Definitions of birch
  1. noun
    any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark
    synonyms: birch tree
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    Betula alleghaniensis, Betula leutea, yellow birch
    tree of eastern North America with thin lustrous yellow or grey bark
    American white birch, Betula cordifolia, Betula papyrifera, canoe birch, paper birch, paperbark birch
    small American birch with peeling white bark often worked into e.g. baskets or toy canoes
    American gray birch, American grey birch, Betula populifolia, gray birch, grey birch
    medium-sized birch of eastern North America having white or pale grey bark and valueless wood; occurs often as a second-growth forest tree
    Betula pendula, European white birch, common birch, silver birch
    European birch with silvery white peeling bark and markedly drooping branches
    Betula pubescens, downy birch, white birch
    European birch with dull white to pale brown bark and somewhat drooping hairy branches
    Betula nigra, black birch, red birch, river birch
    birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark
    Betula lenta, black birch, cherry birch, sweet birch
    common birch of the eastern United States having spicy brown bark yielding a volatile oil and hard dark wood used for furniture
    Betula neoalaskana, Yukon white birch
    Alaskan birch with white to pale brown bark
    Betula fontinalis, Western birch, Western paper birch, mountain birch, swamp birch, water birch
    birch of western United States resembling the paper birch but having brownish bark
    American dwarf birch, Betula glandulosa, Newfoundland dwarf birch
    small shrub of colder parts of North America and Greenland
    type of:
    a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
  2. noun
    hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood
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    type of:
    the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
  3. noun
    a switch consisting of a twig or a bundle of twigs from a birch tree; used to hit people as punishment
    “my father never spared the birch
    synonyms: birch rod
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    type of:
    a flexible implement used as an instrument of punishment
  4. verb
    whip with a birch twig
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    type of:
    flog, lash, lather, slash, strap, trounce, welt, whip
    beat severely with a whip or rod
  5. adjective
    consisting of or made of wood of the birch tree
    synonyms: birchen, birken
    made of or containing or resembling wood
Word Family

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