tracheophyte

Definitions of tracheophyte
1

n green plant having a vascular system: ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms

Synonyms:
vascular plant
Examples:
Yggdrasil
(Norse mythology) a huge ash tree whose roots and branches hold the earth and Heaven and Hell together
Types:
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nonflowering plant, pteridophyte
plants having vascular tissue and reproducing by spores
phanerogam, seed plant, spermatophyte
plant that reproduces by means of seeds not spores
herb, herbaceous plant
a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
halophyte
plant growing naturally in very salty soil
succulent
a plant adapted to arid conditions and characterized by fleshy water-storing tissues that act as water reservoirs
cultivar
a variety of a plant developed from a natural species and maintained under cultivation
cultivated plant
plants that are grown for their produce
weed
any plant that crowds out cultivated plants
evergreen, evergreen plant
a plant having foliage that persists and remains green throughout the year
deciduous plant
a plant having foliage that is shed annually at the end of the growing season
vine
a plant with a weak stem that derives support from climbing, twining, or creeping along a surface
creeper
any plant (as ivy or periwinkle) that grows by creeping
ligneous plant, woody plant
a plant having hard lignified tissues or woody parts especially stems
geophyte
a perennial plant that propagates by underground bulbs or tubers or corms
desert plant, xerophile, xerophilous plant, xerophyte, xerophytic plant
plant adapted for life with a limited supply of water; compare hydrophyte and mesophyte
mesophyte, mesophytic plant
land plant growing in surroundings having an average supply of water; compare xerophyte and hydrophyte
aquatic plant, hydrophyte, hydrophytic plant, water plant
a plant that grows partly or wholly in water whether rooted in the mud, as a lotus, or floating without anchorage, as the water hyacinth
tuberous plant
plant growing from a tuber
bulbous plant
plant growing from a bulb
cormous plant
plant growing from a corm
psilophyte
any plant of the order Psilophytales: a savannah plant
psilophyton
any plant or fossil of the genus Psilophyton
semi-climber
a plant that tends to climb and on occasion can grow like a vine
fern
any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores
fern ally
pteridophytes of other classes than Filicopsida
seedling
young plant or tree grown from a seed
balsam
any seed plant yielding balsam
gymnosperm
plants of the class Gymnospermae having seeds not enclosed in an ovary
angiosperm, flowering plant
plants having seeds in a closed ovary
Epimedium grandiflorum, barrenwort, bishop's hat
slow-growing creeping plant with semi-evergreen leaves on erect wiry stems; used as ground cover
May apple, Podophyllum peltatum, mayapple, wild mandrake
North American herb with poisonous root stock and edible though insipid fruit
hornwort
any aquatic plant of the genus Ceratophyllum; forms submerged masses in ponds and slow-flowing streams
moonseed
plant of the family Menispermaceae having red or black fruit with crescent- or ring-shaped seeds
water lily
an aquatic plant of the family Nymphaeaceae
butter-flower, buttercup, butterflower, crowfoot, goldcup, kingcup
any of various plants of the genus Ranunculus
Ranunculus aquatilis, water buttercup, water crowfoot
plant of ponds and slow streams having submerged and floating leaves and white flowers; Europe and North America
bugbane
a plant of the genus Cimicifuga having flowers in long racemes or panicles reported to be distasteful to insects
clematis
any of various ornamental climbing plants of the genus Clematis usually having showy flowers
Coptis groenlandica, Coptis trifolia groenlandica, golden thread, goldthread
low-growing perennial of North America woodlands having trifoliate leaves and yellow rootstock and white flowers
Eranthis hyemalis, winter aconite
small Old World perennial herb grown for its bright yellow flowers which appear in early spring often before snow is gone
hepatica, liverleaf
any of several plants of the genus Hepatica having three-lobed leaves and white or pinkish flowers in early spring; of moist and mossy subalpine woodland areas of north temperate regions
Hydrastis Canadensis, golden seal, goldenseal, turmeric root, yellow root
perennial herb of northeastern United States having a thick knotted yellow rootstock and large rounded leaves
Isopyrum biternatum, false rue, false rue anemone
slender erect perennial of eastern North America having tuberous roots and pink-tinged white flowers; resembles meadow rue
Laccopetalum giganteum, giant buttercup
spectacular perennial native of wet montane grasslands of Peru; formerly included in genus Ranunculus
Trautvetteria carolinensis, false bugbane
tall perennial of the eastern United States having large basal leaves and white summer flowers
globe flower, globeflower
any of several plants of the genus Trollius having globose yellow flowers
legume, leguminous plant
an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family Leguminosae
melilot, melilotus, sweet clover
erect annual or biennial plant grown extensively especially for hay and soil improvement
clover, trefoil
a plant of the genus Trifolium
allamanda
a plant of the genus Allamanda having large showy funnel-shaped flowers in terminal cymes
Beaumontia grandiflora, Easter lily vine, Nepal trumpet flower
evergreen woody twiner with large glossy leaves and showy corymbs of fragrant white trumpet-shaped flowers
Cape periwinkle, Catharanthus roseus, Madagascar periwinkle, Vinca rosea, cayenne jasmine, old maid, periwinkle, red periwinkle, rose periwinkle
commonly cultivated Old World woody herb having large pinkish to red flowers
Trachelospermum jasminoides, confederate jasmine, star jasmine
evergreen Chinese woody climber with shiny dark green leaves and intensely fragrant white flowers
aroid, arum
any plant of the family Araceae; have small flowers massed on a spadix surrounded by a large spathe
cryptocoryne, water trumpet
any plant of the genus Cryptocoryne; evergreen perennials growing in fresh or brackish water; tropical Asia
Orontium aquaticum, golden club
aquatic plant of the southeastern United States having blue-green leaves and a spadix resembling a club covered with tiny yellow flowers
arrow arum
an aquatic plant of the genus Peltandra; North America
Pistia stratiotes, Pistia stratoites, pistia, water cabbage, water lettuce
pantropical floating plant forming a rosette of wedge-shaped leaves; a widespread weed in rivers and lakes
duckweed
any small or minute aquatic plant of the family Lemnaceae that float on or near the surface of shallow ponds
aralia
any of various plants of the genus Aralia; often aromatic plants having compound leaves and small umbellate flowers
English ivy, Hedera helix, common ivy, ivy
Old World vine with lobed evergreen leaves and black berrylike fruits
Panax ginseng, Panax pseudoginseng, Panax schinseng, ginseng, nin-sin
Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers
American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius, sang
North American woodland herb similar to and used as substitute for the Chinese ginseng
Aristolochia clematitis, birthwort
creeping plant having curving flowers thought to resemble fetuses; native to Europe; naturalized Great Britain and eastern North America
wild ginger
low-growing perennial herb with pungent gingery leaves and rhizomes
Asarum shuttleworthii, heart-leaf, heartleaf
wild ginger having persistent heart-shaped pungent leaves; West Virginia to Alabama
caryophyllaceous plant
a plant of the family Caryophyllaceae
Agrostemma githago, corn campion, corn cockle, crown-of-the-field
European annual having large trumpet-shaped reddish-purple flowers and poisonous seed; a common weed in grainfields and beside roadways; naturalized in America
chickweed, clammy chickweed, mouse ear, mouse eared chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed
any of various plants related to the common chickweed
drypis
spiny-leaved perennial herb of southern Europe having terminal clusters of small flowers
Illecebrum verticullatum, coral necklace
glabrous annual with slender taproot and clusters of white flowers; western Europe especially western Mediterranean and Atlantic coastal areas
Scleranthus annuus, knawe, knawel
widely distributed low-growing Eurasian herb having narrow leaves and inconspicuous green flowers
Spergula arvensis, corn spurrey, corn spurry
small European weed with whorled leaves and white flowers
Spergularia rubra, sand spurry, sea spurry
prostrate weedy herb with tiny pink flowers; widespread throughout Europe and Asia on sand dunes and heath and coastal cliffs; naturalized in eastern North America
chickweed
any of various plants of the genus Stellaria
Carpobrotus edulis, Hottentot fig, Hottentot's fig, Mesembryanthemum edule, sour fig
low-growing South African succulent plant having a capsular fruit containing edible pulp
Dorotheanthus bellidiformis, livingstone daisy
low-growing showy succulent annual of South Africa having white or pink or red or orange flowers and spatulate leaves covered in papillae that resemble small crystals
flowering stone, lithops, living stone, stone life face, stone plant, stone-face, stoneface
any plant of the genus Lithops native to Africa having solitary yellow or white flowers and thick leaves that resemble stones
Indian chickweed, Molluga verticillata, carpetweed
