a medicinal drug used to evoke vomiting
After trying everything else, he reluctantly agrees to exposure therapy: Under a doctor’s supervision he will take
ipecac, which induces vomiting.
—Washington Post Jan 20, 2014
From Tupi, a native language of Brazil.
ipecac is a shortened form of the long Portuguese name which itself comes from Tupi ipega'kwãi, which literally means
" roadside sick-making plant."
a kidney-shaped nut
The only slight disappointment was the single dessert option I tried: Kheer, described on the menu as “Tibetan-style rice pudding with cardamom,
cashew and almonds.”
—New York Times Oct 3, 2014
English took this word from French
acajou but it's roots go back to Tupi
acajuba, the name of the tree where the nut is found.
plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers
Coriander and cumin lend fragrant earthiness, with a little
cayenne pepper added for a hint of heat.
—Los Angeles Times Oct 1, 2014
There is a town of
Cayenne in French Guyana, but the plant and the town are only associated by mistake-
Cayenne is merely French for "Guyana." The Tupi name for the plant that produces the peppers is
small voraciously carnivorous freshwater fishes of South America that attack and destroy living animals
I have seen men bearing very ugly scars, the results of wounds inflicted by the
piraña while they were bathing.
Also from Tupi,
pira nya or
pira'ya, literally "scissor-fish."
large American feline resembling a lion
When more died, they thought they had a hungry
cougar, but experts determined the culprit was canine.
—Seattle Times Oct 4, 2014
The Portuguese is
çuçuarana and while the etymology is somewhat in dispute, chances are good that this form comes from Tupi
suasu "deer" and
annual or perennial herbs or shrubs of tropical South America
I do not care for the
Petunia close at hand on account of its sickish odor.
—Alice Morse Earle
petun was once a word for the tobacco plant, to which Petunias are closely related. The original Guarani
( a language related to Tupi but spoken primarily in Paraguay) is
pety, a word which also referred to the tobacco plant.
tree of southern United States and Mexico cultivated for its nuts
Pumpkin spice has warm, earthy notes, and the blend pairs perfectly with nuts, particularly
—Los Angeles Times Sep 26, 2014
pacane, where the English word comes from, itself originally came from an Algonquin word meaning "nut", but it's unclear which exact language, as there are many possible candidates, like Cree
pakan or Ojibwa
American musteline mammal typically ejecting an intensely malodorous fluid when startled; in some classifications put in a separate subfamily Mephitinae
Skunks are black and white and best known for their horrible-smelling spray, an oily liquid produced by glands under their large tails.
—Los Angeles Times Oct 4, 2014
From Abenaki, an Algonquin language,
seganku, which itself is from Proto-Algonquin elements that translate as "urinating fox."
formal evening dress for men
Push the Champagne Button and a waiter dons a
tuxedo to deliver your bubbly.
—Forbes Aug 19, 2014
Tuxedos got their name from Tuxedo Park, NY, where the first one is said to have been worn. Tuxedo Park's name in turn comes from a name from the Munsee Delaware people,
p'tuck - sepo, "crooked river."
any of various edible North American web-footed turtles living in fresh or brackish water
The 1,007 confiscated reptiles are mostly juvenile hatchlings less than a month old, and include more than 750 diamondback
—Washington Times Oct 3, 2014
From an Algonquin source, like Abenaki
turepe or Munsee Delaware
lean dried meat pounded fine and mixed with melted fat
pemmican was not manufactured, although the pulverized buffalo meat was mixed with dried roots and berries preparatory to being eaten.
—Robert F. Murphy
pimihke:w " he makes grease"
a large edible marine gastropod with an ear-shaped shell
The holy grail for divers is an
abalone with a 10-inch shell.
—Seattle Times Jul 26, 2014
abulon, the word goes back further to Costanoan, a language family of the California Coast, where the word is
aluan and refers to the red abalone.
large hairy humanoid creature said to live in wilderness areas of the United States and Canada
Another Snohomish man said his experience hunting
Sasquatch makes him able to tell when others are lying about having seen it.
—Seattle Times Aug 15, 2014
Sasquatch derives from Halkomelem, an indigenous language of the Pacific Northwest, where the creature figures in folktales as a generally benign presence, whose name is
hot green or red pepper of southwestern United States and Mexico
The roasted corn and watermelon salad in a balsamic dressing spiked with fresh mint and
jalapeño peppers tasted like summer in a bowl.
—New York Times Aug 29, 2014
The Spanish literally means "of Jalapa", a place in Mexico. The Nahuatl source of
Jalapeño, which is
Xalapan, is also a description of the where the pepper comes from, "sand by the water":
xalli "sand" ,
atl "water" and
a large spotted feline of tropical America similar to the leopard; in some classifications considered a member of the genus Felis
The work in Belize and the research on
jaguars was now to be continued by others.
—Scientific American Aug 22, 2014
jaguara , which likely designated any large beast of prey.