A shrub is a short, tree-like plant with many stems or branches. If you want to tastefully spruce up your front yard, you might plant a flowering shrub or two — or maybe you're the type who would prefer some plastic garden gnomes.

Shrubs are similar to trees with two exceptions: they are shorter and have more individual stems, rather than a wide, thick trunk. Some plants, like a hazelnut, can grow into either a shrub or a tree. You can also call a shrub a bush. The origin of shrub is a bit uncertain, but some experts believe it shares a Scandinavian root with the Norwegian skrubba, "dwarf tree."

Definitions of shrub

n a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems

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Catha edulis
a shrub that is cultivated by Arabs for its leaves which are chewed or used to make tea
ephedra, joint fir
jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds
Podocarpus nivalis, alpine totara
low wide-spreading coniferous shrub of New Zealand mountains
Chilean rimu, Lepidothamnus fonkii
about the hardiest Podocarpaceae species; prostrate spreading shrub similar to mountain rimu; mountains of southern Chile
Dacridium laxifolius, Lepidothamnus laxifolius, mountain rimu
low-growing to prostrate shrub with slender trailing branches; New Zealand
Microstrobos niphophilus, Tasman dwarf pine
small shrub or Tasmania having short stiff branches
any of numerous plants of the genus Berberis having prickly stems and yellow flowers followed by small red berries
Caulophyllum thalictrioides, Caulophyllum thalictroides, blue cohosh, blueberry root, papoose root, papooseroot, squaw root, squawroot
tall herb of eastern North America and Asia having blue berrylike fruit and a thick knotty rootstock formerly used medicinally
Mahonia aquifolium, Oregon grape, Oregon holly grape, holly-leaves barberry, hollygrape, mountain grape
ornamental evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries
Mahonia nervosa, Oregon grape
small shrub with grey-green leaves and yellow flowers followed by glaucous blue berries
deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States
Chimonanthus praecox, Japan allspice, Japanese allspice, winter sweet
deciduous Japanese shrub cultivated for its fragrant yellow flowers
American spicebush, Benjamin bush, Benzoin odoriferum, Lindera benzoin, spice bush, spicebush
deciduous shrub of the eastern United States having highly aromatic leaves and bark and yellow flowers followed by scarlet or yellow berries
Pseudowintera colorata, Wintera colorata, pepper shrub
evergreen shrub or small tree whose foliage is conspicuously blotched with red and yellow and having small black fruits
Myrica gale, Scotch gale, sweet gale
bog shrub of north temperate zone having bitter-tasting fragrant leaves
wax myrtle
any shrub or small tree of the genus Myrica with aromatic foliage and small wax-coated berries
Comptonia asplenifolia, Comptonia peregrina, sweet fern
deciduous shrub of eastern North America with sweet scented fernlike leaves and tiny white flowers
Leitneria floridana, corkwood, corkwood tree
very small deciduous dioecious tree or shrub of damp habitats in southeastern United States having extremely light wood
any of various tropical shrubs or trees of the genus Mimosa having usually yellow flowers and compound leaves
Anadenanthera colubrina, Piptadenia macrocarpa
Brazilian shrub having twice-pinnate leaves and small spicate flowers followed by flat or irregularly torulose pods; sometimes placed in genus Piptadenia
any of various shrubs and small trees valued for their fine foliage and attractive spreading habit and clustered white to deep pink or red flowers
Lysiloma sabicu, sabicu
West Indian tree yielding a hard dark brown wood resembling mahogany in texture and value
Pithecellodium unguis-cati, black bead, cat's-claw, catclaw
erect shrub with small if any spines having racemes of white to yellow flowers followed by curved pointed pods and black shiny seeds; West Indies and Florida
mesquit, mesquite
any of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Prosopis having small flowers in axillary cylindrical spikes followed by large pods rich in sugar
Acocanthera oblongifolia, Acocanthera spectabilis, poison arrow plant, winter sweet
medium-sized shrubby tree of South Africa having thick leathery evergreen leaves and white or pink flowers and globose usually two-seeded purplish black fruits
Acocanthera oppositifolia, Acocanthera venenata, bushman's poison, ordeal tree
evergreen shrub or tree of South Africa
Adenium multiflorum, Adenium obesum, desert rose, impala lily, kudu lily, mock azalia
South African shrub having a swollen succulent stem and bearing showy pink and white flowers after the leaves fall; popular as an ornamental in tropics
a shrub of the genus Carissa having fragrant white flowers and plumlike red to purple-black fruits
frangipani, frangipanni
any of various tropical American deciduous shrubs or trees of the genus Plumeria having milky sap and showy fragrant funnel-shaped variously colored flowers
rauvolfia, rauwolfia
any shrub or small tree of the genus Rauwolfia having leaves in whorls and cymose flowers; yield substances used medicinally especially as emetics or purgatives or antihypertensives
any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Strophanthus having whorled leaves and showy flowers of various colors in dense and corymbose clusters; some have poisonous seeds
Adam's apple, East Indian rosebay, Nero's crown, Tabernaemontana divaricate, coffee rose, crape jasmine, crepe gardenia, crepe jasmine, pinwheel flower
tropical shrub having glossy foliage and fragrant nocturnal flowers with crimped or wavy corollas; northern India to Thailand
Thevetia neriifolia, Thevetia peruviana, yellow oleander
tropical American shrub or small tree having glossy dark green leaves and fragrant saffron yellow to orange or peach- colored flowers; all parts highly poisonous
American angelica tree, Aralia spinosa, Hercules'-club, devil's walking stick
small deciduous clump-forming tree or shrub of eastern United States
Aralia elata, Japanese angelica tree
deciduous clump-forming Asian shrub or small tree; adventive in the eastern United States
Aralia stipulata, Chinese angelica, Chinese angelica tree
similar to American angelica tree but less prickly; China
Brassaia actinophylla, Schefflera actinophylla, umbrella tree
erect evergreen shrub or small tree of Australia and northern New Guinea having palmately compound leaves
Batis maritima, saltwort
low-growing strong-smelling coastal shrub of warm parts of the New World having unisexual flowers in conelike spikes and thick succulent leaves
any of various shrubby plants of the genus Atriplex that thrive in dry alkaline soil
Bassia scoparia, Kochia scoparia, belvedere, burning bush, fire bush, fire-bush, summer cypress
densely branched Eurasian plant; foliage turns purple-red in autumn
Cycloloma atriplicifolium, tumbleweed, winged pigweed
bushy annual weed of central North America having greenish flowers and winged seeds
Salsola kali, Salsola soda, barilla, glasswort, kali, kelpwort, saltwort
bushy plant of Old World salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
Russian cactus, Russian thistle, Russian tumbleweed, Salsola kali tenuifolia, tumbleweed
prickly bushy Eurasian plant; a troublesome weed in central and western United States
Sarcobatus vermiculatus, black greasewood, greasewood
low hardy much-branched spiny shrub common in alkaline soils of western America
any of numerous plants of the genus Capparis
Biscutalla laevigata, buckler mustard
plant of southeastern Europe having yellow flowers like those of mustard and pods with open valves resembling bucklers
bush poppy, tree poppy
evergreen shrub of southwestern United States and Mexico often cultivated for its fragrant golden yellow flowers
Argyroxiphium sandwicense, silversword
low-growing plant found only in volcanic craters on Hawaii having rosettes of narrow pointed silver-green leaves and clusters of profuse red-purple flowers on a tall stem
any of various composite shrubs or herbs of the genus Artemisia having aromatic green or greyish foliage
Baccharis halimifolia, consumption weed, cotton-seed tree, groundsel bush, groundsel tree
a shrub of salt marshes of eastern and south central North America and West Indies; fruit is surrounded with white plumelike hairy tufts
Baccharis viminea, mule fat
California shrub with slender leafy shoots that are important browse for mule deer
Baccharis pilularis, chaparral broom, coyote brush, coyote bush, kidney wort
widely spreading evergreen shrub of southwestern United States with flower heads in a leafy panicle
any of various much-branched yellow-flowered shrubs of the genus Chrysothamnus; western North America
Hazardia cana, hoary golden bush
western American shrubs having white felted foliage and yellow flowers that become red-purple
any of various plants of the genus Mutisia
daisy bush, daisy-bush, daisybush
any of various mostly Australian attractively shaped shrubs of the genus Olearia grown for their handsome and sometimes fragrant evergreen foliage and profusion of daisy flowers with white or purple or blue rays
a South African plant of the genus Othonna having smooth often fleshy leaves and heads of yellow flowers
Santolina chamaecyparissus, lavender cotton
branching aromatic Mediterranean shrub with woolly stems and leaves and yellow flowers
Cineraria maritima, Senecio cineraria, dusty miller
stiff much-branched perennial of the Mediterranean region having very white woolly stems and leaves
milk thistle, sow thistle
any of several Old World coarse prickly-leaved shrubs and subshrubs having milky juice and yellow flowers; widely naturalized; often noxious weeds in cultivated soil
Ardisia crenata, coralberry, spiceberry
shrub with coral-red berries; Japan to northern India
Ardisia escallonoides, Ardisia paniculata, marlberry
tropical American shrub or small tree with brown wood and dark berries
Plumbago europaea, leadwort
a plant of the genus Plumbago with blue flowers
Jacquinia armillaris, bracelet wood
small West Indian shrub or tree with hard glossy seeds patterned yellow and brown that are used to make bracelets
Jacquinia keyensis, barbasco, joewood
West Indian shrub or small tree having leathery saponaceous leaves and extremely hard wood
any of various plants of the family Malvaceae
cotton, cotton plant
erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers
Lavatera arborea, tree mallow, velvet-leaf, velvetleaf
arborescent perennial shrub having palmately lobed furry leaves and showy red-purple flowers; southwestern United States