annual prostrate mat-forming weed having whorled leaves and small greenish-white flowers; widespread throughout North America
living granite, living rock, stone mimicry plant
highly succulent stemless clump-forming plants with grey-green leaves similar in texture to lumps of granite; South Africa
New Zealand spinach, Tetragonia expansa, Tetragonia tetragonioides
coarse sprawling Australasian plant with red or yellow flowers; cultivated for its edible young shoots and succulent leaves
amaranth
any of various plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food
Amaranthus spinosus, thorny amaranth
erect annual of tropical central Asia and Africa having a pair of divergent spines at most leaf nodes
Alternanthera philoxeroides, alligator grass, alligator weed
prolific South American aquatic weed having grasslike leaves and short spikes of white flowers; clogs waterways with dense floating masses
Celosia argentea, red fox
weedy annual with spikes of silver-white flowers
Celosia argentea cristata, Celosia cristata, cockscomb, common cockscomb
garden annual with featherlike spikes of red or yellow flowers
cottonweed
any of various plants of the genus Froelichia found in sandy soils and on rocky slopes in warmer regions of America; grown for their spikes of woolly white flowers
goosefoot
any of various weeds of the genus Chenopodium having small greenish flowers
orach, orache
any of various herbaceous plants of the genus Atriplex that thrive in deserts and salt marshes
Halogeton glomeratus, halogeton
a coarse annual herb introduced into North America from Siberia; dangerous to sheep and cattle on western rangelands because of its high oxalate content
Halogeton souda, barilla
Algerian plant formerly burned to obtain calcium carbonate
Salicornia europaea, glasswort, samphire
fleshy maritime plant having fleshy stems with rudimentary scalelike leaves and small spikes of minute flowers; formerly used in making glass
bougainvillea
any of several South American ornamental woody vines of the genus Bougainvillea having brilliant red or purple flower bracts; widely grown in warm regions
cactus
any succulent plant of the family Cactaceae native chiefly to arid regions of the New World and usually having spines
Barbados gooseberry, Barbados-gooseberry vine, Pereskia aculeata
West Indian woody climber with spiny stems and numerous fragrant white flowers in panicles followed by small yellow to orange fruits
pokeweed
perennial of the genus Phytolacca
purslane
a plant of the family Portulacaceae having fleshy succulent obovate leaves often grown as a potherb or salad herb; a weed in some areas
rock purslane
a plant of the genus Calandrinia
Indian lettuce
a plant of the genus Montia having edible pleasant-tasting leaves
cleome, spiderflower
any of various often strong-smelling plants of the genus Cleome having showy spider-shaped flowers
Polanisia dodecandra, Polanisia graveolens, clammyweed
strong-scented herb common in southern United States covered with intermixed gland and hairs
crucifer, cruciferous plant
any of various plants of the family Cruciferae
stone cress, stonecress
any Old World herb of the genus Aethionema; native of sunny limestone habitats
Armoracia rusticana, horse radish, horseradish, red cole
coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root
Barbarea vulgaris, Sisymbrium barbarea, rockcress, rocket cress, yellow rocket
noxious cress with yellow flowers; sometimes placed in genus Sisymbrium
Berteroa incana, hoary alison, hoary alyssum
tall European annual with downy grey-green foliage and dense heads of small white flowers followed by hairy pods; naturalized in North America; sometimes a troublesome weed
Cakile maritima, sea-rocket
salt-tolerant seashore annual grown for its fragrant rose or violet flowers and fleshy grey-green foliage
Crambe maritima, sea cole, sea kale
perennial of coastal sands and shingles of northern Europe and Baltic and Black Seas having racemes of small white flowers and large fleshy blue-green leaves often used as potherbs
Descurainia pinnata, tansy mustard
North American herb with bitter-tasting pinnate leaves resembling those of tansy
Diplotaxis muralis, Diplotaxis tenuifolia, wall rocket
yellow-flowered European plant that grows on old walls and in waste places; an adventive weed in North America
Diplotaxis erucoides, white rocket
from Mediterranean region; a naturalized weed throughout southern Europe
draba
any of numerous low-growing cushion-forming plants of the genus Draba having rosette-forming leaves and terminal racemes of small flowers with scapose or leafy stems; fruit is a dehiscent oblong or linear silique
Eruca sativa, Eruca vesicaria sativa, arugula, garden rocket, rocket, rocket salad, roquette
erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
Erysimum cheiranthoides, wormseed mustard
slender yellow-flowered European mustard often troublesome as a weed; formerly used as an anthelmintic
Hugueninia tanacetifolia, Sisymbrium tanacetifolia, tansy-leaved rocket
perennial stellate and hairy herb with small yellow flowers of mountains of southern Europe; sometimes placed in genus Sisymbrium
woad
any of several herbs of the genus Isatis
bladderpod
any of several hairy North American herbs having yellow racemose flowers and inflated pods
Lunaria annua, honesty, money plant, satin flower, satinpod, silver dollar
southeastern European plant cultivated for its fragrant purplish flowers and round flat papery silver-white seedpods that are used for indoor decoration
bladderpod
any of several plants of the genus Physaria having racemose yellow flowers and inflated pods
Lepidium alpina, Pritzelago alpina, chamois cress
small tufted perennial herb of mountains of central and southern Europe having very small flowers of usually leafless stems; sometimes placed in genus Lepidium
Raphanus raphanistrum, jointed charlock, runch, wild radish, wild rape
Eurasian weed having yellow or mauve or white flowers and podlike fruits
Sisymbrium officinale, hedge mustard
stiffly branching Old World annual with pale yellow flowers; widely naturalized in North America; formerly used medicinally
Subularia aquatica, awlwort
small aquatic plant having tufted awl-shaped leaves in a basal rosette and minute white flowers; circumboreal
pennycress
any of several plants of the genus Thlaspi
fringepod, lacepod
annual herb having pinnatifid basal leaves and slender racemes of small white flowers followed by one-seeded winged silicles
bladderpod
annual or perennial herbs with inflated seed pods; some placed in genus Lesquerella
wasabi
a Japanese plant of the family Cruciferae with a thick green root
argemone, devil's fig, prickly poppy, white thistle
any plant of the genus Argemone having large white or yellow flowers and prickly leaves and stems and pods; chiefly of tropical America
Corydalis claviculata, Fumaria claviculata, climbing corydalis
annual vine with decompound leaves and racemes of yellow and pink flowers
Sanguinaria canadensis, bloodroot, puccoon, redroot, tetterwort
perennial woodland native of North America having a red root and red sap and bearing a solitary lobed leaf and white flower in early spring and having acrid emetic properties; rootstock used as a stimulant and expectorant
Fumaria officinalis, fumeroot, fumewort, fumitory
delicate European herb with greyish leaves and spikes of purplish flowers; formerly used medicinally
Adlumia fungosa, Allegheny vine, Fumaria fungosa, climbing fumitory
vine with feathery leaves and white or pinkish flowers; sometimes placed in genus Fumaria
Dicentra spectabilis, bleeding heart, lyre-flower, lyreflower
garden plant having deep-pink drooping heart-shaped flowers
Dicentra cucullaria, Dutchman's breeches
delicate spring-flowering plant of the eastern United States having white flowers with double spurs
Dicentra canadensis, squirrel corn
American plant with cream-colored flowers and tuberous roots resembling kernels of corn
achillea
any of several plants of the genus Achillea native to Europe and having small white flowers in flat-topped flower heads
Ageratina altissima, Eupatorium rugosum, white sanicle, white snakeroot
American herb having flat-topped clusters of small white flower heads; reputedly a cause of trembles and milk sickness; sometimes placed in genus Eupatorium
ambrosia, bitterweed, ragweed
any of numerous chiefly North American weedy plants constituting the genus Ambrosia that produce highly allergenic pollen responsible for much hay fever and asthma
Anacyclus pyrethrum, pellitory, pellitory-of-Spain
a small Mediterranean plant containing a volatile oil once used to relieve toothache
andryala
any plant of the genus Andryala having milky sap and heads of bright yellow flowers
Antennaria plantaginifolia, ladies' tobacco, lady's tobacco
North American perennial propagated by means of runners
Antennaria dioica, cat's feet, cat's foot, pussytoes
low-growing perennial herb having leaves with whitish down and clusters of small white flowers
arnica
any of various rhizomatous usually perennial plants of the genus Arnica
Arnoseris minima, dwarf nipplewort, lamb succory
small European herb with small yellow flowers
Ayapana triplinervis, Eupatorium aya-pana, ayapana
low spreading tropical American shrub with long slender leaves used to make a mildly stimulating drink resembling tea; sometimes placed in genus Eupatorium
balsamroot
a plant of the genus Balsamorhiza having downy leaves in a basal rosette and yellow flowers and long balsam-scented taproots
Indian plantain
any of various plants of the genus Cacalia having leaves resembling those of plantain
