Body Parts: Neur ("Nerve")

You've got a lot of nerve — so learn this list of words that derive the Latin word neuron, meaning "nerve."

Want to dissect more English words related to anatomy? Here are links to our complete set of Body Language lists:
Corp ("Body") / Capit, Capt ("Head") / Or, Os ("Mouth") / Dent, Dont ("Tooth") / Gastr, Gastro ("Stomach") / Neur ("Nerve") / Man ("Hand") / Ped, Pod ("Foot") / Derm ("Skin") / Carn ("Flesh") / Os, Osteo ("Bone") / Cor, Cord, Cardio ("Heart") / Psych ("Mind")

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definitions & notes only words
  1. neuron
    a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
    Hawking was diagnosed with a motor neuron disease when he was 21 and has been confined to a wheelchair for decades.Time (Jun 5, 2015)
  2. neural
    of or relating to the nervous system
    Mr. Shipley, 28, is studying for a doctoral degree in biophysics at Harvard and conducts research on how cerebrospinal fluid composition changes over the course of neural development, and in the context of disease.New York Times (Aug 18, 2019)
  3. neuralgia
    acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
    The 45-year-old suffers from trigeminal neuralgia, a condition that affects a nerve linked to the face.Seattle Times (Jan 31, 2018)
    neuron + algia ("pain")
  4. neuritis
    inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
    The ophthalmologist quickly determined that Klein’s optic nerve was severely swollen, a condition called optic neuritis.Washington Post (Nov 18, 2016)
    neuron + itis ("inflammation")
  5. neurosis
    a mental illness that makes you behave in an unusual way
    Baldwin knew this obsession, bordering on a neurosis, cost him relationships and friendships.Seattle Times (May 9, 2019)
    neuron + osis ("disease; abnormal condition")
  6. neurotic
    a person suffering from a mental disturbance causing worry
    I was wrong of course, morbid, stupid; this was the hyper-sensitive behaviour of a neurotic, not the normal happy self I knew myself to be.Rebecca
    neuron + otic ("affected by")
    This word originated as an adjective, and it used to describe something that acted upon or stimulated the nerves. Its connection to neuroses arose in the late 19th century, and its use as a noun followed soon after.
  7. neurasthenia
    nervous breakdown (not in technical use)
    In other words, neurasthenia was thought to be a disease of nerves overstimulated by the pressures of work, leading to fatigue.New York Times (Nov 8, 2017)
    neuron + asthenia ("weakness")
  8. neurology
    (neurology) the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders
    Every week in my neurology clinic, I see patients and their families who are dealing with the realities of dementia.Salon (Nov 18, 2018)
    neuron + logy (suffix meaning "science")
  9. neurobiology
    the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system
    In neurobiology, historically, researchers relied on slicing up the brain to understand more about its structure.The Guardian (Mar 26, 2017)
    neuron + bios ("life") + logy (suffix meaning "science")
  10. neurotransmitter
    a neurochemical that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse
    For example, the gut microbiota influences the body’s level of the potent neurotransmitter serotonin, which regulates feelings of happiness.Scientific American (May 1, 2015)
    neuron + transmittere ("transfer; send across")
  11. neurotoxin
    any toxin that affects neural tissues
    Our environment is full of neurotoxins that can interfere with the genes, proteins and small molecules that build and maintain our brains.The Guardian (Oct 12, 2014)
    neuron + toxicum ("poison") + in (suffix indicating a chemical substance)
  12. neurotropic
    (of a virus, toxin, or chemical) tending to attack or affect the nervous system preferentially
    In animal studies, exercise improved symptoms and increased the level of brain-derived neurotropic factor, a chemical that protects cells.Seattle Times (Oct 1, 2010)
    neuron + tropos ("turning; manner") + ic (suffix forming adjectives)
Created on June 4, 2015 (updated August 22, 2019)

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