Vocabulary Lists

Morphology & Roots

Let There Be Light: Lum and Luc

Here's a bright idea: learn these words that contain the roots lum and luc, which come from the Latin word lux and lumen, meaning "light."
10 Words

Lead the Way: Duc and Duct

Learn these words derived from the Latin roots duc and duct, meaning "to lead" or "to guide."
30 Words

Make Do: Fac

Practice these words that derive from the Latin root fac, meaning "make" or "do." This list is sure to make your day!
18 Words

You Be the Judge: Jud, Jur, Jus

Practice these words that contain the Latin roots jud, jur, and jus, meaning "law" or "justice."
20 Words

Fighting Words: Belli and Milit

If you're spoiling for a fight, learn these words from the Latin roots belli ("war") and milit ("soldier").
20 Words

Stay Strong: Forc and Fort

Test your strength against this list of vocabulary words that use the Latin roots forc and fort, meaning "strong."
16 Words

You Can Say That Again: Dic and Dict

Practice this list of English words derived from the Latin roots dic and dict, which mean "say" or "declare."
24 Words

Give Me a Break!: Fract and Frag

Break new ground with this list of words derived from the Latin verb frangere, "to break, shatter, or fracture."
15 Words

Against All Odds: Contra and Counter

Learn these words that contain the roots contra or counter, meaning "against" or "opposite."
15 Words

It's About Time: Chron and Temp

Take the time to learn these words that contain either the Latin root temp or the Greek root chron, both of which mean "time."
18 Words

To Thine Own Self Be True: Auto

Learn these list of words that contain the Greek root auto, meaning "self."
15 Words

Write On!: Graph and Gram

Practice this vocabulary list and explore words that contain the Greek roots graph ("write/writing") and gram ("written thing").
25 Words

Take the Bad with the Good: Bene and Mal

Learn this list of words containing the common word roots bene ("good") and mal ("bad").
20 Words

All You Need is Love: Amor and Phil

Do you want to know what love is? Cozy up to these 14 words derived from the Latin root amor and Greek root phil.
14 Words

Words from Gaelic

Here we present 15 words that passed through Gaelic on their way to English. Some are stereotypically Gaelic, like bog and clan, but others may be a surprise, like words as common as loop or as colorful as curmudgeon. For more words from the Emerald Isle, read the article: Beyond Shamrocks and Leprechauns
15 Words

Some Obscure Eponyms

When something is named after a person or a place or a company, we call that name an eponym. If you know anyone who says "Get me a Kleenex" instead of "Get me a tissue," they are using an eponym every time they have to sneeze. Eponyms are everywhere- in science, medicine, the arts. This list focuses on words that are historically eponyms but are so common that their history of deriving from names has been obscured. In this list, the history of eponyms you didn't realize were eponyms is revealed.
20 Words

Power Prefix #1: anti-

Learn these words beginning with the power prefix "anti" (meaning "against," "in opposition to," or "opposite of"). More Power Prefix lists: con-, fore-, inter-, mis-, pre-, sub-, super-, trans-, and uni-! ELA Common Core State Standard: "Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word."
10 Words

Latin Love, Vol I: sci

The root of this "knowledge" word tree usually appears as "sci." Its most famous branch is the word "science." More Latin Love, Volume I lists: vocare, portare, struere, and via! ELA Common Core State Standard: "Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word."
10 Words

Body Parts: Corpus

Know your body through this list. For more dissections of words with Latin and Greek anatomy, check out these lists: corpus, caput, ora, os, dens, gaster, neuron, manus, ped, podos, derma, carnem, os, cor, kardia, psyche
13 Words

We the People: Civis

Work your way through these lists focused on Greek and Latin roots representing people and the social units they form: genus, ethnos, demos, populus, socius, civis, anthropos
10 Words

Latin Root "sub" Words

Learn these words beginning with the power prefix "sub-" (meaning "below" or "under"). More Power Prefix lists: anti-, con-, fore-, inter-, mis-, pre-, super-, trans-, and uni-! ELA Common Core State Standard: "Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word."
10 Words

Around and Around: Circum

Make the rounds with these lists of prefixes that all have to do with things that go around: circum, ambi, peri
10 Words

It Takes Two: Bi

Learn these prefixes that can make you think twice about the words they form: bi, di, diplo
10 Words

We the People: Anthropos

Work your way through these lists focused on Greek and Latin roots representing people and the social units they form: genus, ethnos, demos, populus, socius, civis, anthropos
10 Words

The Universe: Cosmos

The ancients believed that the universe, or the cosmos, was composed of five basic elements: earth, air, fire, water, and sky. (When advances in technology revealed more elements that were much smaller, these classical five were reclassified as states of matter--solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.) The ancient words for these elements show up in our language today, through Greek and Latin roots for earth (terra, geo), water (hydor, aqua), fire (ignis, pyr), and words from the sky including air (aer, ventus, aither), star (astron), and sun (sol). Find words from cosmos here, then check out lists from other Greek and Latin word-forming elements: cosmos, terra, geo, hydor, aqua, ignis, pyr, aer, ventus, aither, astron, sol
12 Words

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