any of various evergreen plants of the genus Pavonia having white or yellow or purple flowers
Hibiscus farragei, Radyera farragei, bush hibiscus
southern and western Australian shrub with unlobed or shallowly lobed toothed leaves and purple flowers; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
Aristotelia racemosa, Aristotelia serrata, New Zealand wine berry, makomako, wineberry
graceful deciduous shrub or small tree having attractive foliage and small red berries that turn black at maturity and are used for making wine
any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Dombeya grown for their rounded clusters of exquisite often sweet-scented flowers usually hanging beneath the leaves
California beauty, flannel bush, flannelbush
any of several handsome evergreen shrubs of California and northern Mexico having downy lobed leaves and showy yellow flowers
screw tree
a tree or shrub of the genus Helicteres
Hermannia verticillata, Mahernia verticillata, honey bell, honeybells
African shrub having decumbent stems and slender yellow honey-scented flowers either solitary or in pairs
Grewia asiatica, phalsa
drought-resistant Asiatic treelike shrub bearing pleasantly acid small red edible fruits commonly used in sherbets
African hemp, Sparmannia africana
large shrub of South Africa having many conspicuously hairy branches with large hairy leaves and clusters of conspicuous white flowers
any tropical African shrub of the genus Protea having alternate rigid leaves and dense colorful flower heads resembling cones
any shrub or tree of the genus Banksia having alternate leathery leaves apetalous yellow flowers often in showy heads and conelike fruit with winged seeds
smoke bush
any of various shrubs of the genus Conospermum with panicles of mostly white woolly flowers
Chilean firebush, Chilean flameflower, Embothrium coccineum
grown for outstanding display of brilliant usually scarlet-crimson flowers; Andes
Chile hazel, Chile nut, Chilean hazelnut, Chilean nut, Guevina avellana, Guevina heterophylla
Chilean shrub bearing coral-red fruit with an edible seed resembling a hazelnut
any shrub or tree of the genus Grevillea
Hakea laurina, cushion flower, pincushion hakea
tall straggling shrub with large globose crimson-yellow flowers; western Australia
Hakea leucoptera, needle wood, needle-wood, needlewood
large bushy shrub with pungent pointed leaves and creamy white flowers; central and eastern Australia
Hakea lissosperma, needle bush, needle-bush, needlebush
shrub with pungent rigid needle-shaped leaves and white flowers; eastern Australia
Lambertia formosa, honey-flower, honeyflower, mountain devil
erect bushy shrub of eastern Australia having terminal clusters of red flowers yielding much nectar
any of various ornamental evergreens of the genus Lomatia having attractive fragrant flowers
any of numerous shrubs and small trees having hard narrow leaves and long-lasting yellow or white flowers followed by small edible but insipid fruits
Telopea Oreades, waratah
tall shrub of eastern Australia having oblanceolate to obovate leaves and red flowers in compact racemes
Telopea speciosissima, waratah
straggling shrub with narrow leaves and conspicuous red flowers in dense globular racemes
Xylomelum pyriforme, native pear, woody pear
tree bearing pear-shaped fruit with a thick woody epicarp
a low evergreen shrub of the family Ericaceae; has small bell-shaped pink or purple flowers
any of several shrubs of the genus Andromeda having leathery leaves and clusters of small flowers
any of several evergreen shrubs of the genus Arbutus of temperate Europe and America
chiefly evergreen subshrubs of northern to Arctic areas
chiefly evergreen shrubs of warm dry areas of western North America
procumbent Old World mat-forming evergreen shrub with racemes of pinkish-white flowers
Chamaedaphne calyculata, leatherleaf
north temperate bog shrub with evergreen leathery leaves and small white cylindrical flowers
Epigaea repens, mayflower, trailing arbutus
low-growing evergreen shrub of eastern North America with leathery leaves and clusters of fragrant pink or white flowers
Gaultheria shallon, salal, shallon
small evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having edible dark purple grape-sized berries
any of several shrubs of the genus Gaylussacia bearing small berries resembling blueberries
any plant of the genus Kalmia
Labrador tea, Ledum groenlandicum, crystal tea
evergreen shrub of eastern North America having white or creamy bell-shaped flowers and dark green hairy leaves used for tea during American Revolution
glandular Labrador tea, trapper's tea
a Rocky Mountain shrub similar to Ledum groenlandicum
Ledum palustre, marsh tea, wild rosemary
bog shrub of northern and central Europe and eastern Siberia to Korea and Japan
Leiophyllum buxifolium, sand myrtle
low-growing evergreen shrub of New Jersey to Florida grown for its many white star-shaped flowers and glossy foliage
any plant of the genus Leucothoe; grown for their beautiful white flowers; glossy foliage contains a poisonous substance similar to that found in genus Kalmia
Leucothoe editorum, Leucothoe fontanesiana, dog hobble, dog laurel, switch-ivy
fast-growing evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having arching interlaced branches and racemes of white flowers
Leucothoe racemosa, sweet bells
bushy deciduous shrub of the eastern United States with long racemes of pinkish flowers
Loiseleuria procumbens, alpine azalea, mountain azalea
creeping mat-forming evergreen shrub of high mountain regions of northern hemisphere grown for its rose-pink flowers
Lyonia mariana, stagger bush, staggerbush
deciduous shrub of coastal plain of the eastern United States having nodding pinkish-white flowers; poisonous to stock
Lyonia ligustrina, he-huckleberry, male berry, maleberry, privet andromeda
deciduous much-branched shrub with dense downy panicles of small bell-shaped white flowers
Lyonia lucida, fetter bush, fetterbush, shiny lyonia
showy evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with shiny leaves and angled branches and clusters of pink to reddish flowers that resemble an umbel
Menziesia ferruginea, false azalea, fool's huckleberry
straggling shrub of northwestern North America having foliage with a bluish tinge and umbels of small bell-shaped flowers
Menziesia pilosa, minnie bush, minniebush
low shrub of the eastern United States with downy twigs
Japanese andromeda, Pieris japonica, andromeda, lily-of-the-valley tree
broad-leaved evergreen Asiatic shrub with glossy leaves and drooping clusters of white flowers
Pieris floribunda, fetterbush, mountain andromeda, mountain fetterbush
ornamental evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having small white bell-shaped flowers
any shrub of the genus Rhododendron: evergreen shrubs or small shrubby trees having leathery leaves and showy clusters of campanulate (bell-shaped) flowers
any of numerous shrubs of genus Vaccinium bearing cranberries
blueberry, blueberry bush
any of numerous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium bearing blueberries
Clethra alnifolia, pepper bush, summer sweet, sweet pepperbush, white alder
shrub of eastern and southern coastal United States having beautiful racemes of spice-scented white flowers
Pyxidanthera barbulata, pixie, pixy, pyxie
creeping evergreen shrub having narrow overlapping leaves and early white star-shaped flowers; of the pine barrens of New Jersey and the Carolinas
Australian heath
any heathlike plant of the family Epacridaceae; most are of the Australian region
Astroloma humifusum, Styphelia humifusum, cranberry heath, ground-berry, groundberry, native cranberry
small prostrate or ascending shrub having scarlet flowers and succulent fruit resembling cranberries; sometimes placed in genus Styphelia
Styphelia triflora, pink fivecorner
heathlike shrub of southwestern Australia grown for its sharply scented foliage and pink flowers followed by pentagonal fruit
Chrysolepis sempervirens, dwarf golden chinkapin
evergreen shrub similar to golden chinkapin; mountains of California
Quercus vaccinifolia, huckleberry oak
a low spreading or prostrate shrub of southwestern United States with small acorns and leaves resembling those of the huckleberry
any plant of the genus Forestiera
any of various early blooming oleaceous shrubs of the genus Forsythia; native to eastern Asia and southern Europe but widely cultivated for their branches of bright yellow bell-shaped flowers
any of several shrubs and vines of the genus Jasminum chiefly native to Asia
any of various Old World shrubs having smooth entire leaves and terminal panicles of small white flowers followed by small black berries; many used for hedges
mock privet
evergreen shrub with white flowers and olivelike fruits
any of various plants of the genus Syringa having large panicles of usually fragrant flowers
witch hazel, witch hazel plant, wych hazel, wych hazel plant
any of several shrubs or trees of the genus Hamamelis; bark yields an astringent lotion
flowering hazel, winter hazel
any of several Asiatic deciduous shrubs cultivated for their nodding racemes of yellow flowers that appear before the leaves
fothergilla, witch alder
any of several deciduous low-growing shrubs of the genus Fothergilla having showy brushlike spikes of white flowers in spring and fiery red and orange autumn color; grows from Alabama to the Allegheny Mountains
Combretum bracteosum, hiccough nut, hiccup nut
ornamental African shrub or climber with red flowers
any of several shrubs of the genus Elaeagnus having silver-white twigs and yellow flowers followed by olivelike fruits
Lagerstroemia indica, crape myrtle, crepe flower, crepe myrtle
ornamental shrub from eastern India commonly planted in the southern United States
feijoa, feijoa bush
South American shrub having edible greenish plumlike fruit
fuchsia, fuschia
any of various tropical shrubs widely cultivated for their showy drooping purplish or reddish or white flowers; Central and South America and New Zealand and Tahiti
any of several ornamental shrubs with shiny mostly evergreen leaves and clusters of small bell-shaped flowers
Dirca palustris, leatherwood, moose-wood, moosewood, ropebark, wicopy
deciduous shrub of eastern North America having tough flexible branches and pliable bark and small yellow flowers
Indian rhododendron, Melastoma malabathricum
evergreen spreading shrub of India and southeastern Asia having large purple flowers
Medinilla magnifica
a beautiful tropical evergreen epiphytic shrub grown for its lush foliage and huge panicles of pink flowers; Philippines
guinea flower, guinea gold vine
