Other forms: shrubs

A shrub is a short, tree-like plant with many stems or branches. If you want to tastefully spruce up your front yard, you might plant a flowering shrub or two — or maybe you're the type who would prefer some plastic garden gnomes.

Shrubs are similar to trees with two exceptions: they are shorter and have more individual stems, rather than a wide, thick trunk. Some plants, like a hazelnut, can grow into either a shrub or a tree. You can also call a shrub a bush. The origin of shrub is a bit uncertain, but some experts believe it shares a Scandinavian root with the Norwegian skrubba, "dwarf tree."

Definitions of shrub
  1. noun
    a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
    synonyms: bush
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    Catha edulis
    a shrub that is cultivated by Arabs for its leaves which are chewed or used to make tea
    ephedra, joint fir
    jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds
    Podocarpus nivalis, alpine totara
    low wide-spreading coniferous shrub of New Zealand mountains
    Chilean rimu, Lepidothamnus fonkii
    about the hardiest Podocarpaceae species; prostrate spreading shrub similar to mountain rimu; mountains of southern Chile
    Dacridium laxifolius, Lepidothamnus laxifolius, mountain rimu
    low-growing to prostrate shrub with slender trailing branches; New Zealand
    Microstrobos niphophilus, Tasman dwarf pine
    small shrub or Tasmania having short stiff branches
    any of numerous plants of the genus Berberis having prickly stems and yellow flowers followed by small red berries
    Caulophyllum thalictrioides, Caulophyllum thalictroides, blue cohosh, blueberry root, papoose root, papooseroot, squaw root, squawroot
    tall herb of eastern North America and Asia having blue berrylike fruit and a thick knotty rootstock formerly used medicinally
    Mahonia aquifolium, Oregon grape, Oregon holly grape, holly-leaves barberry, hollygrape, mountain grape
    ornamental evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries
    Mahonia nervosa, Oregon grape
    small shrub with grey-green leaves and yellow flowers followed by glaucous blue berries
    deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States
    Chimonanthus praecox, Japan allspice, Japanese allspice, winter sweet
    deciduous Japanese shrub cultivated for its fragrant yellow flowers
    American spicebush, Benjamin bush, Benzoin odoriferum, Lindera benzoin, spice bush, spicebush
    deciduous shrub of the eastern United States having highly aromatic leaves and bark and yellow flowers followed by scarlet or yellow berries
    Pseudowintera colorata, Wintera colorata, pepper shrub
    evergreen shrub or small tree whose foliage is conspicuously blotched with red and yellow and having small black fruits
    Myrica gale, Scotch gale, sweet gale
    bog shrub of north temperate zone having bitter-tasting fragrant leaves
    wax myrtle
    any shrub or small tree of the genus Myrica with aromatic foliage and small wax-coated berries
    Comptonia asplenifolia, Comptonia peregrina, sweet fern
    deciduous shrub of eastern North America with sweet scented fernlike leaves and tiny white flowers
    Leitneria floridana, corkwood, corkwood tree
    very small deciduous dioecious tree or shrub of damp habitats in southeastern United States having extremely light wood
    any of various tropical shrubs or trees of the genus Mimosa having usually yellow flowers and compound leaves
    Anadenanthera colubrina, Piptadenia macrocarpa
    Brazilian shrub having twice-pinnate leaves and small spicate flowers followed by flat or irregularly torulose pods; sometimes placed in genus Piptadenia
    any of various shrubs and small trees valued for their fine foliage and attractive spreading habit and clustered white to deep pink or red flowers
    Lysiloma sabicu, sabicu
    West Indian tree yielding a hard dark brown wood resembling mahogany in texture and value
    Pithecellodium unguis-cati, black bead, cat's-claw, catclaw
    erect shrub with small if any spines having racemes of white to yellow flowers followed by curved pointed pods and black shiny seeds; West Indies and Florida
    mesquit, mesquite
    any of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Prosopis having small flowers in axillary cylindrical spikes followed by large pods rich in sugar
    Acocanthera oblongifolia, Acocanthera spectabilis, poison arrow plant, winter sweet
    medium-sized shrubby tree of South Africa having thick leathery evergreen leaves and white or pink flowers and globose usually two-seeded purplish black fruits
    Acocanthera oppositifolia, Acocanthera venenata, bushman's poison, ordeal tree
    evergreen shrub or tree of South Africa
    Adenium multiflorum, Adenium obesum, desert rose, impala lily, kudu lily, mock azalia
    South African shrub having a swollen succulent stem and bearing showy pink and white flowers after the leaves fall; popular as an ornamental in tropics
    a shrub of the genus Carissa having fragrant white flowers and plumlike red to purple-black fruits
    frangipani, frangipanni
    any of various tropical American deciduous shrubs or trees of the genus Plumeria having milky sap and showy fragrant funnel-shaped variously colored flowers
    rauvolfia, rauwolfia
    any shrub or small tree of the genus Rauwolfia having leaves in whorls and cymose flowers; yield substances used medicinally especially as emetics or purgatives or antihypertensives
    any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Strophanthus having whorled leaves and showy flowers of various colors in dense and corymbose clusters; some have poisonous seeds
    Adam's apple, East Indian rosebay, Nero's crown, Tabernaemontana divaricate, coffee rose, crape jasmine, crepe gardenia, crepe jasmine, pinwheel flower
    tropical shrub having glossy foliage and fragrant nocturnal flowers with crimped or wavy corollas; northern India to Thailand
    Thevetia neriifolia, Thevetia peruviana, yellow oleander
    tropical American shrub or small tree having glossy dark green leaves and fragrant saffron yellow to orange or peach- colored flowers; all parts highly poisonous
    American angelica tree, Aralia spinosa, Hercules'-club, devil's walking stick
    small deciduous clump-forming tree or shrub of eastern United States
    Aralia elata, Japanese angelica tree
    deciduous clump-forming Asian shrub or small tree; adventive in the eastern United States
    Aralia stipulata, Chinese angelica, Chinese angelica tree
    similar to American angelica tree but less prickly; China
    Brassaia actinophylla, Schefflera actinophylla, umbrella tree
    erect evergreen shrub or small tree of Australia and northern New Guinea having palmately compound leaves
    Batis maritima, saltwort
    low-growing strong-smelling coastal shrub of warm parts of the New World having unisexual flowers in conelike spikes and thick succulent leaves
    any of various shrubby plants of the genus Atriplex that thrive in dry alkaline soil
    Bassia scoparia, Kochia scoparia, belvedere, burning bush, fire bush, fire-bush, summer cypress
    densely branched Eurasian plant; foliage turns purple-red in autumn
    Cycloloma atriplicifolium, tumbleweed, winged pigweed
    bushy annual weed of central North America having greenish flowers and winged seeds
    Salsola kali, Salsola soda, barilla, glasswort, kali, kelpwort, saltwort
    bushy plant of Old World salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
    Russian cactus, Russian thistle, Russian tumbleweed, Salsola kali tenuifolia, tumbleweed
    prickly bushy Eurasian plant; a troublesome weed in central and western United States
    Sarcobatus vermiculatus, black greasewood, greasewood
    low hardy much-branched spiny shrub common in alkaline soils of western America
    any of numerous plants of the genus Capparis
    Biscutalla laevigata, buckler mustard
    plant of southeastern Europe having yellow flowers like those of mustard and pods with open valves resembling bucklers
    bush poppy, tree poppy
    evergreen shrub of southwestern United States and Mexico often cultivated for its fragrant golden yellow flowers
    Argyroxiphium sandwicense, silversword
    low-growing plant found only in volcanic craters on Hawaii having rosettes of narrow pointed silver-green leaves and clusters of profuse red-purple flowers on a tall stem
    any of various composite shrubs or herbs of the genus Artemisia having aromatic green or greyish foliage
    Baccharis halimifolia, consumption weed, cotton-seed tree, groundsel bush, groundsel tree
    a shrub of salt marshes of eastern and south central North America and West Indies; fruit is surrounded with white plumelike hairy tufts
    Baccharis viminea, mule fat
    California shrub with slender leafy shoots that are important browse for mule deer
    Baccharis pilularis, chaparral broom, coyote brush, coyote bush, kidney wort
    widely spreading evergreen shrub of southwestern United States with flower heads in a leafy panicle
    any of various much-branched yellow-flowered shrubs of the genus Chrysothamnus; western North America
    Hazardia cana, hoary golden bush
    western American shrubs having white felted foliage and yellow flowers that become red-purple
    any of various plants of the genus Mutisia
    daisy bush, daisy-bush, daisybush
    any of various mostly Australian attractively shaped shrubs of the genus Olearia grown for their handsome and sometimes fragrant evergreen foliage and profusion of daisy flowers with white or purple or blue rays
    a South African plant of the genus Othonna having smooth often fleshy leaves and heads of yellow flowers
    Santolina chamaecyparissus, lavender cotton
    branching aromatic Mediterranean shrub with woolly stems and leaves and yellow flowers
    Cineraria maritima, Senecio cineraria, dusty miller
    stiff much-branched perennial of the Mediterranean region having very white woolly stems and leaves
    milk thistle, sow thistle
    any of several Old World coarse prickly-leaved shrubs and subshrubs having milky juice and yellow flowers; widely naturalized; often noxious weeds in cultivated soil
    Ardisia crenata, coralberry, spiceberry
    shrub with coral-red berries; Japan to northern India
    Ardisia escallonoides, Ardisia paniculata, marlberry
    tropical American shrub or small tree with brown wood and dark berries
    Plumbago europaea, leadwort
    a plant of the genus Plumbago with blue flowers
    Jacquinia armillaris, bracelet wood
    small West Indian shrub or tree with hard glossy seeds patterned yellow and brown that are used to make bracelets
    Jacquinia keyensis, barbasco, joewood
    West Indian shrub or small tree having leathery saponaceous leaves and extremely hard wood
    any of various plants of the family Malvaceae
    cotton, cotton plant
    erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers
    Lavatera arborea, tree mallow, velvet-leaf, velvetleaf
    arborescent perennial shrub having palmately lobed furry leaves and showy red-purple flowers; southwestern United States
    any of various evergreen plants of the genus Pavonia having white or yellow or purple flowers
    Hibiscus farragei, Radyera farragei, bush hibiscus
    southern and western Australian shrub with unlobed or shallowly lobed toothed leaves and purple flowers; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
    Aristotelia racemosa, Aristotelia serrata, New Zealand wine berry, makomako, wineberry
    graceful deciduous shrub or small tree having attractive foliage and small red berries that turn black at maturity and are used for making wine
    any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Dombeya grown for their rounded clusters of exquisite often sweet-scented flowers usually hanging beneath the leaves
    California beauty, flannel bush, flannelbush
    any of several handsome evergreen shrubs of California and northern Mexico having downy lobed leaves and showy yellow flowers
    screw tree
    a tree or shrub of the genus Helicteres
    Hermannia verticillata, Mahernia verticillata, honey bell, honeybells
    African shrub having decumbent stems and slender yellow honey-scented flowers either solitary or in pairs
    Grewia asiatica, phalsa
    drought-resistant Asiatic treelike shrub bearing pleasantly acid small red edible fruits commonly used in sherbets
    African hemp, Sparmannia africana
    large shrub of South Africa having many conspicuously hairy branches with large hairy leaves and clusters of conspicuous white flowers
    any tropical African shrub of the genus Protea having alternate rigid leaves and dense colorful flower heads resembling cones
    any shrub or tree of the genus Banksia having alternate leathery leaves apetalous yellow flowers often in showy heads and conelike fruit with winged seeds
