bring into random order
Because in these places, all of the usual categories by which we organize our lives—like race and class—get
.Salon (Feb 24, 2016)
The scrambled paragraph portion of the test measures your ability to organize written material according to the sequence of ideas and/or cues provided by transitional words and phrases.
put into a proper or systematic order
In this section, arrange each group of sentences to create the best paragraph.
make or cause to be or to become
not used up
And that’s with four of the seven declaring they had sent none, and two of the
three sending all of two texts each.Washington Times (Mar 11, 2016)
The first sentence for each paragraph is given; the remaining five sentences are listed in random order.
lacking any definite plan or order or purpose
formed into a structured or coherent whole
Choose the order for these five sentences that will create the best paragraph, one that is well-organized, logical, and grammatically correct.
marked by an orderly and coherent relation of parts
conclusion of everyone looking the same was everyone thinking the same.Uglies
of or pertaining to the rules that structure language
The sentences may also provide grammatical cues as to how to construct the paragraph. For example, the pronoun “she” may refer to someone mentioned in a previous sentence. Transitional words such as “although” and “however” also provide cues about how the sentences relate to one another.
one of several distinct subdivisions of a text
Each correctly ordered paragraph is worth double the value of a question in any other section of the test.
filled with contentment
But after the first round of the search, the commissioners decided they were not
with the choices presented and extended the hunt.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
When you are satisfied with your sentence order, mark your choices on your answer sheet.
a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
and resources help people understand their connection to us and the country.Time (Mar 18, 2016)
Read the information given and choose the best answer to each question.
use as a foundation for; establish or found on
Base your answer only on the information given.
Based only on the information above, which of the following must be true?
judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
But it would be just as dangerous to ignore history’s
unless one is bent on repeating its follies.Salon (Mar 10, 2016)
In a logical reasoning test, certain words must be read with caution.
in such a manner as could not be otherwise
For example, “The red house is between the yellow and blue houses” does not necessarily mean “The red house is between and next to the yellow and blue houses”; one or more other houses may separate the red house from the yellow house or from the blue house.
be relevant to, as to an analysis
This precaution also applies to words such as above, below, before, after, ahead of, and behind.
a section of text, particularly a section of medium length
In many iBooks, you can also share notes and selected
with your friends on Facebook, Twitter or by Messages or Mail.New York Times (Mar 15, 2016)
There are five passages with six questions each. Each passage is 350 to 450 words long. The subjects include short biographies, discussions of historical events, descriptions of scientific phenomena, brief essays on art or music, discussions with a point of view, and human interest stories.
Read each passage below and answer the questions following it.
Which of the following best tells what this passage is about?
hold or have within
At Cal, a report prepared by the university and released on Tuesday
a trove of ugly details that needed to be explained.New York Times (Mar 16, 2016)
Base your answers on information contained only in the passage.
as reported or stated by
to the Guinness World Records, the longest paddle board journey on record is an eight-day, 345-mile trek up the Florida coast in 2007.Washington Times (Mar 20, 2016)
someone who originates or causes or initiates something
the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
There has to be fun, and there have to be little acts that show you’re paying attention even when the
isn’t weighty and deep.The Verge (Mar 12, 2016)
For each passage, one question will always assess your understanding of the main idea of the passage. Do not depend solely on your prior knowledge of the topic. Enough information will be given for you to arrive at the correct answer.
a statement of information about something that is the case
Here they offer a show focusing on some truths that are stranger than fiction, like the
that butterflies have taste sensors on their feet.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
Other questions will ask about factual details and inferences that can be drawn. Ask yourself whether the question requires you to draw a conclusion or inference from statements in the passage or simply to identify a restatement of the facts.
a condition or position in which you find yourself
Which of the following situations is most similar to the painful one that Julia is referring to?
what something is used for
The one thing they did give us a lot of was rolls of toilet paper, which served many
.MSNBC (Mar 20, 2016)
the quality of being important
of the number 27 comes from the number of years Nelson Mandela spent in prison.BBC (Feb 15, 2016)
what something is used for
Mr Gething said the system had played a significant
in encouraging businesses to improve food hygiene standards.BBC (Mar 19, 2016)
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the world
of autism is that there is an imbalance in the brain’s connections, making some mental tasks confusing and difficult, and others enormously easy.Washington Post (Mar 17, 2016)
Which of the following best summarizes the theory?
a message expressing a belief about something
Mr Ravtaray is of the
that books have to reach India's "remote corners if we are to prosper as a society".BBC (Mar 18, 2016)
Which of the following statements shows that the author agrees with Mr. Ravtaray's opinion?
the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation
According to the passage, what effect can contextual knowledge have on viewers' opinions of art?
means by which an alleged matter is established or disproved
supports the theory that King Tut's tomb has a hidden chamber, according to experts.National Geographic
What evidence does the author provide to support the last sentence of the passage?
an expression consisting of one or more words
Schools are notorious for talking about finding children who are "a good fit," a
that fills parents with anxiety and confusion.Los Angeles Times (Mar 18, 2016)
What meaning of the phrase “a good fit” (line 48) is least likely to fill parents with anxiety?
a general inclusive concept
— that life is getting better, often in ways we are barely measuring — is fairly common in tech circles.New York Times (Mar 4, 2016)
Which of the following statements supports the notion referred to in line 19?
an item of information that is typical of a class or group
provide with evidence or authority or make more certain
I have no evidence to
the previous sentence, but I say it with no fear it could be wrong.Salon (Mar 18, 2016)
Which of the following statements is best supported by the passage?
