tree

A tree is a large plant with a trunk, branches, and leaves. If you have an apple tree in your backyard, you'll have apples in the fall — and a nice shady place to sit in the summer.

The thick, woody trunk is actually the stem of a tree, and its ability to grow so much taller than other plants evolved partly as a way for trees to absorb more sunlight. Trees do a lot for humans, including providing oxygen, giving us places to climb, producing fruit, shading us, and providing lumber and fuel. As a verb, tree means "chase into a tree," the way your dog might tree the neighbor's cat.

Definitions of tree
  1. noun
    a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
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    yellowwood, yellowwood tree
    any of various trees having yellowish wood or yielding a yellow extract
    Oxandra lanceolata, lancewood, lancewood tree
    source of most of the lancewood of commerce
    Guinea pepper, Xylopia aethiopica, negro pepper
    tropical west African evergreen tree bearing pungent aromatic seeds used as a condiment and in folk medicine
    anise tree
    any of several evergreen shrubs and small trees of the genus Illicium
    Drimys winteri, winter's bark, winter's bark tree
    South American evergreen tree yielding winter's bark and a light soft wood similar to basswood
    zebrawood, zebrawood tree
    any of various trees or shrubs having mottled or striped wood
    Brya ebenus, granadilla tree, granadillo
    West Indian tree yielding a fine grade of green ebony
    acacia
    any of various spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Acacia
    Adenanthera pavonina, Barbados pride, coral-wood, coralwood, peacock flower fence, red sandalwood
    East Indian tree with racemes of yellow-white flowers; cultivated as an ornamental
    albizia, albizzia
    any of numerous trees of the genus Albizia
    Enterolobium cyclocarpa, conacaste, elephant's ear
    tropical South American tree having a wide-spreading crown of bipinnate leaves and coiled ear-shaped fruits; grown for shade and ornament as well as valuable timber
    inga
    any tree or shrub of the genus Inga having pinnate leaves and showy usually white flowers; cultivated as ornamentals
    Inga edulis, ice-cream bean
    ornamental evergreen tree with masses of white flowers; tropical and subtropical America
    Inga laurina, guama
    tropical tree of Central America and West Indies and Puerto Rico having spikes of white flowers; used as shade for coffee plantations
    Leucaena glauca, Leucaena leucocephala, lead tree, white popinac
    low scrubby tree of tropical and subtropical North America having white flowers tinged with yellow resembling mimosa and long flattened pods
    Lysiloma bahamensis, Lysiloma latisiliqua, wild tamarind
    a tree of the West Indies and Florida and Mexico; resembles tamarind and has long flat pods
    nitta tree
    any of several Old World tropical trees of the genus Parkia having heads of red or yellow flowers followed by pods usually containing edible seeds and pulp
    Pithecellobium dulce, camachile, huamachil, manila tamarind, wild tamarind
    common thorny tropical American tree having terminal racemes of yellow flowers followed by sickle-shaped or circinate edible pods and yielding good timber and a yellow dye and mucilaginous gum
    Alstonia scholaris, devil tree, dita, dita bark
    evergreen tree of eastern Asia and Philippines having large leathery leaves and small green-white flowers in compact cymes; bark formerly used medicinally
    Holarrhena antidysenterica, Holarrhena pubescens, conessi, ivory tree, kurchee, kurchi
    tropical Asian tree with hard white wood and bark formerly used as a remedy for dysentery and diarrhea
    Meryta sinclairii, puka
    small roundheaded New Zealand tree having large resinous leaves and panicles of green-white flowers
    Pisonia aculeata, cockspur
    small spiny West Indian tree
    pandanus, screw pine
    any of various Old World tropical palmlike trees having huge prop roots and edible conelike fruits and leaves like pineapple leaves
    Hoheria populnea, houhere, lacebark, ribbonwood
    small tree or shrub of New Zealand having a profusion of axillary clusters of honey-scented paper-white flowers and whose bark is used for cordage
    Plagianthus betulinus, Plagianthus regius, ribbon tree, ribbonwood
    deciduous New Zealand tree whose inner bark yields a strong fiber that resembles flax and is called New Zealand cotton
    tulipwood tree
    any of various trees yielding variously colored woods similar to true tulipwood
    Bombax ceiba, Bombax malabarica, red silk-cotton tree, simal
    East Indian silk cotton tree yielding fibers inferior to kapok
    Montezuma
    evergreen tree with large leathery leaves and large pink to orange flowers; considered a link plant between families Bombacaceae and Sterculiaceae
    Pseudobombax ellipticum, shaving-brush tree
    tree of Mexico to Guatemala having densely hairy flowers with long narrow petals clustered at ends of branches before leaves appear
    Brisbane quandong, Elaeocarpus grandis, blue fig, quandong, quandong tree, silver quandong tree
    Australian tree having hard white timber and glossy green leaves with white flowers followed by one-seeded glossy blue fruit
    Jamaican cherry, Muntingia calabura, calabur tree, calabura, silk wood, silkwood
    a fast-growing tropical American evergreen having white flowers and white fleshy edible fruit; bark yields a silky fiber used in cordage and wood is valuable for staves
    Sloanea jamaicensis, break-axe, breakax, breakaxe
    West Indian timber tree having very hard wood
    bottle tree, bottle-tree
    an Australian tree of the genus Brachychiton
    Chinese parasol, Chinese parasol tree, Firmiana simplex, Japanese varnish tree, phoenix tree
    deciduous tree widely grown in southern United States as an ornamental for its handsome maplelike foliage and long racemes of yellow-green flowers followed by curious leaflike pods
    Pterospermum acerifolium, maple-leaved bayur, mayeng
    Indian tree having fragrant nocturnal white flowers and yielding a reddish wood used for planking; often grown as an ornamental or shade tree
    Tarrietia argyrodendron, silver tree
    Australian timber tree
    Triplochiton scleroxcylon, arere, obeche, obechi, samba
    large west African tree having large palmately lobed leaves and axillary cymose panicles of small white flowers and one-winged seeds; yields soft white to pale yellow wood
    basswood, lime, lime tree, linden, linden tree
    any of various deciduous trees of the genus Tilia with heart-shaped leaves and drooping cymose clusters of yellowish often fragrant flowers; several yield valuable timber
    Leucadendron argenteum, silver tree
    small South African tree with long silvery silky foliage
    Orites excelsa, prickly ash
    Australian tree having alternate simple leaves (when young they are pinnate with prickly toothed margins) and slender axillary spikes of white flowers
    Stenocarpus sinuatus, firewheel tree, wheel tree
    eastern Australian tree widely cultivated as a shade tree and for its glossy leaves and circular clusters of showy red to orange-scarlet flowers
    Stenocarpus salignus, beefwood, scrub beefwood
    tree or tall shrub with shiny leaves and umbels of fragrant creamy-white flowers; yields hard heavy reddish wood
    casuarina
    any of various trees and shrubs of the genus Casuarina having jointed stems and whorls of scalelike leaves; some yield heavy hardwood
    beech, beech tree
    any of several large deciduous trees with rounded spreading crowns and smooth grey bark and small sweet edible triangular nuts enclosed in burs; north temperate regions
    chestnut, chestnut tree
    any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur
    oak chestnut
    a tree of the genus Castanopsis
    Castanea chrysophylla, Castanopsis chrysophylla, Chrysolepis chrysophylla, giant chinkapin, golden chinkapin
    small ornamental evergreen tree of Pacific Coast whose glossy yellow-green leaves are yellow beneath; bears edible nuts
    Lithocarpus densiflorus, tanbark oak
    evergreen tree of the Pacific coast area having large leathery leaves; yields tanbark
    evergreen beech, southern beech
    any of various beeches of the southern hemisphere having small usually evergreen leaves
    oak, oak tree
    a deciduous tree of the genus Quercus; has acorns and lobed leaves
    birch, birch tree
    any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark
    alder, alder tree
    north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and conelike fruit; bark is used in tanning and dyeing and the wood is rot-resistant
    hornbeam
    any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Carpinus
    hop hornbeam
    any of several trees resembling hornbeams with fruiting clusters resembling hops
    fringe tree
    any of various small decorative flowering trees or shrubs of the genus Chionanthus
    ash, ash tree