    smoke bush
    any of various shrubs of the genus Conospermum with panicles of mostly white woolly flowers
    Chilean firebush, Chilean flameflower, Embothrium coccineum
    grown for outstanding display of brilliant usually scarlet-crimson flowers; Andes
    Chile hazel, Chile nut, Chilean hazelnut, Chilean nut, Guevina avellana, Guevina heterophylla
    Chilean shrub bearing coral-red fruit with an edible seed resembling a hazelnut
    any shrub or tree of the genus Grevillea
    Hakea laurina, cushion flower, pincushion hakea
    tall straggling shrub with large globose crimson-yellow flowers; western Australia
    Hakea leucoptera, needle wood, needle-wood, needlewood
    large bushy shrub with pungent pointed leaves and creamy white flowers; central and eastern Australia
    Hakea lissosperma, needle bush, needle-bush, needlebush
    shrub with pungent rigid needle-shaped leaves and white flowers; eastern Australia
    Lambertia formosa, honey-flower, honeyflower, mountain devil
    erect bushy shrub of eastern Australia having terminal clusters of red flowers yielding much nectar
    any of various ornamental evergreens of the genus Lomatia having attractive fragrant flowers
    any of numerous shrubs and small trees having hard narrow leaves and long-lasting yellow or white flowers followed by small edible but insipid fruits
    Telopea Oreades, waratah
    tall shrub of eastern Australia having oblanceolate to obovate leaves and red flowers in compact racemes
    Telopea speciosissima, waratah
    straggling shrub with narrow leaves and conspicuous red flowers in dense globular racemes
    Xylomelum pyriforme, native pear, woody pear
    tree bearing pear-shaped fruit with a thick woody epicarp
    a low evergreen shrub of the family Ericaceae; has small bell-shaped pink or purple flowers
    any of several shrubs of the genus Andromeda having leathery leaves and clusters of small flowers
    any of several evergreen shrubs of the genus Arbutus of temperate Europe and America
    chiefly evergreen subshrubs of northern to Arctic areas
    chiefly evergreen shrubs of warm dry areas of western North America
    procumbent Old World mat-forming evergreen shrub with racemes of pinkish-white flowers
    Chamaedaphne calyculata, leatherleaf
    north temperate bog shrub with evergreen leathery leaves and small white cylindrical flowers
    Epigaea repens, mayflower, trailing arbutus
    low-growing evergreen shrub of eastern North America with leathery leaves and clusters of fragrant pink or white flowers
    Gaultheria shallon, salal, shallon
    small evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having edible dark purple grape-sized berries
    any of several shrubs of the genus Gaylussacia bearing small berries resembling blueberries
    any plant of the genus Kalmia
    Labrador tea, Ledum groenlandicum, crystal tea
    evergreen shrub of eastern North America having white or creamy bell-shaped flowers and dark green hairy leaves used for tea during American Revolution
    glandular Labrador tea, trapper's tea
    a Rocky Mountain shrub similar to Ledum groenlandicum
    Ledum palustre, marsh tea, wild rosemary
    bog shrub of northern and central Europe and eastern Siberia to Korea and Japan
    Leiophyllum buxifolium, sand myrtle
    low-growing evergreen shrub of New Jersey to Florida grown for its many white star-shaped flowers and glossy foliage
    any plant of the genus Leucothoe; grown for their beautiful white flowers; glossy foliage contains a poisonous substance similar to that found in genus Kalmia
    Leucothoe editorum, Leucothoe fontanesiana, dog hobble, dog laurel, switch-ivy
    fast-growing evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having arching interlaced branches and racemes of white flowers
    Leucothoe racemosa, sweet bells
    bushy deciduous shrub of the eastern United States with long racemes of pinkish flowers
    Loiseleuria procumbens, alpine azalea, mountain azalea
    creeping mat-forming evergreen shrub of high mountain regions of northern hemisphere grown for its rose-pink flowers
    Lyonia mariana, stagger bush, staggerbush
    deciduous shrub of coastal plain of the eastern United States having nodding pinkish-white flowers; poisonous to stock
    Lyonia ligustrina, he-huckleberry, male berry, maleberry, privet andromeda
    deciduous much-branched shrub with dense downy panicles of small bell-shaped white flowers
    Lyonia lucida, fetter bush, fetterbush, shiny lyonia
    showy evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with shiny leaves and angled branches and clusters of pink to reddish flowers that resemble an umbel
    Menziesia ferruginea, false azalea, fool's huckleberry
    straggling shrub of northwestern North America having foliage with a bluish tinge and umbels of small bell-shaped flowers
    Menziesia pilosa, minnie bush, minniebush
    low shrub of the eastern United States with downy twigs
    Japanese andromeda, Pieris japonica, andromeda, lily-of-the-valley tree
    broad-leaved evergreen Asiatic shrub with glossy leaves and drooping clusters of white flowers
    Pieris floribunda, fetterbush, mountain andromeda, mountain fetterbush
    ornamental evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having small white bell-shaped flowers
    any shrub of the genus Rhododendron: evergreen shrubs or small shrubby trees having leathery leaves and showy clusters of campanulate (bell-shaped) flowers
    any of numerous shrubs of genus Vaccinium bearing cranberries
    blueberry, blueberry bush
    any of numerous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium bearing blueberries
    Clethra alnifolia, pepper bush, summer sweet, sweet pepperbush, white alder
    shrub of eastern and southern coastal United States having beautiful racemes of spice-scented white flowers
    Pyxidanthera barbulata, pixie, pixy, pyxie
    creeping evergreen shrub having narrow overlapping leaves and early white star-shaped flowers; of the pine barrens of New Jersey and the Carolinas
    Australian heath
    any heathlike plant of the family Epacridaceae; most are of the Australian region
    Astroloma humifusum, Styphelia humifusum, cranberry heath, ground-berry, groundberry, native cranberry
    small prostrate or ascending shrub having scarlet flowers and succulent fruit resembling cranberries; sometimes placed in genus Styphelia
    Styphelia triflora, pink fivecorner
    heathlike shrub of southwestern Australia grown for its sharply scented foliage and pink flowers followed by pentagonal fruit
    Chrysolepis sempervirens, dwarf golden chinkapin
    evergreen shrub similar to golden chinkapin; mountains of California
    Quercus vaccinifolia, huckleberry oak
    a low spreading or prostrate shrub of southwestern United States with small acorns and leaves resembling those of the huckleberry
    any plant of the genus Forestiera
    any of various early blooming oleaceous shrubs of the genus Forsythia; native to eastern Asia and southern Europe but widely cultivated for their branches of bright yellow bell-shaped flowers
    any of several shrubs and vines of the genus Jasminum chiefly native to Asia
    any of various Old World shrubs having smooth entire leaves and terminal panicles of small white flowers followed by small black berries; many used for hedges
    mock privet
    evergreen shrub with white flowers and olivelike fruits
    any of various plants of the genus Syringa having large panicles of usually fragrant flowers
    witch hazel, witch hazel plant, wych hazel, wych hazel plant
    any of several shrubs or trees of the genus Hamamelis; bark yields an astringent lotion
    flowering hazel, winter hazel
    any of several Asiatic deciduous shrubs cultivated for their nodding racemes of yellow flowers that appear before the leaves
    fothergilla, witch alder
    any of several deciduous low-growing shrubs of the genus Fothergilla having showy brushlike spikes of white flowers in spring and fiery red and orange autumn color; grows from Alabama to the Allegheny Mountains
    Combretum bracteosum, hiccough nut, hiccup nut
    ornamental African shrub or climber with red flowers
    any of several shrubs of the genus Elaeagnus having silver-white twigs and yellow flowers followed by olivelike fruits
    Lagerstroemia indica, crape myrtle, crepe flower, crepe myrtle
    ornamental shrub from eastern India commonly planted in the southern United States
    feijoa, feijoa bush
    South American shrub having edible greenish plumlike fruit
    fuchsia, fuschia
    any of various tropical shrubs widely cultivated for their showy drooping purplish or reddish or white flowers; Central and South America and New Zealand and Tahiti
    any of several ornamental shrubs with shiny mostly evergreen leaves and clusters of small bell-shaped flowers
    Dirca palustris, leatherwood, moose-wood, moosewood, ropebark, wicopy
    deciduous shrub of eastern North America having tough flexible branches and pliable bark and small yellow flowers
    Indian rhododendron, Melastoma malabathricum
    evergreen spreading shrub of India and southeastern Asia having large purple flowers
    Medinilla magnifica
    a beautiful tropical evergreen epiphytic shrub grown for its lush foliage and huge panicles of pink flowers; Philippines
    guinea flower, guinea gold vine
    any of several Australasian evergreen vines widely cultivated in warm regions for their large bright yellow single flowers
    Canella winterana, Canella-alba, white cinnamon tree, wild cinnamon
    large evergreen shrub or small tree having white aromatic bark and leathery leaves and small purple to red flowers in terminal cymes
    rock rose, rockrose
    small shrubs of scrub and dry woodland regions of southern Europe and North Africa; grown for their showy flowers and soft often downy and aromatic evergreen foliage
    helianthemum, sun rose, sunrose
    any plant of the genus Helianthemum; vigorous plants of stony alpine meadows and dry scrub regions
    Flacourtia indica, Madagascar plum, batoko palm, governor plum, governor's plum, ramontchi
    small shrubby tree of Madagascar cultivated in tropical regions as a hedge plant and for its deep red acid fruits resembling small plums
    Dovyalis caffra, kei apple, kei apple bush
    vigorous South African spiny shrub grown for its round yellow juicy edible fruits
    Kiggelaria africana, wild peach
    large much-branched shrub grown primarily for its evergreen foliage
    Xylosma congestum, xylosma
    shrub or small tree grown as an ornamental in mild climates for its neat evergreen foliage and fragrant late flowers; native of China
    any of several resinous trees or shrubs often burned for light
    Ochna serrulata, bird's-eye bush
    shrub with narrow-elliptic glossy evergreen leaves and yellow flowers with leathery petaloid sepals
    any shrub or small tree of the genus Tamarix having small scalelike or needle-shaped leaves and feathery racemes of small white or pinkish flowers; of mostly coastal areas with saline soil
    German tamarisk, Myricaria germanica, false tamarisk
    Eurasian shrub resembling the tamarisk
    cannabis, hemp
    any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
    Ruscus aculeatus, butcher's broom
    shrub with stiff flattened stems resembling leaves (cladophylls); used for making brooms
    Cordyline terminalis, ti
    shrub with terminal tufts of elongated leaves used locally for thatching and clothing; thick sweet roots are used as food; tropical southeastern Asia, Australia and Hawaii
    any of several evergreen plants of the genus Yucca having usually tall stout stems and a terminal cluster of white flowers; warmer regions of North America
    buddleia, butterfly bush
    tropical shrub having clusters of white or violet or yellow flowers
    Caesalpinia decapetala, Caesalpinia sepiaria, Mysore thorn
    spreading thorny shrub of tropical Asia bearing large erect racemes of red-marked yellow flowers
    Bauhinia monandra, butterfly flower
    shrub or small tree of Dutch Guiana having clusters of pink flowers streaked with purple
    a thorny shrub of the genus Cercidium that grows in dry parts of the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico; has smooth light green bark and racemes of yellow flowers and small leaves
    Jerusalem thorn, Parkinsonia aculeata, horsebean
    large shrub or shrubby tree having sharp spines and pinnate leaves with small deciduous leaflets and sweet-scented racemose yellow-orange flowers; grown as ornamentals or hedging or emergency food for livestock; tropical America but naturalized in southern United States
    Cytisus ramentaceus, Dalmatian laburnum, Petteria ramentacea
