substance
a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties

n any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment

food and drink”
Synonyms:
solid food
Types:
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leftovers
food remaining from a previous meal
fresh food, fresh foods
food that is not preserved by canning or dehydration or freezing or smoking
convenience food
any packaged dish or food that can be prepared quickly and easily as by thawing or heating
chocolate
a food made from roasted ground cacao beans
baked goods
foods (like breads and cakes and pastries) that are cooked in an oven
loaf
a quantity of food (other than bread) formed in a particular shape
meat
the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food
alimentary paste, pasta
shaped and dried dough made from flour and water and sometimes egg
health food
any natural or prepared food popularly believed to promote good health
junk food
food that tastes good but is high in calories having little nutritional value
breakfast food
any food (especially cereal) usually served for breakfast
garden truck, green goods, green groceries, produce
fresh fruits and vegetable grown for the market
coconut, coconut meat
the edible white meat of a coconut; often shredded for use in e.g. cakes and curries
dika bread
somewhat astringent paste prepared by grinding and heating seeds of the African wild mango; a staple food of some African peoples
fish
the flesh of fish used as food
seafood
edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
butter
an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use
yoghourt, yoghurt, yogurt
a custard-like food made from curdled milk
cheese
a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk
slop
(usually plural) weak or watery unappetizing food or drink
TV dinner
a meal that is prepared in advance and frozen; can be heated and served
stew meat
tough meat that needs stewing to be edible
ready-mix
a commercial preparation containing most of the ingredients for a dish
delicatessen, delicatessen food
ready-to-eat food products
takeaway, takeout, takeout food
prepared food that is intended to be eaten off of the premises
loaf sugar, sugar loaf, sugarloaf
a large conical loaf of concentrated refined sugar
baking chocolate, bitter chocolate, cooking chocolate
pure unsweetened chocolate used in baking and icings and sauces and candy
chocolate candy
candy made with chocolate
chocolate liquor
the liquid or paste that is produced when cocoa beans are roasted and ground; the basis of all chocolate
cocoa butter
the vegetable fat from the cacao that is extracted from chocolate liquor; the basis for white chocolate
cocoa powder
the powdery remains of chocolate liquor after cocoa butter is removed; used in baking and in low fat and low calorie recipes and as a flavoring for ice cream
bittersweet chocolate, dark chocolate, semi-sweet chocolate
chocolate liquor with cocoa butter and small amounts of sugar and vanilla; lecithin is usually added
couverture
chocolate that contains at least 32 percent cocoa butter
milk chocolate
chocolate made from chocolate liquor with sugar and cocoa butter and powdered milk solids and vanilla and (usually) lecithin; the most common form of chocolate for eating; used in chocolate candy and baking and coatings
white chocolate
a blend of cocoa butter and milk solids and sugar and vanilla; used in candy bars and baking and coatings; not technically chocolate because it contains no chocolate liquor
frozen yogurt
a soft frozen dessert of sweetened flavored yogurt
pastry
any of various baked foods made of dough or batter
cake
baked goods made from or based on a mixture of flour, sugar, eggs, and fat
pound cake
rich loaf cake made of a pound each of butter and sugar and flour
bird, fowl
the flesh of a bird or fowl (wild or domestic) used as food
game
the flesh of wild animals that is used for food
dark meat
the flesh of the legs of fowl used as food
raw meat
uncooked meat
red meat
meat that is dark in color before cooking (as beef, venison, lamb, mutton)
organs, variety meat
edible viscera of a butchered animal
cut, cut of meat
a piece of meat that has been cut from an animal carcass
cold cuts
sliced assorted cold meats
beef, boeuf
meat from an adult domestic bovine
carbonado
a piece of meat (or fish) that has been scored and broiled
halal
(Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
jerk, jerked meat, jerky
meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun
pemican, pemmican
lean dried meat pounded fine and mixed with melted fat; used especially by North American Indians
veal, veau
meat from a calf
horseflesh, horsemeat
the flesh of horses as food
mouton, mutton
meat from a mature domestic sheep
lamb
the flesh of a young domestic sheep eaten as food
porc, pork
meat from a domestic hog or pig
haslet
heart and liver and other edible viscera especially of hogs; usually chopped and formed into a loaf and braised
sausage
highly seasoned minced meat stuffed in casings
sausage meat
any meat that is minced and spiced and cooked as patties or used to fill sausages
headcheese
sausage or jellied loaf made of chopped parts of the head meat and sometimes feet and tongue of a calf or pig
lunch meat, luncheon meat
any of various sausages or molded loaf meats sliced and served cold
bread, breadstuff, staff of life
food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked
bowtie pasta, farfalle
pasta shaped with scalloped edges and pinched in the middle, suggestive of a bow tie
noodle
a ribbonlike strip of pasta
orzo
pasta shaped like pearls of barley; frequently prepared with lamb in Greek cuisine
spaghetti
pasta in the form of long strings
spaghettini
thin spaghetti
tortellini
small ring-shaped stuffed pasta
ziti
medium-sized tubular pasta in short pieces
rigatoni
tubular pasta in short ribbed pieces
fedelline
extremely fine pasta thinner than vermicelli
linguine, linguini