    any of various deciduous pinnate-leaved ornamental or timber trees of the genus Fraxinus
    American olive, Osmanthus americanus, devilwood
    small tree of southern United States having panicles of dull white flowers followed by dark purple fruits
    dhava, dhawa
    an Indian tree of the family Combretaceae that is a source of timber and gum
    Conocarpus erectus, button mangrove, button tree
    evergreen tree or shrub with fruit resembling buttons and yielding heavy hard compact wood
    Laguncularia racemosa, white mangrove
    shrub to moderately large tree that grows in brackish water along the seacoasts of western Africa and tropical America; locally important as a source of tannin
    Jamaica bayberry, Pimenta acris, bay-rum tree, bayberry, wild cinnamon
    West Indian tree; source of bay rum
    gum, gum tree
    any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum
    poon
    any of several East Indian trees of the genus Calophyllum having shiny leathery leaves and lightweight hard wood
    Calophyllum calaba, Santa Maria tree, calaba
    West Indian tree having racemes of fragrant white flowers and yielding a durable timber and resinous juice
    Calophyllum longifolium, Maria
    valuable timber tree of Panama
    Calophyllum candidissimum, lancewood tree, laurelwood
    tropical American tree; valued for its hard durable wood
    clusia
    an aromatic tree of the genus Clusia having large white or yellow or pink flowers
    Clusia flava, wild fig
    a West Indies clusia having fig-shaped fruit
    Mesua ferrea, ironwood, ironwood tree, rose chestnut
    handsome East Indian evergreen tree often planted as an ornamental for its fragrant white flowers that yield a perfume; source of very heavy hardwood used for railroad ties
    Caryocar nuciferum, souari, souari nut, souari tree
    large South American evergreen tree trifoliate leaves and drupes with nutlike seeds used as food and a source of cooking oil
    dipterocarp
    tree of the family Dipterocarpaceae
    Ceylon gooseberry, Dovyalis hebecarpa, ketembilla, ketembilla tree, kitambilla, kitembilla
    a small shrubby spiny tree cultivated for its maroon-purple fruit with sweet purple pulp tasting like gooseberries; Sri Lanka and India
    Hydnocarpus kurzii, Taraktagenos kurzii, Taraktogenos kurzii, chaulmoogra, chaulmoogra tree, chaulmugra
    East Indian tree with oily seeds yield chaulmoogra oil used to treat leprosy
    Hydnocarpus laurifolia, Hydnocarpus wightiana
    leathery-leaved tree of western India bearing round fruits with brown densely hairy rind enclosing oily pulp that yields hydnocarpus oil
    Idesia polycarpa, idesia
    deciduous roundheaded Asiatic tree widely grown in mild climates as an ornamental for its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant yellow-green flowers followed by hanging clusters of fleshy orange-red berries
    Australian nettle, Australian nettle tree
    any of several tall Australian trees of the genus Laportea
    fig tree
    any moraceous tree of the tropical genus Ficus; produces a closed pear-shaped receptacle that becomes fleshy and edible when mature
    elm, elm tree
    any of various trees of the genus Ulmus: important timber or shade trees
    hackberry, nettle tree
    any of various trees of the genus Celtis having inconspicuous flowers and small berrylike fruits
    Cordyline australis, cabbage tree, grass tree
    elegant tree having either a single trunk or a branching trunk each with terminal clusters of long narrow leaves and large panicles of fragrant white, yellow or red flowers; New Zealand
    Caesalpinia bonduc, Caesalpinia bonducella, bonduc, bonduc tree
    tropical tree with large prickly pods of seeds that resemble beans and are used for jewelry and rosaries
    Caesalpinia coriaria, divi-divi
    small thornless tree or shrub of tropical America whose seed pods are a source of tannin
    Caesalpinia echinata, brazilwood, peach-wood, peachwood, pernambuco wood
    tropical tree with prickly trunk; its heavy red wood yields a red dye and is used for cabinetry
    Caesalpinia ferrea, brazilian ironwood
    thornless tree yielding heavy wood
    Acrocarpus fraxinifolius, shingle tree
    East Indian timber tree with hard durable wood used especially for tea boxes
    Brachystegia speciformis, msasa
    small shrubby African tree having compound leaves and racemes of small fragrant green flowers
    cassia
    any of various trees or shrubs of the genus Cassia having pinnately compound leaves and usually yellow flowers followed by long seedpods
    locust, locust tree
    any of various hardwood trees of the family Leguminosae
    Gymnocladus dioica, Kentucky coffee tree, bonduc, chicot
    handsome tree of central and eastern North America having large bipinnate leaves and green-white flowers followed by large woody brown pods whose seeds are used as a coffee substitute
    Cercidium floridum, Parkinsonia florida, palo verde
    densely branched spiny tree of southwestern United States having showy yellow flowers and blue-green bark; sometimes placed in genus Cercidium
    andelmin, angelim
    any of several tropical American trees of the genus Andira
    African sandalwood, Baphia nitida, camwood
    small shrubby African tree with hard wood used as a dyewood yielding a red dye
    Butea frondosa, Butea monosperma, dak, dhak, palas
    East Indian tree bearing a profusion of intense vermilion velvet-textured blooms and yielding a yellow dye
    rosewood, rosewood tree
    any of those hardwood trees of the genus Dalbergia that yield rosewood--valuable cabinet woods of a dark red or purplish color streaked and variegated with black
    Dalbergia sissoo, sisham, sissoo, sissu
    East Indian tree whose leaves are used for fodder; yields a compact dark brown durable timber used in shipbuilding and making railroad ties
    Dalbergia cearensis, kingwood, kingwood tree
    Brazilian tree yielding a handsome cabinet wood
    Dalbergia retusa, cocobolo
    a valuable timber tree of tropical South America
    blackwood, blackwood tree
    any of several hardwood trees yielding very dark-colored wood
    coral tree, erythrina
    any of various shrubs or shrubby trees of the genus Erythrina having trifoliate leaves and racemes of scarlet to coral red flowers and black seeds; cultivated as an ornamental
    gliricidia
    any of several small deciduous trees valued for their dark wood and dense racemes of nectar-rich pink flowers grown in great profusion on arching branches; roots and bark and leaves and seeds are poisonous
    millettia
    any of several tropical trees or shrubs yielding showy streaked dark reddish or chocolate-colored wood
    Myroxylon balsamum, Myroxylon toluiferum, tolu balsam tree, tolu tree
    medium-sized tropical American tree yielding tolu balsam and a fragrant hard wood used for high-grade furniture and cabinetwork
    Myroxylon balsamum pereirae, Myroxylon pereirae, Peruvian balsam
    tree of South and Central America yielding an aromatic balsam
    necklace tree
    a tree of the genus Ormosia having seeds used as beads
    Jamaica dogwood, Piscidia erythrina, Piscidia piscipula, fish fuddle
    small tree of West Indies and Florida having large odd-pinnate leaves and panicles of red-striped purple to white flowers followed by decorative curly winged seedpods; yields fish poisons
    quira
    any of several tropical American trees some yielding economically important timber
    Indian beech, Pongamia glabra
    evergreen Asiatic tree having glossy pinnate leaves and racemose creamy-white scented flowers; used as a shade tree
    Pterocarpus angolensis, bloodwood tree, kiaat
    deciduous South African tree having large odd-pinnate leaves and profuse fragrant orange-yellow flowers; yields a red juice and heavy strong durable wood
    Pterocarpus indicus, amboyna, padauk, padouk
    tree native to southeastern Asia having reddish wood with a mottled or striped black grain
    Burma padauk, Burmese rosewood, Pterocarpus macrocarpus
    tree of India and Burma yielding a wood resembling mahogany
    Pterocarpus marsupium, kino
    East Indian tree yielding a resin or extract often used medicinally and in e.g. tanning
    Pterocarpus santalinus, red sandalwood, red sanders, red sanderswood, red saunders
    tree of India and East Indies yielding a hard fragrant timber prized for cabinetwork and dark red heartwood used as a dyewood
    Sabinea carinalis, carib wood
    small Dominican tree bearing masses of large crimson flowers before the fine pinnate foliage emerges
    Sesbania grandiflora, scarlet wisteria tree, vegetable hummingbird
    a softwood tree with lax racemes of usually red or pink flowers; tropical Australia and Asia; naturalized in southern Florida and West Indies
    Chinese scholar tree, Chinese scholartree, Japanese pagoda tree, Sophora japonica, Sophora sinensis
    handsome roundheaded deciduous tree having compound dark green leaves and profuse panicles of fragrant creamy-white flowers; China and Japan
    Sophora secundiflora, coral bean, frijolillo, frijolito, mescal bean