any of several Australasian evergreen vines widely cultivated in warm regions for their large bright yellow single flowers
Canella winterana, Canella-alba, white cinnamon tree, wild cinnamon
large evergreen shrub or small tree having white aromatic bark and leathery leaves and small purple to red flowers in terminal cymes
rock rose, rockrose
small shrubs of scrub and dry woodland regions of southern Europe and North Africa; grown for their showy flowers and soft often downy and aromatic evergreen foliage
helianthemum, sun rose, sunrose
any plant of the genus Helianthemum; vigorous plants of stony alpine meadows and dry scrub regions
Flacourtia indica, Madagascar plum, batoko palm, governor plum, governor's plum, ramontchi
small shrubby tree of Madagascar cultivated in tropical regions as a hedge plant and for its deep red acid fruits resembling small plums
Dovyalis caffra, kei apple, kei apple bush
vigorous South African spiny shrub grown for its round yellow juicy edible fruits
Kiggelaria africana, wild peach
large much-branched shrub grown primarily for its evergreen foliage
Xylosma congestum, xylosma
shrub or small tree grown as an ornamental in mild climates for its neat evergreen foliage and fragrant late flowers; native of China
any of several resinous trees or shrubs often burned for light
Ochna serrulata, bird's-eye bush
shrub with narrow-elliptic glossy evergreen leaves and yellow flowers with leathery petaloid sepals
any shrub or small tree of the genus Tamarix having small scalelike or needle-shaped leaves and feathery racemes of small white or pinkish flowers; of mostly coastal areas with saline soil
German tamarisk, Myricaria germanica, false tamarisk
Eurasian shrub resembling the tamarisk
cannabis, hemp
any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
Ruscus aculeatus, butcher's broom
shrub with stiff flattened stems resembling leaves (cladophylls); used for making brooms
Cordyline terminalis, ti
shrub with terminal tufts of elongated leaves used locally for thatching and clothing; thick sweet roots are used as food; tropical southeastern Asia, Australia and Hawaii
any of several evergreen plants of the genus Yucca having usually tall stout stems and a terminal cluster of white flowers; warmer regions of North America
buddleia, butterfly bush
tropical shrub having clusters of white or violet or yellow flowers
Caesalpinia decapetala, Caesalpinia sepiaria, Mysore thorn
spreading thorny shrub of tropical Asia bearing large erect racemes of red-marked yellow flowers
Bauhinia monandra, butterfly flower
shrub or small tree of Dutch Guiana having clusters of pink flowers streaked with purple
a thorny shrub of the genus Cercidium that grows in dry parts of the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico; has smooth light green bark and racemes of yellow flowers and small leaves
Jerusalem thorn, Parkinsonia aculeata, horsebean
large shrub or shrubby tree having sharp spines and pinnate leaves with small deciduous leaflets and sweet-scented racemose yellow-orange flowers; grown as ornamentals or hedging or emergency food for livestock; tropical America but naturalized in southern United States
Cytisus ramentaceus, Dalmatian laburnum, Petteria ramentacea
erect shrub having large trifoliate leaves and dense clusters of yellow flowers followed by poisonous seeds; Yugoslavia; sometimes placed in genus Cytisus
any of various plants of the genus Senna having pinnately compound leaves and showy usually yellow flowers; many are used medicinally
any plant of the genus Amorpha having odd-pinnate leaves and purplish spicate flowers
Anagyris foetida, bean trefoil, stinking bean trefoil
shrub with trifoliate leaves and yellow flowers followed by backward curving seed pods; leaves foetid when crushed
Anthyllis barba-jovis, Jupiter's beard, silver-bush, silverbush
silvery hairy European shrub with evergreen foliage and pale yellow flowers
Aspalathus cedcarbergensis, Aspalathus linearis, rooibos
South African shrub having flat acuminate leaves and yellow flowers; leaves are aromatic when dried and used to make an herbal tea
Cajanus cajan, cajan pea, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon pea, pigeon-pea plant, red gram
tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics
caragana, pea tree
any plant of the genus Caragana having even-pinnate leaves and mostly yellow flowers followed by seeds in a linear pod
California redbud, Cercis occidentalis, western redbud
shrub of western United States having pink or crimson flowers; often forms thickets
Chamaecytisus palmensis, Cytesis proliferus, tagasaste
shrub of Canary Islands having bristle-tipped oblanceolate leaves; used as cattle fodder
flame pea
any of several small shrubs or twining vines having entire or lobed leaves and racemes of yellow to orange-red flowers; Australia
clianthus, glory pea
any of various shrubs or vines of the genus Clianthus having compound leaves and pea-like red flowers in drooping racemes
Codariocalyx motorius, Desmodium gyrans, Desmodium motorium, semaphore plant, telegraph plant
erect tropical Asian shrub whose small lateral leaflets rotate on their axes and jerk up and down under the influence of sunshine
Colutea arborescens, bladder senna
yellow-flowered European shrub cultivated for its succession of yellow flowers and very inflated bladdery pods and as a source of wildlife food
any of various plants of the genus Coronilla having purple or pink or yellow flowers in long axillary heads or umbels
any of various shrubs of the genera Cytisus or Genista or Spartium having long slender branches and racemes of yellow flowers
Dalea spinosa, smoke tree
greyish-green shrub of desert regions of southwestern United States and Mexico having sparse foliage and terminal spikes of bluish violet flowers; locally important as source of a light-colored honey of excellent flavor
bitter pea
any of several spiny shrubs of the genus Daviesia having yellow flowers and triangular seeds; Australia
any of various usually woody vines of the genus Derris of tropical Asia whose roots yield the insecticide rotenone; several are sources of native fish and arrow poisons
gastrolobium, poison bush, poison pea
any of various Australian evergreen shrubs of the genus Gastrolobium having whorled compound leaves poisonous to livestock and showy yellow to deep reddish-orange flowers followed by two-seeded pods
Geoffroea decorticans, chanal, chanar
thorny shrub or small tree common in central Argentina having small orange or yellow flowers followed by edible berries
Halimodendron argenteum, Halimodendron halodendron, salt tree
spiny shrub of the Caspian salt plains and Siberia having elegant silvery, downy young foliage and mildly fragrant pink-purple blooms
hovea, purple pea
any of several attractive evergreen shrubs of Australia grown for their glossy deep green foliage and flowers in rich blues and intense violets
Indigofera tinctoria, indigo, indigo plant
deciduous subshrub of southeastern Asia having pinnate leaves and clusters of red or purple flowers; a source of indigo dye
Lupinus arboreus, tree lupine
evergreen shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having showy yellow or blue flowers; naturalized in Australia
any of several erect or climbing woody plants of the genus Mucuna; widespread in tropics of both hemispheres
Pickeringia montana, chaparral pea, stingaree-bush
spiny evergreen xerophytic shrub having showy rose and purple flowers and forming dense thickets; of dry rocky mountain slopes of California
Platylobium formosum, flat pea
evergreen shrub having almost heart-shaped foliage and bright yellow pea-like flowers followed by flat pods with flat wings; Australia and Tasmania
Playlobium obtusangulum, common flat pea, native holly
low spreading evergreen shrub of southern Australia having triangular to somewhat heart-shaped foliage and orange-yellow flowers followed by flat winged pods
Genista raetam, Retama raetam, juniper, juniper bush, raetam, retem
desert shrub of Syria and Arabia having small white flowers; constitutes the juniper of the Old Testament; sometimes placed in genus Genista
Robinia hispida, bristly locust, moss locust, rose acacia
large shrub or small tree of the eastern United States having bristly stems and large clusters of pink flowers
Templetonia retusa, coral bush, flame bush
Australian shrub having simple obovate leaves and brilliant scarlet flowers
Irish gorse, Ulex europaeus, furze, gorse, whin
very spiny and dense evergreen shrub with fragrant golden-yellow flowers; common throughout western Europe
Viminaria denudata, Viminaria juncea, swamp oak
Australian leafless shrub resembling broom and having small yellow flowers
rose, rosebush
any of many shrubs of the genus Rosa that bear roses
Juneberry, service tree, serviceberry, shadblow, shadbush
any of various North American trees or shrubs having showy white flowers and edible blue-black or purplish fruit
flowering quince
Asiatic ornamental shrub with spiny branches and pink or red blossoms
any shrub of the genus Cotoneaster: erect or creeping shrubs having richly colored autumn foliage and many small white to pinkish flowers followed by tiny red or black fruits
haw, hawthorn
a spring-flowering shrub or small tree of the genus Crataegus
Christmas berry, Christmasberry, Heteromeles arbutifolia, Photinia arbutifolia, tollon, toyon
ornamental evergreen treelike shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having large white flowers and red berrylike fruits; often placed in genus Photinia
cinquefoil, five-finger
any of a numerous plants grown for their five-petaled flowers; abundant in temperate regions; alleged to have medicinal properties
Prunus laurocerasus, cherry laurel, laurel cherry
frequently cultivated Eurasian evergreen shrub or small tree having showy clusters of white flowers and glossy foliage and yielding oil similar to bitter almond oil
Prunus cuneata, Prunus pumila, Prunus pumilla susquehanae, Prunus susquehanae, sand cherry
small straggling American cherry growing on sandy soil and having minute scarcely edible purplish-black fruit
Prunus spinosa, blackthorn, sloe
a thorny Eurasian bush with plumlike fruits
Pyracantha, fire thorn, firethorn, pyracanth
any of various thorny shrubs of the genus Pyracantha bearing small white flowers followed by hard red or orange-red berries
spiraea, spirea
any rosaceous plant of the genus Spiraea; has sprays of small white or pink flowers
Chiococca alba, West Indian snowberry, blolly
evergreen climbing shrub of southern Florida and West Indies grown for its racemes of fragrant white to creamy flowers followed by globose white succulent berries
