commonwealth

A commonwealth refers to any group of people organized under a single government, particularly a republic. If you live in the United States of America, you live in a commonwealth.

Comprised of the roots common, meaning "belonging to all," and wealth, meaning "happiness or riches," the word commonwealth originally referred to the government of England from 1649 to 1660. Nowadays, a commonwealth has come to mean any government in which all people involved have a say, or a loose formation of nations with a shared loyalty. It is also the official designation of a few states including, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia and some U.S. territories.

Definitions of commonwealth
  1. noun
    a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
    synonyms: democracy, republic
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    types:
    Weimar Republic
    the German republic founded at Weimar in 1919
    parliamentary democracy
    a democracy having a parliament
    type of:
    form of government, political system
    the members of a social organization who are in power
  2. noun
    a politically organized body of people under a single government
    synonyms: body politic, country, land, nation, res publica, state
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    examples:
    Tamil Eelam
    the independent state that the Tamil Tigers have fought for
    Carthage
    an ancient city state on the north African coast near modern Tunis; founded by Phoenicians; destroyed and rebuilt by Romans; razed by Arabs in 697
    types:
    show 14 types...
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    commonwealth country
    any of the countries in the British Commonwealth
    developing country
    a country that is poor and whose citizens are mostly agricultural workers but that wants to become more advanced socially and economically
    Dominion
    one of the self-governing nations in the British Commonwealth
    foreign country
    any state of which one is not a citizen
    Reich
    the German state
    renegade state, rogue nation, rogue state
    a state that does not respect other states in its international actions
    suzerain
    a state exercising a degree of dominion over a dependent state especially in its foreign affairs
    sea power
    a nation that possesses formidable naval strength
    great power, major power, power, superpower, world power
    a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world
    city state, city-state
    a state consisting of a sovereign city
    ally
    a friendly nation
    Hohenzollern empire, Second Reich
    the Reich when Hohenzollern monarchs ruled Germany (from 1871 to 1919)
    Nazi Germany, Third Reich
    the Nazi dictatorship under Hitler (1933-1945)
    hegemon
    a leading or paramount power
    type of:
    political entity, political unit
    a unit with political responsibilities
  3. noun
    a world organization of autonomous states that are united in allegiance to a central power but are not subordinate to it or to one another
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    types:
    British Commonwealth, Commonwealth of Nations
    an association of nations consisting of the United Kingdom and several former British colonies that are now sovereign states but still pay allegiance to the British Crown
    type of:
    global organization, international organisation, international organization, world organisation, world organization
    an international alliance involving many different countries
  4. noun
    the official name of some states in the United States (Massachusetts and Pennsylvania and Virginia and Kentucky) and associated territories (Puerto Rico)
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    examples:
    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
    a self-governing commonwealth associated with the United States occupying the island of Puerto Rico
    type of:
    province, state
    the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
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