thistle
any of numerous plants of the family Compositae and especially of the genera Carduus and Cirsium and Onopordum having prickly-edged leaves
Carthamus tinctorius, false saffron, safflower
thistlelike Eurasian plant widely grown for its red or orange flower heads and seeds that yield a valuable oil
Barnaby's thistle, Centaurea solstitialis, yellow star-thistle
European weed having a winged stem and hairy leaves; adventive in the eastern United States
Anthemis nobilis, Chamaemelum nobilis, camomile, chamomile
Eurasian plant with apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
chaenactis
any of several United States plants having long stalks of funnel-shaped white or yellow flowers
Cichorium intybus, chicory, chicory plant, succory
perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads
Cichorium endivia, endive, witloof
widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched
Canadian fleabane, Conyza canadensis, Erigeron canadensis, fleabane, horseweed
common North American weed with linear leaves and small discoid heads of yellowish flowers; widely naturalized throughout temperate regions; sometimes placed in genus Erigeron
coreopsis, tick-weed, tickseed, tickweed
any of numerous plants of the genus Coreopsis having a profusion of showy usually yellow daisylike flowers over long periods; North and South America
Delairea odorata, German ivy, Senecio milkanioides
South African succulent evergreen twining climber with yellow flowers grown primarily as a houseplant for its foliage; sometimes placed in genus Senecio
leopard's-bane, leopardbane
any of several herbs of the genus Doronicum having alternate often clasping stem leaves cultivated for their long stalks of yellow flower heads
globe thistle
any of various plants of the genus Echinops having prickly leaves and dense globose heads of bluish flowers
elephant's-foot
any plant of the genus Elephantopus having heads of blue or purple flowers; America
Cacalia javanica, Cacalia lutea, Emilia coccinea, Emilia flammea, Emilia javanica, tassel flower
tropical African annual having scarlet tassel-shaped flower heads; sometimes placed in genus Cacalia
Emilia sagitta, tassel flower
tropical Asiatic annual cultivated for its small tassel-shaped heads of scarlet flowers
Erechtites hieracifolia, fireweed
an American weedy plant with small white or greenish flowers
Eupatorium cannabinum, hemp agrimony
coarse European herb with palmately divided leaves and clusters of small reddish-purple flower heads
Eupatorium capillifolium, dog fennel
weedy plant of southeastern United States having divided leaves and long clusters of greenish flowers
Eupatorium maculatum, Joe-Pye weed, spotted Joe-Pye weed
North American herb having whorled leaves and terminal clusters of small pinkish or purple flower heads
Eupatorium perfoliatum, agueweed, boneset, thoroughwort
perennial herb of southeastern United States having white-rayed flower heads; formerly used as in folk medicine
Eupatorium purpureum, Joe-Pye weed, marsh milkweed, purple boneset, trumpet weed
North American herb having whorled leaves and terminal clusters of flowers spotted with purple
gum plant, gumweed, rosinweed, tarweed
any of various western American plants of the genus Grindelia having resinous leaves and stems formerly used medicinally; often poisonous to livestock
Haastia pulvinaris, sheep plant, vegetable sheep
cushion-forming New Zealand herb having leaves densely covered with tawny hairs
sneezeweed
any of various plants of the genus Helenium characteristically causing sneezing
hawkweed
any of numerous often hairy plants of the genus Hieracium having yellow or orange flowers that resemble the dandelion
Hieracium praealtum, king devil, yellow hawkweed
European hawkweed introduced into northeastern United States; locally troublesome weeds
Homogyne alpina, Tussilago alpina, alpine coltsfoot
rhizomatous herb with purple-red flowers suitable for groundcover; sometimes placed in genus Tussilago
California dandelion, Hypochaeris radicata, capeweed, cat's-ear, gosmore
European weed widely naturalized in North America having yellow flower heads and leaves resembling a cat's ears
inula
any plant of the genus Inula
krigia
any small branched yellow-flowered North American herb of the genus Krigia
lettuce
any of various plants of the genus Lactuca
leopard plant
any of various plants of temperate Eurasia; grown for their yellow flowers and handsome foliage
tarweed
any of various resinous glandular plants of the genus Madia; of western North and South America
German chamomile, Matricaria chamomilla, Matricaria recutita, sweet false chamomile, wild chamomile
annual Eurasian herb similar in fragrance and medicinal uses to chamomile though taste is more bitter and effect is considered inferior
Matricaria matricarioides, pineapple weed, rayless chamomile
annual aromatic weed of Pacific coastal areas (United States and northeastern Asia) having bristle-pointed leaves and rayless yellow flowers
Mikania scandens, climbing boneset, climbing hemp-vine, climbing hempweed, wild climbing hempweed
herb of tropical America having vanilla-scented flowers; climbs up trees
rattlesnake root
a plant of the genus Nabalus
Nabalus serpentarius, Prenanthes serpentaria, gall of the earth, lion's foot
common perennial herb widely distributed in the southern and eastern United States having drooping clusters of pinkish flowers and thick basal leaves suggesting a lion's foot in shape; sometimes placed in genus Prenanthes
butterweed
any of several yellow-flowered plants of the genus Packera; often placed in genus Senecio
Packera aurea, Senecio aureus, golden groundsel, golden ragwort
weedy herb of the eastern United States to Texas having golden-yellow flowers; sometimes becomes invasive; sometimes placed in genus Senecio
Parthenium hysterophorus, bastard feverfew
tropical American annual weed with small radiate heads of white flowers; adventive in southern United States
Petasites hybridus, Petasites vulgaris, bog rhubarb, butterbur
small Eurasian herb having broad leaves and lilac-pink rayless flowers; found in moist areas
Petasites fragrans, sweet coltsfoot, winter heliotrope
European herb with vanilla-scented white-pink flowers
Petasites sagitattus, sweet coltsfoot
American sweet-scented herb
Picris echioides, bitterweed, bristly oxtongue, bugloss, oxtongue
widespread European weed with spiny tongue-shaped leaves and yellow flowers; naturalized in United States
hawkweed
any of various plants of the genus Pilosella
Hieracium aurantiacum, Pilosella aurantiaca, orange hawkweed
European hawkweed having flower heads with bright orange-red rays; a troublesome weed especially as naturalized in northeastern North America; sometimes placed in genus Hieracium
stevia
any plant of the genus Piqueria or the closely related genus Stevia
Prenanthes purpurea, rattlesnake root
herb of central and southern Europe having purple florets
Pteropogon humboltianum, pteropogon
southern Australian plant having feathery hairs surrounding the fruit
Pulicaria dysenterica, feabane mullet, fleabane
hairy perennial Eurasian herb with yellow daisylike flowers reputed to destroy or drive away fleas
Raoulia australis, Raoulia lutescens, sheep plant, vegetable sheep
perennial prostrate mat-forming herb with hoary woolly foliage
Sanvitalia procumbens, creeping zinnia
low-branching leafy annual with flower heads resembling zinnias; found in southwestern United States and Mexico to Guatemala
Saussurea costus, Saussurea lappa, costusroot
annual herb of the eastern Himalayas (Kashmir) having purple florets and a fragrant root that yields a volatile oil used in perfumery and for preserving furs
Senecio doublasii, threadleaf groundsel
bluish-green bushy leafy plant covered with close white wool and bearing branched clusters of yellow flower heads; southwestern United States; toxic to range livestock
Senecio jacobaea, benweed, ragweed, ragwort, tansy ragwort
widespread European weed having yellow daisylike flowers; sometimes an obnoxious weed and toxic to cattle if consumed in quantity
Senecio vulgaris, groundsel
Eurasian weed with heads of small yellow flowers
Scorzonera hispanica, black salsify, scorzonera, viper's grass
perennial south European herb having narrow entire leaves and solitary yellow flower heads and long black edible roots shaped like carrots
Serratula tinctoria, sawwort
European perennial whose serrate leaves yield a yellow dye
Our Lady's mild thistle, Silybum marianum, blessed thistle, holy thistle, lady's thistle, milk thistle
tall Old World biennial thistle with large clasping white-blotched leaves and purple flower heads; naturalized in California and South America
stevia
any plant of the genus Stevia or the closely related genus Piqueria having glutinous foliage and white or purplish flowers; Central and South America
Chrysanthemum balsamita, Tanacetum balsamita, alecost, balsam herb, bible leaf, costmary, mint geranium
tansy-scented Eurasian perennial herb with buttonlike yellow flowers; used as potherb or salad green and sometimes for potpourri or tea or flavoring; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
Tanacetum camphoratum, camphor dune tansy
densely hairy plant with rayless flowers; San Francisco Bay area
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium, Dalmatia pyrethrum, Dalmatian pyrethrum, Tanacetum cinerariifolium, pyrethrum
white-flowered pyrethrum of Balkan area whose pinnate leaves are white and silky-hairy below; source of an insecticide; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum parthenium, Tanacetum parthenium, feverfew