any of various shrubs and small trees of the genus Gardenia having large fragrant white or yellow flowers
any of several flowering tropical or subtropical shrubs of the genus Hamelia
Georgia bark, Pinckneya pubens, bitter-bark, fever tree
ornamental shrub or small tree of swampy areas in southwestern United States having large pink or white sepals and yielding Georgia bark for treating fever
Sarcocephalus esculentus, Sarcocephalus latifolius, negro peach
a stout spreading or semi-climbing tropical shrub with round brownish-red warty fruit; Africa
any of various deciduous or evergreen ornamental shrubs of the genus Abelia having opposite simple leaves and cymes of small white or pink or purplish flowers; Asia and Mexico
Diervilla lonicera, bush honeysuckle
spreading bush of northeastern United States having small clusters of fragrant green and yellow flowers
Diervilla sessilifolia, bush honeysuckle
bush honeysuckle of southeastern United States having large crowded clusters of sulfur-yellow flowers
Kolkwitzia amabilis, beauty bush
Chinese deciduous shrub with yellow-throated pinkish flowers and bristly fruit; often cultivated as an ornamental
Himalaya honeysuckle, Leycesteria formosa
shrub honeysuckle with drooping spikes of purplish flowers
shrub or vine of the genus Lonicera
Indian currant, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, coralberry
North American deciduous shrub cultivated for it abundant clusters of coral-red berrylike fruits
elder, elderberry bush
any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
American cranberry bush, Viburnum trilobum, cranberry bush, cranberry tree, highbush cranberry
deciduous North American shrub or small tree having three-lobed leaves and red berries
Viburnum lantana, twist wood, twistwood, wayfaring tree
vigorous deciduous European treelike shrub common along waysides; red berries turn black
European cranberry bush, European cranberrybush, Viburnum opulus, crampbark, cranberry tree, guelder rose
deciduous thicket-forming Old World shrub with clusters of white flowers and small bright red berries
Viburnum dentatum, arrow wood, southern arrow wood
deciduous shrub of eastern North America having blue-black berries and tough pliant wood formerly used to make arrows
Viburnum recognitum, arrow wood
closely related to southern arrow wood; grows in the eastern United States from Maine to Ohio and Georgia
Viburnum prunifolium, black haw
upright deciduous shrub having frosted dark-blue fruit; east and east central North America
Weigela florida, weigela
deciduous shrub widely cultivated for its white or pink or red flowers
Erythroxylon coca, coca, coca plant
a South American shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the Andes; a source of cocaine
Erythroxylon truxiuense
a South American shrub whose leaves are a source of cocaine
Syrian bean caper, Zygophyllum fabago, bean caper
perennial shrub of the eastern Mediterranean region and southwestern Asia having flowers whose buds are used as capers
Larrea tridentata, coville, creosote bush, hediondilla
desert shrub of southwestern United States and New Mexico having persistent resinous aromatic foliage and small yellow flowers
box, boxwood
evergreen shrubs or small trees
staff tree
any small tree or twining shrub of the genus Celastrus
spindle tree, spindleberry, spindleberry tree
any shrubby trees or woody vines of the genus Euonymus having showy usually reddish berries
Euonymus atropurpureus, burning bush, wahoo
deciduous shrub having purple capsules enclosing scarlet seeds
Euonymus americanus, strawberry bush, wahoo
upright deciduous plant with crimson pods and seeds; the eastern United States from New York to Florida and Texas
Cyrilla racemiflora, cyrilla, leatherwood, white titi
shrub or small tree of southeastern United States to West Indies and Brazil; grown for the slender racemes of white flowers and orange and crimson foliage
a low evergreen shrub with small purple flowers and black berrylike fruit
Chinese holly, Ilex cornuta
dense rounded evergreen shrub of China having spiny leaves; widely cultivated as an ornamental
smoke bush, smoke tree
any of several shrubs or shrubby trees of the genus Cotinus
Malosma laurina, Rhus laurina, laurel sumac
small aromatic evergreen shrub of California having paniculate leaves and whitish berries; in some classifications included in genus Rhus
Pistacia lentiscus, lentisk, mastic, mastic tree
an evergreen shrub of the Mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin
shumac, sumac, sumach
a shrub or tree of the genus Rhus (usually limited to the non-poisonous members of the genus)
any shrub or small tree of the genus Bumelia
any shrub or small tree of the genus Styrax having fragrant bell-shaped flowers that hang below the dark green foliage
any of various deciduous or evergreen shrubs of the genus Hydrangea
any of various chiefly deciduous ornamental shrubs of the genus Philadelphus having white sweet-scented flowers, single or in clusters; widely grown in temperate regions
Schizophragma hydrangeoides, climbing hydrangea
climbing shrub with adhesive aerial roots having opposite leaves and small white flowers in terminal cymes; Himalayas to Taiwan and Japan
Francoa ramosa, bridal wreath, bridal-wreath
Chilean evergreen shrub having delicate spikes of small white flowers
currant, currant bush
any of various deciduous shrubs of the genus Ribes bearing currants
Ribes grossularia, Ribes uva-crispa, gooseberry, gooseberry bush
spiny Eurasian shrub having greenish purple-tinged flowers and ovoid yellow-green or red-purple berries
Graptophyllum pictum, caricature plant
tropical Old World shrub having purple or red tubular flowers and leaf markings resembling the profile of a human face
Chilopsis linearis, desert willow
evergreen shrubby tree resembling a willow of dry regions of southwestern North America having showy purplish flowers and long seed pods
tropical plant having thick hairy somewhat toothed leaves and solitary or clustered yellow to scarlet flowers; many cultivated for their flowers and ornamental foliage
Eriodictyon californicum, yerba santa
viscid evergreen shrub of western United States with white to deep lilac flowers; the sticky aromatic leaves are used in treating bronchial and pulmonary illnesses
Apalachicola rosemary, Conradina glabra
small shrub of Apalachicola River area in southeastern United States having highly aromatic pinkish flowers; a threatened species
any of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated
Lepechinia calycina, Sphacele calycina, pitcher sage
California plant with woolly stems and leaves and large white flowers
Pogostemon cablin, pachouli, patchouli, patchouly
small East Indian shrubby mint; fragrant oil from its leaves is used in perfumes
red shrubby penstemon, redwood penstemon
low branching dark green shrub with bunches of brick-red flowers at ends of branches; coastal ranges and foothills of northern California
Solanum quitoense, naranjilla
small perennial shrub cultivated in uplands of South America for its edible bright orange fruits resembling tomatoes or oranges
Brazilian potato tree, Solanum macranthum, Solanum wrightii, potato tree
South American shrub or small tree widely cultivated in the tropics; not a true potato
Brunfelsia americana, lady-of-the-night
West Indian shrub with fragrant showy yellowish-white flowers
Brugmansia arborea, Datura arborea, angel's trumpet, maikoa
a South American plant that is cultivated for its large fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers
Brugmansia suaveolens, Datura suaveolens, angel's trumpet
South American plant cultivated for its very large nocturnally fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers
Brugmansia sanguinea, Datura sanguinea, red angel's trumpet
arborescent South American shrub having very large orange-red flowers
capsicum, capsicum pepper plant, pepper
any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers
Cestrum diurnum, day jessamine
West Indian evergreen shrub having clusters of funnel-shaped white flowers that are fragrant by day
Cestrum nocturnum, night jasmine, night jessamine
West Indian evergreen shrub having clusters of funnel-shaped yellow-white flowers that are fragrant by night
tamarillo, tree tomato
South American arborescent shrub having pale pink blossoms followed by egg-shaped reddish-brown edible fruit somewhat resembling a tomato in flavor
thorn apple
any of several plants of the genus Datura
Fabiana imbricata, pichi
Peruvian shrub with small pink to lavender tubular flowers; leaves yield a tonic and diuretic
boxthorn, matrimony vine
any of various shrubs or vines of the genus Lycium with showy flowers and bright berries
Christmas berry, Christmasberry, Lycium carolinianum
spiny evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having spreading branches usually blue or mauve flowers and red berries
Solandra guttata, chalice vine, cupflower, trumpet flower
Mexican evergreen climbing plant having large solitary funnel-shaped fragrant yellow flowers with purple-brown ridges in the throat
Streptosolen jamesonii, fire bush, fire-bush, marmalade bush
evergreen South American shrub having showy trumpet-shaped orange flowers; grown as an ornamental or houseplant
any of numerous plants of the genus Euphorbia; usually having milky often poisonous juice
Acalypha virginica, three-seeded mercury
weedy herb of eastern North America
Croton tiglium, croton
tropical Asiatic shrub; source of croton oil
Codiaeum variegatum, croton
grown in many varieties for their brightly colored foliage; widely cultivated as a houseplant
Ricinus communis, castor bean plant, castor-oil plant, palma christ, palma christi
large shrub of tropical Africa and Asia having large palmate leaves and spiny capsules containing seeds that are the source of castor oil and ricin; widely naturalized throughout the tropics
casava, cassava
any of several plants of the genus Manihot having fleshy roots yielding a nutritious starch
slipper plant, slipper spurge
any of several tropical American shrubby succulent plants resembling cacti but having foot-shaped bracts
camelia, camellia
any of several shrubs or small evergreen trees having solitary white or pink or reddish flowers
Camellia sinensis, tea
a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
Eryngium maritimum, sea eryngium, sea holly, sea holm
European evergreen eryngo with twisted spiny leaves naturalized on United States east coast; roots formerly used as an aphrodisiac
Griselinia lucida, puka
South American shrub or small tree having long shining evergreen leaves and panicles of green or yellow flowers