Which of the following statements is not supported by the passage?
show the validity of something, as by example or explanation
establish the validity of something
While the study found an association between rats in the neighborhood and depression, it wasn't designed to
a cause-and-effect link between those factors.US News (Mar 17, 2016)
give something useful or necessary to
The school system promised to
bottled water for all 190 of its buildings until those buildings could be renovated or replaced.Washington Post (Mar 18, 2016)
weaken or impair, especially gradually
who we are as a country and the example we set for the rest of the world,” she said.MSNBC (Mar 8, 2016)
According to the passage, which of the following would be an example of rhetoric that would undermine the country?
present reasons to support one's views
Because of this, the study authors
that genetic testing should not be used as a tool for improving people's health.The Verge (Mar 15, 2016)
Which of the following arguments about genetic testing would the study authors most likely agree with?
make plain and comprehensible
"I recommend showering and washing your hair after being outside. Hair is a pollen magnet," he
.US News (Mar 20, 2016)
communicate beliefs or opinions
Being able to think and
yourself in a linear way is important, so when you lose that ability, you lose your sense of self.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
Which of the following best expresses the author’s opinion regarding verbal expression?
make known; pass on, of information
What does the author intend to convey by the phrase “the magic of math" (line 3)?
express in words
make reference to
What is the most likely reason that the author mentioned the encyclopedia's Manhattan entry in the fourth paragraph?
imply as a possibility
Although this study focused on adolescents between ages 12 and 15, other research
that a troubled sibling relationship might have repercussions well into adulthood.Time (Mar 17, 2016)
Which of the following statements about the effect of sibling relationships is suggested by the passage?
express or state indirectly
The word “imply” means you must look for information to support an inference not directly stated.
drawing a conclusion on the basis of circumstantial evidence
As a species, one of our greatest strengths is our ability to find meaningful patterns in the world around us and to make causal
.Scientific American (Jul 27, 2015)
Which of the following is the most reasonable inference about the ability to infer?
This question asks for an inference based on information in the passage, but which is not directly stated.
like better; value more highly
Eighty percent of those I have surveyed
spending time with their friends in person rather than on the phone or online.The Guardian (Mar 19, 2016)
have in mind as a purpose
It is possible to walk around the space and imagine what its architects
.BBC (Mar 18, 2016)
make sense of; assign a meaning to
the same luxury goods category to include such things as snowmobiles and certain makes of snow groomers.Washington Times (Mar 17, 2016)
What can be inferred about the interpretation of the phrase "luxury goods" (line 50)?
tell in advance
something that interests you because it is important
have as a meaning
According to the passage, what do the words "Tear down this wall" (line 87) denote in world history?
give a description of
The new guidelines
high schools as hotbeds of extremism, where dangers lurk in every corner.Salon (Mar 6, 2016)
give an account or representation of in words
Which of the following best describes Guo's feeling about being small?
provide evidence for
the grit and determination of these laborers, who put in 10-hour days, seven days a week, no matter what, all season long.New York Times (Jan 7, 1465)
clarify by giving an example of
In a 1975 paper called “The Meaning of ‘Meaning,’” Professor Putnam further
his argument with a famous thought experiment called Twin Earth.New York Times (Mar 17, 2016)
give evidence of
make known to the public information previously kept secret
Here, in order of coolness—insanely cool down to only slightly less cool—are the top five craziest things the papers
about Pluto.Time (Mar 18, 2016)
have as a part; be made up out of
a basketball half-court, a putting green and a secret room with a hidden passage and a thumbprint entry system.Los Angeles Times (Mar 19, 2016)
consider in detail in order to discover essential features
some of the world’s earliest known paintings, which cover the walls of the Chauvet-Pont-d’Arc Cave, in France.The New Yorker (Jan 12, 2016)
stress or single out as important
present the main points in a concise form
DuBois was given a daunting task: help
African-American life at the turn of the century for a curious world audience gathering at the exposition.Time (Feb 17, 2016)
have need of
cause to grow and differentiate
He grew up helping her in the kitchen — stirring sauces, reading recipes, measuring ingredients — all of which helped to
his reading and math skills.Washington Times (Mar 19, 2016)
typical or distinctive
The fungus invades the skin of the bats and causes
white markings on the face and wings.BBC (Mar 9, 2016)
Which of the following is characteristic of a bat infected by fungus?
