Case Closed: Clud, Clus

Open your mind and practice this list of words derived from the Latin roots clud and clus, meaning "shut, enclose, or confine."

Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. clause
    a separate section of a legal document
    “Had it in her hand. So that’s clause three of the Code of Wand Use broken, for a start. No non-human creature is permitted to carry or use a wand.”Harry Potter And The Goblet Of Fire
  2. claustrophobia
    a morbid fear of being closed in a confined space
    I suffer from claustrophobia: simply being in an elevator sets my teeth on edge.The New Yorker (Apr 17, 2017)
  3. claustrophobic
    uncomfortably closed or hemmed in
    “It felt quite claustrophobic because you couldn’t move anywhere.”New York Times (Aug 14, 2018)
  4. cloister
    seclude from the world
    Wealthy residents hired bodyguards and cloistered themselves in compounds.The Guardian (May 15, 2019)
  5. close-knit
    held together tightly, as by social or cultural ties
    There is a strong island identity among residents, resulting in a close-knit community where people regularly depend on one another for everything from tools to dealing with downed deer.Slate (Jan 31, 2019)
  6. closure
    something settled or resolved
    I look up closure and it says: the state of experiencing an emotional conclusion to a difficult life event such as the death of loved one.Mockingbird
  7. conclude
    decide by reasoning
    The Ayorthaians think before they speak, and often conclude, after lengthy meditation, that nothing need be said.Ella Enchanted
  8. conclusion
    an intuitive assumption
    “I jumped to a conclusion. I was stupid. I’m sorry I accused you of spying. I’ve felt horrible.”Between Shades of Gray
  9. conclusive
    forming an end or termination
    A museum spokesman said yesterday, “Whether or not conclusive proof will be found that this was the work of Michelangelo, we are pleased with our purchase.”From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler
  10. disclose
    make known to the public information previously kept secret
    A spokesman declined to disclose how much the county paid for the properties.Washington Post (Apr 17, 2019)
  11. disclosure
    the act of making something evident
    This lack of public disclosure enables the companies to maintain the secrecy of their formulas.Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal
  12. enclose
    surround completely
    Training involved enclosing pilots in the mocked-up cockpit - shut off from any visual cues.BBC (Nov 16, 2018)
  13. enclosure
    a naturally confined space
    They are raised by their mothers in large bushy enclosures until independent, then moved together to larger isolated compounds.Los Angeles Times (Nov 5, 2018)
  14. exclude
    prevent from entering; shut out
    Noise from outside the house was excluded completely, and even homelier indoor sounds were muffled, and sometimes even eliminated somehow.Atonement
  15. exclusion
    the state of being shut out
    The form contained a warning: "This person may be subject to exclusion from school, group facilities or other programmes if the local and/or state public health authority advises exclusion as a disease control measure."BBC (Apr 3, 2019)
  16. exclusive
    admitting or accepting only a particular group
    One of the reasons the Globe was such a hip, exclusive club was because it was located in a PvP zone, one where both magic and technology functioned.Ready Player One: A Novel
  17. exclusively
    without any others being included or involved
    My father wears his favorite white straw fedora, saved exclusively for tropical vacations, because it looks so ridiculous anywhere else.Challenger Deep
  18. foreclose
    keep from happening or arising; make impossible
    His was an act of interpretation that paradoxically opened up, rather than foreclosed, a sense of possibility.Washington Post (Feb 14, 2018)
  19. foreclosure
    proceedings initiated to repossess the collateral for a loan
    If the acquired lien remains unpaid after a statutory period, the purchaser generally initiates foreclosure.Forbes (Sep 27, 2012)
  20. include
    allow participation in or the right to be part of
    They were supposed to include her in family celebrations and vacations and help her enroll in educational programs and even pay her tuition if necessary.Silent To The Bone
  21. inclusion
    the act of making a part of something
    In a divisive era, “Okko’s Inn” carries a welcome message of acceptance and inclusion.Los Angeles Times (Apr 23, 2019)
  22. inclusive
    encompassing much or everything
    It doesn’t seem to help to apply the inclusive term “biomedical” to our science, much as we would like to show that we are all one field of inquiry, share and share alike.The Lives of a Cell
  23. inconclusive
    not putting an end to doubt or question
    Vale said the results of the test were “ inconclusive,” so it decided to suspend operations while it conducts additional evaluation.Reuters (Mar 20, 2019)
  24. occlude
    block passage through
    This is also a symptom of tuberculosis when the lymphatic glands lying between the lungs are so enlarged as to press upon and partly occlude the esophagus.United States. Bureau of Animal Industry
  25. preclude
    make impossible, especially beforehand
    With a growth mindset, success in one arena doesn’t preclude or limit exploration of other interests, nor does difficulty signal the need to change course.Scientific American (Oct 9, 2018)
  26. recluse
    one who lives in solitude
    She lived in anonymity for decades after retiring and was a recluse who didn’t leave her house.Washington Post (Feb 22, 2019)
  27. reclusive
    withdrawn from society; seeking solitude
    “He was a reclusive guy, he liked to spend a lot of time on his own reading and writing ... But when you got close to him he was so funny.”The Guardian (Apr 23, 2017)
  28. seclude
    keep away from others
    We might live inside the city limits, but every night when this town shuts down, it’s hard to forget how secluded we are.Dumplin'
  29. seclusion
    the quality of being removed from the presence of others
    The exclusivity of Nantucket is enhanced by its seclusion, 30 miles off the Massachusetts coast.The Guardian (Jan 7, 2019)

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.