    shrub or small tree having pinnate leaves poisonous to livestock and dense racemes of intensely fragrant blue flowers and red beans
    Sophora tetraptera, kowhai
    shrub or small tree of New Zealand and Chile having pendulous racemes of tubular golden-yellow flowers; yields a hard strong wood
    pride of Bolivia, tipu, tipu tree, yellow jacaranda
    semi-evergreen South American tree with odd-pinnate leaves and golden yellow flowers cultivated as an ornamental
    Virgilia capensis, Virgilia oroboides, keurboom
    tree with odd-pinnate leaves and racemes of fragrant pink to purple flowers
    Virgilia divaricata, keurboom
    fast-growing roundheaded tree with fragrant white to deep rose flowers; planted as an ornamental
    palm, palm tree
    any plant of the family Palmae having an unbranched trunk crowned by large pinnate or palmate leaves
    Calycophyllum candidissimum, dagame, lemonwood tree
    source of a tough elastic wood
    coffee, coffee tree
    any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans
    chinchona, cinchona
    any of several trees of the genus Cinchona
    Nauclea diderrichii, Sarcocephalus diderrichii, opepe
    large African forest tree yielding a strong hard yellow to golden brown lumber; sometimes placed in genus Sarcocephalus
    Psychotria capensis, lemon-wood, lemon-wood tree, lemonwood, lemonwood tree
    South African evergreen having hard tough wood
    Vangueria infausta, medlar, wild medlar, wild medlar tree
    small deciduous tree of southern Africa having edible fruit
    Spanish tamarind, Vangueria madagascariensis
    shrubby tree of Madagascar occasionally cultivated for its edible apple-shaped fruit
    incense tree
    any of various tropical trees of the family Burseraceae yielding fragrant gums or resins that are burned as incense
    mahogany, mahogany tree
    any of various tropical timber trees of the family Meliaceae especially the genus Swietinia valued for their hard yellowish- to reddish-brown wood that is readily worked and takes a high polish
    China tree, Melia azedarach, Melia azederach, Persian lilac, azedarach, azederach, chinaberry, chinaberry tree, pride-of-India
    tree of northern India and China having purple blossoms and small inedible yellow fruits; naturalized in the southern United States as a shade tree
    Azadirachta indica, Melia Azadirachta, arishth, margosa, neem, neem tree, nim tree
    large semi-evergreen tree of the East Indies; trunk exudes a tenacious gum; bitter bark used as a tonic; seeds yield an aromatic oil; sometimes placed in genus Melia
    Chloroxylon swietenia, satinwood, satinwood tree
    East Indian tree with valuable hard lustrous yellowish wood;
    silver ash
    any of various timber trees of the genus Flindersia
    Lansium domesticum, langsat, langset, lanseh tree
    East Indian tree bearing an edible yellow berry
    African walnut, Lovoa klaineana
    tropical African timber tree with wood that resembles mahogany
    turreae
    any of numerous trees and shrubs grown for their beautiful glossy foliage and sweetly fragrant starry flowers
    lepidobotrys
    African tree often classified in other families; similar to the Costa Rican caracolito in wood structure as well as in fruit and flowers and leaves and seeds
    Ruptiliocarpon caracolito, caracolito
    large Costa Rican tree having light-colored wood suitable for cabinetry; similar to the African lepidobotrys in wood structure as well as in fruit and flowers and leaves and seeds; often classified in other families
    Phellodendron amurense, cork tree
    deciduous tree of China and Manchuria having a turpentine aroma and handsome compound leaves turning yellow in autumn and deeply fissured corky bark
    Poncirus trifoliata, trifoliata, trifoliate orange, wild orange
    small fast-growing spiny deciduous Chinese orange tree bearing sweetly scented flowers and decorative but inedible fruit: used as a stock in grafting and for hedges
    prickly ash
    any of a number of trees or shrubs of the genus Zanthoxylum having spiny branches
    bitterwood tree
    any of various trees or shrubs of the family Simaroubaceae having wood and bark with a bitter taste
    Kirkia wilmsii, pepper tree
    small African deciduous tree with spreading crown having leaves clustered toward ends of branches and clusters of creamy flowers resembling lilacs
    willow, willow tree
    any of numerous deciduous trees and shrubs of the genus Salix
    Santalum album, sandalwood tree, true sandalwood
    parasitic tree of Indonesia and Malaysia having fragrant close-grained yellowish heartwood with insect repelling properties and used, e.g., for making chests
    Eucarya acuminata, Fusanus acuminatus, quandang, quandong, quandong tree
    Australian tree with edible flesh and edible nutlike seed
    aalii
    a small Hawaiian tree with hard dark wood
    soapberry, soapberry tree
    a tree of the genus Sapindus whose fruit is rich in saponin
    Schinus chichita, aroeira blanca
    small resinous tree or shrub of Brazil
    Peruvian mastic tree, Schinus molle, molle, pepper tree
    small Peruvian evergreen with broad rounded head and slender pendant branches with attractive clusters of greenish flowers followed by clusters of rose-pink fruits
    Brazilian pepper tree, Schinus terebinthifolius
    small Brazilian evergreen resinous tree or shrub having dark green leaflets and white flowers followed by bright red fruit; used as a street tree and lawn specimen
    Diospyros ebenum, ebony, ebony tree
    tropical tree of southern Asia having hard dark-colored heartwood used in cabinetwork
    Andaman marble, Diospyros kurzii, marble-wood, marblewood
    large Asiatic tree having hard marbled zebrawood
    Manilkara bidentata, balata, balata tree, beefwood, bully tree
    a tropical hardwood tree yielding balata gum and heavy red timber
    Palaquium gutta, gutta-percha tree
    one of several East Indian trees yielding gutta-percha
    gutta-percha tree
    one of several East Indian trees yielding gutta-percha
    Calocarpum zapota, Pouteria zapota, mammee, marmalade tree, sapote
    tropical American tree having wood like mahogany and sweet edible egg-shaped fruit; in some classifications placed in the genus Calocarpum
    Ceratopetalum gummiferum, Christmas bush, Christmas tree
    Australian tree or shrub with red flowers; often used in Christmas decoration
    plane tree, platan, sycamore
    any of several trees of the genus Platanus having thin pale bark that scales off in small plates and lobed leaves and ball-shaped heads of fruits
    Crescentia cujete, calabash, calabash tree
    tropical American evergreen that produces large round gourds
    Cordia gerascanthus, Spanish elm, princewood
    tropical American timber tree
    Avicennia officinalis, white mangrove
    a small to medium-sized tree growing in brackish water especially along the shores of the southwestern Pacific
    Aegiceras majus, black mangrove
    an Australian tree resembling the black mangrove of the West Indies and Florida
    Tectona grandis, teak
    tall East Indian timber tree now planted in western Africa and tropical America for its hard durable wood
    snag
    a dead tree that is still standing, usually in an undisturbed forest
    timber tree
    any tree that is valued as a source of lumber or timber
    treelet
    a small tree
    arbor
    tree (as opposed to shrub)
    bean tree
    any of several trees having seedpods as fruits
    pollard
    a tree with limbs cut back to promote a more bushy growth of foliage
    sapling
    young tree
    shade tree
    a tree planted or valued chiefly for its shade from sunlight
    gymnospermous tree
    any tree of the division Gymnospermophyta
    angiospermous tree, flowering tree
    any tree having seeds and ovules contained in the ovary
    fever tree
    any of several trees having leaves or bark used to allay fever or thought to indicate regions free of fever
    bonsai
    a dwarfed ornamental tree or shrub grown in a tray or shallow pot
    nakedwood
    any of several small to medium-sized trees of Florida and West Indies with thin scaly bark and heavy dark heartwood
    Pomaderris apetala, hazel, hazel tree
    Australian tree grown especially for ornament and its fine-grained wood and bearing edible nuts
    tree of knowledge
    the biblical tree in the Garden of Eden whose forbidden fruit was tasted by Adam and Eve
    Gnetum gnemon, gnetum
    small tropical tree with tiered branches and divaricate branchlets having broad glossy dark green leaves; exploited for its edible young leaves and seeds that provide a fine flour
    gymnospermous yellowwood
    any of various gymnospermous trees having yellow wood
    angiospermous yellowwood
    any of various angiospermous trees having yellow wood
    Ginkgo biloba, gingko, ginkgo, maidenhair tree
    deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
    Cananga odorata, ilang-ilang, ylang-ylang
    evergreen Asian tree with aromatic greenish-yellow flowers yielding a volatile oil; widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental
    Cercidiphyllum japonicum, katsura tree
    rapidly growing deciduous tree of low mountainsides of China and Japan; grown as an ornamental for its dark blue-green candy-scented foliage that becomes yellow to scarlet in autumn
    laurel
    any of various aromatic trees of the laurel family
    Illicium floridanum, purple anise
    small shrubby tree with purple flowers; found in wet soils of southeastern United States
    Illicium anisatum, star anise
    small shrubby tree of Japan and Taiwan; flowers are not fragrant
    Chinese anise, Illicium verum, star anise
    small tree of China and Vietnam bearing anise-scented star-shaped fruit used in food and medicinally as a carminative
    magnolia
    any shrub or tree of the genus Magnolia; valued for their longevity and exquisite fragrant blooms
    genus Manglietia, manglietia
    a genus of flowering tree of the family Magnoliaceae found from Malay to southern China
    Liriodendron tulipifera, canary whitewood, tulip poplar, tulip tree, yellow poplar
    tall North American deciduous timber tree having large tulip-shaped greenish yellow flowers and conelike fruit; yields soft white woods used especially for cabinet work
    Connarus guianensis
    tropical American and east African tree with strikingly marked hardwood used in cabinetwork
    Centrolobium robustum, arariba
    Brazilian tree with handsomely marked wood
    Coumarouna odorata, Dipteryx odorata, tonka bean, tonka bean tree
    tall tropical South American tree having pulpy egg-shaped pods of fragrant black almond-shaped seeds used for flavoring
    Hymenaea courbaril, courbaril
    West Indian locust tree having pinnate leaves and panicles of large white or purplish flowers; yields very hard tough wood
    shittah, shittah tree
    source of a wood mentioned frequently in the Bible; probably a species of genus Acacia
    wattle
    any of various Australasian trees yielding slender poles suitable for wattle
    Acacia catechu, Jerusalem thorn, catechu
    East Indian spiny tree having twice-pinnate leaves and yellow flowers followed by flat pods; source of black catechu
    Acacia farnesiana, cassie, flame tree, huisache, mimosa bush, scented wattle, sweet acacia, sweet wattle
    tropical American thorny shrub or small tree; fragrant yellow flowers used in making perfumery
    Acacia melanoxylon, lightwood
    tall Australian acacia yielding highly valued black timber
    Acacia xanthophloea, fever tree
    African tree supposed to mark healthful regions
    Albizia julibrissin, Albizzia julibrissin, silk tree
    attractive domed or flat-topped Asiatic tree having bipinnate leaves and flowers with long silky stamens
    Albizia lebbeck, Albizzia lebbeck, siris, siris tree
    large spreading Old World tree having large leaves and globose clusters of greenish-yellow flowers and long seed pods that clatter in the wind
    Albizia saman, monkey pod, monkeypod, rain tree, saman, zaman, zamang
    large ornamental tropical American tree with bipinnate leaves and globose clusters of flowers with crimson stamens and seed pods that are eaten by cattle
    Parkia javanica
    tall evergreen rain forest tree with wide-spreading crown having yellow-white flowers; grown as an ornamental in parks and large gardens
    Bocconia frutescens, bocconia, tree celandine
    small Central American tree having loose racemes of purple-tinted green flowers
    Pandanus tectorius, lauhala, textile screw pine
    Polynesian screw pine
    Thespesia populnea, bendy tree, portia tree, seaside mahoe
    pantropical tree of usually seacoasts sometimes cultivated as an ornamental for its rounded heart-shaped leaves and showy yellow and purple flowers; yields valuable pink to dark red close-grained wood and oil from its seeds
    Adansonia gregorii, cream-of-tartar tree, sour gourd
    Australian tree having an agreeably acid fruit that resembles a gourd
    Adansonia digitata, baobab, monkey-bread tree
    African tree having an exceedingly thick trunk and fruit that resembles a gourd and has an edible pulp called monkey bread
    Bombay ceiba, Ceiba pentandra, God tree, ceiba tree, kapok, silk-cotton tree, white silk-cotton tree
    massive tropical tree with deep ridges on its massive trunk and bearing large pods of seeds covered with silky floss; source of the silky kapok fiber
    Ochroma lagopus, balsa
    forest tree of lowland Central America having a strong very light wood; used for making floats and rafts and in crafts
    sterculia
    any tree of the genus Sterculia
    Brachychiton acerifolius, Sterculia acerifolia, flame durrajong, flame tree
    south Australian tree having panicles of brilliant scarlet flowers
    Brachychiton australis, broad-leaved bottletree, flame tree
    north Australian tree having white flowers and broad leaves
    Brachychiton populneus, currajong, kurrajong
    widely distributed tree of eastern Australia yielding a tough durable fiber and soft light attractively grained wood; foliage is an important emergency food for cattle
    Brachychiton rupestris, Queensland bottletree, Sterculia rupestris, narrow-leaved bottletree
    large tree of Queensland having cream-colored flowers blotched with red inside; sometimes placed in genus Sterculia
    Heritiera trifoliolata, Terrietia trifoliolata, booyong, brown oak, crow's foot, red beech, silky elm, stave wood
    large tree of Australasia
    Heritiera macrophylla, looking glass tree
    large evergreen tree of India and Burma whose leaves are silvery beneath
    Heritiera littoralis, looking-glass plant
    small tree of coastal regions of Old World tropics whose leaves are silvery beneath
    Theobroma cacao, cacao, cacao tree, chocolate tree
    tropical American tree producing cacao beans
    American basswood, American lime, Tilia americana
    large American shade tree with large dark green leaves and rounded crown
    Tilia cordata, small-leaved lime, small-leaved linden
    large spreading European linden with small dark green leaves; often cultivated as an ornamental
    Tilia heterophylla, cottonwood, white basswood
    American basswood of the Allegheny region
    Japanese lime, Japanese linden, Tilia japonica
    medium-sized tree of Japan used as an ornamental
    Tilia tomentosa, silver lime, silver linden
    large tree native to eastern Europe and Asia Minor having leaves with white tomentum on the under side; widely cultivated as an ornamental
    New Zealand honeysuckle, rewa-rewa
    slender elegant tree of New Zealand having racemes of red flowers and yielding valuable mottled red timber
    she-oak
    any of several Australian trees of the genus Casuarina
    beefwood
    any of several Australian trees of the genus Casuarina yielding heavy hard red wood used in cabinetwork
    Oxydendrum arboreum, sorrel tree, sourwood, titi
    deciduous shrubby tree of eastern North America having deeply fissured bark and sprays of small fragrant white flowers and sour-tasting leaves
    European beech, Fagus sylvatica, common beech
    large European beech with minutely-toothed leaves; widely planted as an ornamental in North America
    Fagus purpurea, Fagus sylvatica atropunicea, Fagus sylvatica purpurea, copper beech, purple beech
    variety of European beech with shining purple or copper-colored leaves
    American beech, Fagus americana, Fagus grandifolia, red beech, white beech
    North American forest tree with light green leaves and edible nuts
    Fagus pendula, Fagus sylvatica pendula, weeping beech
    variety of European beech with pendulous limbs
    Japanese beech
    a beech native to Japan having soft light yellowish-brown wood
    American chestnut, American sweet chestnut, Castanea dentata
    large tree found from Maine to Alabama
    Castanea sativa, European chestnut, Spanish chestnut, sweet chestnut
    wild or cultivated throughout southern Europe, northwestern Africa and southwestern Asia
    Castanea mollissima, Chinese chestnut
    a small tree with small sweet nuts; wild or naturalized in Korea and China
    Castanea crenata, Japanese chestnut
    a spreading tree of Japan that has a short trunk
    Allegheny chinkapin, Castanea pumila, chinquapin, dwarf chestnut, eastern chinquapin
    shrubby chestnut tree of southeastern United States having small edible nuts
    Castanea ozarkensis, Ozark chinkapin, Ozark chinquapin, chinquapin
    shrubby tree closely related to the Allegheny chinkapin but with larger leaves; southern midwestern United States
    Japanese oak, Lithocarpus glaber, Lithocarpus glabra
    small evergreen tree of China and Japan
    Nothofagus cuninghamii, myrtle beech
    large evergreen tree of Tasmania
    Coigue, Nothofagus dombeyi
    Chilean evergreen whose leafy boughs are used for thatching
    New Zealand beech
    any of several tall New Zealand trees of the genus Nothofagus; some yield useful timber
    Nothofagus obliqua, roble beech
    tall deciduous South American tree
    Nothofagus procera, rauli beech
    large Chilean timber tree yielding coarse lumber