bushy aromatic European perennial herb having clusters of buttonlike white-rayed flower heads; valued traditionally for medicinal uses; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
blowball, dandelion
any of several herbs of the genus Taraxacum having long tap roots and deeply notched leaves and bright yellow flowers followed by fluffy seed balls
Tragopogon porrifolius, oyster plant, salsify, vegetable oyster
Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States
Trilisa odoratissima, wild vanilla
perennial of southeastern United States with leaves having the fragrance of vanilla
Matricaria inodorum, Tripleurospermum inodorum, corn mayweed, scentless camomile, scentless false camomile, scentless hayweed, scentless mayweed
ubiquitous European annual weed with white flowers and finely divided leaves naturalized and sometimes cultivated in eastern North America; sometimes included in genus Matricaria
Matricaria oreades, Tripleurospermum oreades tchihatchewii, turfing daisy
mat-forming perennial herb of Asia Minor; sometimes included in genus Matricaria
Matricaria tchihatchewii, Tripleurospermum tchihatchewii, turfing daisy
low densely tufted perennial herb of Turkey having small white flowers; used as a ground cover in dry places; sometimes included in genus Matricaria
Tussilago farfara, coltsfoot
perennial herb with large rounded leaves resembling a colt's foot and yellow flowers appearing before the leaves do; native to Europe but now nearly cosmopolitan; used medicinally especially formerly
ironweed, vernonia
any of various plants of the genus Vernonia of tropical and warm regions of especially North America that take their name from their loose heads of purple to rose flowers that quickly take on a rusty hue
cockle-bur, cockle-burr, cocklebur, cockleburr
any coarse weed of the genus Xanthium having spiny burrs
loasa
any of various perennial South American plants of the genus Loasa having stinging hairs and showy white or yellow or reddish-orange flowers
bellflower, campanula
any of various plants of the genus Campanula having blue or white bell-shaped flowers
yam, yam plant
any of a number of tropical vines of the genus Dioscorea many having edible tuberous roots
Dioscorea elephantipes, Hottentot bread vine, Hottentot's bread vine, elephant's-foot, tortoise plant
South African vine having a massive rootstock covered with deeply fissured bark
Dioscorea paniculata, wild yam
having a rhizome formerly dried and used to treat rheumatism or liver disorders
Tamus communis, black bindweed, black bryony
common European twining vine with tuberous roots and cordate leaves and red berries
primrose, primula
any of numerous short-stemmed plants of the genus Primula having tufted basal leaves and showy flowers clustered in umbels or heads
pimpernel
any of several plants of the genus Anagallis
Glaux maritima, black saltwort, sea milkwort, sea trifoly
a small fleshy herb common along North American seashores and in brackish marshes having pink or white flowers
feather-foil, featherfoil
a plant of the genus Hottonia
loosestrife
any of various herbs and subshrubs of the genus Lysimachia
water pimpernel
a white-flowered aquatic plant of the genus Samolus
plumbago
any plumbaginaceous plant of the genus Plumbago
graminaceous plant, gramineous plant
cosmopolitan herbaceous or woody plants with hollow jointed stems and long narrow leaves
herbage, pasturage
succulent herbaceous vegetation of pasture land
bur reed
marsh plant having elongated linear leaves and round prickly fruit
gourd, gourd vine
any vine of the family Cucurbitaceae that bears fruits with hard rinds
squash, squash vine
any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits
briony, bryony
a vine of the genus Bryonia having large leaves and small flowers and yielding acrid juice with emetic and purgative properties
dishcloth gourd, luffa, rag gourd, sponge gourd, strainer vine
any of several tropical annual climbers having large yellow flowers and edible young fruits; grown commercially for the mature fruit's dried fibrous interior that is used as a sponge
lobelia
any plant or flower of the genus Lobelia
Abelmoschus esculentus, Hibiscus esculentus, gumbo, lady's-finger, okra, okra plant
tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
vegetable
any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
simple
any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties
Galax urceolata, beetleweed, coltsfoot, galax, galaxy, wandflower
tufted evergreen perennial herb having spikes of tiny white flowers and glossy green round to heart-shaped leaves that become coppery to maroon or purplish in fall
pyrola, wintergreen
any of several evergreen perennials of the genus Pyrola
pipsissewa, prince's pine
any of several plants of the genus Chimaphila
Moneses uniflora, Pyrola uniflora, one-flowered pyrola, one-flowered wintergreen
delicate evergreen dwarf herb of north temperate regions having a solitary white terminal flower; sometimes placed in genus Pyrola
American columbo, American gentian, columbo, deer's-ear, deer's-ears, pyramid plant
any of various tall perennial herbs constituting the genus Frasera; widely distributed in warm dry upland areas of California, Oregon, and Washington
Frasera speciosa, Swertia speciosa, green gentian
tall herb with panicles of white flowers flushed with green; northwestern United States; sometimes placed in genus Swertia
Swertia perennia, marsh felwort
perennial of damp places in mountains of Eurasia and North America having dull-colored blue or violet flowers
bloodwort
any of various plants of the family Haemodoraceae; roots contain a deep red coloring matter
Anigozanthus manglesii, Australian sword lily, kangaroo paw, kangaroo's paw, kangaroo's-foot, kangaroo-foot plant
sedgelike spring-flowering herb having clustered flowers covered with woolly hairs; Australia
combretum
any of numerous shrubs or small trees of the genus Combretum having spikes of small flowers
water milfoil
an aquatic plant of the genus Myriophyllum having feathery underwater leaves and small inconspicuous flowers
willowherb
a plant of the genus Epilobium having pink or yellow flowers and seeds with silky hairs
evening primrose
any of several plants of the family Onagraceae
caltrop, water chestnut, water chestnut plant
a plant of the genus Trapa bearing spiny four-pronged edible nutlike fruits
canna
any plant of the genus Canna having large sheathing leaves and clusters of large showy flowers
maranta
any of numerous herbs of the genus Maranta having tuberous starchy roots and large sheathing leaves
banana, banana tree
any of several tropical and subtropical treelike herbs of the genus Musa having a terminal crown of large entire leaves and usually bearing hanging clusters of elongated fruits
Abyssinian banana, Ensete ventricosum, Ethiopian banana, Musa ensete
large evergreen arborescent herb having huge paddle-shaped leaves and bearing inedible fruit that resemble bananas but edible young flower shoots; sometimes placed in genus Musa
Strelitzia reginae, bird of paradise
ornamental plant of tropical South Africa and South America having stalks of orange and purplish-blue flowers resembling a bird
Ravenala madagascariensis, ravenala, traveler's tree, traveller's tree
giant treelike plant having edible nuts and leafstalks that yield a refreshing drink of clear watery sap; reputedly an emergency source of water for travelers
ginger
perennial plants having thick branching aromatic rhizomes and leafy reedlike stems
Curcuma domestica, Curcuma longa, turmeric
widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
Aframomum melegueta, Guinea grains, Guinea pepper, grains of paradise, melagueta pepper
West African plant bearing pungent peppery seeds
Elettaria cardamomum, cardamom, cardamon
rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
Actinidia arguta, bower actinidia, tara vine
climbing Asiatic vine having long finely serrate leaves and racemes of white flowers followed by greenish-yellow edible fruit
Actinidia chinensis, Actinidia deliciosa, Chinese gooseberry, kiwi, kiwi vine
climbing vine native to China; cultivated in New Zealand for its fuzzy edible fruit with green meat
Actinidia polygama, silver vine, silvervine
ornamental vine of eastern Asia having yellow edible fruit and leaves with silver-white markings
passionflower, passionflower vine
any of various chiefly tropical American vines some bearing edible fruit
reseda
any plant of the genus Reseda
viola
any of the numerous plants of the genus Viola
nettle
any of numerous plants having stinging hairs that cause skin irritation on contact (especially of the genus Urtica or family Urticaceae)
bog hemp, false nettle
any of several flowering weeds of the genus Boehmeria lacking stinging hairs
Parietaria difussa, pellitory, pellitory-of-the-wall, wall pellitory
herb that grows in crevices having long narrow leaves and small pink apetalous flowers
Pipturus argenteus, Queensland grass-cloth plant
Australian plant of genus Pipturus whose fiber is used in making cloth
hop, hops
twining perennials having cordate leaves and flowers arranged in conelike spikes; the dried flowers of this plant are used in brewing to add the characteristic bitter taste to beer
iridaceous plant
any bulbous plant of the family Iridaceae
amaryllis
bulbous plant having showy white to reddish flowers
Bomarea edulis, salsilla
tropical vine having pink-and-yellow flowers spotted purple and edible roots sometimes boiled as a potato substitute; West Indies to northern South America