pasta in long slender flat strips
fettuccine, fettuccini
pasta in flat strips wider than linguine
vermicelli
pasta in strings thinner than spaghetti
macaroni
pasta in the form of slender tubes
lasagna, lasagne
very wide flat strips of pasta
penne
pasta in short tubes with diagonally cut ends
cappelletti, ravioli
small circular or square cases of dough with savory fillings
tagliatelle
pasta cut in narrow ribbons
manicotti
large pasta tubes stuffed with chopped meat or mild cheese and baked in tomato sauce
couscous
a pasta made in northern Africa of crushed and steamed semolina
dumpling, dumplings
small balls or strips of boiled or steamed dough
cereal
a breakfast food prepared from grain
muesli
mixture of untoasted dry cereals and fruits
edible fruit
edible reproductive body of a seed plant especially one having sweet flesh
veg, vegetable, veggie
edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant
eater
any green goods that are good to eat
copra
the dried meat of the coconut from which oil is extracted
saltwater fish
flesh of fish from the sea used as food
freshwater fish
flesh of fish from fresh water used as food
calamari, calamary, squid
(Italian cuisine) squid prepared as food
octopus
tentacles of octopus prepared as food
escargot, snail
edible terrestrial snail usually served in the shell with a sauce of melted butter and garlic
periwinkle, winkle
small edible marine snail; steamed in wine or baked
whelk
large marine snail much used as food in Europe
panfish
any of numerous small food fishes; especially those caught with hook and line and not available on the market
stockfish
fish cured by being split and air-dried without salt
shellfish
meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean)
anchovy
tiny fishes usually canned or salted; used for hors d'oeuvres or as seasoning in sauces
eel
the fatty flesh of eel; an elongate fish found in fresh water in Europe and America; large eels are usually smoked or pickled
gray mullet, grey mullet, mullet
highly valued lean flesh of marine or freshwater mullet
alewife
flesh of shad-like fish abundant along the Atlantic coast or in coastal streams
schrod, scrod
flesh of young Atlantic cod weighing up to 2 pounds; also young haddock and pollock; often broiled
haddock
lean white flesh of fish similar to but smaller than cod; usually baked or poached or as fillets sauteed or fried
hake
the lean flesh of a fish similar to cod
prawn, shrimp
any of various edible decapod crustaceans
trout
flesh of any of several primarily freshwater game and food fishes
whitefish
any market fish--edible saltwater fish or shellfish--except herring
rock salmon
any of several coarse fishes (such as dogfish or wolffish) when used as food
salmon
flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the family Salmonidae
shad
bony flesh of herring-like fish usually caught during their migration to fresh water for spawning; especially of Atlantic coast
smelt
small cold-water silvery fish; migrate between salt and fresh water
hard roe, roe
fish eggs or egg-filled ovary; having a grainy texture
milt, soft roe
fish sperm or sperm-filled reproductive gland; having a creamy texture
stick
a rectangular quarter pound block of butter or margarine
clarified butter, drawn butter
butter made clear by heating and removing the sediment of milk solids
beurre noisette, brown butter
clarified butter browned slowly and seasoned with vinegar or lemon juice and capers
Meuniere butter, lemon butter
clarified butter browned slowly and seasoned with lemon juice and parsley
blueberry yogurt
yogurt with sweetened blueberries or blueberry jam
cream cheese
soft unripened cheese made of sweet milk and cream
triple cream, triple creme
fresh soft French cheese containing at least 72% fat
cottage cheese, farm cheese, farmer's cheese, pot cheese
mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
process cheese, processed cheese
made by blending several lots of cheese
bleu, blue cheese
cheese containing a blue mold
Brie
soft creamy white cheese; milder than Camembert
brick cheese
semisoft sweet American cheese from whole milk in a brick form
Camembert
rich soft creamy French cheese
American cheese, Armerican cheddar, cheddar, cheddar cheese
hard smooth-textured cheese; originally made in Cheddar in southwestern England
Cheshire cheese
a mild yellow English cheese with a crumbly texture
double Gloucester
a smooth firm mild orange-red cheese
Edam
mild yellow Dutch cheese made in balls encased in a red covering
chevre, goat cheese
made from goats' milk
Gouda, Gouda cheese
mild cream-colored Dutch cheese shaped in balls
grated cheese
hard or semihard cheese grated
hand cheese
any cheese originally molded by hand
Liederkranz
a soft cheese with a strong odor and flavor
Limburger
a soft white cheese with a very strong pungent odor and flavor
mozzarella
mild white Italian cheese
Muenster
semisoft pale-yellow cheese
Parmesan
hard dry sharp-flavored Italian cheese; often grated
quark, quark cheese
fresh unripened cheese of a smooth texture made from pasteurized milk, a starter, and rennet
ricotta
soft Italian cheese like cottage cheese
string cheese
cheese formed in long strings twisted together
Swiss cheese
hard pale yellow cheese with many holes from Switzerland
Velveeta
trademark: soft processed American cheese
yak butter
butter made from yaks' milk
mostaccioli
pasta somewhat resembling little moustaches
scrapple
scraps of meat (usually pork) boiled with cornmeal and shaped into loaves for slicing and frying
Type of:
solid
matter that is solid at room temperature and pressure

n anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking

Synonyms:
food for thought, intellectual nourishment
Types:
pabulum
insipid intellectual nourishment
Type of:
cognitive content, content, mental object
the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned

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