    erect shrub having large trifoliate leaves and dense clusters of yellow flowers followed by poisonous seeds; Yugoslavia; sometimes placed in genus Cytisus
    any of various plants of the genus Senna having pinnately compound leaves and showy usually yellow flowers; many are used medicinally
    any plant of the genus Amorpha having odd-pinnate leaves and purplish spicate flowers
    Anagyris foetida, bean trefoil, stinking bean trefoil
    shrub with trifoliate leaves and yellow flowers followed by backward curving seed pods; leaves foetid when crushed
    Anthyllis barba-jovis, Jupiter's beard, silver-bush, silverbush
    silvery hairy European shrub with evergreen foliage and pale yellow flowers
    Aspalathus cedcarbergensis, Aspalathus linearis, rooibos
    South African shrub having flat acuminate leaves and yellow flowers; leaves are aromatic when dried and used to make an herbal tea
    Cajanus cajan, cajan pea, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon pea, pigeon-pea plant, red gram
    tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics
    caragana, pea tree
    any plant of the genus Caragana having even-pinnate leaves and mostly yellow flowers followed by seeds in a linear pod
    California redbud, Cercis occidentalis, western redbud
    shrub of western United States having pink or crimson flowers; often forms thickets
    Chamaecytisus palmensis, Cytesis proliferus, tagasaste
    shrub of Canary Islands having bristle-tipped oblanceolate leaves; used as cattle fodder
    flame pea
    any of several small shrubs or twining vines having entire or lobed leaves and racemes of yellow to orange-red flowers; Australia
    clianthus, glory pea
    any of various shrubs or vines of the genus Clianthus having compound leaves and pea-like red flowers in drooping racemes
    Codariocalyx motorius, Desmodium gyrans, Desmodium motorium, semaphore plant, telegraph plant
    erect tropical Asian shrub whose small lateral leaflets rotate on their axes and jerk up and down under the influence of sunshine
    Colutea arborescens, bladder senna
    yellow-flowered European shrub cultivated for its succession of yellow flowers and very inflated bladdery pods and as a source of wildlife food
    any of various plants of the genus Coronilla having purple or pink or yellow flowers in long axillary heads or umbels
    any of various shrubs of the genera Cytisus or Genista or Spartium having long slender branches and racemes of yellow flowers
    Dalea spinosa, smoke tree
    greyish-green shrub of desert regions of southwestern United States and Mexico having sparse foliage and terminal spikes of bluish violet flowers; locally important as source of a light-colored honey of excellent flavor
    bitter pea
    any of several spiny shrubs of the genus Daviesia having yellow flowers and triangular seeds; Australia
    any of various usually woody vines of the genus Derris of tropical Asia whose roots yield the insecticide rotenone; several are sources of native fish and arrow poisons
    gastrolobium, poison bush, poison pea
    any of various Australian evergreen shrubs of the genus Gastrolobium having whorled compound leaves poisonous to livestock and showy yellow to deep reddish-orange flowers followed by two-seeded pods
    Geoffroea decorticans, chanal, chanar
    thorny shrub or small tree common in central Argentina having small orange or yellow flowers followed by edible berries
    Halimodendron argenteum, Halimodendron halodendron, salt tree
    spiny shrub of the Caspian salt plains and Siberia having elegant silvery, downy young foliage and mildly fragrant pink-purple blooms
    hovea, purple pea
    any of several attractive evergreen shrubs of Australia grown for their glossy deep green foliage and flowers in rich blues and intense violets
    Indigofera tinctoria, indigo, indigo plant
    deciduous subshrub of southeastern Asia having pinnate leaves and clusters of red or purple flowers; a source of indigo dye
    Lupinus arboreus, tree lupine
    evergreen shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having showy yellow or blue flowers; naturalized in Australia
    any of several erect or climbing woody plants of the genus Mucuna; widespread in tropics of both hemispheres
    Pickeringia montana, chaparral pea, stingaree-bush
    spiny evergreen xerophytic shrub having showy rose and purple flowers and forming dense thickets; of dry rocky mountain slopes of California
    Platylobium formosum, flat pea
    evergreen shrub having almost heart-shaped foliage and bright yellow pea-like flowers followed by flat pods with flat wings; Australia and Tasmania
    Playlobium obtusangulum, common flat pea, native holly
    low spreading evergreen shrub of southern Australia having triangular to somewhat heart-shaped foliage and orange-yellow flowers followed by flat winged pods
    Genista raetam, Retama raetam, juniper, juniper bush, raetam, retem
    desert shrub of Syria and Arabia having small white flowers; constitutes the juniper of the Old Testament; sometimes placed in genus Genista
    Robinia hispida, bristly locust, moss locust, rose acacia
    large shrub or small tree of the eastern United States having bristly stems and large clusters of pink flowers
    Templetonia retusa, coral bush, flame bush
    Australian shrub having simple obovate leaves and brilliant scarlet flowers
    Irish gorse, Ulex europaeus, furze, gorse, whin
    very spiny and dense evergreen shrub with fragrant golden-yellow flowers; common throughout western Europe
    Viminaria denudata, Viminaria juncea, swamp oak
    Australian leafless shrub resembling broom and having small yellow flowers
    rose, rosebush
    any of many shrubs of the genus Rosa that bear roses
    Juneberry, service tree, serviceberry, shadblow, shadbush
    any of various North American trees or shrubs having showy white flowers and edible blue-black or purplish fruit
    flowering quince
    Asiatic ornamental shrub with spiny branches and pink or red blossoms
    any shrub of the genus Cotoneaster: erect or creeping shrubs having richly colored autumn foliage and many small white to pinkish flowers followed by tiny red or black fruits
    haw, hawthorn
    a spring-flowering shrub or small tree of the genus Crataegus
    Christmas berry, Christmasberry, Heteromeles arbutifolia, Photinia arbutifolia, tollon, toyon
    ornamental evergreen treelike shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having large white flowers and red berrylike fruits; often placed in genus Photinia
    cinquefoil, five-finger
    any of a numerous plants grown for their five-petaled flowers; abundant in temperate regions; alleged to have medicinal properties
    Prunus laurocerasus, cherry laurel, laurel cherry
    frequently cultivated Eurasian evergreen shrub or small tree having showy clusters of white flowers and glossy foliage and yielding oil similar to bitter almond oil
    Prunus cuneata, Prunus pumila, Prunus pumilla susquehanae, Prunus susquehanae, sand cherry
    small straggling American cherry growing on sandy soil and having minute scarcely edible purplish-black fruit
    Prunus spinosa, blackthorn, sloe
    a thorny Eurasian bush with plumlike fruits
    Pyracantha, fire thorn, firethorn, pyracanth
    any of various thorny shrubs of the genus Pyracantha bearing small white flowers followed by hard red or orange-red berries
    spiraea, spirea
    any rosaceous plant of the genus Spiraea; has sprays of small white or pink flowers
    Chiococca alba, West Indian snowberry, blolly
    evergreen climbing shrub of southern Florida and West Indies grown for its racemes of fragrant white to creamy flowers followed by globose white succulent berries
    any of various shrubs and small trees of the genus Gardenia having large fragrant white or yellow flowers
    any of several flowering tropical or subtropical shrubs of the genus Hamelia
    Georgia bark, Pinckneya pubens, bitter-bark, fever tree
    ornamental shrub or small tree of swampy areas in southwestern United States having large pink or white sepals and yielding Georgia bark for treating fever
    Sarcocephalus esculentus, Sarcocephalus latifolius, negro peach
    a stout spreading or semi-climbing tropical shrub with round brownish-red warty fruit; Africa
    any of various deciduous or evergreen ornamental shrubs of the genus Abelia having opposite simple leaves and cymes of small white or pink or purplish flowers; Asia and Mexico
    Diervilla lonicera, bush honeysuckle
    spreading bush of northeastern United States having small clusters of fragrant green and yellow flowers
    Diervilla sessilifolia, bush honeysuckle
    bush honeysuckle of southeastern United States having large crowded clusters of sulfur-yellow flowers
    Kolkwitzia amabilis, beauty bush
    Chinese deciduous shrub with yellow-throated pinkish flowers and bristly fruit; often cultivated as an ornamental
    Himalaya honeysuckle, Leycesteria formosa
    shrub honeysuckle with drooping spikes of purplish flowers
    shrub or vine of the genus Lonicera
    Indian currant, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, coralberry
    North American deciduous shrub cultivated for it abundant clusters of coral-red berrylike fruits
    elder, elderberry bush
    any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
    American cranberry bush, Viburnum trilobum, cranberry bush, cranberry tree, highbush cranberry
    deciduous North American shrub or small tree having three-lobed leaves and red berries
    Viburnum lantana, twist wood, twistwood, wayfaring tree
    vigorous deciduous European treelike shrub common along waysides; red berries turn black
    European cranberry bush, European cranberrybush, Viburnum opulus, crampbark, cranberry tree, guelder rose
    deciduous thicket-forming Old World shrub with clusters of white flowers and small bright red berries
    Viburnum dentatum, arrow wood, southern arrow wood
    deciduous shrub of eastern North America having blue-black berries and tough pliant wood formerly used to make arrows
    Viburnum recognitum, arrow wood
    closely related to southern arrow wood; grows in the eastern United States from Maine to Ohio and Georgia
    Viburnum prunifolium, black haw
    upright deciduous shrub having frosted dark-blue fruit; east and east central North America
    Weigela florida, weigela
    deciduous shrub widely cultivated for its white or pink or red flowers
    Erythroxylon coca, coca, coca plant
    a South American shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the Andes; a source of cocaine
    Erythroxylon truxiuense
    a South American shrub whose leaves are a source of cocaine
    Syrian bean caper, Zygophyllum fabago, bean caper
    perennial shrub of the eastern Mediterranean region and southwestern Asia having flowers whose buds are used as capers
    Larrea tridentata, coville, creosote bush, hediondilla
    desert shrub of southwestern United States and New Mexico having persistent resinous aromatic foliage and small yellow flowers
    box, boxwood
    evergreen shrubs or small trees
    staff tree
    any small tree or twining shrub of the genus Celastrus
    spindle tree, spindleberry, spindleberry tree
    any shrubby trees or woody vines of the genus Euonymus having showy usually reddish berries
    Euonymus atropurpureus, burning bush, wahoo
    deciduous shrub having purple capsules enclosing scarlet seeds
    Euonymus americanus, strawberry bush, wahoo
    upright deciduous plant with crimson pods and seeds; the eastern United States from New York to Florida and Texas
    Cyrilla racemiflora, cyrilla, leatherwood, white titi
    shrub or small tree of southeastern United States to West Indies and Brazil; grown for the slender racemes of white flowers and orange and crimson foliage
    a low evergreen shrub with small purple flowers and black berrylike fruit
    Chinese holly, Ilex cornuta
    dense rounded evergreen shrub of China having spiny leaves; widely cultivated as an ornamental
    smoke bush, smoke tree
    any of several shrubs or shrubby trees of the genus Cotinus
    Malosma laurina, Rhus laurina, laurel sumac
    small aromatic evergreen shrub of California having paniculate leaves and whitish berries; in some classifications included in genus Rhus
    Pistacia lentiscus, lentisk, mastic, mastic tree
    an evergreen shrub of the Mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin
    shumac, sumac, sumach
    a shrub or tree of the genus Rhus (usually limited to the non-poisonous members of the genus)
    any shrub or small tree of the genus Bumelia
    any shrub or small tree of the genus Styrax having fragrant bell-shaped flowers that hang below the dark green foliage
    any of various deciduous or evergreen shrubs of the genus Hydrangea