Griselinia littoralis, kapuka
small New Zealand broadleaf evergreen tree often cultivated in warm regions as an ornamental
a low shrub
burning bush
(Old Testament) the bush that burned without being consumed and from which God spoke to Moses
dwarf shrub
subshrub, suffrutex
low-growing woody shrub or perennial with woody base
flowering shrub
shrub noted primarily for its flowers
a shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnus; fruits are source of yellow dyes or pigments
Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Ziziphus jujuba, jujube, jujube bush
spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
Ziziphus lotus, lotus tree
shrubby deciduous tree of the Mediterranean region
Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Paliurus spina-christi
thorny Eurasian shrub with dry woody winged fruit
any of various evergreen climbing shrubs of the genus Stephanotis having fragrant waxy flowers
Ephedra sinica, mahuang
Chinese ephedra yielding ephedrine
American barberry, Berberis canadensis
deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and having racemes of yellow flowers followed by ellipsoid glossy red berries
Berberis vulgaris, European barberry, common barberry
upright deciduous European shrub widely naturalized in United States having clusters of juicy berries
Berberis thunbergii, Japanese barberry
compact deciduous shrub having persistent red berries; widespread in cultivation especially for hedges
Calycanthus floridus, Carolina allspice, strawberry bush, strawberry shrub, sweet shrub
hardy shrub of southeastern United States having clove-scented wood and fragrant red-brown flowers
California allspice, Calycanthus occidentalis, spicebush
straggling aromatic shrub of southwestern United States having fragrant brown flowers
Myrica cerifera, bay myrtle, puckerbush
evergreen aromatic shrubby tree of southeastern United States having small hard berries thickly coated with white wax used for candles
Myrica pensylvanica, bayberry, candleberry, swamp candleberry, waxberry
deciduous aromatic shrub of eastern North America with grey-green wax-coated berries
darling pea, poison bush
either of two Australian plants of the genus Swainsona that are poisonous to sheep
Mimosa sensitiva, sensitive plant
semi-climbing prickly evergreen shrub of tropical America having compound leaves sensitive to light and touch
Mimosa pudica, action plant, humble plant, live-and-die, sensitive plant, shame plant, touch-me-not
prostrate or semi-erect subshrub of tropical America, and Australia; heavily armed with recurved thorns and having sensitive soft grey-green leaflets that fold and droop at night or when touched or cooled
Prosopis glandulosa, Western honey mesquite, honey mesquite
thorny deep-rooted drought-resistant shrub native to southwestern United States and Mexico bearing pods rich in sugar and important as livestock feed; tends to form extensive thickets
Prosopis juliflora, Prosopis juliiflora, algarroba
mesquite of Gulf Coast and Caribbean Islands from Mexico to Venezuela
Prosopis pubescens, screw bean, screwbean, screwbean mesquite, tornillo
shrub or small tree of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico having spirally twisted pods
Amsonia tabernaemontana, blue star
subshrubs of southeastern United States forming slow-growing clumps and having blue flowers in short terminal cymes
Carissa bispinosa, hedge thorn, natal plum
South African shrub having forked spines and plumlike fruit; frequently used as hedging
Carissa grandiflora, Carissa macrocarpa, amatungulu, natal plum
very large closely branched South African shrub having forked bright green spines and shiny leaves
Plumeria acutifolia, pagoda tree, temple tree
frangipani of India having an erect habit and conical form; grown in temple gardens
Plumeria alba, West Indian jasmine, pagoda tree
tall sparingly branched conical tree having large fragrant yellow flowers with white centers
Rauwolfia serpentina, snakewood
East Indian climbing shrub with twisted limbs and roots resembling serpents
Strophanthus kombe
plant that is a source of strophanthin
chiefly trailing poisonous plants with blue flowers
Aralia nudicaulis, false sarsaparilla, wild sarsaparilla, wild sarsparilla
common perennial herb having aromatic roots used as a substitute for sarsaparilla; central and eastern North America
American spikenard, Aralia racemosa, life-of-man, petty morel
unarmed woody rhizomatous perennial plant distinguished from wild sarsaparilla by more aromatic roots and panicled umbels; southeastern North America to Mexico
Aralia hispida, bristly sarsaparilla, bristly sarsparilla, dwarf elder
bristly herb of eastern and central North America having black fruit and medicinal bark
any plant of the genus Iresine having colored foliage
Atriplex hymenelytra, desert holly
handsome low saltbush of arid southwestern United States and Mexico having blue-green prickly-edged leaves often used for Christmas decoration
Atriplex lentiformis, quail brush, quail bush, white thistle
spiny shrub with silvery-scurfy foliage of alkaline plains of southwestern United States and Mexico
Capparis arborea, native pomegranate
small Australian tree bearing edible fruit resembling the pomegranate
Capparis cynophallophora, Jamaica caper tree, caper tree
shrub of southern Florida to West Indies
Capparis flexuosa, bay-leaved caper, caper tree
shrub or small tree of southern Florida to Central and South America
Capparis mitchellii, native orange
small Australian tree bearing edible dark purple fruit
Capparis spinosa, common caper
prostrate spiny shrub of the Mediterranean region cultivated for its greenish flower buds which are pickled
Cleome pinnata, Stanleya pinnata, desert plume, prince's-plume
perennial of southwestern United States having leathery blue-green pinnatifid leaves and thick plumelike spikes of yellow flowers; sometimes placed in genus Cleome
California tree poppy, Romneya coulteri, matilija poppy
tall branching subshrub of California and Mexico often cultivated for its silvery-blue foliage and large fragrant white flowers
burdock, clotbur
any of several erect biennial herbs of temperate Eurasia having stout taproots and producing burs
Argyranthemum frutescens, Chrysanthemum frutescens, Paris daisy, marguerite, marguerite daisy
perennial subshrub of the Canary Islands having usually pale yellow daisylike flowers; often included in genus Chrysanthemum
any of several low composite herbs of the genera Artemisia or Seriphidium
sage brush, sagebrush
any of several North American composite subshrubs of the genera Artemis or Seriphidium
Artemisia dracunculus, estragon, tarragon
aromatic perennial of southeastern Russia
beggar's-ticks, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, burr marigold, sticktight
any of several plants of the genus Bidens having yellow flowers and prickly fruits that cling to fur and clothing
any plant of the genus Centaurea
Chrysothamnus nauseosus, rabbit brush, rabbit bush
pleasantly aromatic shrub having erect slender flexible hairy branches and dense clusters of small yellow flowers covering vast areas of western alkali plains and affording a retreat for jackrabbits; source of a yellow dye used by the Navajo
matchbush, matchweed
any of several plants of the genus Gutierrezia having tiny flower heads that resemble the heads of matches
Olearia argophylla, muskwood
musk-scented shrub or tree of southern and southeastern Australia having creamy-yellow flower heads
New Zealand daisybush, Olearia haastii
bushy New Zealand shrub cultivated for its fragrant white flower heads
Parthenium argentatum, guayule
much-branched subshrub with silvery leaves and small white flowers of Texas and northern Mexico; cultivated as a source of rubber
American feverfew, Parthenium integrifolium, prairie dock, wild quinine
stout perennial herb of the eastern United States with whitish flowers; leaves traditionally used by Catawba Indians to treat burns
Sonchus oleraceus, milkweed
annual Eurasian sow thistle with soft spiny leaves and rayed yellow flower heads
bastard pimpernel, chaffweed, false pimpernel
weedy plant having short dry chafflike leaves
any of numerous sun-loving low-growing evergreens of the genus Armeria having round heads of pink or white flowers
marsh rosemary, sea lavender, statice
any of various plants of the genus Limonium of temperate salt marshes having spikes of white or mauve flowers
Malva moschata, mus rose, musk mallow
erect Old World perennial with faintly musk-scented foliage and white or pink flowers; adventive in United States
Malva neglecta, common mallow
annual Old World plant with clusters of pink or white flowers; naturalized in United States
Malva sylvestris, cheese, cheeseflower, high mallow, tall mallow
erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States
Abelmoschus moschatus, Hibiscus moschatus, abelmosk, musk mallow
bushy herb of tropical Asia grown for its yellow or pink to scarlet blooms that resemble the hibiscus
Abutilon theophrasti, China jute, Indian mallow, butter-print, velvet-leaf, velvetleaf, velvetweed
tall annual herb or subshrub of tropical Asia having velvety leaves and yellow flowers and yielding a strong fiber; naturalized in southeastern Europe and United States
any of various tall plants of the genus Alcea; native to the Middle East but widely naturalized and cultivated for its very large variously colored flowers
althaea, althea, hollyhock
any of various plants of the genus Althaea; similar to but having smaller flowers than genus Alcea
poppy mallow
a plant of the genus Callirhoe having palmately cleft leaves and white to red or purple flowers borne throughout the summer
Gossypium arboreum, tree cotton
East Indian shrub cultivated especially for ornament for its pale yellow to deep purple blossoms
Gossypium barbadense, sea island cotton, tree cotton
small bushy tree grown on islands of the Caribbean and off the Atlantic coast of the southern United States; yields cotton with unusually long silky fibers
Gossypium herbaceum, Levant cotton
Old World annual having heart-shaped leaves and large seeds with short greyish lint removed with difficulty; considered an ancestor of modern short-staple cottons
Gossypium hirsutum, upland cotton
native tropical American plant now cultivated in the United States yielding short-staple cotton
Gossypium peruvianum, Peruvian cotton
cotton with long rough hairy fibers
Egyptian cotton
fine somewhat brownish long-staple cotton grown in Egypt; believed to be derived from sea island cotton or by hybridization with Peruvian cotton
Arizona wild cotton, Gossypium thurberi, wild cotton