Bomarea salsilla, salsilla
tropical vine having umbels of small purple flowers and edible roots sometimes boiled as a potato substitute; Colombia
blood lily
any of various deciduous or evergreen herbs of the genus Haemanthus; South Africa and Namibia
narcissus
bulbous plant having erect linear leaves and showy yellow or white flowers either solitary or in clusters
star grass
any plant of the genus Hypoxis having long grasslike leaves and yellow star-shaped flowers: Africa; Australia; southern Asia; North America
liliaceous plant
plant growing from a bulb or corm or rhizome or tuber
aloe
succulent plants having rosettes of leaves usually with fiber like hemp and spikes of showy flowers; found chiefly in Africa
flame flower, flame-flower, flameflower, kniphofia, tritoma
a plant of the genus Kniphofia having long grasslike leaves and tall scapes of red or yellow drooping flowers
Asparagus officinales, asparagus, edible asparagus
plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus setaceous, asparagus fern
a fernlike plant native to South Africa
Asparagus asparagoides, smilax
fragile twining plant of South Africa with bright green flattened stems and glossy foliage popular as a floral decoration
Aspidistra elatio, aspidistra, bar-room plant, cast-iron plant
evergreen perennial with large handsome basal leaves; grown primarily as a foliage houseplant
Bowiea volubilis, climbing onion
much-branched leafless twining South African herb cultivated as an ornamental for its bright green stems growing from large aboveground bulbs
checkered lily, fritillary
any liliaceous plant of the genus Fritillaria having nodding variously colored flowers
Colchicum autumnale, autumn crocus, meadow saffron, naked lady
bulbous autumn-flowering herb with white, purple or lavender-and-white flowers; native to western and central Europe
day lily, plantain lily
any of numerous perennials having mounds of sumptuous broad ribbed leaves and clusters of white, blue, or lilac flowers; used as ground cover
star-of-Bethlehem
any of several perennial plants of the genus Ornithogalum native to the Mediterranean and having star-shaped flowers
Paris quadrifolia, herb Paris
European herb with yellow-green flowers resembling and closely related to the trilliums; reputed to be poisonous
sarsaparilla
any of various prickly climbing plants of the tropical American genus Smilax having aromatic roots and heart-shaped leaves
Smilax rotundifolia, briar, brier, bullbrier, catbrier, greenbrier, horse brier, horse-brier
a very prickly woody vine of the eastern United States growing in tangled masses having tough round stems with shiny leathery leaves and small greenish flowers followed by clusters of inedible shiny black berries
Indian arrowroot, Tacca leontopetaloides, Tacca pinnatifida, pia
perennial herb of East Indies to Polynesia and Australia; cultivated for its large edible root yielding Otaheite arrowroot starch
American aloe, agave, century plant
tropical American plants with basal rosettes of fibrous sword-shaped leaves and flowers in tall spikes; some cultivated for ornament or for fiber
Menyanthes trifoliata, bog myrtle, bogbean, buckbean, marsh trefoil, water shamrock
perennial plant of Europe and America having racemes of white or purplish flowers and intensely bitter trifoliate leaves; often rooting at water margin and spreading across the surface
Carolina jasmine, Gelsemium sempervirens, evening trumpet flower, yellow jasmine, yellow jessamine
poisonous woody evergreen vine of southeastern United States having fragrant yellow funnel-shaped flowers
flax
plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem
Physostigma venenosum, calabar-bean vine
tropical African woody vine yielding calabar beans
Cassia marilandica, Senna marilandica, wild senna
North American perennial herb; leaves are used medicinally; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Amphicarpa bracteata, Amphicarpaea bracteata, hog peanut, wild peanut
vine widely distributed in eastern North America producing racemes of purple to maroon flowers and abundant (usually subterranean) edible one-seeded pods resembling peanuts
Anthyllis vulneraria, kidney vetch
perennial Eurasian herb having heads of red or yellow flowers and common in meadows and pastures; formerly used medicinally for kidney disorders
Apios americana, Apios tuberosa, Indian potato, groundnut, groundnut vine, potato bean, wild bean
a North American vine with fragrant blossoms and edible tubers; important food crop of Native Americans
milk vetch, milk-vetch
any of various plants of the genus Astragalus
false indigo, wild indigo
any of several plants of the genus Baptisia
Canavalia ensiformis, giant stock bean, jack bean, wonder bean
annual semi-erect bushy plant of tropical South America bearing long pods with white seeds grown especially for forage
Canavalia gladiata, sword bean
twining tropical Old World plant bearing long pods usually with red or brown beans; long cultivated in Orient for food
Centrosema virginianum, butterfly pea
large-flowered weakly twining or prostrate vine of New Jersey to tropical eastern North America, sometimes cultivated for its purple and white flowers
Clitoria mariana, butterfly pea
large-flowered wild twining vine of southeastern and central United States having pale blue flowers
Clitoria turnatea, blue pea, butterfly pea
vine of tropical Asia having pinnate leaves and bright blue flowers with yellow centers
crotalaria, rattlebox
any of various plants of the genus Crotalaria having inflated pods within which the seeds rattle; used for pasture and green-manure crops
Derris elliptica, derris root, tuba root
woody vine having bright green leaves and racemes of rose-tinted white flowers; the swollen roots contain rotenone
Desmanthus ilinoensis, prairie mimosa, prickle-weed
perennial herb of North American prairies having dense heads of small white flowers
Australian pea, Dipogon lignosus, Dolichos lignosus
South African evergreen partly woody vine grown for its clusters of rosy purple flowers followed by edible pods like snap beans; also grown as green manure; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos
Galega officinalis, goat rue, goat's rue
tall bushy European perennial grown for its pinnate foliage and slender spikes of blue flowers; sometimes used medicinally
Glycyrrhiza glabra, licorice, liquorice
deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
American licorice, American liquorice, Glycyrrhiza lepidota, wild licorice, wild liquorice
North American plant similar to true licorice and having a root with similar properties
Hardenbergia comnptoniana, Western Australia coral pea
vigorous climber of the forests of western Australia; grown for their dense racemes of attractive bright rose-purple flowers
coral pea
any of various Australian climbing plants of the genus Kennedia having scarlet flowers
Dolichos lablab, Egyptian bean, Indian bean, Lablab purpureus, bonavist, hyacinth bean
perennial twining vine of Old World tropics having trifoliate leaves and racemes of fragrant purple pea-like flowers followed by maroon pods of edible seeds; grown as an ornamental and as a vegetable on the Indian subcontinent; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos
vetchling
any of various small plants of the genus Lathyrus; climb usually by means of tendrils
everlasting pea
any of several perennial vines of the genus Lathyrus
Lathyrus odoratus, sweet pea, sweetpea
climbing garden plant having fragrant pastel-colored flowers
Lathyrus tuberosus, earth-nut pea, earthnut pea, heath pea, tuberous vetch
European herb bearing small tubers used for food and in Scotland to flavor whiskey
bush clover, lespedeza
shrubby or herbaceous plants widely used for forage, soil improvement, and especially hay in southern United States
Lotus tetragonolobus, asparagus pea, winged pea
sprawling European annual having a 4-winged edible pod
lupin, lupine
any plant of the genus Lupinus; bearing erect spikes of usually purplish-blue flowers
medic, medick, trefoil
any of several Old World herbs of the genus Medicago having small flowers and trifoliate compound leaves
Onobrychis viciaefolia, Onobrychis viciifolia, esparcet, holy clover, sainfoin, sanfoin
Eurasian perennial herb having pale pink flowers and curved pods; naturalized in Britain and North America grasslands on calcareous soils; important forage crop and source of honey in Britain
tumbleweed
any plant that breaks away from its roots in autumn and is driven by the wind as a light rolling mass
Pachyrhizus erosus, yam bean
Central American twining plant with edible roots and pods; large tubers are eaten raw or cooked especially when young and young pods must be thoroughly cooked; pods and seeds also yield rotenone and oils
Pachyrhizus tuberosus, potato bean, yam bean
twining plant of Amazon basin having large edible roots
Parochetus communis, shamrock pea
trailing trifoliate Asiatic and African herb having cobalt blue flowers
Manila bean, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus, goa bean, goa bean vine, winged bean, winged pea
a tuberous twining annual vine bearing clusters of purplish flowers and pods with four jagged wings; Old World tropics
Indian breadroot, Psoralea esculenta, breadroot, pomme blanche, pomme de prairie
densely hairy perennial of central North America having edible tuberous roots
Pueraria lobata, kudzu, kudzu vine