    any of various chiefly deciduous ornamental shrubs of the genus Philadelphus having white sweet-scented flowers, single or in clusters; widely grown in temperate regions
    Schizophragma hydrangeoides, climbing hydrangea
    climbing shrub with adhesive aerial roots having opposite leaves and small white flowers in terminal cymes; Himalayas to Taiwan and Japan
    Francoa ramosa, bridal wreath, bridal-wreath
    Chilean evergreen shrub having delicate spikes of small white flowers
    currant, currant bush
    any of various deciduous shrubs of the genus Ribes bearing currants
    Ribes grossularia, Ribes uva-crispa, gooseberry, gooseberry bush
    spiny Eurasian shrub having greenish purple-tinged flowers and ovoid yellow-green or red-purple berries
    Graptophyllum pictum, caricature plant
    tropical Old World shrub having purple or red tubular flowers and leaf markings resembling the profile of a human face
    Chilopsis linearis, desert willow
    evergreen shrubby tree resembling a willow of dry regions of southwestern North America having showy purplish flowers and long seed pods
    tropical plant having thick hairy somewhat toothed leaves and solitary or clustered yellow to scarlet flowers; many cultivated for their flowers and ornamental foliage
    Eriodictyon californicum, yerba santa
    viscid evergreen shrub of western United States with white to deep lilac flowers; the sticky aromatic leaves are used in treating bronchial and pulmonary illnesses
    Apalachicola rosemary, Conradina glabra
    small shrub of Apalachicola River area in southeastern United States having highly aromatic pinkish flowers; a threatened species
    any of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated
    Lepechinia calycina, Sphacele calycina, pitcher sage
    California plant with woolly stems and leaves and large white flowers
    Pogostemon cablin, pachouli, patchouli, patchouly
    small East Indian shrubby mint; fragrant oil from its leaves is used in perfumes
    red shrubby penstemon, redwood penstemon
    low branching dark green shrub with bunches of brick-red flowers at ends of branches; coastal ranges and foothills of northern California
    Solanum quitoense, naranjilla
    small perennial shrub cultivated in uplands of South America for its edible bright orange fruits resembling tomatoes or oranges
    Brazilian potato tree, Solanum macranthum, Solanum wrightii, potato tree
    South American shrub or small tree widely cultivated in the tropics; not a true potato
    Brunfelsia americana, lady-of-the-night
    West Indian shrub with fragrant showy yellowish-white flowers
    Brugmansia arborea, Datura arborea, angel's trumpet, maikoa
    a South American plant that is cultivated for its large fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers
    Brugmansia suaveolens, Datura suaveolens, angel's trumpet
    South American plant cultivated for its very large nocturnally fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers
    Brugmansia sanguinea, Datura sanguinea, red angel's trumpet
    arborescent South American shrub having very large orange-red flowers
    capsicum, capsicum pepper plant, pepper
    any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers
    Cestrum diurnum, day jessamine
    West Indian evergreen shrub having clusters of funnel-shaped white flowers that are fragrant by day
    Cestrum nocturnum, night jasmine, night jessamine
    West Indian evergreen shrub having clusters of funnel-shaped yellow-white flowers that are fragrant by night
    tamarillo, tree tomato
    South American arborescent shrub having pale pink blossoms followed by egg-shaped reddish-brown edible fruit somewhat resembling a tomato in flavor
    thorn apple
    any of several plants of the genus Datura
    Fabiana imbricata, pichi
    Peruvian shrub with small pink to lavender tubular flowers; leaves yield a tonic and diuretic
    boxthorn, matrimony vine
    any of various shrubs or vines of the genus Lycium with showy flowers and bright berries
    Christmas berry, Christmasberry, Lycium carolinianum
    spiny evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having spreading branches usually blue or mauve flowers and red berries
    Solandra guttata, chalice vine, cupflower, trumpet flower
    Mexican evergreen climbing plant having large solitary funnel-shaped fragrant yellow flowers with purple-brown ridges in the throat
    Streptosolen jamesonii, fire bush, fire-bush, marmalade bush
    evergreen South American shrub having showy trumpet-shaped orange flowers; grown as an ornamental or houseplant
    any of numerous plants of the genus Euphorbia; usually having milky often poisonous juice
    Acalypha virginica, three-seeded mercury
    weedy herb of eastern North America
    Croton tiglium, croton
    tropical Asiatic shrub; source of croton oil
    Codiaeum variegatum, croton
    grown in many varieties for their brightly colored foliage; widely cultivated as a houseplant
    Ricinus communis, castor bean plant, castor-oil plant, palma christ, palma christi
    large shrub of tropical Africa and Asia having large palmate leaves and spiny capsules containing seeds that are the source of castor oil and ricin; widely naturalized throughout the tropics
    casava, cassava
    any of several plants of the genus Manihot having fleshy roots yielding a nutritious starch
    slipper plant, slipper spurge
    any of several tropical American shrubby succulent plants resembling cacti but having foot-shaped bracts
    camelia, camellia
    any of several shrubs or small evergreen trees having solitary white or pink or reddish flowers
    Camellia sinensis, tea
    a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
    Eryngium maritimum, sea eryngium, sea holly, sea holm
    European evergreen eryngo with twisted spiny leaves naturalized on United States east coast; roots formerly used as an aphrodisiac
    Griselinia lucida, puka
    South American shrub or small tree having long shining evergreen leaves and panicles of green or yellow flowers
    Griselinia littoralis, kapuka
    small New Zealand broadleaf evergreen tree often cultivated in warm regions as an ornamental
    a low shrub
    burning bush
    (Old Testament) the bush that burned without being consumed and from which God spoke to Moses
    dwarf shrub
    subshrub, suffrutex
    low-growing woody shrub or perennial with woody base
    flowering shrub
    shrub noted primarily for its flowers
    a shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnus; fruits are source of yellow dyes or pigments
    Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Ziziphus jujuba, jujube, jujube bush
    spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
    Ziziphus lotus, lotus tree
    shrubby deciduous tree of the Mediterranean region
    Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Paliurus spina-christi
    thorny Eurasian shrub with dry woody winged fruit
    any of various evergreen climbing shrubs of the genus Stephanotis having fragrant waxy flowers
    Ephedra sinica, mahuang
    Chinese ephedra yielding ephedrine
    American barberry, Berberis canadensis
    deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and having racemes of yellow flowers followed by ellipsoid glossy red berries
    Berberis vulgaris, European barberry, common barberry
    upright deciduous European shrub widely naturalized in United States having clusters of juicy berries
    Berberis thunbergii, Japanese barberry
    compact deciduous shrub having persistent red berries; widespread in cultivation especially for hedges
    Calycanthus floridus, Carolina allspice, strawberry bush, strawberry shrub, sweet shrub
    hardy shrub of southeastern United States having clove-scented wood and fragrant red-brown flowers
    California allspice, Calycanthus occidentalis, spicebush
    straggling aromatic shrub of southwestern United States having fragrant brown flowers
    Myrica cerifera, bay myrtle, puckerbush
    evergreen aromatic shrubby tree of southeastern United States having small hard berries thickly coated with white wax used for candles
    Myrica pensylvanica, bayberry, candleberry, swamp candleberry, waxberry
    deciduous aromatic shrub of eastern North America with grey-green wax-coated berries
    darling pea, poison bush
    either of two Australian plants of the genus Swainsona that are poisonous to sheep
    Mimosa sensitiva, sensitive plant
    semi-climbing prickly evergreen shrub of tropical America having compound leaves sensitive to light and touch
    Mimosa pudica, action plant, humble plant, live-and-die, sensitive plant, shame plant, touch-me-not
    prostrate or semi-erect subshrub of tropical America, and Australia; heavily armed with recurved thorns and having sensitive soft grey-green leaflets that fold and droop at night or when touched or cooled
    Prosopis glandulosa, Western honey mesquite, honey mesquite
    thorny deep-rooted drought-resistant shrub native to southwestern United States and Mexico bearing pods rich in sugar and important as livestock feed; tends to form extensive thickets
    Prosopis juliflora, Prosopis juliiflora, algarroba
    mesquite of Gulf Coast and Caribbean Islands from Mexico to Venezuela
    Prosopis pubescens, screw bean, screwbean, screwbean mesquite, tornillo
    shrub or small tree of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico having spirally twisted pods
    Amsonia tabernaemontana, blue star
    subshrubs of southeastern United States forming slow-growing clumps and having blue flowers in short terminal cymes
    Carissa bispinosa, hedge thorn, natal plum
    South African shrub having forked spines and plumlike fruit; frequently used as hedging
    Carissa grandiflora, Carissa macrocarpa, amatungulu, natal plum
    very large closely branched South African shrub having forked bright green spines and shiny leaves
    Plumeria acutifolia, pagoda tree, temple tree
    frangipani of India having an erect habit and conical form; grown in temple gardens
    Plumeria alba, West Indian jasmine, pagoda tree
    tall sparingly branched conical tree having large fragrant yellow flowers with white centers
    Rauwolfia serpentina, snakewood
    East Indian climbing shrub with twisted limbs and roots resembling serpents
    Strophanthus kombe
    plant that is a source of strophanthin
    chiefly trailing poisonous plants with blue flowers
    Aralia nudicaulis, false sarsaparilla, wild sarsaparilla, wild sarsparilla
    common perennial herb having aromatic roots used as a substitute for sarsaparilla; central and eastern North America
    American spikenard, Aralia racemosa, life-of-man, petty morel
    unarmed woody rhizomatous perennial plant distinguished from wild sarsaparilla by more aromatic roots and panicled umbels; southeastern North America to Mexico
    Aralia hispida, bristly sarsaparilla, bristly sarsparilla, dwarf elder
    bristly herb of eastern and central North America having black fruit and medicinal bark
    any plant of the genus Iresine having colored foliage
    Atriplex hymenelytra, desert holly
    handsome low saltbush of arid southwestern United States and Mexico having blue-green prickly-edged leaves often used for Christmas decoration
    Atriplex lentiformis, quail brush, quail bush, white thistle
    spiny shrub with silvery-scurfy foliage of alkaline plains of southwestern United States and Mexico
    Capparis arborea, native pomegranate
    small Australian tree bearing edible fruit resembling the pomegranate
    Capparis cynophallophora, Jamaica caper tree, caper tree
    shrub of southern Florida to West Indies
    Capparis flexuosa, bay-leaved caper, caper tree
    shrub or small tree of southern Florida to Central and South America
    Capparis mitchellii, native orange
    small Australian tree bearing edible dark purple fruit
    Capparis spinosa, common caper
    prostrate spiny shrub of the Mediterranean region cultivated for its greenish flower buds which are pickled
    Cleome pinnata, Stanleya pinnata, desert plume, prince's-plume
    perennial of southwestern United States having leathery blue-green pinnatifid leaves and thick plumelike spikes of yellow flowers; sometimes placed in genus Cleome
    California tree poppy, Romneya coulteri, matilija poppy
    tall branching subshrub of California and Mexico often cultivated for its silvery-blue foliage and large fragrant white flowers
    burdock, clotbur
    any of several erect biennial herbs of temperate Eurasia having stout taproots and producing burs
    Argyranthemum frutescens, Chrysanthemum frutescens, Paris daisy, marguerite, marguerite daisy
    perennial subshrub of the Canary Islands having usually pale yellow daisylike flowers; often included in genus Chrysanthemum
