nation

A nation is a country and its people. It's also the word used for the Native American tribal federations in the US — the Cherokee Nation, for instance — which have their own governments and territories.

Nation comes from the Latin root nat-, which means "born" — the neonatal unit in a hospital is where the newborn babies are cared for. You can also use nation more loosely for ethnic or religious groups: you might speak of "the Jewish nation," meaning not just the country, or nation, of Israel, but Jews all over the world. The Nation of Islam is an African-American Muslim group.

Definitions of nation
  1. noun
    a politically organized body of people under a single government
    “African nations
    “students who had come to the nation's capitol”
    synonyms: body politic, commonwealth, country, land, res publica, state
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    examples:
    Tamil Eelam
    the independent state that the Tamil Tigers have fought for
    Carthage
    an ancient city state on the north African coast near modern Tunis; founded by Phoenicians; destroyed and rebuilt by Romans; razed by Arabs in 697
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    commonwealth country
    any of the countries in the British Commonwealth
    developing country
    a country that is poor and whose citizens are mostly agricultural workers but that wants to become more advanced socially and economically
    Dominion
    one of the self-governing nations in the British Commonwealth
    foreign country
    any state of which one is not a citizen
    Reich
    the German state
    renegade state, rogue nation, rogue state
    a state that does not respect other states in its international actions
    suzerain
    a state exercising a degree of dominion over a dependent state especially in its foreign affairs
    sea power
    a nation that possesses formidable naval strength
    great power, major power, power, superpower, world power
    a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world
    city state, city-state
    a state consisting of a sovereign city
    ally
    a friendly nation
    Hohenzollern empire, Second Reich
    the Reich when Hohenzollern monarchs ruled Germany (from 1871 to 1919)
    Nazi Germany, Third Reich
    the Nazi dictatorship under Hitler (1933-1945)
    hegemon
    a leading or paramount power
    type of:
    political entity, political unit
    a unit with political responsibilities
  2. noun
    a federation of tribes (especially Native American tribes)
    “the Shawnee nation
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    types:
    federation of tribes, tribe
    a federation (as of American Indians)
    type of:
    confederacy, confederation, federation
    a union of political organizations
  3. noun
    the people who live in a nation or country
    “a statement that sums up the nation's mood”
    “the news was announced to the nation
    synonyms: country, land
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    Dutch, Dutch people
    the people of the Netherlands
    British, British people, Brits
    the people of Great Britain
    English, English people
    the people of England
    Irish, Irish people
    people of Ireland or of Irish extraction
    French, French people
    the people of France
    Spanish, Spanish people
    the people of Spain
    Swiss, Swiss people
    the natives or inhabitants of Switzerland
    Frisian
    a native or inhabitant of Friesland or Frisia
    Genevan
    a native or resident of Geneva
    type of:
    people
    (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively
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