Churchill "Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat"

Churchill's "Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat"

What word choices does Winston Churchill make to create a sense of moral urgency for Parliament to act? Give evidence from the speech.
Read more...

Start learning with an activity...

  • Practice

    Answer a few questions on each word. Get one wrong? We'll ask some follow-up questions. Use it to prep for your next quiz!
  • Spelling Bee

    Test your spelling acumen. See the definition, listen to the word, then try to spell it correctly. Beat your last streak, or best your overall time. Spellers of the world, untie!
  • Vocabulary Jam

    Compete head-to-head in real-time to see which team can answer the most questions correctly. Start a Jam and invite your friends and classmates to join!

Explore the Words

definitions & notes only words
  1. action
    something done (usually as opposed to something said)
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norwa
  2. address
    the place where a person or organization can be found
    In this crisis I hope I may be pardoned if I do not address the House at any length today.
  3. administration
    the act of governing or exercising authority
    On Friday evening last I received His Majesty's commission to form a new Administration.
  4. affect
    have an influence upon
    I hope that any of my friends and colleagues, or former colleagues, who are affected by the political reconstruction, will make allowance, all allowance, for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
  5. affected
    influenced
    I hope that any of my friends and colleagues, or former colleagues, who are affected by the political reconstruction, will make allowance, all allowance, for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
  6. aid
    the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need
    At this time I feel entitled to claim the aid of all, and I say, "come then, let us go forward together with our united strength."
  7. British Empire
    a former empire consisting of Great Britain and all the territories under its control; reached its greatest extent at the end of World War I; it included the British Isles, British West Indies, Canada, British Guiana; British West Africa, British East Africa, India, Australia, New Zealand
    Let that be realised; no survival for the British Empire, no survival for all that the British Empire has stood for, no survival for the urge and impulse of the ages, that mankind will move forward towards its goal.
  8. broad
    having great extent from one side to the other
    It as the evident wish and will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties, both those who supported the late Government and also the parties of the Opposition.
  9. buoyancy
    the tendency to float in water or other liquid
    But I take up my task with buoyancy and hope.
  10. cabinet
    a storage compartment for clothes and valuables
    A War Cabinet has been formed of five Members, representing, with the Opposition Liberals, the unity of the nation.
  11. ceremony
    a formal event performed on a special occasion
    I hope that any of my friends and colleagues, or former colleagues, who are affected by the political reconstruction, will make allowance, all allowance, for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
  12. colleague
    an associate that one works with
    I hope that any of my friends and colleagues, or former colleagues, who are affected by the political reconstruction, will make allowance, all allowance, for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
  13. commission
    the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions
    On Friday evening last I received His Majesty's commission to form a new Administration.
  14. complete
    having all necessary qualities
    I have completed the most important part of this task.
  15. complexity
    the quality of being intricate and compounded
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norwa
  16. conceive
    have the idea for
    It as the evident wish and will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties, both those who supported the late Government and also the parties of the Opposition.
  17. conclusion
    a position or opinion reached after consideration
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  18. confer
    present
    Mr. Speaker agreed, and took the necessary steps, in accordance with the powers conferred upon him by the Resolution of the House.
  19. consider
    think about carefully; weigh
    I considered it in the public interest to suggest that the House should be summoned to meet today.
  20. continuous
    moving in time or space without interruption
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norway and i
  21. course
    a connected series of events or actions or developments
    At the end of the proceedings today, the Adjournment of the House will be proposed until Tuesday, 21st May, with, of course, provision for earlier meeting, if need be.
  22. crime
    an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act
    I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime.
  23. declare
    state emphatically and authoritatively
    I now invite the House, by the Motion which stands in my name, to record its approval of the steps taken and to declare its confidence in the new Government.
  24. evening
    the latter part of the day
    On Friday evening last I received His Majesty's commission to form a new Administration.
  25. event
    something that happens at a given place and time
    It was necessary that this should be done in one single day, on account of the extreme urgency and rigour of events.
  26. evident
    clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
    It as the evident wish and will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties, both those who supported the late Government and also the parties of the Opposition.
  27. executive
    a person responsible for the administration of a business
    The three party Leaders have agreed to serve, either in the War Cabinet or in high executive office.
  28. former
    the first of two or the first mentioned of two
    I hope that any of my friends and colleagues, or former colleagues, who are affected by the political reconstruction, will make allowance, all allowance, for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
  29. Friend
    a member of the Religious Society of Friends founded by George Fox (the Friends have never called themselves Quakers)
    Friend below the Gangway, have to be made here at home.
  30. Germany
    a republic in central Europe
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  31. goal
    the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve
    Let that be realised; no survival for the British Empire, no survival for all that the British Empire has stood for, no survival for the urge and impulse of the ages, that mankind will move forward towards its goal.
  32. government
    the system or form by which a community is ruled
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  33. grievous
    causing or marked by grief or anguish
    We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind.
  34. Holland
    a constitutional monarchy in western Europe on the North Sea
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norway and i
  35. include
    have as a part; be made up out of
    It as the evident wish and will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties, both those who supported the late Government and also the parties of the Opposition.
  36. indicate
    designate a place, direction, person, or thing
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norway and i
  37. inflexible
    resistant to being bent
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  38. lack
    the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
    I hope that any of my friends and colleagues, or former colleagues, who are affected by the political reconstruction, will make allowance, all allowance, for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
  39. land
    the solid part of the earth's surface
    I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime.
  40. length
    the linear extent in space from one end to the other
    In this crisis I hope I may be pardoned if I do not address the House at any length today.
  41. liberal
    showing or characterized by broad-mindedness
    A War Cabinet has been formed of five Members, representing, with the Opposition Liberals, the unity of the nation.
  42. Mediterranean
    the largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norway and i
  43. minister
    a person authorized to conduct religious worship
    I hope to complete the appointment of the principal Ministers during to-morrow. the appointment of the other Ministers usually takes a little longer, but I trust that, when Parliament meets again, this part of my task will be completed, and that th
  44. monstrous
    distorted and unnatural in shape or size
    I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime.
  45. motion
    the act of changing location from one place to another
    I now invite the House, by the Motion which stands in my name, to record its approval of the steps taken and to declare its confidence in the new Government.
  46. nation
    a politically organized body of people under a government
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  47. Norway
    a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe on the western side of the Scandinavian Peninsula; achieved independence from Sweden in 1905
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norway
  48. office
    place of business where professional duties are performed
    The three party Leaders have agreed to serve, either in the War Cabinet or in high executive office.
  49. opportunity
    a possibility from a favorable combination of circumstances
    The business to be considered during that week will be notified to Members at the earliest opportunity.
  50. Opposition
    the major political party opposed to the party in office and prepared to replace it if elected
    It as the evident wish and will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties, both those who supported the late Government and also the parties of the Opposition.
  51. ordeal
    a severe or trying experience
    We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind.
  52. pardon
    accept an excuse for
    In this crisis I hope I may be pardoned if I do not address the House at any length today.
  53. parliament
    a legislative assembly in certain countries
    It as the evident wish and will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties, both those who supported the late Government and also the parties of the Opposition.
  54. policy
    a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
    You ask, what is our policy?
  55. preliminary
    preceding or in preparation for something more important
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norwa
  56. prepare
    make ready or suitable or equip in advance
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norway and i
  57. principal
    main or most important
    I hope to complete the appointment of the principal Ministers during to-morrow. the appointment of the other Ministers usually takes a little longer, but I trust that, when Parliament meets again, this part of my task will be completed, and that th
  58. proceed
    move ahead; travel onward in time or space
    At the end of the proceedings today, the Adjournment of the House will be proposed until Tuesday, 21st May, with, of course, provision for earlier meeting, if need be.
  59. prosecute
    conduct legal proceedings against a defendant
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  60. receive
    get something; come into possession of
    On Friday evening last I received His Majesty's commission to form a new Administration.
  61. reconstruction
    the activity of building something again
    I hope that any of my friends and colleagues, or former colleagues, who are affected by the political reconstruction, will make allowance, all allowance, for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
  62. record
    anything providing permanent evidence about past events
    I now invite the House, by the Motion which stands in my name, to record its approval of the steps taken and to declare its confidence in the new Government.
  63. represent
    be a delegate or spokesperson for
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  64. resolution
    a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
    Mr. Speaker agreed, and took the necessary steps, in accordance with the powers conferred upon him by the Resolution of the House.
  65. resolve
    find a solution or answer
    I beg to move,