    any of several low composite herbs of the genera Artemisia or Seriphidium
    sage brush, sagebrush
    any of several North American composite subshrubs of the genera Artemis or Seriphidium
    Artemisia dracunculus, estragon, tarragon
    aromatic perennial of southeastern Russia
    beggar's-ticks, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, burr marigold, sticktight
    any of several plants of the genus Bidens having yellow flowers and prickly fruits that cling to fur and clothing
    any plant of the genus Centaurea
    Chrysothamnus nauseosus, rabbit brush, rabbit bush
    pleasantly aromatic shrub having erect slender flexible hairy branches and dense clusters of small yellow flowers covering vast areas of western alkali plains and affording a retreat for jackrabbits; source of a yellow dye used by the Navajo
    matchbush, matchweed
    any of several plants of the genus Gutierrezia having tiny flower heads that resemble the heads of matches
    Olearia argophylla, muskwood
    musk-scented shrub or tree of southern and southeastern Australia having creamy-yellow flower heads
    New Zealand daisybush, Olearia haastii
    bushy New Zealand shrub cultivated for its fragrant white flower heads
    Parthenium argentatum, guayule
    much-branched subshrub with silvery leaves and small white flowers of Texas and northern Mexico; cultivated as a source of rubber
    American feverfew, Parthenium integrifolium, prairie dock, wild quinine
    stout perennial herb of the eastern United States with whitish flowers; leaves traditionally used by Catawba Indians to treat burns
    Sonchus oleraceus, milkweed
    annual Eurasian sow thistle with soft spiny leaves and rayed yellow flower heads
    bastard pimpernel, chaffweed, false pimpernel
    weedy plant having short dry chafflike leaves
    any of numerous sun-loving low-growing evergreens of the genus Armeria having round heads of pink or white flowers
    marsh rosemary, sea lavender, statice
    any of various plants of the genus Limonium of temperate salt marshes having spikes of white or mauve flowers
    Malva moschata, mus rose, musk mallow
    erect Old World perennial with faintly musk-scented foliage and white or pink flowers; adventive in United States
    Malva neglecta, common mallow
    annual Old World plant with clusters of pink or white flowers; naturalized in United States
    Malva sylvestris, cheese, cheeseflower, high mallow, tall mallow
    erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States
    Abelmoschus moschatus, Hibiscus moschatus, abelmosk, musk mallow
    bushy herb of tropical Asia grown for its yellow or pink to scarlet blooms that resemble the hibiscus
    Abutilon theophrasti, China jute, Indian mallow, butter-print, velvet-leaf, velvetleaf, velvetweed
    tall annual herb or subshrub of tropical Asia having velvety leaves and yellow flowers and yielding a strong fiber; naturalized in southeastern Europe and United States
    any of various tall plants of the genus Alcea; native to the Middle East but widely naturalized and cultivated for its very large variously colored flowers
    althaea, althea, hollyhock
    any of various plants of the genus Althaea; similar to but having smaller flowers than genus Alcea
    poppy mallow
    a plant of the genus Callirhoe having palmately cleft leaves and white to red or purple flowers borne throughout the summer
    Gossypium arboreum, tree cotton
    East Indian shrub cultivated especially for ornament for its pale yellow to deep purple blossoms
    Gossypium barbadense, sea island cotton, tree cotton
    small bushy tree grown on islands of the Caribbean and off the Atlantic coast of the southern United States; yields cotton with unusually long silky fibers
    Gossypium herbaceum, Levant cotton
    Old World annual having heart-shaped leaves and large seeds with short greyish lint removed with difficulty; considered an ancestor of modern short-staple cottons
    Gossypium hirsutum, upland cotton
    native tropical American plant now cultivated in the United States yielding short-staple cotton
    Gossypium peruvianum, Peruvian cotton
    cotton with long rough hairy fibers
    Egyptian cotton
    fine somewhat brownish long-staple cotton grown in Egypt; believed to be derived from sea island cotton or by hybridization with Peruvian cotton
    Arizona wild cotton, Gossypium thurberi, wild cotton
    shrub of southern Arizona and Mexico
    any plant of the genus Hibiscus
    Iliamna remota, Sphaeralcea remota, wild hollyhock
    a rare mallow found only in Illinois resembling the common hollyhock and having pale rose-mauve flowers; sometimes placed in genus Sphaeralcea
    Iliamna acerifolia, Iliamna ruvularis, mountain hollyhock
    perennial of northwestern United States and western Canada resembling a hollyhock and having white or pink flowers
    seashore mallow
    any of various plants of the genus Kosteletzya predominantly of coastal habitats; grown for their flowers that resemble hibiscus
    Malacothamnus fasciculatus, Sphaeralcea fasciculata, chaparral mallow
    shrub of coastal ranges of California and Baja California having hairy branches and spikes of numerous mauve flowers; sometimes placed in genus Sphaeralcea
    Malope trifida, malope
    western Mediterranean annual having deep purple-red flowers subtended by 3 large cordate bracts
    false mallow
    an American plant of the genus Malvastrum
    sleeping hibiscus, wax mallow, waxmallow
    any of various plants of the genus Malvaviscus having brilliant bell-shaped drooping flowers like incompletely opened hibiscus flowers
    Napaea dioica, glade mallow
    tall coarse American herb having palmate leaves and numerous small white dioecious flowers; found wild in most alluvial soils of eastern and central United States
    Sida hermaphrodita, Virginia mallow
    tall handsome perennial herb of southeastern United States having maplelike leaves and white flowers
    Queensland hemp, Sida rhombifolia, jellyleaf
    herb widely distributed in tropics and subtropics used for forage and medicinally as a demulcent and having a fine soft bast stronger than jute; sometimes an aggressive weed
    Indian mallow, Sida spinosa
    tropical American weed having pale yellow or orange flowers naturalized in southern United States
    Sidalcea malviflora, checkerbloom, wild hollyhock
    perennial purple-flowered wild mallow of western North America that is also cultivated
    false mallow, globe mallow
    genus of coarse herbs and subshrubs of arid North and South America having pink or scarlet flowers and globose fruits
    Helicteres isora, nut-leaved screw tree
    East Indian shrub often cultivated for its hairy leaves and orange-red flowers
    any of various plants of the genus Corchorus having large leaves and cymose clusters of yellow flowers; a source of jute
    Protea cynaroides, honeypot, king protea
    South African shrub whose flowers when open are cup-shaped resembling artichokes
    Protea mellifera, honey-flower, honeyflower
    Australian shrub whose flowers yield honey copiously
    Australian honeysuckle, Banksia integrifolia, coast banksia, honeysuckle
    shrubby tree with silky foliage and spikes of cylindrical yellow nectarous flowers
    silk oak
    any of several Australian timber trees having usually fernlike foliage and mottled wood used in cabinetry and veneering
    erica, true heath
    any plant of the genus Erica
    Andromeda glaucophylla, bog rosemary, moorwort
    wiry evergreen shrub having pendent clusters of white or pink flowers; of wet acidic areas in Arctic and Canada to northeastern United States
    Andromeda polifolia, common bog rosemary, marsh andromeda
    erect to procumbent evergreen shrub having pendent clusters of white or pink flowers; of sphagnum peat bogs and other wet acidic areas in northern Europe
    Arbutus menziesii, madrona, madrono, manzanita
    evergreen tree of the Pacific coast of North America having glossy leathery leaves and orange-red edible berries; wood used for furniture and bark for tanning
    Arbutus unedo, Irish strawberry, strawberry tree
    small evergreen European shrubby tree bearing many-seeded scarlet berries that are edible but bland; of Ireland, southern Europe, Asia Minor
    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, bear's grape, common bearberry, creashak, hog cranberry, mealberry, mountain box, red bearberry, sand berry, sandberry, wild cranberry
    evergreen mat-forming shrub of North America and northern Eurasia having small white flowers and red berries; leaves turn red in autumn
    Arctostaphylos alpina, alpine bearberry, black bearberry
    deciduous creeping shrub bright red in autumn having black or blue-black berries; alpine and circumpolar
    Arctostaphylos andersonii, heartleaf manzanita
    erect California shrub having leaves with heart-shaped lobes at the base
    Arctostaphylos manzanita, Parry manzanita
    erect treelike shrub forming dense thickets and having drooping panicles of white or pink flowers and red berrylike drupes; California
    Arctostaphylos tomentosa, downy manzanita, woolly manzanita
    erect openly branched California shrub whose twigs are woolly when young
    Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, spike heath
    small evergreen mat-forming shrub of southern Europe and Asia Minor having stiff stems and terminal clusters of small bell-shaped flowers
    Calluna vulgaris, Scots heather, broom, heather, ling
    common Old World heath represented by many varieties; low evergreen grown widely in the northern hemisphere
    Cassiope mertensiana, white heather
    heath of mountains of western United States having bell-shaped white flowers
    Connemara heath, Daboecia cantabrica, St. Dabeoc's heath
    low straggling evergreen shrub of western Europe represented by several varieties with flowers from white to rose-purple
    Gaultheria hispidula, creeping snowberry, maidenhair berry, moxie plum
    slow-growing procumbent evergreen shrublet of northern North America and Japan having white flowers and numerous white fleshy rough and hairy seeds
    Gaultheria procumbens, checkerberry, creeping wintergreen, ground-berry, groundberry, mountain tea, teaberry, wintergreen
    creeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
    Gaylussacia baccata, black huckleberry
    low shrub of the eastern United States bearing shiny black edible fruit; best known of the huckleberries
    Gaylussacia frondosa, dangle-berry, dangleberry
    huckleberry of the eastern United States with pink flowers and sweet blue fruit
    Gaylussacia brachycera, box huckleberry
    creeping evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having small shiny boxlike leaves and flavorless berries
    American laurel, Kalmia latifolia, calico bush, mountain laurel, wood laurel
    a North American evergreen shrub having glossy leaves and white or rose-colored flowers
    Kalmia polifolia, bog kalmia, bog laurel, swamp laurel
    laurel of bogs of northwestern United States having small purple flowers and pale leaves that are glaucous beneath
    Kalmia angustifolia, lambkill, pig laurel, sheep laurel
    North American dwarf shrub resembling mountain laurel but having narrower leaves and small red flowers; poisonous to young stock
    Bryanthus taxifolius, Phyllodoce caerulea, mountain heath
    small shrub with tiny evergreen leaves and pink or purple flowers; Alpine summits and high ground in Asia and Europe and United States
    Brewer's mountain heather, Phyllodoce breweri, purple heather
    semi-prostrate evergreen herb of western United States
    Rhododendron californicum, coast rhododendron
    medium-sized rhododendron of Pacific coast of North America having large rosy brown-spotted flowers
    Rhododendron maxima, rosebay
    late-spring-blooming rhododendron of eastern North America having rosy to pink-purple flowers
    Rhododendron viscosum, swamp azalea, swamp honeysuckle, white honeysuckle
    shrub growing in swamps throughout the eastern United States and having small white to pinkish flowers resembling honeysuckle
    any of numerous ornamental shrubs grown for their showy flowers of various colors
    American cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, large cranberry
    trailing red-fruited plant
    European cranberry, Vaccinium oxycoccus, small cranberry
    small red-fruited trailing cranberry of Arctic and cool regions of the northern hemisphere
    any of various dark-fruited as distinguished from blue-fruited blueberries
    Vaccinium arboreum, farkleberry, sparkleberry
    shrub or small tree of eastern United States having black inedible berries
    Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium pennsylvanicum, low blueberry, low-bush blueberry