    Nothofagus solanderi, black beech
    New Zealand forest tree
    Nothofagus truncata, hard beech
    tall New Zealand tree yielding very hard wood
    live oak
    any of several American evergreen oaks
    white oak
    any of numerous Old World and American oaks having 6 to 8 stamens in each floret, acorns that mature in one year and leaf veins that never extend beyond the margin of the leaf
    European turkey oak, Quercus cerris, turkey oak
    large deciduous tree of central and southern Europe and Asia Minor having lanceolate leaves with spiked lobes
    Quercus coccinea, scarlet oak
    medium-large deciduous tree with a thick trunk found in the eastern United States and southern Canada and having close-grained wood and deeply seven-lobed leaves turning scarlet in autumn
    Quercus ellipsoidalis, jack oak, northern pin oak
    small to medium deciduous oak of east central North America; leaves have sharply pointed lobes
    red oak
    any of numerous American oaks having 4 stamens in each floret, acorns requiring two years to mature and leaf veins usually extending beyond the leaf margin to form points or bristles
    Quercus ilex, evergreen oak, holly-leaved oak, holm oak, holm tree
    evergreen oak of southern Europe having leaves somewhat resembling those of holly; yields a hard wood
    Quercus imbricaria, laurel oak, shingle oak
    small deciduous tree of eastern and central United States having leaves that shine like laurel; wood is used in western states for shingles
    Quercus incana, bluejack oak, turkey oak
    small semi-evergreen shrubby tree of southeastern United States having hairy young branchlets and leaves narrowing to a slender bristly point
    California black oak, Quercus kelloggii
    large deciduous tree of the Pacific coast having deeply parted bristle-tipped leaves
    American turkey oak, Quercus laevis, turkey oak
    small slow-growing deciduous shrubby tree of dry sandy barrens of southeastern United States having leaves with bristle-tipped lobes resembling turkey's toes
    Quercus laurifolia, laurel oak, pin oak
    large nearly semi-evergreen oak of southeastern United States; thrives in damp soil
    Quercus lyrata, overcup oak
    medium-large deciduous timber tree of central and southern United States; acorns deeply immersed in the cup and mature in first year
    scrub oak
    any of various chiefly American small shrubby oaks often a dominant form on thin dry soils sometimes forming dense thickets
    Japanese oak, Quercus grosseserrata, Quercus mongolica
    oak with moderately light fine-grained wood; Japan
    chestnut oak
    an oak having leaves resembling those of chestnut trees
    Quercus nigra, possum oak, water oak
    relatively tall deciduous water oak of southeastern United States often cultivated as a shade tree; thrives in wet soil
    Nuttall oak, Nuttall's oak, Quercus nuttalli
    similar to the pin oak; grows in damp sites in Mississippi River basin
    Quercus palustris, pin oak, swamp oak
    fast-growing medium to large pyramidal deciduous tree of northeastern United States and southeastern Canada having deeply pinnatifid leaves that turn bright red in autumn; thrives in damp soil
    Quercus phellos, willow oak
    medium to large deciduous oak of the eastern United States having long lanceolate leaves and soft strong wood
    Quercus stellata, box white oak, brash oak, iron oak, post oak
    small deciduous tree of eastern and central United States having dark green lyrate pinnatifid leaves and tough moisture-resistant wood used especially for fence posts
    Quercus suber, cork oak
    medium-sized evergreen oak of southern Europe and northern Africa having thick corky bark that is periodically stripped to yield commercial cork
    Quercus texana, Spanish oak
    small deciduous tree having the trunk branched almost from the base with spreading branches; Texas and southern Oklahoma
    Chinese cork oak, Quercus variabilis
    medium to large deciduous tree of China, Japan, and Korea having thick corky bark
    Quercus velutina, black oak, quercitron, quercitron oak, yellow oak
    medium to large deciduous timber tree of the eastern United States and southeastern Canada having dark outer bark and yellow inner bark used for tanning; broad five-lobed leaves are bristle-tipped
    Betula alleghaniensis, Betula leutea, yellow birch
    tree of eastern North America with thin lustrous yellow or grey bark
    American white birch, Betula cordifolia, Betula papyrifera, canoe birch, paper birch, paperbark birch
    small American birch with peeling white bark often worked into e.g. baskets or toy canoes
    American gray birch, American grey birch, Betula populifolia, gray birch, grey birch
    medium-sized birch of eastern North America having white or pale grey bark and valueless wood; occurs often as a second-growth forest tree
    Betula pendula, European white birch, common birch, silver birch
    European birch with silvery white peeling bark and markedly drooping branches
    Betula pubescens, downy birch, white birch
    European birch with dull white to pale brown bark and somewhat drooping hairy branches
    Betula nigra, black birch, red birch, river birch
    birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark
    Betula lenta, black birch, cherry birch, sweet birch
    common birch of the eastern United States having spicy brown bark yielding a volatile oil and hard dark wood used for furniture
    Betula neoalaskana, Yukon white birch
    Alaskan birch with white to pale brown bark
    Betula fontinalis, Western birch, Western paper birch, mountain birch, swamp birch, water birch
    birch of western United States resembling the paper birch but having brownish bark
    American dwarf birch, Betula glandulosa, Newfoundland dwarf birch
    small shrub of colder parts of North America and Greenland
    Alnus glutinosa, Alnus vulgaris, European black alder, common alder
    medium-sized tree with brown-black bark and woody fruiting catkins; leaves are hairy beneath
    Alnus incana, gray alder, grey alder
    native to Europe but introduced in America
    Alnus maritima, seaside alder
    shrub or small tree of southeastern United States having soft light brown wood
    Alnus rhombifolia, mountain alder, white alder
    tree of western United States
    Alnus rubra, Oregon alder, red alder
    large tree of Pacific coast of North America having hard red wood much used for furniture
    Alnus rugosa, speckled alder
    common shrub of Canada and northeastern United States having shoots scattered with rust-colored down
    Alnus serrulata, hazel alder, smooth alder
    common shrub of the eastern United States with smooth bark
    Alnus veridis, green alder
    shrub of mountainous areas of Europe
    Alnus crispa, Alnus veridis crispa, green alder
    North American shrub with light green leaves and winged nuts
    Carpinus betulus, European hornbeam
    medium-sized Old World tree with smooth grey bark and leaves like beech that turn yellow-orange in autumn
    American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana
    tree or large shrub with grey bark and blue-green leaves that turn red-orange in autumn
    Old World hop hornbeam, Ostrya carpinifolia
    medium-sized hop hornbeam of southern Europe and Asia Minor
    Eastern hop hornbeam, Ostrya virginiana, ironwood, ironwood tree
    medium-sized hop hornbeam of eastern North America
    Chionanthus virginicus, fringe bush
    small bushy tree of southeastern United States having profuse clusters of white flowers
    Fraxinus Americana, white ash
    spreading American ash with leaves pale green or silvery beneath and having hard brownish wood
    Fraxinus caroliniana, swamp ash
    small ash of swampy areas of southeastern United States
    Fraxinus cuspidata, flowering ash
    shrubby ash of southwestern United States having fragrant white flowers
    Fraxinus dipetala, flowering ash
    shrubby California ash with showy off-white flowers
    European ash, Fraxinus excelsior, common European ash
    tall ash of Europe to the Caucasus having leaves shiny dark-green above and pale downy beneath
    Fraxinus latifolia, Fraxinus oregona, Oregon ash
    timber tree of western North America yielding hard light wood; closely related to the red ash
    Fraxinus nigra, basket ash, black ash, brown ash, hoop ash
    vigorous spreading North American tree having dark brown heavy wood; leaves turn gold in autumn
    Fraxinus ornus, flowering ash, manna ash
    southern Mediterranean ash having fragrant white flowers in dense panicles and yielding manna
    Fraxinus pennsylvanica, downy ash, red ash
    smallish American tree with velvety branchlets and lower leaf surfaces
    Fraxinus quadrangulata, blue ash
    ash of central and southern United States with bluish-green foliage and hard brown wood
    Fraxinus texensis, mountain ash
    low-growing ash of Texas
    Fraxinus tomentosa, pumpkin ash
    timber tree of central and southeastern United States having hairy branchlets and a swollen trunk base
