affected

Something that's affected is influenced or acted upon. If a bottle of ointment says "apply to the affected area," you should put the medication only on the parts of your skin that touched the poison ivy.

One of the most common vocabulary mix-ups is effect and affect: effect is usually a noun, and affect is usually a verb that means "to influence" of "act upon." Affected is the adjective form of the verb. After a flood, affected homeowners might try to get insurance. A sad movie might leave you deeply affected. The word can also refer to behavior that's done only to impress someone: if you're acting affected, you might use big, fake melodramatic gestures.

Definitions of affected
  1. adjective
    acted upon; influenced
    Synonyms:
    impressed
    deeply or markedly affected or influenced
    smitten, stricken, struck
    (used in combination) affected by something overwhelming
    stage-struck
    infatuated with or enthralled by the theater especially the desire to act
    subject
    likely to be affected by something
    taken
    be affected with an indisposition
    wonder-struck
    affected by or overcome with wonder
    moved, stirred, touched
    being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion
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    Antonyms:
    unaffected
    undergoing no change when acted upon
    immune
    (usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence
    superior
    (often followed by `to') above being affected or influenced by
    unimpressed
    not moved to serious regard
    uninfluenced, unswayed, untouched
    not influenced or affected
    unaffected, unmoved, untouched
    emotionally unmoved
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  2. adjective
    being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion
    synonyms: moved, stirred, touched
    emotional
    of more than usual emotion
    sick
    deeply affected by a strong feeling
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    Antonyms:
    unaffected, unmoved, untouched
    emotionally unmoved
    unaffected
    undergoing no change when acted upon
    unemotional
    unsusceptible to or destitute of or showing no emotion
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  3. adjective
    speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression
    synonyms: unnatural
    agonistic, strained
    struggling for effect
    artificial, contrived, hokey, stilted
    artificially formal
    constrained, forced, strained
    lacking spontaneity; not natural
    elocutionary
    (used of style of speaking) overly embellished
    mannered
    having unnatural mannerisms
    plummy
    (of a voice) affectedly mellow and rich
    studied
    produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation
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    Antonyms:
    unaffected
    free of artificiality; sincere and genuine
    lifelike, natural
    free from artificiality
    unmannered
    without artificiality; natural
    unselfconscious
    not self-conscious
    unstilted
    flowing naturally and continuously
    uncontrived, unstudied
    not by design or artifice; unforced and impromptu
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