    low-growing deciduous shrub of northeastern North America having flowers in compact racemes and bearing sweet dark blue berries
    Vaccinium ashei, rabbit-eye blueberry, rabbiteye, rabbiteye blueberry
    shrub of southeastern United States grown commercially especially for canning industry
    Vaccinium caespitosum, dwarf bilberry, dwarf blueberry
    low-growing tufted deciduous shrub of northern and alpine North America having pink to coral-red flowers followed by sweet blue berries
    Vaccinium corymbosum, high-bush blueberry, swamp blueberry, tall bilberry
    high-growing deciduous shrub of eastern North America bearing edible blueish to blackish berries with a distinct bloom; source of most cultivated blueberries
    Vaccinium myrsinites, evergreen blueberry
    shrub of the eastern United States having shining evergreen leaves and bluish-black fruit
    Vaccinium ovatum, evergreen huckleberry
    stiff bushy evergreen shrub of western North America having sour black berries and glossy green foliage used in floral arrangements
    Viccinium membranaceum, bilberry, mountain blue berry, thin-leaved bilberry
    erect blueberry of western United States having solitary flowers and somewhat sour berries
    Viccinium myrtillus, bilberry, blaeberry, whinberry, whortleberry
    erect European blueberry having solitary flowers and blue-black berries
    Vaccinium uliginosum alpinum, bog bilberry, bog whortleberry, moor berry
    an evergreen shrub with leathery leaves
    Vaccinium pallidum, dryland berry, dryland blueberry
    low deciduous shrub of the eastern United States bearing dark blue sweet berries
    Vaccinium scoparium, grouse whortleberry, grouse-berry, grouseberry
    shrub of northwestern North America bearing red berries
    Vaccinium stamineum, deerberry, squaw huckleberry
    small branching blueberry common in marshy areas of the eastern United States having greenish or yellowish unpalatable berries reputedly eaten by deer
    Vaccinium vitis-idaea, cowberry, foxberry, lingberry, lingenberry, lingonberry, mountain cranberry
    low evergreen shrub of high north temperate regions of Europe and Asia and America bearing red edible berries
    any boreal low-growing evergreen plant of the genus Diapensia
    any heathlike evergreen shrub of the genus Epacris grown for their showy and crowded spikes of small bell-shaped or tubular flowers
    Australian grass tree, Richea dracophylla
    stout Australian shrub with narrow leaves crowded at ends of branches and terminal clusters of white or pink flowers
    Richea pandanifolia, grass tree, tree heath
    gaunt Tasmanian evergreen shrubby tree with slender tapering leaves 3 to 5 feet long
    Forestiera neomexicana, desert olive, tanglebush
    spiny branching deciduous shrub of southwestern United States having clusters of insignificant yellow-white flowers appearing before leaves followed by attractive black berrylike fruits
    Jasminum mesnyi, primrose jasmine
    evergreen rambling yellow-flowered shrub of western China
    Jasminum nudiflorum, winter jasmine
    deciduous rambling shrub widely cultivated for its winter-blooming yellow flowers
    Jasminum officinale, common jasmine, jessamine, true jasmine
    a climbing deciduous shrub with fragrant white or yellow or red flowers used in perfume and to flavor tea
    Arabian jasmine, Jasminum sambac
    East Indian evergreen vine cultivated for its profuse fragrant white flowers
    Amur privet, Ligustrum amurense
    eastern Asian shrub cultivated especially for its persistent foliage
    Ligustrum ibolium, ibolium privet, ibota privet
    fast-growing and tightly branched hybrid of Ligustrum ovalifolium and Ligustrum obtusifolium
    Japanese privet, Ligustrum japonicum
    evergreen shrub of Japan and Korea having small dark leaves and flowers in loose panicles; related to but smaller than Chinese privet
    Chinese privet, Ligustrum lucidum, white wax tree
    erect evergreen treelike shrub of China and Korea and Japan having acuminate leaves and flowers in long erect panicles; resembles Japanese privet
    Ligustrum obtusifolium
    small deciduous shrub having graceful arching branches and luxuriant foliage
    California privet, Ligustrum ovalifolium
    semi-evergreen Japanese shrub having malodorous flowers; used extensively for hedges because more likely to stay green that common privet
    Ligustrum vulgare, common privet
    deciduous semi-evergreen shrub used for hedges
    Himalayan lilac, Syringa emodi
    robust upright shrub of mountains of northern India having oblong-elliptic leaves and pale lilac or white malodorous flowers
    Hungarian lilac, Syringa josikaea, Syringa josikea
    central European upright shrub having elliptic leaves and upright clusters of lilac or deep violet flowers
    Persian lilac, Syringa persica
    small densely branching Asiatic shrub having lanceolate leaves and panicles of fragrant lilac flowers
    Japanese tree lilac, Syringa amurensis japonica, Syringa reticulata
    small tree of Japan having narrow pointed leaves and creamy-white flowers
    Japanese lilac, Syringa villosa
    lilac of northern China having ovate leaves and profuse early summer rose-lilac flowers
    Syringa vulgaris, common lilac
    large European lilac naturalized in North America having heart-shaped ovate leaves and large panicles of highly fragrant lilac or white flowers
    Hamamelis virginiana, Virginian witch hazel
    common shrub of eastern North America having small yellow flowers after the leaves have fallen
    Hamamelis vernalis, vernal witch hazel
    fragrant shrub of lower Mississippi valley having very small flowers from midwinter to spring
    Elaeagnus latifolia, wild olive
    erect shrub or climber of India and China with red olivelike fruit
    Elaeagnus commutata, silver berry, silver-bush, silverberry, silverbush
    deciduous unarmed North American shrub with silvery leaves and fruits
    Elaeagnus augustifolia, Russian olive, silver berry
    deciduous shrubby tree of Europe and western Asia having grey leaves and small yellow fruits covered in silvery scales; sometimes spiny
    any of numerous herbs and subshrubs of the genus Lythrum
    California fuchsia, Epilobium canum canum, Zauschneria californica, humming bird's trumpet
    shrublet of southwestern United States to Mexico having brilliant scarlet flowers
    Fuchsia coccinea, ladies'-eardrop, ladies'-eardrops, lady's-eardrop, lady's-eardrops
    erect or climbing shrub of Brazil with deep pink to red flowers
    Fuchsia excorticata, konini, native fuchsia, tree fuchsia
    erect deciduous shrub or tree to 10 feet with maroon flowers; New Zealand
    Daphne cneorum, garland flower
    widely cultivated low evergreen shrub with dense clusters of fragrant pink to deep rose flowers
    Daphne laureola, spurge laurel, wood laurel
    bushy Eurasian shrub with glossy leathery oblong leaves and yellow-green flowers
    Daphne mezereum, February daphne, mezereon
    small European deciduous shrub with fragrant lilac-colored flowers followed by red berries on highly toxic twigs
    deer grass, meadow beauty
    any of several plants of the genus Rhexia usually having pink-purple to magenta flowers; eastern North America
    St John's wort
    any of numerous plants of the genus Hypericum having yellow flowers and transparently dotted leaves; traditionally gathered on St John's eve to ward off evil
    Cistus albidus, white-leaved rockrose
    compact white pubescent shrub of southwestern Europe having pink flowers
    Cistus ladanifer, Cistus ladanum, common gum cistus
    shrub having white flowers and viscid stems and leaves yielding a fragrant oleoresin used in perfumes especially as a fixative
    Crocanthemum canadense, Helianthemum canadense, frost-weed, frostweed, frostwort
    perennial of the eastern United States having early solitary yellow flowers followed by late petalless flowers; so-called because ice crystals form on it during first frosts
    rock rose, rockrose
    any of numerous varieties of helianthemums having small rose-like yellow or white or reddish flowers
    Helianthemum scoparium, rush rose
    woody yellow-flowered perennial of southeastern United States
    Hudsonia ericoides, false heather, golden heather
    North American decumbent evergreen heathlike plant with yellow flowers
    Hudsonia tomentosa, beach heather, poverty grass
    small heathlike plant covered with white down growing on beaches in northeastern North America
    Fouquieria splendens, Jacob's staff, coachwhip, ocotillo, vine cactus
    desert shrub of southwestern United States and Mexico having slender naked spiny branches that after the rainy season put forth foliage and clusters of red flowers
    Fouquieria columnaris, Idria columnaris, boojum tree, cirio
    candlewood of Mexico and southwestern California having tall columnar stems and bearing honey-scented creamy yellow flowers
    Cannabis sativa, ganja, marihuana, marijuana
    a strong-smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared
    Cannabis indica, Indian hemp
    source of e.g. bhang and hashish as well as fiber
    Spanish bayonet, Yucca aloifolia
    a stiff yucca with a short trunk; found in the southern United States and tropical America; has rigid spine-tipped leaves and clusters of white flowers
    Spanish bayonet, Yucca baccata
    tall yucca of the southwestern United States and Mexico having a woody stem and stiff swordlike pointed leaves and a large cluster of white flowers
    Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia
    a large branched arborescent yucca of southwestern United States having short leaves and clustered greenish white flowers
    Spanish dagger, Yucca carnerosana
    arborescent yucca of southwestern United States and northern Mexico with sword-shaped leaves and white flowers
    Yucca elata, soap tree, soap-weed, soapweed
    tall arborescent yucca of southwestern United States
    Adam's needle, Adam's needle-and-thread, Yucca filamentosa, needle palm, spoonleaf yucca
    yucca with long stiff leaves having filamentlike appendages
    Yucca glauca, bear grass
    yucca of west central United States having a clump of basal grasslike leaves and a central stalk with a terminal raceme of small whitish flowers
    Spanish dagger, Yucca gloriosa
    yucca of southeastern United States similar to the Spanish bayonets but with shorter trunk and smoother leaves
    Yucca smalliana, bear grass
    yucca of southern United States having a clump of basal grasslike leaves and a central stalk with a terminal raceme of small whitish flowers
    Our Lord's candle, Yucca whipplei
    yucca of southwestern United States and Mexico with a tall spike of creamy white flowers
    Caesalpinia gilliesii, Poinciana gilliesii, bird of paradise, poinciana
    a tropical flowering shrub having bright orange or red flowers; sometimes placed in genus Poinciana
    Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Poinciana pulcherrima, flamboyant tree, paradise flower, pride of barbados
    tropical shrub or small tree having showy yellow to orange-red flowers; sometimes placed in genus Poinciana
    Cassia fasciculata, Chamaecrista fasciculata, partridge pea, sensitive pea, wild sensitive plant
    tropical American plant having leaflets somewhat sensitive to the touch; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
    Cassia alata, Senna alata, ringworm bush, ringworm cassia, ringworm shrub
    tropical shrub (especially of Americas) having yellow flowers and large leaves whose juice is used as a cure for ringworm and poisonous bites; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
    Cassia auriculata, Senna auriculata, avaram, tanner's cassia
    evergreen Indian shrub with vivid yellow flowers whose bark is used in tanning; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
    Alexandria senna, Alexandrian senna, Cassia acutifolia, Cassia augustifolia, Indian senna, Senna alexandrina, tinnevelly senna, true senna
    erect shrub having racemes of tawny yellow flowers; the dried leaves are used medicinally as a cathartic; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
    Cassia tora, Senna obtusifolia, sicklepod
    cosmopolitan tropical herb or subshrub with yellow flowers and slender curved pods; a weed; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
    Cassia occidentalis, Senna occidentalis, coffee senna, mogdad coffee, stinking weed, styptic weed
    very leafy malodorous tropical weedy shrub whose seeds have been used as an adulterant for coffee; sometimes classified in genus Cassia
    Amorpha canescens, lead plant, leadplant
    shrub of sandy woodlands and stream banks of western United States having hoary pinnate flowers and dull-colored racemose flowers; thought to indicate the presence of lead ore