shrub of southern Arizona and Mexico
any plant of the genus Hibiscus
Iliamna remota, Sphaeralcea remota, wild hollyhock
a rare mallow found only in Illinois resembling the common hollyhock and having pale rose-mauve flowers; sometimes placed in genus Sphaeralcea
Iliamna acerifolia, Iliamna ruvularis, mountain hollyhock
perennial of northwestern United States and western Canada resembling a hollyhock and having white or pink flowers
seashore mallow
any of various plants of the genus Kosteletzya predominantly of coastal habitats; grown for their flowers that resemble hibiscus
Malacothamnus fasciculatus, Sphaeralcea fasciculata, chaparral mallow
shrub of coastal ranges of California and Baja California having hairy branches and spikes of numerous mauve flowers; sometimes placed in genus Sphaeralcea
Malope trifida, malope
western Mediterranean annual having deep purple-red flowers subtended by 3 large cordate bracts
false mallow
an American plant of the genus Malvastrum
sleeping hibiscus, wax mallow, waxmallow
any of various plants of the genus Malvaviscus having brilliant bell-shaped drooping flowers like incompletely opened hibiscus flowers
Napaea dioica, glade mallow
tall coarse American herb having palmate leaves and numerous small white dioecious flowers; found wild in most alluvial soils of eastern and central United States
Sida hermaphrodita, Virginia mallow
tall handsome perennial herb of southeastern United States having maplelike leaves and white flowers
Queensland hemp, Sida rhombifolia, jellyleaf
herb widely distributed in tropics and subtropics used for forage and medicinally as a demulcent and having a fine soft bast stronger than jute; sometimes an aggressive weed
Indian mallow, Sida spinosa
tropical American weed having pale yellow or orange flowers naturalized in southern United States
Sidalcea malviflora, checkerbloom, wild hollyhock
perennial purple-flowered wild mallow of western North America that is also cultivated
false mallow, globe mallow
genus of coarse herbs and subshrubs of arid North and South America having pink or scarlet flowers and globose fruits
Helicteres isora, nut-leaved screw tree
East Indian shrub often cultivated for its hairy leaves and orange-red flowers
any of various plants of the genus Corchorus having large leaves and cymose clusters of yellow flowers; a source of jute
Protea cynaroides, honeypot, king protea
South African shrub whose flowers when open are cup-shaped resembling artichokes
Protea mellifera, honey-flower, honeyflower
Australian shrub whose flowers yield honey copiously
Australian honeysuckle, Banksia integrifolia, coast banksia, honeysuckle
shrubby tree with silky foliage and spikes of cylindrical yellow nectarous flowers
silk oak
any of several Australian timber trees having usually fernlike foliage and mottled wood used in cabinetry and veneering
erica, true heath
any plant of the genus Erica
Andromeda glaucophylla, bog rosemary, moorwort
wiry evergreen shrub having pendent clusters of white or pink flowers; of wet acidic areas in Arctic and Canada to northeastern United States
Andromeda polifolia, common bog rosemary, marsh andromeda
erect to procumbent evergreen shrub having pendent clusters of white or pink flowers; of sphagnum peat bogs and other wet acidic areas in northern Europe
Arbutus menziesii, madrona, madrono, manzanita
evergreen tree of the Pacific coast of North America having glossy leathery leaves and orange-red edible berries; wood used for furniture and bark for tanning
Arbutus unedo, Irish strawberry, strawberry tree
small evergreen European shrubby tree bearing many-seeded scarlet berries that are edible but bland; of Ireland, southern Europe, Asia Minor
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, bear's grape, common bearberry, creashak, hog cranberry, mealberry, mountain box, red bearberry, sand berry, sandberry, wild cranberry
evergreen mat-forming shrub of North America and northern Eurasia having small white flowers and red berries; leaves turn red in autumn
Arctostaphylos alpina, alpine bearberry, black bearberry
deciduous creeping shrub bright red in autumn having black or blue-black berries; alpine and circumpolar
Arctostaphylos andersonii, heartleaf manzanita
erect California shrub having leaves with heart-shaped lobes at the base
Arctostaphylos manzanita, Parry manzanita
erect treelike shrub forming dense thickets and having drooping panicles of white or pink flowers and red berrylike drupes; California
Arctostaphylos tomentosa, downy manzanita, woolly manzanita
erect openly branched California shrub whose twigs are woolly when young
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, spike heath
small evergreen mat-forming shrub of southern Europe and Asia Minor having stiff stems and terminal clusters of small bell-shaped flowers
Calluna vulgaris, Scots heather, broom, heather, ling
common Old World heath represented by many varieties; low evergreen grown widely in the northern hemisphere
Cassiope mertensiana, white heather
heath of mountains of western United States having bell-shaped white flowers
Connemara heath, Daboecia cantabrica, St. Dabeoc's heath
low straggling evergreen shrub of western Europe represented by several varieties with flowers from white to rose-purple
Gaultheria hispidula, creeping snowberry, maidenhair berry, moxie plum
slow-growing procumbent evergreen shrublet of northern North America and Japan having white flowers and numerous white fleshy rough and hairy seeds
Gaultheria procumbens, checkerberry, creeping wintergreen, ground-berry, groundberry, mountain tea, teaberry, wintergreen
creeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
Gaylussacia baccata, black huckleberry
low shrub of the eastern United States bearing shiny black edible fruit; best known of the huckleberries
Gaylussacia frondosa, dangle-berry, dangleberry
huckleberry of the eastern United States with pink flowers and sweet blue fruit
Gaylussacia brachycera, box huckleberry
creeping evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having small shiny boxlike leaves and flavorless berries
American laurel, Kalmia latifolia, calico bush, mountain laurel, wood laurel
a North American evergreen shrub having glossy leaves and white or rose-colored flowers
Kalmia polifolia, bog kalmia, bog laurel, swamp laurel
laurel of bogs of northwestern United States having small purple flowers and pale leaves that are glaucous beneath
Kalmia angustifolia, lambkill, pig laurel, sheep laurel
North American dwarf shrub resembling mountain laurel but having narrower leaves and small red flowers; poisonous to young stock
Bryanthus taxifolius, Phyllodoce caerulea, mountain heath
small shrub with tiny evergreen leaves and pink or purple flowers; Alpine summits and high ground in Asia and Europe and United States
Brewer's mountain heather, Phyllodoce breweri, purple heather
semi-prostrate evergreen herb of western United States
Rhododendron californicum, coast rhododendron
medium-sized rhododendron of Pacific coast of North America having large rosy brown-spotted flowers
Rhododendron maxima, rosebay
late-spring-blooming rhododendron of eastern North America having rosy to pink-purple flowers
Rhododendron viscosum, swamp azalea, swamp honeysuckle, white honeysuckle
shrub growing in swamps throughout the eastern United States and having small white to pinkish flowers resembling honeysuckle
any of numerous ornamental shrubs grown for their showy flowers of various colors
American cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, large cranberry
trailing red-fruited plant
European cranberry, Vaccinium oxycoccus, small cranberry
small red-fruited trailing cranberry of Arctic and cool regions of the northern hemisphere
any of various dark-fruited as distinguished from blue-fruited blueberries
Vaccinium arboreum, farkleberry, sparkleberry
shrub or small tree of eastern United States having black inedible berries
Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium pennsylvanicum, low blueberry, low-bush blueberry
low-growing deciduous shrub of northeastern North America having flowers in compact racemes and bearing sweet dark blue berries
Vaccinium ashei, rabbit-eye blueberry, rabbiteye, rabbiteye blueberry
shrub of southeastern United States grown commercially especially for canning industry
Vaccinium caespitosum, dwarf bilberry, dwarf blueberry
low-growing tufted deciduous shrub of northern and alpine North America having pink to coral-red flowers followed by sweet blue berries
Vaccinium corymbosum, high-bush blueberry, swamp blueberry, tall bilberry
high-growing deciduous shrub of eastern North America bearing edible blueish to blackish berries with a distinct bloom; source of most cultivated blueberries
Vaccinium myrsinites, evergreen blueberry
shrub of the eastern United States having shining evergreen leaves and bluish-black fruit
Vaccinium ovatum, evergreen huckleberry
stiff bushy evergreen shrub of western North America having sour black berries and glossy green foliage used in floral arrangements
Viccinium membranaceum, bilberry, mountain blue berry, thin-leaved bilberry
erect blueberry of western United States having solitary flowers and somewhat sour berries
Viccinium myrtillus, bilberry, blaeberry, whinberry, whortleberry
erect European blueberry having solitary flowers and blue-black berries
Vaccinium uliginosum alpinum, bog bilberry, bog whortleberry, moor berry
an evergreen shrub with leathery leaves
Vaccinium pallidum, dryland berry, dryland blueberry
low deciduous shrub of the eastern United States bearing dark blue sweet berries
Vaccinium scoparium, grouse whortleberry, grouse-berry, grouseberry
shrub of northwestern North America bearing red berries
Vaccinium stamineum, deerberry, squaw huckleberry
small branching blueberry common in marshy areas of the eastern United States having greenish or yellowish unpalatable berries reputedly eaten by deer
Vaccinium vitis-idaea, cowberry, foxberry, lingberry, lingenberry, lingonberry, mountain cranberry
low evergreen shrub of high north temperate regions of Europe and Asia and America bearing red edible berries
any boreal low-growing evergreen plant of the genus Diapensia
any heathlike evergreen shrub of the genus Epacris grown for their showy and crowded spikes of small bell-shaped or tubular flowers
Australian grass tree, Richea dracophylla
stout Australian shrub with narrow leaves crowded at ends of branches and terminal clusters of white or pink flowers
Richea pandanifolia, grass tree, tree heath
gaunt Tasmanian evergreen shrubby tree with slender tapering leaves 3 to 5 feet long
Forestiera neomexicana, desert olive, tanglebush