    Arizona ash, Fraxinus velutina
    small shrubby ash of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico
    liquidambar
    any tree of the genus Liquidambar
    iron tree, iron-tree, ironwood, ironwood tree
    a small slow-growing deciduous tree of northern Iran having a low domed shape
    Combretum appiculatum, bush willow
    small deciduous tree of the Transvaal having spikes of yellow flowers
    Combretum erythrophyllum, bush willow
    small South African tree having creamy yellow fragrant flowers usually growing on stream banks
    Lagerstroemia speciosa, Queen's crape myrtle, pride-of-India
    native to Asia, Australia, and East Indies, where it provides timber called pyinma; used elsewhere as an ornamental for its large showy flowers
    myrtaceous tree
    trees and shrubs
    myrtle
    any evergreen shrub or tree of the genus Myrtus
    Eugenia dicrana, nakedwood
    tree of extreme southern Florida and West Indies having thin scaly bark and aromatic fruits and seeds and yielding hard heavy close-grained zebrawood
    eucalypt, eucalyptus, eucalyptus tree
    a tree of the genus Eucalyptus
    tupelo, tupelo tree
    any of several gum trees of swampy areas of North America
    Rhizophora mangle, mangrove
    a tropical tree or shrub bearing fruit that germinates while still on the tree and having numerous prop roots that eventually form an impenetrable mass and are important in land building
    dillenia
    any of several evergreen trees or shrubs of the genus Dillenia grown for their foliage and nodding flowers resembling magnolias which are followed by fruit that is used in curries and jellies and preserves
    Alexandrian laurel, Calophyllum inophyllum
    East Indian tree having racemes of fragrant white flowers; coastal areas southern India to Malaysia
    Garcinia cambogia, Garcinia gummi-gutta, Garcinia hanburyi, gamboge tree
    low spreading tree of Indonesia yielding an orange to brown gum resin (gamboge) used as a pigment when powdered
    Shorea teysmanniana, red lauan, red lauan tree
    valuable Philippine timber tree
    Pipturus albidus
    Hawaiian tree of genus Pipturus having a bark (tapa) from which tapa cloth is made
    Ficus carica, common fig, common fig tree, fig
    Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit
    Ficus aurea, Florida strangler fig, golden fig, strangler fig, wild fig
    a strangler tree native to southern Florida and West Indies; begins as an epiphyte eventually developing many thick aerial roots and covering enormous areas
    East Indian fig tree, Ficus bengalensis, Indian banyan, banian, banian tree, banyan, banyan tree
    East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
    Ficus religiosa, bo tree, peepul, pipal, pipal tree, pipul, sacred fig
    fig tree of India noted for great size and longevity; lacks the prop roots of the banyan; regarded as sacred by Buddhists
    Assam rubber, Ficus elastica, India-rubber fig, India-rubber plant, India-rubber tree, rubber plant
    large tropical Asian tree frequently dwarfed as a houseplant; source of Assam rubber
    Ficus deltoidea, Ficus diversifolia, mistletoe fig, mistletoe rubber plant
    shrub or small tree often grown as a houseplant having foliage like mistletoe
    Botany Bay fig, Ficus rubiginosa, Port Jackson fig, little-leaf fig, rusty rig
    Australian tree resembling the banyan often planted for ornament; introduced into South Africa for brushwood
    Ficus sycomorus, mulberry fig, sycamore, sycamore fig
    thick-branched wide-spreading tree of Africa and adjacent southwestern Asia often buttressed with branches rising from near the ground; produces cluster of edible but inferior figs on short leafless twigs; the biblical sycamore
    Broussonetia papyrifera, paper mulberry
    shrubby Asiatic tree having bark (tapa) that resembles cloth; grown as a shade tree in Europe and America; male flowers are pendulous catkins and female are urn-shaped followed by small orange-red aggregate berries
    Cecropia peltata, imbauba, snake wood, trumpet tree, trumpet-wood, trumpetwood
    tropical American tree with large peltate leaves and hollow stems
    Ulmus alata, wing elm, winged elm
    North American elm having twigs and young branches with prominent corky projections
    American elm, Ulmus americana, rock elm, water elm, white elm
    large ornamental tree with graceful gradually spreading branches common in eastern North America
    European field elm, Ulmus carpinifolia, smooth-leaved elm
    European elm with lustrous smooth leaves used as an ornamental
    Ulmus crassifolia, cedar elm
    elm of southern United States and Mexico having spreading pendulous corky branches
    Ulmus glabra, witch elm, wych elm
    Eurasian elm often planted as a shade tree
    Dutch elm, Ulmus hollandica
    any of various hybrid ornamental European shade trees ranging from dwarf to tall
    Huntingdon elm, Ulmus hollandica vegetata
    erect vigorous hybrid ornamental elm tree
    Ulmus laevis, water elm
    Eurasian elm closely resembling the American elm; thrives in a moist environment
    Chinese elm, Ulmus parvifolia
    small fast-growing tree native to Asia; widely grown as shelterbelts and hedges
    English elm, European elm, Ulmus procera
    broad spreading rough-leaved elm common throughout Europe and planted elsewhere
    Chinese elm, Siberian elm, Ulmus pumila, dwarf elm
    fast-growing shrubby Asian tree naturalized in United States for shelter or ornament
    Ulmus rubra, red elm, slippery elm
    North American elm having rough leaves that are red when opening; yields a hard wood
    Jersey elm, Ulmus campestris sarniensis, Ulmus campestris wheatleyi, Ulmus sarniensis, guernsey elm, wheately elm
    a variety of the English elm with erect branches and broader leaves
    September elm, Ulmus serotina, red elm
    autumn-flowering elm of southeastern United States
    Ulmus thomasii, rock elm
    tall widely distributed elm of eastern North America
    Celtis australis, European hackberry, Mediterranean hackberry
    bright green deciduous shade tree of southern Europe
    American hackberry, Celtis occidentalis
    large deciduous shade tree of southern United States with small deep purple berries
    Celtis laevigata, sugarberry
    deciduous shade tree with small black berries; southern United States; yields soft yellowish wood
    Bauhinia variegata, mountain ebony, orchid tree
    small East Indian tree having orchid-like flowers and hard dark wood
    Cassia fistula, canafistola, canafistula, drumstick tree, golden shower tree, pudding pipe tree, purging cassia
    deciduous or semi-evergreen tree having scented sepia to yellow flowers in drooping racemes and pods whose pulp is used medicinally; tropical Asia and Central and South America and Australia
    Cassia grandis, horse cassia, pink shower, pink shower tree
    tropical American semi-evergreen tree having erect racemes of pink or rose-colored flowers; used as an ornamental
    Cassia javonica, rainbow shower
    deciduous ornamental hybrid of southeastern Asia and Hawaii having racemes of flowers ranging in color from cream-colored to orange and red
    Cassia marginata, Cassia roxburghii, horse cassia
    East Indian tree having long pods containing a black cathartic pulp used as a horse medicine
    Ceratonia siliqua, algarroba, carob, carob bean tree, carob tree
    evergreen Mediterranean tree with edible pods; the biblical carob
    Delonix regia, Poinciana regia, flamboyant, flame tree, peacock flower, royal poinciana
    showy tropical tree or shrub native to Madagascar; widely planted in tropical regions for its immense racemes of scarlet and orange flowers; sometimes placed in genus Poinciana
    Gleditsia aquatica, swamp locust, water locust
    honey locust of swamps and bottomlands of southern United States having short oval pods; yields dark heavy wood
    Gleditsia triacanthos, honey locust
    tall usually spiny North American tree having small greenish-white flowers in drooping racemes followed by long twisting seed pods; yields very hard durable reddish-brown wood; introduced to temperate Old World
    Haematoxylum campechianum, bloodwood tree, campeachy, logwood, logwood tree
    spiny shrub or small tree of Central America and West Indies having bipinnate leaves and racemes of small bright yellow flowers and yielding a hard brown or brownish-red heartwood used in preparing a black dye
    Tamarindus indica, tamarind, tamarind tree, tamarindo
    long-lived tropical evergreen tree with a spreading crown and feathery evergreen foliage and fragrant flowers yielding hard yellowish wood and long pods with edible chocolate-colored acidic pulp
    Andira inermis, cabbage bark, cabbage tree, cabbage-bark tree
    tree with shaggy unpleasant-smelling toxic bark and yielding strong durable wood; bark and seeds used as a purgative and vermifuge and narcotic
    Australian chestnut, Moreton Bay chestnut
    Australian tree having pinnate leaves and orange-yellow flowers followed by large woody pods containing 3 or 4 seeds that resemble chestnuts; yields dark strong wood