    Amorpha californica, bastard indigo, false indigo
    an erect to spreading hairy shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having racemes of red to indigo flowers
    Amorpha fruticosa, bastard indigo, false indigo
    dense shrub of moist riverbanks and flood plains of the eastern United States having attractive fragrant foliage and dense racemes of dark purple flowers
    Caragana arborescens, Siberian pea tree
    large spiny shrub of eastern Asia having clusters of yellow flowers; often cultivated in shelterbelts and hedges
    Caragana sinica, Chinese pea tree
    shrub with dark-green glossy foliage and solitary pale yellow flowers; northern China
    weeping tree broom
    small shrubby tree of New Zealand having weeping branches and racemes of white to violet flowers followed by woolly indehiscent two-seeded pods
    Clianthus formosus, Clianthus speciosus, Sturt pea, Sturt's desert pea, desert pea
    sprawling shrubby perennial noted for its scarlet black-marked flowers; widely distributed in dry parts of Australia
    Clianthus puniceus, parrot's beak, parrot's bill
    evergreen shrub with scarlet to white clawlike or beaklike flowers; New Zealand
    Coronilla varia, axseed, crown vetch
    European herb resembling vetch; naturalized in the eastern United States; having umbels of pink-and-white flowers and sharp-angled pods
    Cytisus albus, Cytisus multiflorus, white Spanish broom, white broom
    low European broom having trifoliate leaves and yellowish-white flowers
    Cytisus scoparius, Scotch broom, common broom, green broom
    deciduous erect spreading broom native to western Europe; widely cultivated for its rich yellow flowers
    beggar lice, beggar's lice, tick trefoil
    any of various tropical and subtropical plants having trifoliate leaves and rough sticky pod sections or loments
    Genista anglica, broom tree, needle furze, petty whin
    prickly yellow-flowered shrub of the moors of New England and Europe
    Genista hispanica, Spanish broom, Spanish gorse
    erect shrub of southwestern Europe having racemes of golden yellow flowers
    Genista tinctoria, dyer's greenweed, dyer's-broom, dyeweed, greenweed, whin, woadwaxen, woodwaxen
    small Eurasian shrub having clusters of yellow flowers that yield a dye; common as a weed in Britain and the United States; sometimes grown as an ornamental
    Hedysarum boreale, sweet vetch
    perennial of western United States having racemes of pink to purple flowers followed by flat pods that separate into nearly orbicular joints
    French honeysuckle, Hedysarum coronarium, sulla
    perennial of southern Europe cultivated for forage and for its nectar-rich pink flowers that make it an important honey crop
    Hippocrepis comosa, horseshoe vetch
    European woody perennial with yellow umbellate flowers followed by flattened pods that separate into horseshoe-shaped joints
    Indigofera anil, Indigofera suffruticosa, anil
    shrub of West Indies and South America that is a source of indigo dye
    Alpine golden chain, Laburnum alpinum, Scotch laburnum
    an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum
    Laburnum anagyroides, common laburnum, golden chain, golden rain
    an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum; often cultivated for Easter decorations
    any of several tropical American woody plants of the genus Lonchocarpus whose roots are used locally as a fish poison and commercially as a source of rotenone
    Lotus americanus, compass plant, prairie bird's-foot trefoil, prairie lotus, prairie trefoil
    North American annual with red or rose-colored flowers
    Lotus berthelotii, coral gem
    low-growing much-branched perennial of Canary Islands having orange-red to scarlet or purple flowers; naturalized in United States
    Lotus corniculatus, babies' slippers, bacon and eggs, bird's foot clover, bird's foot trefoil
    European forage plant having claw-shaped pods introduced in America
    Indian beet, Lupinus perennis, old-maid's bonnet, sundial lupine, wild lupine
    stout perennial of eastern and central North America having palmate leaves and showy racemose blue flowers
    Bengal bean, Benghal bean, Florida bean, Mucuna aterrima, Mucuna deeringiana, Mucuna pruriens utilis, Stizolobium deeringiana, cowage, velvet bean
    the annual woody vine of Asia having long clusters of purplish flowers and densely hairy pods; cultivated in southern United States for green manure and grazing
    Ononis repens, rest-harrow, restharrow
    European woody plant having pink flowers and unifoliate leaves and long tough roots; spreads by underground runners
    Ononis spinosa, rest-harrow, restharrow
    Eurasian plant having loose racemes of pink or purple flowers and spiny stems and tough roots
    Spanish broom, Spartium junceum, weaver's broom
    tall thornless shrub having pale yellow flowers and flexible rushlike twigs used in basketry; of southwestern Europe and Mediterranean; naturalized in California
    hoary pea
    a plant of the genus Tephrosia having pinnate leaves and white or purplish flowers and flat hairy pods
    Polygonum orientale, kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate, prince's-feather, prince's-plume, princess feather
    annual with broadly ovate leaves and slender drooping spikes of crimson flowers; southeastern Asia and Australia; naturalized in North America
    any plant of the genus Eriogonum with small clustered flowers
    Rosa pendulina, mountain rose
    European alpine rose with crimson flowers
    Rosa spithamaea, ground rose
    low-growing bristly shrub of southern Oregon and California with creeping rootstocks and usually corymbose flowers
    Rosa banksia, banksia rose
    Chinese evergreen climbing rose with yellow or white single flowers
    Rosa canina, dog rose
    prickly wild rose with delicate pink or white scentless flowers; native to Europe
    Bengal rose, China rose, Rosa chinensis
    shrubby Chinese rose; ancestor of many cultivated garden roses
    Rosa damascena, damask rose, summer damask rose
    large hardy very fragrant pink rose; cultivated in Asia Minor as source of attar of roses; parent of many hybrids
    Rosa eglanteria, briar, brier, eglantine, sweetbriar, sweetbrier
    Eurasian rose with prickly stems and fragrant leaves and bright pink flowers followed by scarlet hips
    Cherokee rose, Rosa laevigata
    Chinese climbing rose with fragrant white blossoms
    Japanese rose, Rosa multiflora, baby rose, multiflora, multiflora rose
    vigorously growing rose having clusters of numerous small flowers; used for hedges and as grafting stock
    Rosa moschata, musk rose
    rose native to Mediterranean region having curved or climbing branches and loose clusters of musky-scented flowers
    Rosa odorata, tea rose
    any of several hybrid bush roses derived from a tea-scented Chinese rose with pink or yellow flowers
    Amelanchier alnifolia, alder-leaved serviceberry, alderleaf Juneberry
    shrub or small tree of northwestern North America having fragrant creamy white flowers and small waxy purple-red fruits
    Amelanchier bartramiana, Bartram Juneberry
    open-growing shrub of eastern North America having pure white flowers and small waxy almost black fruits
    Chaenomeles japonica, japonica, maule's quince
    deciduous thorny shrub native to Japan having red blossoms
    Chaenomeles speciosa, Japanese quince
    deciduous thorny shrub native to China having red or white blossoms
    Cotoneaster dammeri
    climbing evergreen shrub with white flowers and red berries; often used as ground cover
    Cotoneaster horizontalis
    deciduous flat-growing shrub with a fanned herringbone pattern and having reddish flowers and orange-red berries; used as a ground cover
    Crataegus apiifolia, Crataegus marshallii, parsley haw, parsley-leaved thorn
    southern United States hawthorn with pinnately lobed leaves
    Crataegus biltmoreana, scarlet haw
    common shrub or small tree of the eastern United States having few thorns and white flowers in corymbs followed by bright orange-red berries
    Crataegus calpodendron, Crataegus tomentosa, blackthorn, pear haw, pear hawthorn
    erect and almost thornless American hawthorn with somewhat pear-shaped berries
    Crataegus crus-galli, cockspur hawthorn, cockspur thorn
    eastern United States hawthorn with long straight thorns
    Crataegus aestivalis, mayhaw, summer haw
    hawthorn of southern United States bearing a juicy, acidic, scarlet fruit that is often used in jellies or preserves
    Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus oxycantha, English hawthorn, may, whitethorn
    thorny Eurasian shrub of small tree having dense clusters of white to scarlet flowers followed by deep red berries; established as an escape in eastern North America
    Crataegus monogyna, English hawthorn
    European hawthorn having deeply cleft leaves and bright red fruits; widely cultivated in many varieties and often grown as impenetrable hedges; established as an escape in eastern North America
    Crataegus coccinea mollis, Crataegus mollis, downy haw, red haw
    American red-fruited hawthorn with stems and leaves densely covered with short woolly hairs
    Crataegus oxyacantha, evergreen thorn
    evergreen hawthorn of southeastern Europe
    Crataegus coccinea, Crataegus pedicellata, red haw
    American red-fruited hawthorn with dense corymbs of pink-red flowers
    Dryas octopetala, mountain avens
    creeping evergreen shrub with large white flowers; widely distributed in northern portions of Eurasia and North America
    any of various perennials of the genus Geum having usually pinnate basal leaves and variously colored flowers
    Potentilla anserina, goose grass, goose-tansy, silverweed
    low-growing perennial having leaves silvery beneath; northern United States; Europe; Asia
    Prunus besseyi, Rocky Mountains cherry, Western sand cherry
    dwarf ornamental shrub of western United States having large black to red and yellow sweet edible fruit
    Saint Peter's wreath, Spiraea prunifolia, St. Peter's wreath, bridal wreath, bridal-wreath
    shrub having copious small white flowers in spring
    any plant of the genus Asperula
    Gardenia augusta, Gardenia jasminoides, cape jasmine, cape jessamine
    evergreen shrub widely cultivated for its large fragrant waxlike white flowers and glossy leaves
    Hamelia erecta, Hamelia patens, coloradillo, scarlet bush, scarlet hamelia
    handsome shrub with showy orange to scarlet or crimson flowers; Florida and West Indies to Mexico and Brazil
    Linnaea borealis, twinflower
    creeping evergreen subshrub of the northern parts of Europe and Asia with delicate fragrant tubular bell-shaped usually pink flowers borne in pairs
    Lonicera albiflora, white honeysuckle
    bushy honeysuckle with twining branches and white or yellow-white flowers; southern United States
    American fly honeysuckle, Lonicera canadensis, fly honeysuckle
    erect deciduous North American shrub with yellow-white flowers
    Italian honeysuckle, Italian woodbine, Lonicera caprifolium
    deciduous climbing shrub with fragrant yellow-white flowers in axillary whorls
    Lonicera dioica, yellow honeysuckle
    twining deciduous shrub with clusters of purple-tinged yellow-green flowers; northeastern America
    Lonicera flava, yellow honeysuckle
    climbing deciduous shrub with fragrant yellow (later orange) flowers in terminal whorls; southeastern United States
    Lonicera hirsuta, hairy honeysuckle
    twining deciduous shrub with hairy leaves and spikes of yellow-orange flowers; northeastern America
    Lonicera involucrata, twinberry
    shrubby honeysuckle with purple flowers; western North America
    Japanese honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica
    an Asiatic trailing evergreen honeysuckle with half-evergreen leaves and fragrant white flowers turning yellow with age; has become a weed in some areas
    Hall's honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica halliana
    a variety of Japanese honeysuckle that grows like a vine; established as an aggressive escape in southeastern United States
    Lonicera morrowii, Morrow's honeysuckle
    a grey deciduous honeysuckle shrub paired white flowers turning yellow; Japan
    Lonicera periclymenum, woodbine
    European twining honeysuckle with fragrant red and yellow-white flowers
    Lonicera sempervirens, coral honeysuckle, trumpet flower, trumpet honeysuckle, trumpet vine
    evergreen North American honeysuckle vine having coral-red or orange flowers
    Lonicera tatarica, Tartarian honeysuckle, bush honeysuckle
    a honeysuckle shrub of southern Russia to central Asia
    European fly honeysuckle, European honeysuckle, Lonicera xylosteum
    cultivated Eurasian shrub with twin yellowish-white flowers and scarlet fruit