spiny branching deciduous shrub of southwestern United States having clusters of insignificant yellow-white flowers appearing before leaves followed by attractive black berrylike fruits
Jasminum mesnyi, primrose jasmine
evergreen rambling yellow-flowered shrub of western China
Jasminum nudiflorum, winter jasmine
deciduous rambling shrub widely cultivated for its winter-blooming yellow flowers
Jasminum officinale, common jasmine, jessamine, true jasmine
a climbing deciduous shrub with fragrant white or yellow or red flowers used in perfume and to flavor tea
Arabian jasmine, Jasminum sambac
East Indian evergreen vine cultivated for its profuse fragrant white flowers
Amur privet, Ligustrum amurense
eastern Asian shrub cultivated especially for its persistent foliage
Ligustrum ibolium, ibolium privet, ibota privet
fast-growing and tightly branched hybrid of Ligustrum ovalifolium and Ligustrum obtusifolium
Japanese privet, Ligustrum japonicum
evergreen shrub of Japan and Korea having small dark leaves and flowers in loose panicles; related to but smaller than Chinese privet
Chinese privet, Ligustrum lucidum, white wax tree
erect evergreen treelike shrub of China and Korea and Japan having acuminate leaves and flowers in long erect panicles; resembles Japanese privet
Ligustrum obtusifolium
small deciduous shrub having graceful arching branches and luxuriant foliage
California privet, Ligustrum ovalifolium
semi-evergreen Japanese shrub having malodorous flowers; used extensively for hedges because more likely to stay green that common privet
Ligustrum vulgare, common privet
deciduous semi-evergreen shrub used for hedges
Himalayan lilac, Syringa emodi
robust upright shrub of mountains of northern India having oblong-elliptic leaves and pale lilac or white malodorous flowers
Hungarian lilac, Syringa josikaea, Syringa josikea
central European upright shrub having elliptic leaves and upright clusters of lilac or deep violet flowers
Persian lilac, Syringa persica
small densely branching Asiatic shrub having lanceolate leaves and panicles of fragrant lilac flowers
Japanese tree lilac, Syringa amurensis japonica, Syringa reticulata
small tree of Japan having narrow pointed leaves and creamy-white flowers
Japanese lilac, Syringa villosa
lilac of northern China having ovate leaves and profuse early summer rose-lilac flowers
Syringa vulgaris, common lilac
large European lilac naturalized in North America having heart-shaped ovate leaves and large panicles of highly fragrant lilac or white flowers
Hamamelis virginiana, Virginian witch hazel
common shrub of eastern North America having small yellow flowers after the leaves have fallen
Hamamelis vernalis, vernal witch hazel
fragrant shrub of lower Mississippi valley having very small flowers from midwinter to spring
Elaeagnus latifolia, wild olive
erect shrub or climber of India and China with red olivelike fruit
Elaeagnus commutata, silver berry, silver-bush, silverberry, silverbush
deciduous unarmed North American shrub with silvery leaves and fruits
Elaeagnus augustifolia, Russian olive, silver berry
deciduous shrubby tree of Europe and western Asia having grey leaves and small yellow fruits covered in silvery scales; sometimes spiny
any of numerous herbs and subshrubs of the genus Lythrum
California fuchsia, Epilobium canum canum, Zauschneria californica, humming bird's trumpet
shrublet of southwestern United States to Mexico having brilliant scarlet flowers
Fuchsia coccinea, ladies'-eardrop, ladies'-eardrops, lady's-eardrop, lady's-eardrops
erect or climbing shrub of Brazil with deep pink to red flowers
Fuchsia excorticata, konini, native fuchsia, tree fuchsia
erect deciduous shrub or tree to 10 feet with maroon flowers; New Zealand
Daphne cneorum, garland flower
widely cultivated low evergreen shrub with dense clusters of fragrant pink to deep rose flowers
Daphne laureola, spurge laurel, wood laurel
bushy Eurasian shrub with glossy leathery oblong leaves and yellow-green flowers
Daphne mezereum, February daphne, mezereon
small European deciduous shrub with fragrant lilac-colored flowers followed by red berries on highly toxic twigs
deer grass, meadow beauty
any of several plants of the genus Rhexia usually having pink-purple to magenta flowers; eastern North America
St John's wort
any of numerous plants of the genus Hypericum having yellow flowers and transparently dotted leaves; traditionally gathered on St John's eve to ward off evil
Cistus albidus, white-leaved rockrose
compact white pubescent shrub of southwestern Europe having pink flowers
Cistus ladanifer, Cistus ladanum, common gum cistus
shrub having white flowers and viscid stems and leaves yielding a fragrant oleoresin used in perfumes especially as a fixative
Crocanthemum canadense, Helianthemum canadense, frost-weed, frostweed, frostwort
perennial of the eastern United States having early solitary yellow flowers followed by late petalless flowers; so-called because ice crystals form on it during first frosts
rock rose, rockrose
any of numerous varieties of helianthemums having small rose-like yellow or white or reddish flowers
Helianthemum scoparium, rush rose
woody yellow-flowered perennial of southeastern United States
Hudsonia ericoides, false heather, golden heather
North American decumbent evergreen heathlike plant with yellow flowers
Hudsonia tomentosa, beach heather, poverty grass
small heathlike plant covered with white down growing on beaches in northeastern North America
Fouquieria splendens, Jacob's staff, coachwhip, ocotillo, vine cactus
desert shrub of southwestern United States and Mexico having slender naked spiny branches that after the rainy season put forth foliage and clusters of red flowers
Fouquieria columnaris, Idria columnaris, boojum tree, cirio
candlewood of Mexico and southwestern California having tall columnar stems and bearing honey-scented creamy yellow flowers
Cannabis sativa, ganja, marihuana, marijuana
a strong-smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared
Cannabis indica, Indian hemp
source of e.g. bhang and hashish as well as fiber
Spanish bayonet, Yucca aloifolia
a stiff yucca with a short trunk; found in the southern United States and tropical America; has rigid spine-tipped leaves and clusters of white flowers
Spanish bayonet, Yucca baccata
tall yucca of the southwestern United States and Mexico having a woody stem and stiff swordlike pointed leaves and a large cluster of white flowers
Joshua tree, Yucca brevifolia
a large branched arborescent yucca of southwestern United States having short leaves and clustered greenish white flowers
Spanish dagger, Yucca carnerosana
arborescent yucca of southwestern United States and northern Mexico with sword-shaped leaves and white flowers
Yucca elata, soap tree, soap-weed, soapweed
tall arborescent yucca of southwestern United States
Adam's needle, Adam's needle-and-thread, Yucca filamentosa, needle palm, spoonleaf yucca
yucca with long stiff leaves having filamentlike appendages
Yucca glauca, bear grass
yucca of west central United States having a clump of basal grasslike leaves and a central stalk with a terminal raceme of small whitish flowers
Spanish dagger, Yucca gloriosa
yucca of southeastern United States similar to the Spanish bayonets but with shorter trunk and smoother leaves
Yucca smalliana, bear grass
yucca of southern United States having a clump of basal grasslike leaves and a central stalk with a terminal raceme of small whitish flowers
Our Lord's candle, Yucca whipplei
yucca of southwestern United States and Mexico with a tall spike of creamy white flowers
Caesalpinia gilliesii, Poinciana gilliesii, bird of paradise, poinciana
a tropical flowering shrub having bright orange or red flowers; sometimes placed in genus Poinciana
Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Poinciana pulcherrima, flamboyant tree, paradise flower, pride of barbados
tropical shrub or small tree having showy yellow to orange-red flowers; sometimes placed in genus Poinciana
Cassia fasciculata, Chamaecrista fasciculata, partridge pea, sensitive pea, wild sensitive plant
tropical American plant having leaflets somewhat sensitive to the touch; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Cassia alata, Senna alata, ringworm bush, ringworm cassia, ringworm shrub
tropical shrub (especially of Americas) having yellow flowers and large leaves whose juice is used as a cure for ringworm and poisonous bites; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Cassia auriculata, Senna auriculata, avaram, tanner's cassia
evergreen Indian shrub with vivid yellow flowers whose bark is used in tanning; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Alexandria senna, Alexandrian senna, Cassia acutifolia, Cassia augustifolia, Indian senna, Senna alexandrina, tinnevelly senna, true senna
erect shrub having racemes of tawny yellow flowers; the dried leaves are used medicinally as a cathartic; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Cassia tora, Senna obtusifolia, sicklepod
cosmopolitan tropical herb or subshrub with yellow flowers and slender curved pods; a weed; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Cassia occidentalis, Senna occidentalis, coffee senna, mogdad coffee, stinking weed, styptic weed
very leafy malodorous tropical weedy shrub whose seeds have been used as an adulterant for coffee; sometimes classified in genus Cassia
Amorpha canescens, lead plant, leadplant
shrub of sandy woodlands and stream banks of western United States having hoary pinnate flowers and dull-colored racemose flowers; thought to indicate the presence of lead ore
Amorpha californica, bastard indigo, false indigo
an erect to spreading hairy shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having racemes of red to indigo flowers
Amorpha fruticosa, bastard indigo, false indigo
dense shrub of moist riverbanks and flood plains of the eastern United States having attractive fragrant foliage and dense racemes of dark purple flowers
Caragana arborescens, Siberian pea tree
large spiny shrub of eastern Asia having clusters of yellow flowers; often cultivated in shelterbelts and hedges
Caragana sinica, Chinese pea tree
shrub with dark-green glossy foliage and solitary pale yellow flowers; northern China
weeping tree broom
small shrubby tree of New Zealand having weeping branches and racemes of white to violet flowers followed by woolly indehiscent two-seeded pods
Clianthus formosus, Clianthus speciosus, Sturt pea, Sturt's desert pea, desert pea
sprawling shrubby perennial noted for its scarlet black-marked flowers; widely distributed in dry parts of Australia