    That this House welcomes the formation of a Government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion.
  66. respect
    regard highly; think much of
    I hope to complete the appointment of the principal Ministers during to-morrow. the appointment of the other Ministers usually takes a little longer, but I trust that, when Parliament meets again, this part of my task will be completed, and that the admin
  67. scale
    an ordered reference standard
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norwa
  68. sea
    a large body of salt water partially enclosed by land
    I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime.
  69. Speaker
    the presiding officer of a deliberative assembly
    Mr. Speaker agreed, and took the necessary steps, in accordance with the powers conferred upon him by the Resolution of the House.
  70. struggle
    strenuous effort
    We have before us many, many long months of struggle and of suffering.
  71. submit
    yield to the control of another
    A number of other positions, key positions, were filled yesterday, and I am submitting a further list to His Majesty to-night.
  72. suggest
    make a proposal; declare a plan for something
    I considered it in the public interest to suggest that the House should be summoned to meet today.
  73. summon
    ask to come
    I considered it in the public interest to suggest that the House should be summoned to meet today.
  74. support
    the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening
    It as the evident wish and will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties, both those who supported the late Government and also the parties of the Opposition.
  75. surpass
    be or do something to a greater degree
    I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime.
  76. survival
    the state of remaining alive
    I can answer in one word: It is victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory, however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival.
  77. task
    any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
    I have completed the most important part of this task.
  78. terror
    an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety
    I can answer in one word: It is victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory, however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival.
  79. toil
    work hard
    I would say to the House, as I said to those who have joined this government: "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat."
  80. tyranny
    government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
    I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime.
  81. undertake
    enter upon an activity or enterprise
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norwa
  82. undertaking
    any piece of work that is attempted
    To form an Administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself, but it must be remembered that we are in the preliminary stage of one of the greatest battles in history, that we are in action at many other points in Norwa
  83. urge
    force or impel in an indicated direction
    Let that be realised; no survival for the British Empire, no survival for all that the British Empire has stood for, no survival for the urge and impulse of the ages, that mankind will move forward towards its goal.
  84. victory
    a successful ending of a struggle or contest
    I can answer in one word: It is victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory, however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival.
Created on April 4, 2012 (updated April 30, 2012)

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.