    American elder, Sambucus canadensis, black elderberry, sweet elder
    common elder of central and eastern North America bearing purple-black berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
    Sambucus caerulea, blue elder, blue elderberry
    shrub or small tree of western United States having white flowers and blue berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
    Sambucus ebulus, danewort, dwarf elder
    dwarf herbaceous elder of Europe having pink flowers and a nauseous odor
    European elder, Sambucus nigra, black elder, bourtree, common elder, elderberry
    a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of Europe and Asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
    American red elder, Sambucus pubens, red-berried elder, stinking elder
    common North American shrub or small tree
    European red elder, Sambucus racemosa, red-berried elder
    Eurasian shrub
    any of various plants of the genus Polygala
    Tribulus terestris, caltrop, devil's weed
    tropical annual procumbent poisonous subshrub having fruit that splits into five spiny nutlets; serious pasture weed
    Buxus sempervirens, European box, common box
    large slow-growing evergreen shrub or small tree with multiple stems; extensively used for hedges or borders and topiary figures
    any plant of the genus Pachysandra; low-growing evergreen herbs or subshrubs having dentate leaves and used as ground cover
    Euonymus europaeus, common spindle tree
    small erect deciduous shrub having tough white wood and cathartic bark and fruit
    Euonymous alatus, winged spindle tree
    bushy deciduous shrub with branches having thin wide corky longitudinal wings; brilliant red in autumn; northeastern Asia to central China
    American smokewood, Cotinus americanus, Cotinus obovatus, chittamwood
    shrubby tree of southern United States having large plumes of feathery flowers resembling puffs of smoke
    Cotinus coggygria, Venetian sumac, wig tree
    Old World shrub having large plumes of yellowish feathery flowers resembling puffs of smoke
    Rhus aromatica, fragrant sumac, lemon sumac
    sweet-scented sumac of eastern America having ternate leaves and yellowish-green flowers in spikes resembling catkins followed by red hairy fruits
    Rhus glabra, scarlet sumac, smooth sumac, vinegar tree
    common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with waxy compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries
    Rhus copallina, black sumac, dwarf sumac, mountain sumac, shining sumac
    common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries
    Rhus ovata, sugar sumac, sugar-bush
    evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with spikes of reddish yellow flowers and glandular hairy fruits
    Rhus typhina, Virginian sumac, staghorn sumac, velvet sumac, vinegar tree
    deciduous shrubby tree or eastern North America with compound leaves that turn brilliant red in fall and dense panicles of greenish yellow flowers followed by crimson acidic berries
    Rhus trilobata, skunkbush, squaw-bush, squawbush
    deciduous shrub of California with unpleasantly scented usually trifoliate leaves and edible fruit
    Bumelia lycioides, mock orange, shittim, shittimwood, southern buckthorn
    shrubby thorny deciduous tree of southeastern United States with white flowers and small black drupaceous fruit
    Bumelia lanuginosa, black haw, chittamwood, chittimwood, false buckthorn, shittimwood
    deciduous tree of southeastern United States and Mexico
    Asiatic sweetleaf, Symplocus paniculata, sapphire berry
    deciduous shrub of eastern Asia bearing decorative bright blue fruit
    Styrax obassia, snowbell
    small tree native to Japan
    Japanese snowbell, Styrax japonicum
    shrubby tree of China and Japan
    Styrax texana, Texas snowbell, Texas snowbells
    styrax of southwestern United States; a threatened species
    Aeonium haworthii, pinwheel
    perennial subshrub of Tenerife having leaves in rosettes resembling pinwheels
    Hydrangea anomala, climbing hydrangea
    deciduous climber with aerial roots having white to creamy flowers in fairly flat heads
    Hydrangea arborescens, wild hydrangea
    deciduous shrub with creamy white flower clusters; eastern United States
    Hydrangea macrophylla hortensis, hortensia
    deciduous shrub bearing roundheaded flower clusters opening green and aging to pink or blue
    Hydrangea paniculata, fall-blooming hydrangea
    deciduous shrub or small tree with pyramidal flower clusters
    Hydrangea petiolaris, climbing hydrangea
    deciduous climber with aerial roots having large flat flower heads
    Carpenteria californica, carpenteria
    California evergreen shrub having glossy opposite leaves and terminal clusters of a few fragrant white flowers
    Decumaria barbara, Decumaria barbata, decumary
    woody climber of southeastern United States having white flowers in compound terminal clusters
    any of various shrubs of the genus Deutzia having usually toothed opposite leaves and shredding bark and white or pink flowers in loose terminal clusters
    Philadelphus coronarius, mock orange, syringa
    large hardy shrub with showy and strongly fragrant creamy-white flowers in short terminal racemes
    Ribes rubrum, garden current, red currant
    cultivated European current bearing small edible red berries
    European black currant, Ribes nigrum, black currant
    widely cultivated current bearing edible black aromatic berries
    Ribes sativum, white currant
    garden currant bearing small white berries
    Ribes sanguineum, winter currant
    a flowering shrub
    English lavender, Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula officinalis
    aromatic Mediterranean shrub widely cultivated for its lilac flowers which are dried and used in sachets
    French lavender, Lavandula stoechas
    shrubby greyish lavender of southwestern Europe having usually reddish-purple flowers
    French lavender, Lavandula latifolia, spike lavender
    Mediterranean plant with pale purple flowers that yields spike lavender oil
    any of various plants of the genus Phlomis; grown primarily for their dense whorls of lipped flowers and attractive foliage
    Jerusalem sage, Phlomis fruticosa
    a spreading subshrub of Mediterranean regions cultivated for dense axillary whorls of purple or yellow flowers
    any of various plants of the genus Teucrium
    blue curls
    any of several plants of the genus Trichostema having whorls of small blue flowers
    Capsicum annuum conoides, cone pepper
    plant bearing erect pungent conical red or yellow or purple fruits; sometimes grown as an ornamental
    Capsicum annuum longum, cayenne, cayenne pepper, chili pepper, chilli pepper, jalapeno, long pepper
    plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
    Capsicum annuum grossum, bell pepper, paprika, pimento, pimiento, sweet pepper, sweet pepper plant
    plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
    Capsicum annuum cerasiforme, cherry pepper
    plant bearing small rounded usually pungent fruits
    Capsicum baccatum, Capsicum frutescens baccatum, bird pepper
    plant bearing very small and very hot oblong red fruits; includes wild forms native to tropical America; thought to be ancestral to the sweet pepper and many hot peppers
    Capsicum frutescens, hot pepper, tabasco pepper, tabasco plant
    plant bearing very hot medium-sized oblong red peppers; grown principally in the Gulf Coast states for production of hot sauce
    Datura stramonium, Jamestown weed, apple of Peru, common thorn apple, jimson weed, jimsonweed
    intensely poisonous tall coarse annual tropical weed having rank-smelling foliage, large white or violet trumpet-shaped flowers and prickly fruits
    Duke of Argyll's tea tree, Lycium barbarum, Lycium halimifolium, common matrimony vine
    deciduous erect or spreading shrub with spiny branches and violet-purple flowers followed by orange-red berries; southeastern Europe to China
    Euphorbia lathyris, caper spurge, mole plant, myrtle spurge
    poisonous Old World spurge; adventive in America; seeds yield a purgative oil
    Euphorbia helioscopia, devil's milk, sun spurge, wartweed, wartwort
    not unattractive European weed whose flowers turn toward the sun
    Euphorbia peplus, devil's milk, petty spurge
    an Old World spurge introduced as a weed in the eastern United States
    Euphorbia caput-medusae, Euphorbia medusae, medusa's head
    African dwarf succulent perennial shrub with numerous slender drooping branches
    Euphorbia corollata, flowering spurge, tramp's spurge, wild spurge
    common perennial United States spurge having showy white petallike bracts
    Euphorbia marginata, ghost weed, snow-in-summer, snow-on-the-mountain
    annual spurge of western United States having showy white-bracted flower clusters and very poisonous milk
    Euphorbia cyparissias, cypress spurge
    Old World perennial having foliage resembling cypress; naturalized as a weed in the United States
    Euphorbia esula, leafy spurge, wolf's milk
    tall European perennial naturalized and troublesome as a weed in eastern North America
    Euphorbia hirsuta, hairy spurge
    much-branched hirsute weed native to northeastern North America
    Christmas flower, Christmas star, Euphorbia pulcherrima, Mexican flameleaf, lobster plant, painted leaf, poinsettia
    tropical American plant having poisonous milk and showy tapering usually scarlet petallike leaves surrounding small yellow flowers
    Euphorbia heterophylla, Japanese poinsettia, mole plant, paint leaf
    showy poinsettia found from the southern United States to Peru
    Euphorbia cyathophora, Mexican fire plant, fire-on-the-mountain, painted leaf
    poinsettia of United States and eastern Mexico; often confused with Euphorbia heterophylla
    Euphorbia amygdaloides, wood spurge
    European perennial herb with greenish yellow terminal flower clusters
    Euphorbia antisyphilitica, candelilla
    wax-coated shrub of northern Mexico and southwestern United States
    Euphorbia exigua, dwarf spurge
    European erect or depressed annual weedy spurge adventive in northeastern United States
    Euphorbia fulgens, scarlet plume
    Mexican shrub often cultivated for its scarlet-bracted flowers
    Euphorbia ingens, cactus euphorbia, naboom
    small tree of dry open parts of southern Africa having erect angled branches suggesting candelabra
    Christ plant, Christ thorn, Euphorbia milii, crown of thorns
    somewhat climbing bushy spurge of Madagascar having long woody spiny stems with few leaves and flowers with scarlet bracts
    Euphorbia dentata, toothed spurge
    an annual weed of northeastern North America with dentate leaves
    Croton eluteria, cascarilla
    West Indian shrub with aromatic bark
    Manihot esculenta, Manihot utilissima, bitter cassava, gari, mandioc, mandioca, manioc, tapioca plant
    cassava with long tuberous edible roots and soft brittle stems; used especially to make cassiri (an intoxicating drink) and tapioca
    Manihot dulcis, sweet cassava
    South American plant with roots used as a vegetable and herbage used for stock feed
    Pedilanthus bracteatus, Pedilanthus pavonis, candelilla
    wax-coated Mexican shrub related to Euphorbia antisyphilitica
    Jew bush, Jew-bush, Jewbush, Pedilanthus tithymaloides, redbird cactus, redbird flower
    low tropical American shrub having powerful emetic properties
    Camellia japonica, japonica
    greenhouse shrub with glossy green leaves and showy fragrant rose-like flowers; cultivated in many varieties
    eringo, eryngo
    any plant of the genus Eryngium
    Rhamnus purshianus, bearberry, bearwood, cascara buckthorn, chittamwood, chittimwood
    shrubby tree of the Pacific coast of the United States; yields cascara sagrada
    Carolina buckthorn, Rhamnus carolinianus, indian cherry
    deciduous shrub of eastern and central United States having black berrylike fruit; golden-yellow in autumn
    California buckthorn, California coffee, Rhamnus californicus, coffeeberry
    evergreen shrub of western United States bearing small red or black fruits
    Rhamnus frangula, alder buckthorn, alder dogwood
    small tree common in Europe
    Rhamnus croceus, red-berry, redberry
    small spiny evergreen shrub of western United States and Mexico with minute flowers and bright red berries
    Madagascar jasmine, Stephanotis floribunda, waxflower
    twining woody vine of Madagascar having thick dark waxy evergreen leaves and clusters of large fragrant waxy white flowers along the stems; widely cultivated in warm regions
    type of:
    ligneous plant, woody plant
    a plant having hard lignified tissues or woody parts especially stems




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