fast-growing vine from eastern Asia having tuberous starchy roots and hairy trifoliate leaves and racemes of purple flowers followed by long hairy pods containing many seeds; grown for fodder and forage and root starch; widespread in the southern United States
bush pea
any of various plants of the genus Thermopsis having trifoliate leaves and yellow or purple racemose flowers
Trigonella ornithopodioides, bird's foot trefoil
Old World herb related to fenugreek
Greek clover, Trigonella foenumgraecum, fenugreek
annual herb or southern Europe and eastern Asia having off-white flowers and aromatic seeds used medicinally and in curry
wistaria, wisteria
any flowering vine of the genus Wisteria
plantain
any of numerous plants of the genus Plantago; mostly small roadside or dooryard weeds with elliptic leaves and small spikes of very small flowers; seeds of some used medicinally
China fleece vine, Polygonum aubertii, Russian vine, silver lace vine
twining perennial vine having racemes of fragrant greenish flowers; western China to Russia
Fagopyrum esculentum, Polygonum fagopyrum, buckwheat
a member of the genus Fagopyrum; annual Asian plant with clusters of small pinkish white flowers and small edible triangular seeds which are used whole or ground into flour
rhubarb, rhubarb plant
plants having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked; leaves are poisonous
dock, sorrel, sour grass
any of certain coarse weedy plants with long taproots, sometimes used as table greens or in folk medicine
dayflower, spiderwort
any plant of the family Commelinaceae
Ananas comosus, pineapple, pineapple plant
a tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics
Eriocaulon aquaticum, pipewort
aquatic perennial of North America and Ireland and Hebrides having translucent green leaves in a basal spiral and dense buttonlike racemes of minute white flowers
Pontederia cordata, pickerel weed, pickerelweed, wampee
American plant having spikes of blue flowers and growing in shallow water of streams and ponds
Eichhornia crassipes, Eichhornia spesiosa, water hyacinth, water orchid
a tropical floating aquatic plant having spikes of large blue flowers; troublesome in clogging waterways especially in southern United States
Heteranthera dubia, mud plantain, water star grass
grassy-leaved North American aquatic plant with yellow star-shaped blossoms
naiad, water nymph
submerged aquatic plant having narrow leaves and small flowers; of fresh or brackish water
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae, frog's-bit, frogbit
European floating plant with roundish heart-shaped leaves and white flowers
Hydrilla verticillata, hydrilla
submersed plant with whorled lanceolate leaves and solitary axillary flowers; Old World plant naturalized in southern United States and clogging Florida's waterways
American frogbit, Limnodium spongia
American plant with roundish heart-shaped or kidney-shaped leaves; usually rooted in muddy bottoms of ponds and ditches
waterweed
a weedy aquatic plant of genus Elodea
Vallisneria spiralis, eelgrass, tape grass, wild celery
submerged aquatic plant with ribbonlike leaves; Old World and Australia
pondweed
any of several submerged or floating freshwater perennial aquatic weeds belonging to the family Potamogetonaceae
Zostera marina, eelgrass, grass wrack, sea wrack
submerged marine plant with very long narrow leaves found in abundance along North Atlantic coasts
agrimonia, agrimony
a plant of the genus Agrimonia having spikelike clusters of small yellow flowers
strawberry
any of various low perennial herbs with many runners and bearing white flowers followed by edible fruits having many small achenes scattered on the surface of an enlarged red pulpy berry
Poterium sanguisorba, burnet bloodwort, pimpernel, salad burnet
European garden herb with purple-tinged flowers and leaves that are sometimes used for salads
bedstraw
any of several plants of the genus Galium
Mitchella repens, boxberry, partridgeberry, twinberry
creeping woody plant of eastern North America with shiny evergreen leaves and scarlet berries
Triostium perfoliatum, feverroot, horse gentian, tinker's root, wild coffee
coarse weedy American perennial herb with large usually perfoliate leaves and purple or dull red flowers
teasel, teasle, teazel
any of several herbs of the genus Dipsacus native to the Old World having flower heads surrounded by spiny bracts
Impatiens capensis, celandine, jewelweed, lady's earrings, orange balsam, touch-me-not
North American annual plant with usually yellow or orange flowers; grows chiefly on wet rather acid soil
geranium
any of numerous plants of the family Geraniaceae
water starwort
any of several aquatic plants having a star-shaped rosette of floating leaves; America, Europe and Asia
oxalis, sorrel, wood sorrel
any plant or flower of the genus Oxalis
Ruta graveolens, herb of grace, rue
European strong-scented perennial herb with grey-green bitter-tasting leaves; an irritant similar to poison ivy
Dictamnus alba, burning bush, dittany, fraxinella, gas plant
Eurasian perennial herb with white flowers that emit flammable vapor in hot weather
nasturtium
any tropical American plant of the genus Tropaeolum having pungent juice and long-spurred yellow to red flowers
soapberry vine
tendril-climbing vine
American bittersweet, Celastrus scandens, bittersweet, climbing bittersweet, false bittersweet, shrubby bittersweet, staff vine, waxwork
twining shrub of North America having yellow capsules enclosing scarlet seeds
Celastric articulatus, Celastrus orbiculatus, Japan bittersweet, Japanese bittersweet, oriental bittersweet
ornamental Asiatic vine with showy orange-yellow fruit with a scarlet aril; naturalized in North America
Euonymus fortunei radicans, Euonymus radicans vegetus, evergreen bittersweet
broad and bushy Asiatic twining shrub with pinkish fruit; many subspecies or varieties
carnivorous plant
plants adapted to attract and capture and digest primarily insects but also other small animals
Australian pitcher plant, Cephalotus follicularis
a carnivorous perennial herb having a green pitcher and hinged lid both with red edges; western Australia
sedum
any of various plants of the genus Sedum
breakstone, rockfoil, saxifrage
any of various plants of the genus Saxifraga
astilbe
any plant of the genus Astilbe having compound leaves and showy panicles of tiny colorful flowers
bergenia
any plant of the genus Bergenia; valued as an evergreen ground cover and for the spring blossoms
golden saxifrage, golden spleen
any of various low aquatic herbs of the genus Chrysosplenium
Darmera peltata, Indian rhubarb, Peltiphyllum peltatum, umbrella plant
rhizomatous perennial herb with large dramatic peltate leaves and white to bright pink flowers in round heads on leafless stems; colonizes stream banks in the Sierra Nevada in California
alumbloom, alumroot
any of several herbs of the genus Heuchera
bishop's cap, miterwort, mitrewort
any of various rhizomatous perennial herbs of the genus Mitella having a capsule resembling a bishop's miter
suksdorfia
any of several American plants of the genus Suksdorfia having orbicular to kidney-shaped somewhat succulent leaves and white or rose or violet flowers in terminal panicles
Tiarella cordifolia, coolwart, false miterwort, false mitrewort, foamflower
stoloniferous white-flowered spring-blooming woodland plant
Tolmiea menziesii, pickaback plant, piggyback plant, youth-on-age
vigorous perennial herb with flowers in erect racemes and having young plants develop at the junction of a leaf blade and the leafstalk
polemonium
any plant of the genus Polemonium; most are low-growing often foul-smelling plants of temperate to Arctic regions
phlox
any polemoniaceous plant of the genus Phlox; chiefly North American; cultivated for their clusters of flowers
acanthus
any plant of the genus Acanthus having large spiny leaves and spikes or white or purplish flowers; native to Mediterranean region but widely cultivated
Thunbergia alata, black-eyed Susan, black-eyed Susan vine
tropical African climbing plant having yellow flowers with a dark purple center
bignoniad
any woody plant of the family Bignoniaceae
Bignonia capreolata, cross vine, quarter-vine, quartervine, trumpet flower
woody flowering vine of southern United States; stems show a cross in transverse section
Borago officinalis, borage, tailwort
hairy blue-flowered European annual herb long used in herbal medicine and eaten raw as salad greens or cooked like spinach
Amsinckia intermedia, common amsinckia
annual of western United States with coiled spikes of yellow-orange coiled flowers
Amsinckia grandiflora, large-flowered fiddleneck
annual of the western United States having large coiled flower spikes; a threatened species
anchusa
any of various Old World herbs of the genus Anchusa having one-sided clusters of trumpet-shaped flowers
Chinese forget-me-not, Cynoglossum amabile
biennial east Asian herb grown for its usually bright blue flowers
Cynoglossum officinale, hound's-tongue
biennial shrub of Europe and western Asia having coarse tongue-shaped leaves and dark reddish-purple flowers
Cynoglossum virginaticum, hound's-tongue
perennial shrub of North America having coarse tongue-shaped leaves and pale-blue to purple flowers
Echium vulgare, blue devil, blue thistle, blueweed, viper's bugloss
a coarse prickly European weed with spikes of blue flowers; naturalized in United States
stickweed
any of several herbaceous plants having seeds that cling to clothing
Lithospermum officinale, gromwell
European perennial branching plant; occurs in hedgerows and at the edge of woodlands