any entity that produces an effect
However, while the study found an association between growing up in a poor neighborhood and later obesity, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.US News (Mar 18, 2016)
a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon
Recent policies to improve air quality in the areas of New York City where the study participants live, for example, are already having an
.Time (Mar 17, 2016)
the source of something's existence or from which it derives
serve a purpose or role
as a sign of comprehension, since the baby would only be thrown off if he understood that something weird had taken place.Slate (Mar 21, 2016)
prove negative; show to be false
“When we had information we made it public, but then sometimes we had to go back and say, we have new information that
it.”New York Times (Mar 9, 2016)
the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared
“Respect” is the choice word, the defining principle — a sharp
with “imperialism,” the term associated with the United States for more than 50 years.New York Times (Mar 20, 2016)
relation based on similarities and differences
in agreement or reliable
duplicate, correspond to, or match
The wig fashions of England in the 17th and 18th centuries
those of the French court.Time (Mar 14, 2016)
a characteristic to be considered
a prominent attribute or aspect of something
anything that contributes causally to a result
There was no immediate information on the cause, although some news reports suggested weather could have been a
.US News (Mar 18, 2016)
have and exert an effect
be conducive to
Which of the following features in a home would least likely contribute to asthma?
characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth
in a sharply exact manner
As a number, it as approximately equal to 3.14159—approximately, because to pin it down
, the decimals would have to go on forever.Slate (Mar 14, 2016)
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
Gross says the smell typically doesn’t become
as winter nears its end because there’s normally more snow on the ground.Washington Times (Feb 19, 2016)
capable of happening or existing
Our growing understanding of the human genome makes it
to come up with precisely targeted therapies for many diseases, not just cancer.US News (Mar 21, 2016)
with considerable certainty; without much doubt
leached into the schools' water through lead pipes or other building fixtures made of lead or lead solder.US News (Mar 17, 2016)
What is the most likely reason that the schools' water contained lead?
of the greatest importance
One of the
responsibilities of our time—for everyone—is to exit ourselves sufficiently to enter “the Other” for the sake of understanding.Salon (Mar 20, 2016)
of first rank or importance or value
reason the world’s top computer scientists engage in these games—it helps drive major breakthroughs in technology, which in turn benefits society.Time (Mar 21, 2016)
Which of the following is the primary reason that computer scientists play games?
main or most important
"I think it’s very impressive," says Murray Campbell, an IBM research scientist who was one of the
creators of Deep Blue.The Verge (Mar 8, 2016)
What is the principal goal of the scientific research described in the third paragraph?
be relevant to
The Age of Exploration
to a period between the mid-15th and 17th centuries when European countries sought out global maritime trade routes.National Geographic (Mar 14, 2016)
Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following information.
find out or learn with certainty, as by making an inquiry
She said elementary and middle school students were challenged to first have their robot approach the alien to
if it was friend or foe.Washington Times (Mar 19, 2016)
The answer cannot be determined from the information given.
further or extra
Some admissions committees will determine scholarship awards based on your application materials, while others may request
materials.US News (Mar 16, 2016)
Which of the following pieces of additional information makes it possible to determine who was awarded which scholarship?
having the same or nearly the same characteristics
a state of connectedness between people
To answer the logical reasoning questions correctly, it is important to understand the relationships or positions among the given people or objects.
one after the other
For the sixth
year, the Honda Odyssey won Best Minivan for Families, the longest streak in the awards' history.US News (Mar 9, 2016)
Six houses are next to one another on one side of Park Street. The houses are lettered L, M, N, P, Q, and R, consecutively.
something visible that represents something invisible
If there’s a single
that represents the Internet Age, it’s the “@” sign.Time (Mar 7, 2016)
take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to
In the code below, (1) each letter always represents the same word, (2) each word is represented by only one letter, and (3) in any given sentence, the letters may or may not be presented in the same order as the words.
an elaborate and systematic plan of action
As you update your test-taking
, also consider the circumstances in which you would retake the SAT.US News (Mar 21, 2016)
The most important strategy is to read the information carefully and make no assumptions that are not supported by the given information. Certain words must be read carefully. For example, between cannot be assumed to mean between and right next to; other things may be between these two objects as well. The same may be true of words such as above, below, before, and after.
without question and beyond doubt
"If the city doesn't have enough money to hire teachers and pay them well, it will
impact how students learn," Aldeman says.US News (Mar 18, 2016)
Another good strategy is to look for information that is definitely stated, such as, “The red box is the largest,” or “Jane is not standing next to Erik.” This information makes it easier to determine the relative relationships.
with considerable certainty; without much doubt
“Definitely, we have contrasting styles, and whoever is able to impose their will of their style will
have an easier game.”Washington Times (Mar 18, 2016)
well grounded in logic or truth or having legal force
There are different types of logical reasoning questions: figuring out codes, determining the relative positions of things or people, identifying correct assumptions, and drawing valid conclusions.
the proposition arrived at by logical reasoning
Based only on the information above, which of the following is a valid conclusion?