    Circis siliquastrum, Judas tree, love tree
    small tree of the eastern Mediterranean having abundant purplish-red flowers growing on old wood directly from stems and appearing before the leaves: widely cultivated in mild regions; wood valuable for veneers
    Cercis canadensis, redbud
    small shrubby tree of eastern North America similar to the Judas tree having usually pink flowers; found in damp sheltered underwood
    Dalbergia latifolia, East India rosewood, East Indian rosewood, Indian blackwood, Indian rosewood
    East Indian tree having a useful dark purple wood
    Brazilian rosewood, Dalbergia nigra, caviuna wood, jacaranda
    an important Brazilian timber tree yielding a heavy hard dark-colored wood streaked with black
    Dalbergia stevensonii, Honduras rosewood
    Central American tree yielding a valuable dark streaked rosewood
    Cape kafferboom, Erythrina caffra, kaffir boom
    small semi-evergreen broad-spreading tree of eastern South Africa with orange-scarlet flowers and small coral-red seeds; yields a light soft wood used for fence posts or shingles
    Erythrina corallodendrum, coral bean tree
    deciduous shrub having racemes of deep red flowers and black-spotted red seeds
    Erythrina crista-galli, ceibo, common coral tree, cry-baby tree, crybaby tree
    small South American spiny tree with dark crimson and scarlet flowers solitary or clustered
    Erythrina lysistemon, Transvaal kafferboom, kaffir boom
    small semi-evergreen tree of South Africa having dense clusters of clear scarlet flowers and red seeds
    Erythrina Indica, Erythrina variegata, Indian coral tree
    small to medium-sized thorny tree of tropical Asia and northern Australia having dense clusters of scarlet or crimson flowers and black seeds
    Erythrina vespertilio, cork tree
    prickly Australian coral tree having soft spongy wood
    Ormosia monosperma, bead tree, jumby bean, jumby tree
    small tree of West Indies and northeastern Venezuela having large oblong pointed leaflets and panicles of purple flowers; seeds are black or scarlet with black spots
    Ormosia coarctata, jumbie bead, jumby bead
    West Indian tree similar to Ormosia monosperma but larger and having smaller leaflets and smaller seeds
    Platymiscium trinitatis, roble
    large tree of Trinidad and Guyana having odd-pinnate leaves and violet-scented axillary racemes of yellow flowers and long smooth pods; grown as a specimen in parks and large gardens
    Panama redwood, Panama redwood tree, Platymiscium pinnatum
    large erect shrub of Colombia having large odd-pinnate leaves with large leaflets and axillary racemes of fragrant yellow flowers
    Robinia pseudoacacia, black locust, yellow locust
    large thorny tree of eastern and central United States having pinnately compound leaves and drooping racemes of white flowers; widely naturalized in many varieties in temperate regions
    Robinia viscosa, clammy locust
    small rough-barked locust of southeastern United States having racemes of pink flowers and glutinous branches and seeds
    sago palm
    any of various tropical Asian palm trees the trunks of which yield sago
    feather palm
    palm having pinnate or featherlike leaves
    fan palm
    palm having palmate or fan-shaped leaves
    calamus
    any tropical Asian palm of the genus Calamus; light tough stems are a source of rattan canes
    fishtail palm
    attractive East Indian palm having distinctive bipinnate foliage
    Cocos nucifera, coco, coco palm, cocoa palm, coconut, coconut palm, coconut tree
    tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
    corozo, corozo palm
    any of several tropical American palms bearing corozo nuts
    Euterpe oleracea, cabbage palm
    Brazilian palm of genus Euterpe whose leaf buds are eaten like cabbage when young
    Livistona australis, cabbage palm, cabbage tree
    Australian palm with leaf buds that are edible when young
    Nipa fruticans, nipa palm
    any creeping semiaquatic feather palm of the genus Nipa found in mangrove swamps and tidal estuaries; its sap is used for a liquor; leaves are used for thatch; fruit has edible seeds
    Raffia farinifera, Raffia ruffia, raffia palm
    a large feather palm of Africa and Madagascar having very long pinnatisect fronds yielding a strong commercially important fiber from its leafstalks
    lady palm
    any of several small palms of the genus Rhapis; cultivated as houseplants
    Roystonea regia, royal palm
    tall feather palm of southern Florida and Cuba
    Roystonea oleracea, cabbage palm
    West Indian palm with leaf buds that are edible when young
    Prunus caroliniana, cherry laurel, laurel cherry, mock orange, wild orange
    small flowering evergreen tree of southern United States
    fruit tree
    tree bearing edible fruit
    mountain ash
    any of various trees of the genus Sorbus
    Arabian coffee, Coffea arabica
    shrubby tree of northeastern tropical Africa widely cultivated in tropical or near tropical regions for its seed which form most of the commercial coffee
    Coffea liberica, Liberian coffee
    small tree of West Africa
    Coffea canephora, Coffea robusta, Rio Nunez coffee, robusta coffee
    native to West Africa but grown in Java and elsewhere; resistant to coffee rust
    Cartagena bark, Cinchona cordifolia, Cinchona lancifolia
    Colombian tree; source of Cartagena bark (a cinchona bark)
    Cinchona calisaya, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona officinalis, calisaya
    Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
    Cinchona pubescens, cinchona tree
    small tree of Ecuador and Peru having very large glossy leaves and large panicles of fragrant pink flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
    Bursera microphylla, elephant tree
    small tree or shrub of the southwestern United States having a spicy odor and odd-pinnate leaves and small clusters of white flowers
    Bursera simaruba, gumbo-limbo
    tropical American tree yielding a reddish resin used in cements and varnishes
    Boswellia carteri
    tree yielding an aromatic gum resin burned as incense
    Boswellia serrata, salai
    East Indian tree yielding a resin used medicinally and burned as incense
    Commiphora meccanensis, balm of gilead
    small evergreen tree of Africa and Asia; leaves have a strong aromatic odor when bruised
    Commiphora myrrha, myrrh tree
    tree of eastern Africa and Asia yielding myrrh
    Protium heptaphyllum
    tropical American tree
    Protium guianense
    tropical American tree
    Cedrela odorata, Spanish cedar, Spanish cedar tree
    tropical American tree yielding fragrant wood used especially for boxes
    African scented mahogany, Entandrophragma cylindricum, cedar mahogany, sapele mahogany
    African tree having rather lightweight cedar-scented wood varying in color from pink to reddish brown
    Flindersia australis, flindosa, flindosy, native beech
    tall Australian timber tree yielding tough hard wood used for staves etc
    Flindersia schottiana, bunji-bunji
    Australian timber tree whose bark yields a poison
    African mahogany
    African tree having hard heavy odorless wood
    Cuban mahogany, Dominican mahogany, Swietinia mahogani, true mahogany
    mahogany tree of West Indies
    Honduras mahogany, Swietinia macrophylla
    an important Central American mahogany tree
    Cedrela calantas, Philippine cedar, Philippine mahogany, Toona calantas, kalantas
    Philippine timber tree having hard red fragrant wood
    Zanthoxylum americanum, Zanthoxylum fraxineum, sea ash, toothache tree
    small deciduous aromatic shrub (or tree) having spiny branches and yellowish flowers; eastern North America
    Hercules'-club, Hercules'-clubs, Hercules-club, Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
    densely spiny ornamental of southeastern United States and West Indies
    Simarouba amara, marupa
    tree of the Amazon valley yielding a light brittle timber locally regarded as resistant to insect attack
    Simarouba glauca, bitterwood, paradise tree
    medium to large tree of tropical North and South America having odd-pinnate leaves and long panicles of small pale yellow flowers followed by scarlet fruits
    ailanthus
    any of several deciduous Asian trees of the genus Ailanthus
    Jamaica quassia, Picrasma excelsa, Picrasma excelsum, bitterwood
    West Indian tree yielding the drug Jamaica quassia
    Quassia amara, bitterwood, quassia
    handsome South American shrub or small tree having bright scarlet flowers and yielding a valuable fine-grained yellowish wood; yields the bitter drug quassia from its wood and bark
    Bulnesia sarmienti, palo santo
    South American tree of dry interior regions of Argentina and Paraguay having resinous heartwood used for incense
    Guaiacum officinale, lignum vitae
    small evergreen tree of Caribbean and southern Central America to northern South America; a source of lignum vitae wood, hardest of commercial timbers, and a medicinal resin