Lithospermum caroliniense, puccoon
perennial plant of eastern North America having hairy foliage yielding a red or yellow pigment
Indian paint, Lithospermum canescens, hoary puccoon
perennial North American plant with greyish hairy foliage yielding a red or yellow pigment
Mertensia virginica, Virginia bluebell, Virginia cowslip
smooth erect herb of eastern North America having entire leaves and showy blue flowers that are pink in bud
Myosotis sylvatica, garden forget-me-not
small biennial to perennial herb of Europe, northern Africa and western Asia having blue, purple or white flowers
Myosotis scorpiodes, forget-me-not, mouse ear
small perennial herb having bright blue or white flowers
false gromwell
any of several North American perennial herbs with hairy foliage and small yellowish or greenish flowers
comfrey, cumfrey
perennial herbs of Europe and Iran; make rapidly growing groundcover for shaded areas
convolvulus
any of numerous plants of the genus Convolvulus
bindweed
any of several vines of the genera Convolvulus and Calystegia having a twining habit
silverweed
any of various twining shrubs of the genus Argyreia having silvery leaves and showy purple flowers
dodder
a leafless annual parasitic vine of the genus Cuscuta having whitish or yellow filamentous stems; obtain nourishment through haustoria
Dichondra micrantha, dichondra
a creeping perennial herb with hairy stems and orbicular to reniform leaves and small white to greenish flowers; used as a grass substitute in warm regions
morning glory
any of various twining vines having funnel-shaped flowers that close late in the day
gesneriad
any of numerous tropical or subtropical small shrubs or treelets or epiphytic vines of the family Gesneriaceae: African violet; Cape primroses; gloxinia
gesneria
any plant of the genus Gesneria
waterleaf
any of several plants of the genus Hydrophyllum
California yellow bells, Emmanthe penduliflora, whispering bells, yellow bells
viscid herb of arid or desert habitats of southwestern United States having pendulous yellow flowers
nemophila
any plant of the genus Nemophila
Nemophila menziesii, baby blue-eyes
delicate California annual having blue flowers marked with dark spots
Nemophila aurita, Pholistoma auritum, fiesta flower
straggling California annual herb with deep purple or violet flowers; sometimes placed in genus Nemophila
Acinos arvensis, Satureja acinos, basil balm, basil thyme, mother of thyme
fragrant European mint having clusters of small violet-and-white flowers; naturalized especially in eastern North America
giant hyssop
any of a number of aromatic plants of the genus Agastache
bugle, bugleweed
any of various low-growing annual or perennial evergreen herbs native to Eurasia; used for ground cover
Ballota nigra, black archangel, black horehound, fetid horehound, stinking horehound
ill-smelling European herb with rugose leaves and whorls of dark purple flowers
wood mint
American herb of genus Blephilia with more or less hairy leaves and clusters of purplish or bluish flowers
calamint
perennial aromatic herbs growing in hedgerows or scrub or open woodlands from western Europe to central Asia and in North America
Clinopodium vulgare, Satureja vulgaris, cushion calamint, wild basil
aromatic herb having heads of small pink or whitish flowers; widely distributed in United States, Europe and Asia
Collinsonia canadensis, horse balm, horseweed, richweed, stone root, stone-root, stoneroot
erect perennial strong-scented with serrate pointed leaves and a loose panicle of yellowish flowers; the eastern United States
coleus, flame nettle
any of various Old World tropical plants of the genus Coleus having multicolored decorative leaves and spikes of blue flowers
Dracocephalum parviflorum, dragon's head, dragonhead
American herb having sharply serrate lanceolate leaves and spikes of blue to violet flowers
elsholtzia
any of various aromatic herbs of the genus Elsholtzia having blue or purple flowers in one-sided spikes
Galeopsis tetrahit, dead nettle, hemp nettle
coarse bristly Eurasian plant with white or reddish flowers and foliage resembling that of a nettle; common as a weed in United States
Glechoma hederaceae, Nepeta hederaceae, alehoof, field balm, gill-over-the-ground, ground ivy, runaway robin
trailing European aromatic plant of the mint family having rounded leaves and small purplish flowers often grown in hanging baskets; naturalized in North America; sometimes placed in genus Nepeta
American pennyroyal, Hedeoma pulegioides, pennyroyal
erect hairy branching American herb having purple-blue flowers; yields an essential oil used as an insect repellent and sometimes in folk medicine
Hyssopus officinalis, hyssop
a European mint with aromatic and pungent leaves used in perfumery and as a seasoning in cookery; often cultivated as a remedy for bruises; yields hyssop oil
dead nettle
any of various plants of the genus Lamium having clusters of small usually purplish flowers with two lips
Cape dagga, Leonotis leonurus, dagga, red dagga, wilde dagga
relatively nontoxic South African herb smoked like tobacco
Leonotis nepetaefolia, Leonotis nepetifolia, lion's-ear
pantropical herb having whorls of striking lipped flowers; naturalized in United States
Leonurus cardiaca, motherwort
bitter Old World herb of hedgerows and woodland margins having toothed leaves and white or pale pink flowers
Lycopus virginicus, bugleweed
a mildly narcotic and astringent aromatic herb having small whitish flowers; eastern United States
Lycopus americanus, water horehound
aromatic perennial herb of United States
Lycopus europaeus, gipsywort, gypsywort
hairy Eurasian herb with two-lipped white flowers
origanum
any of various fragrant aromatic herbs of the genus Origanum used as seasonings
horehound
any of various aromatic herbs of the genus Marrubium
Melissa officinalis, bee balm, beebalm, garden balm, lemon balm, sweet balm
bushy perennial Old World mint having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; a garden escapee in northern Europe and North America
mint
any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers
Micromeria chamissonis, Micromeria douglasii, Satureja douglasii, yerba buena
trailing perennial evergreen herb of northwestern United States with small white flowers; used medicinally
Micromeria juliana, savory
dwarf aromatic shrub of Mediterranean regions
Molucella laevis, bells of Ireland, molucca balm
aromatic annual with a tall stems of small whitish flowers enclosed in a greatly enlarged saucer-shaped or bell-shaped calyx
monarda, wild bergamot
any of various aromatic herbs of the genus Monarda
Monardella lanceolata, mustang mint
fragrant California annual herb having lanceolate leaves and clusters of rose-purple flowers
Nepeta cataria, catmint, catnip
hairy aromatic perennial herb having whorls of small white purple-spotted flowers in a terminal spike; used in the past as a domestic remedy; strongly attractive to cats
basil
any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum
Perilla frutescens crispa, beefsteak plant
plant grown for its ornamental red or purple foliage
physostegia
any of various plants of the genus Physostegia having sessile linear to oblong leaves and showy white or rose or lavender flowers
Prunella vulgaris, heal all, self-heal
decumbent blue-flowered European perennial thought to possess healing properties; naturalized throughout North America
mountain mint
any of a number of perennial herbs of the genus Pycnanthemum; eastern North America and California
Rosmarinus officinalis, rosemary
widely cultivated for its fragrant grey-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery
sage, salvia
any of various plants of the genus Salvia; a cosmopolitan herb
savory
any of several aromatic herbs or subshrubs of the genus Satureja having spikes of flowers attractive to bees
helmetflower, skullcap
a herbaceous plant of the genus Scutellaria which has a calyx that, when inverted, resembles a helmet with its visor raised
Scutellaria lateriflora, blue pimpernel, blue skullcap, mad-dog skullcap, mad-dog weed
an American mint that yields a resinous exudate used especially formerly as an antispasmodic
Stachys sylvatica, dead nettle, hedge nettle
foul-smelling perennial Eurasiatic herb with a green creeping rhizome
Stachys palustris, hedge nettle
perennial herb with an odorless rhizome widespread in moist places in northern hemisphere
thyme
any of various mints of the genus Thymus
Martynia annua, martynia
sprawling annual or perennial herb of Central America and West Indies having creamy-white to red-purple bell-shaped flowers followed by unusual horned fruit
Sesamum indicum, benne, benni, benny, sesame
East Indian annual erect herb; source of sesame seed or benniseed and sesame oil
Proboscidea louisianica, common devil's claw, common unicorn plant, devil's claw, elephant-tusk, proboscis flower, ram's horn
annual of southern United States to Mexico having large whitish or yellowish flowers mottled with purple and a long curving beak
Martynia arenaria, Proboscidea arenaria, sand devil's claw
alternatively placed in genus Martynia
Martynia fragrans, Proboscidea fragrans, sweet unicorn plant
a herbaceous plant of the genus Proboscidea
figwort
any of numerous tall coarse woodland plants of the genus Scrophularia
Aureolaria pedicularia, Gerardia pedicularia, false foxglove
multi-stemmed North American annual having solitary axillary dark golden-yellow flowers resembling those of the foxglove; sometimes placed in genus Gerardia
Aureolaria virginica, Gerardia virginica, false foxglove
sparsely branched North American perennial with terminal racemes of bright yellow flowers resembling those of the foxglove; sometimes placed in genus Gerardia
digitalis, foxglove
any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
flannel leaf, mullein, velvet plant
any of various plants of the genus Verbascum having large usually woolly leaves and terminal spikes of yellow or white or purplish flowers
Veronica anagallis-aquatica, Veronica michauxii, water speedwell
plant of wet places in Eurasia and America
nightshade
any of numerous shrubs or herbs or vines of the genus Solanum; most are poisonous though many bear edible fruit
Solanum crispum, potato tree
hardy climbing shrub of Chile grown as an ornamental for its fragrant flowers; not a true potato
Solanum commersonii, Uruguay potato, Uruguay potato vine
South American potato vine
Solanum jamesii, wild potato
erect or spreading perennial of southwestern United States and Mexico bearing small pale brown to cream-colored tubers resembling potatoes
Solanum jasmoides, potato vine
copiously branched vine of Brazil having deciduous leaves and white flowers tinged with blue
Solanum melongena, aubergine, brinjal, eggplant, eggplant bush, garden egg, mad apple
hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
Solanum tuberosum, potato, white potato, white potato vine
annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous
Solanum wendlandii, giant potato creeper, potato vine
vine of Costa Rica sparsely armed with hooklike spines and having large lilac-blue flowers
Atropa belladonna, belladonna, belladonna plant, deadly nightshade
perennial Eurasian herb with reddish bell-shaped flowers and shining black berries; extensively grown in United States; roots and leaves yield atropine
Hyoscyamus niger, black henbane, henbane, stinking nightshade
poisonous fetid Old World herb having sticky hairy leaves and yellow-brown flowers; yields hyoscyamine and scopolamine
Egyptian henbane, Hyoscyamus muticus
poisonous herb whose leaves are a source of hyoscyamine
Lycopersicon esculentum, love apple, tomato, tomato plant
native to South America; widely cultivated in many varieties
Mandragora officinarum, devil's apples, mandrake
a plant of southern Europe and North Africa having purple flowers, yellow fruits and a forked root formerly thought to have magical powers
Nicandra physaloides, apple of Peru, shoo fly
coarse South American herb grown for its blue-and-white flowers followed by a bladderlike fruit enclosing a dry berry
tobacco, tobacco plant
aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs
cupflower, nierembergia
any of various plants of the genus Nierembergia having upturned bell-shaped flowers
ground cherry, husk tomato
any of numerous cosmopolitan annual or perennial herbs of the genus Physalis bearing edible fleshy berries enclosed in a bladderlike husk; some cultivated for their flowers
Salpichroa organifolia, Salpichroa rhomboidea, cock's eggs
weedy vine of Argentina having solitary white flowers followed by egg-shaped white or yellow fruit
salpiglossis
any plant of the genus Salpiglossis
Scopolia carniolica
herb that is a source of scopolamine
Mercurialis annua, boys-and-girls, herb mercury, herbs mercury
Eurafrican annual naturalized in America as a weed; formerly dried for use as a purgative, diuretic or antisyphilitic
Mercurialis perennis, dog mercury, dog's mercury
European perennial weedy plant with greenish flowers
Cnidoscolus urens, Jatropha stimulosus, Jatropha urens, devil nettle, pica-pica, spurge nettle, tread-softly
a stinging herb of tropical America
umbellifer, umbelliferous plant
any of numerous aromatic herbs of the family Umbelliferae
Anethum graveolens, dill
aromatic Old World herb having aromatic threadlike foliage and seeds used as seasoning
angelica, angelique
any of various tall and stout herbs of the genus Angelica having pinnately compound leaves and small white or greenish flowers in compound umbels
Anthriscus cereifolium, beaked parsley, chervil
aromatic annual Old World herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads
Anthriscus sylvestris, cow parsley, wild chervil
coarse erect biennial Old World herb introduced as a weed in eastern North America
Apium graveolens, wild celery
herb of Europe and temperate Asia
Apium graveolens dulce, celery, cultivated celery
widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
Apium graveolens rapaceum, celeriac, celery root, knob celery, root celery, turnip-rooted celery
grown for its thickened edible aromatic root
astrantia, masterwort
any plant of the genus Astrantia
Carum carvi, caraway
a Eurasian plant with small white flowers yielding caraway seed
Conopodium denudatum, earthnut
a common European plant having edible tubers with the flavor of roasted chestnuts
Chinese parsley, Coriandrum sativum, cilantro, coriander, coriander plant
Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
Cuminum cyminum, cumin
dwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
Daucus carota sativa, carrot, cultivated carrot
perennial plant widely cultivated as an annual in many varieties for its long conical orange edible roots; temperate and tropical regions
Eryngium aquaticum, button snakeroot
coarse prickly perennial eryngo with aromatic roots; southeastern United States; often confused with rattlesnake master
fennel
any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
Heracleum sphondylium, cow parsnip, hogweed
tall coarse plant having thick stems and cluster of white to purple flowers
Levisticum officinale, lovage
herb native to southern Europe; cultivated for its edible stalks and foliage and seeds
Myrrhis odorata, sweet cicely
European herb with soft ferny leaves and white flowers
Pastinaca sativa, parsnip
a strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root
madnep, wild parsnip
biennial weed in Europe and America having large pinnate leaves and yellow flowers and a bitter and somewhat poisonous root; the ancestor of cultivated parsnip
Petroselinum crispum, parsley
annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
Pimpinella anisum, anise, anise plant
native to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
sanicle, snakeroot
a plant of the genus Sanicula having palmately compound leaves and unisexual flowers in panicled umbels followed by bristly fruit; reputed to have healing powers
moon carrot, stone parsley
any plant of the genus Seseli having dense umbels of small white or pink flowers and finely divided foliage
Sison amomum, stone parsley
a slender roadside herb of western Europe and Mediterranean areas that has foliage resembling parsley and has white flowers with aromatic seeds
Alexander, Alexanders, Smyrnium olusatrum, black lovage, horse parsley
European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
corn salad
a plant of the genus Valerianella
wort
usually used in combination: `liverwort'; `milkwort'; `whorlywort'
climber
a vine or climbing plant that readily grows up a support or over other plants
lignosae
a category in some early taxonomies
arborescent plant
having the shape or characteristics of a tree
tree
a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
bush, shrub
a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
bramble
any of various rough thorny shrubs or vines
liana
a woody climbing usually tropical plant
bog plant, marsh plant, swamp plant
a semiaquatic plant that grows in soft wet land; most are monocots: sedge, sphagnum, grasses, cattails, etc; possibly heath
grape, grape vine, grapevine
any of numerous woody vines of genus Vitis bearing clusters of edible berries
Boston ivy, Japanese ivy, Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Asiatic vine with three-lobed leaves and purple berries
American ivy, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Virginia creeper, woodbine
common North American vine with compound leaves and bluish-black berrylike fruit
pepper vine, true pepper
any of various shrubby vines of the genus Piper
peperomia
any of various plants of the genus Peperomia; grown primarily for their often succulent foliage
Anemopsis californica, yerba mansa
stoloniferous herb of southwestern United States and Mexico having a pungent rootstock and small spicate flowers with white bracts suggesting an anemone
asclepiad
any plant of the family Asclepiadaceae
milkweed, silkweed
any of numerous plants of the genus Asclepias having milky juice and pods that split open releasing seeds with downy tufts
Araujia sericofera, cruel plant
robust twining shrub having racemes of fragrant white or pink flowers with flat spreading terminal petals that trap nocturnal moths and hold them until dawn
hoya
any plant of the genus Hoya having fleshy leaves and usually nectariferous flowers
Periploca graeca, silk vine
deciduous climber for arches and fences having ill-scented but interesting flowers and poisonous yellow fruits; cultivated for its dark shining foliage; southeastern Europe to Asia Minor
Sarcostemma acidum, haoma, soma
leafless East Indian vine; its sour milky juice formerly used to make an intoxicating drink
carrion flower, stapelia, starfish flower
any of various plants of the genus Stapelia having succulent leafless toothed stems resembling cacti and large foul-smelling (often star-shaped) flowers
Vincetoxicum hirsutum, Vincetoxicum negrum, negro vine
twining vine with hairy foliage and dark purplish-brown flowers
Type of:
flora, plant, plant life
(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion

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