    Guaiacum sanctum, bastard lignum vitae
    small evergreen tree of the southern United States and West Indies a source of lignum vitae wood
    osier
    any of various willows having pliable twigs used in basketry and furniture
    Huntingdon willow, Salix alba, white willow
    large willow tree of Eurasia and North Africa having greyish canescent leaves and grey bark
    Salix alba sericea, Salix sericea, silky willow, silver willow
    North American willow with greyish silky pubescent leaves that usually blacken in drying
    Salix alba caerulea, cricket-bat willow
    Eurasian willow tree having greyish leaves and ascending branches
    Salix arctica, arctic willow
    low creeping shrub of Arctic Europe and America
    Babylonian weeping willow, Salix babylonica, weeping willow
    willow with long drooping branches and slender leaves native to China; widely cultivated as an ornamental
    Salix blanda, Salix pendulina, Salix pendulina blanda, Wisconsin weeping willow
    hybrid willow usually not strongly weeping in habit
    Salix discolor, pussy willow
    small willow of eastern North America having greyish leaves and silky catkins that come before the leaves
    sallow
    any of several Old World shrubby broad-leaved willows having large catkins; some are important sources for tanbark and charcoal
    Salix amygdaloides, almond-leaves willow, peach-leaved willow, peachleaf willow
    willow of the western United States with leaves like those of peach or almond trees
    Salix candida, hoary willow, sage willow
    North American shrub with whitish canescent leaves
    Salix fragilis, brittle willow, crack willow, snap willow
    large willow tree with stiff branches that are easily broken
    Salix humilis, prairie willow
    slender shrubby willow of dry areas of North America
    Salix herbacea, dwarf willow
    widely distributed boreal shrubby willow with partially underground creeping stems and bright green glossy leaves
    Salix cinerea, gray willow, grey willow
    Eurasian shrubby willow with whitish tomentose twigs
    Salix lasiolepis, arroyo willow
    shrubby willow of the western United States
    Salix lucida, shining willow
    common North American shrub with shiny lanceolate leaves
    Salix nigra, black willow, swamp willow
    North American shrubby willow having dark bark and linear leaves growing close to streams and lakes
    Salix pentandra, bay willow, laurel willow
    European willow tree with shining leathery leaves; widely naturalized in the eastern United States
    Salix pyrifolia, balsam willow
    small shrubby tree of eastern North America having leaves exuding an odor of balsam when crushed
    Salix repens, creeping willow
    small trailing bush of Europe and Asia having straggling branches with silky green leaves of which several varieties are cultivated
    Salix sitchensis, Sitka willow, silky willow
    small shrubby tree of western North America (Alaska to Oregon)
    Salix tristis, dwarf gray willow, dwarf grey willow, sage willow
    willow shrub of dry places in the eastern United States having long narrow leaves canescent beneath
    Salix uva-ursi, bearberry willow
    dwarf prostrate mat-forming shrub of Arctic and alpine regions of North America and Greenland having deep green elliptic leaves that taper toward the base
    poplar, poplar tree
    any of numerous trees of north temperate regions having light soft wood and flowers borne in catkins
    Sapindus drumondii, Sapindus marginatus, wild China tree
    deciduous tree of southwestern United States having pulpy fruit containing saponin
    China tree, Sapindus saponaria, chinaberry, false dogwood, jaboncillo
    evergreen of tropical America having pulpy fruit containing saponin which was used as soap by Native Americans
    harpullia
    any of various tree of the genus Harpullia
    Cliftonia monophylla, buckwheat tree, titi
    tree of low-lying coastal areas of southeastern United States having glossy leaves and racemes of fragrant white flowers
    maple
    any of numerous trees or shrubs of the genus Acer bearing winged seeds in pairs; north temperate zone
    holly
    any tree or shrub of the genus Ilex having red berries and shiny evergreen leaves with prickly edges
    Astronium fraxinifolium, goncalo alves
    tall tropical American timber tree especially abundant in eastern Brazil; yields hard strong durable zebrawood with straight grain and dark strips on a pinkish to yellowish ground; widely used for veneer and furniture and heavy construction
    Pistacia terebinthus, terebinth
    a Mediterranean tree yielding Chian turpentine
    Aesculus hippocastanum, buckeye, horse chestnut
    tree having palmate leaves and large clusters of white to red flowers followed by brown shiny inedible seeds
    marble-wood, marblewood
    hard marbled wood
    Chrysophyllum oliviforme, caimitillo, damson plum, satin leaf, satinleaf
    tropical American timber tree with dark hard heavy wood and small plumlike purple fruit
    silver bell
    any of various deciduous trees of the genus Halesia having white bell-shaped flowers
    London plane, Platanus acerifolia
    very large fast-growing tree much planted as a street tree
    American plane, American sycamore, Platanus occidentalis, buttonwood
    very large spreading plane tree of eastern and central North America to Mexico
    Platanus orientalis, oriental plane
    large tree of southeastern Europe to Asia Minor
    California sycamore, Platanus racemosa
    tall tree of Baja California having deciduous bark and large alternate palmately lobed leaves and ball-shaped clusters of flowers
    Arizona sycamore, Platanus wrightii
    medium-sized tree of Arizona and adjacent regions having deeply lobed leaves and collective fruits in groups of 3 to 5
    Indian bean, catalpa
    tree of the genus Catalpa with large leaves and white flowers followed by long slender pods
    Cordia alliodora, Equador laurel, Spanish elm, cypre, princewood, salmwood
    large tropical American tree of the genus Cordia grown for its abundant creamy white flowers and valuable wood
    Avicennia marina, black mangrove
    a mangrove of the West Indies and the southern Florida coast; occurs in dense thickets and has numerous short roots that bend up from the ground
    Jatropha curcus, physic nut
    small tropical American tree yielding purple dye and a tanning extract and bearing physic nuts containing a purgative oil that is poisonous in large quantities
    Hevea brasiliensis, Para rubber tree, caoutchouc tree
    deciduous tree of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers having leathery leaves and fragrant yellow-white flowers; it yields a milky juice that is the chief source of commercial rubber
    Aleurites moluccana, candlenut, varnish tree
    large tree native to southeastern Asia; the nuts yield oil used in varnishes; nut kernels strung together are used locally as candles
    Aleurites fordii, tung, tung tree, tung-oil tree
    Chinese tree bearing seeds that yield tung oil
    cornel, dogwood, dogwood tree
    a tree of shrub of the genus Cornus often having showy bracts resembling flowers
    conifer, coniferous tree
    any gymnospermous tree or shrub bearing cones
    nut tree
    tree bearing edible nuts
    spice tree
    tree bearing aromatic bark or berries
    ming tree
    a dwarfed evergreen conifer or shrub shaped to have flat-topped asymmetrical branches and grown in a container
    ming tree
    an artificial plant resembling a bonsai
    hardtack
    a mountain mahogany
    type of:
    ligneous plant, woody plant
    a plant having hard lignified tissues or woody parts especially stems
  2. noun
    a figure that branches from a single root
    “genealogical tree
    synonyms: tree diagram
    see moresee less
    types:
    cladogram
    a tree diagram used to illustrate phylogenetic relationships
    stemma
    a tree diagram showing a reconstruction of the transmission of manuscripts of a literary work
    type of:
    plane figure, two-dimensional figure
    a two-dimensional shape
  3. verb
    chase an animal up a tree
    “the hunters treed the bear with dogs and killed it”
    “her dog likes to tree squirrels”
    see moresee less
    type of:
    chase, chase after, dog, give chase, go after, tag, tail, track, trail
    go after with the intent to catch
  4. verb
    force a person or an animal into a position from which he cannot escape
    synonyms: corner
    see moresee less
    type of:
    channelise, channelize, direct, guide, head, maneuver, manoeuver, manoeuvre, point, steer
    direct the course; determine the direction of travelling
  5. verb
    plant with trees
    “this lot should be treed so that the house will be shaded in summer”
    see moresee less
    type of:
    plant, set
    put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground
  6. verb
    stretch (a shoe) on a shoetree
    synonyms: shoetree
    see moresee less
    type of:
    elongate, stretch
    make long or longer by pulling and stretching
Word Family