Clianthus puniceus, parrot's beak, parrot's bill
evergreen shrub with scarlet to white clawlike or beaklike flowers; New Zealand
Coronilla varia, axseed, crown vetch
European herb resembling vetch; naturalized in the eastern United States; having umbels of pink-and-white flowers and sharp-angled pods
Cytisus albus, Cytisus multiflorus, white Spanish broom, white broom
low European broom having trifoliate leaves and yellowish-white flowers
Cytisus scoparius, Scotch broom, common broom, green broom
deciduous erect spreading broom native to western Europe; widely cultivated for its rich yellow flowers
beggar lice, beggar's lice, tick trefoil
any of various tropical and subtropical plants having trifoliate leaves and rough sticky pod sections or loments
Genista anglica, broom tree, needle furze, petty whin
prickly yellow-flowered shrub of the moors of New England and Europe
Genista hispanica, Spanish broom, Spanish gorse
erect shrub of southwestern Europe having racemes of golden yellow flowers
Genista tinctoria, dyer's greenweed, dyer's-broom, dyeweed, greenweed, whin, woadwaxen, woodwaxen
small Eurasian shrub having clusters of yellow flowers that yield a dye; common as a weed in Britain and the United States; sometimes grown as an ornamental
Hedysarum boreale, sweet vetch
perennial of western United States having racemes of pink to purple flowers followed by flat pods that separate into nearly orbicular joints
French honeysuckle, Hedysarum coronarium, sulla
perennial of southern Europe cultivated for forage and for its nectar-rich pink flowers that make it an important honey crop
Hippocrepis comosa, horseshoe vetch
European woody perennial with yellow umbellate flowers followed by flattened pods that separate into horseshoe-shaped joints
Indigofera anil, Indigofera suffruticosa, anil
shrub of West Indies and South America that is a source of indigo dye
Alpine golden chain, Laburnum alpinum, Scotch laburnum
an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum
Laburnum anagyroides, common laburnum, golden chain, golden rain
an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum; often cultivated for Easter decorations
any of several tropical American woody plants of the genus Lonchocarpus whose roots are used locally as a fish poison and commercially as a source of rotenone
Lotus americanus, compass plant, prairie bird's-foot trefoil, prairie lotus, prairie trefoil
North American annual with red or rose-colored flowers
Lotus berthelotii, coral gem
low-growing much-branched perennial of Canary Islands having orange-red to scarlet or purple flowers; naturalized in United States
Lotus corniculatus, babies' slippers, bacon and eggs, bird's foot clover, bird's foot trefoil
European forage plant having claw-shaped pods introduced in America
Indian beet, Lupinus perennis, old-maid's bonnet, sundial lupine, wild lupine
stout perennial of eastern and central North America having palmate leaves and showy racemose blue flowers
Bengal bean, Benghal bean, Florida bean, Mucuna aterrima, Mucuna deeringiana, Mucuna pruriens utilis, Stizolobium deeringiana, cowage, velvet bean
the annual woody vine of Asia having long clusters of purplish flowers and densely hairy pods; cultivated in southern United States for green manure and grazing
Ononis repens, rest-harrow, restharrow
European woody plant having pink flowers and unifoliate leaves and long tough roots; spreads by underground runners
Ononis spinosa, rest-harrow, restharrow
Eurasian plant having loose racemes of pink or purple flowers and spiny stems and tough roots
Spanish broom, Spartium junceum, weaver's broom
tall thornless shrub having pale yellow flowers and flexible rushlike twigs used in basketry; of southwestern Europe and Mediterranean; naturalized in California
hoary pea
a plant of the genus Tephrosia having pinnate leaves and white or purplish flowers and flat hairy pods
Polygonum orientale, kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate, prince's-feather, prince's-plume, princess feather
annual with broadly ovate leaves and slender drooping spikes of crimson flowers; southeastern Asia and Australia; naturalized in North America
any plant of the genus Eriogonum with small clustered flowers
Rosa pendulina, mountain rose
European alpine rose with crimson flowers
Rosa spithamaea, ground rose
low-growing bristly shrub of southern Oregon and California with creeping rootstocks and usually corymbose flowers
Rosa banksia, banksia rose
Chinese evergreen climbing rose with yellow or white single flowers
Rosa canina, dog rose
prickly wild rose with delicate pink or white scentless flowers; native to Europe
Bengal rose, China rose, Rosa chinensis
shrubby Chinese rose; ancestor of many cultivated garden roses
Rosa damascena, damask rose, summer damask rose
large hardy very fragrant pink rose; cultivated in Asia Minor as source of attar of roses; parent of many hybrids
Rosa eglanteria, briar, brier, eglantine, sweetbriar, sweetbrier
Eurasian rose with prickly stems and fragrant leaves and bright pink flowers followed by scarlet hips
Cherokee rose, Rosa laevigata
Chinese climbing rose with fragrant white blossoms
Japanese rose, Rosa multiflora, baby rose, multiflora, multiflora rose
vigorously growing rose having clusters of numerous small flowers; used for hedges and as grafting stock
Rosa moschata, musk rose
rose native to Mediterranean region having curved or climbing branches and loose clusters of musky-scented flowers
Rosa odorata, tea rose
any of several hybrid bush roses derived from a tea-scented Chinese rose with pink or yellow flowers
Amelanchier alnifolia, alder-leaved serviceberry, alderleaf Juneberry
shrub or small tree of northwestern North America having fragrant creamy white flowers and small waxy purple-red fruits
Amelanchier bartramiana, Bartram Juneberry
open-growing shrub of eastern North America having pure white flowers and small waxy almost black fruits
Chaenomeles japonica, japonica, maule's quince
deciduous thorny shrub native to Japan having red blossoms
Chaenomeles speciosa, Japanese quince
deciduous thorny shrub native to China having red or white blossoms
Cotoneaster dammeri
climbing evergreen shrub with white flowers and red berries; often used as ground cover
Cotoneaster horizontalis
deciduous flat-growing shrub with a fanned herringbone pattern and having reddish flowers and orange-red berries; used as a ground cover
Crataegus apiifolia, Crataegus marshallii, parsley haw, parsley-leaved thorn
southern United States hawthorn with pinnately lobed leaves
Crataegus biltmoreana, scarlet haw
common shrub or small tree of the eastern United States having few thorns and white flowers in corymbs followed by bright orange-red berries
Crataegus calpodendron, Crataegus tomentosa, blackthorn, pear haw, pear hawthorn
erect and almost thornless American hawthorn with somewhat pear-shaped berries
Crataegus crus-galli, cockspur hawthorn, cockspur thorn
eastern United States hawthorn with long straight thorns
Crataegus aestivalis, mayhaw, summer haw
hawthorn of southern United States bearing a juicy, acidic, scarlet fruit that is often used in jellies or preserves
Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus oxycantha, English hawthorn, may, whitethorn
thorny Eurasian shrub of small tree having dense clusters of white to scarlet flowers followed by deep red berries; established as an escape in eastern North America
Crataegus monogyna, English hawthorn
European hawthorn having deeply cleft leaves and bright red fruits; widely cultivated in many varieties and often grown as impenetrable hedges; established as an escape in eastern North America
Crataegus coccinea mollis, Crataegus mollis, downy haw, red haw
American red-fruited hawthorn with stems and leaves densely covered with short woolly hairs
Crataegus oxyacantha, evergreen thorn
evergreen hawthorn of southeastern Europe
Crataegus coccinea, Crataegus pedicellata, red haw
American red-fruited hawthorn with dense corymbs of pink-red flowers
Dryas octopetala, mountain avens
creeping evergreen shrub with large white flowers; widely distributed in northern portions of Eurasia and North America
any of various perennials of the genus Geum having usually pinnate basal leaves and variously colored flowers
Potentilla anserina, goose grass, goose-tansy, silverweed
low-growing perennial having leaves silvery beneath; northern United States; Europe; Asia
Prunus besseyi, Rocky Mountains cherry, Western sand cherry
dwarf ornamental shrub of western United States having large black to red and yellow sweet edible fruit
Saint Peter's wreath, Spiraea prunifolia, St. Peter's wreath, bridal wreath, bridal-wreath
shrub having copious small white flowers in spring
any plant of the genus Asperula
Gardenia augusta, Gardenia jasminoides, cape jasmine, cape jessamine
evergreen shrub widely cultivated for its large fragrant waxlike white flowers and glossy leaves
Hamelia erecta, Hamelia patens, coloradillo, scarlet bush, scarlet hamelia
handsome shrub with showy orange to scarlet or crimson flowers; Florida and West Indies to Mexico and Brazil
Linnaea borealis, twinflower
creeping evergreen subshrub of the northern parts of Europe and Asia with delicate fragrant tubular bell-shaped usually pink flowers borne in pairs
Lonicera albiflora, white honeysuckle
bushy honeysuckle with twining branches and white or yellow-white flowers; southern United States
American fly honeysuckle, Lonicera canadensis, fly honeysuckle
erect deciduous North American shrub with yellow-white flowers
Italian honeysuckle, Italian woodbine, Lonicera caprifolium
deciduous climbing shrub with fragrant yellow-white flowers in axillary whorls
Lonicera dioica, yellow honeysuckle
twining deciduous shrub with clusters of purple-tinged yellow-green flowers; northeastern America
Lonicera flava, yellow honeysuckle
climbing deciduous shrub with fragrant yellow (later orange) flowers in terminal whorls; southeastern United States
Lonicera hirsuta, hairy honeysuckle
twining deciduous shrub with hairy leaves and spikes of yellow-orange flowers; northeastern America
Lonicera involucrata, twinberry
shrubby honeysuckle with purple flowers; western North America
Japanese honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica
an Asiatic trailing evergreen honeysuckle with half-evergreen leaves and fragrant white flowers turning yellow with age; has become a weed in some areas
Hall's honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica halliana
a variety of Japanese honeysuckle that grows like a vine; established as an aggressive escape in southeastern United States
Lonicera morrowii, Morrow's honeysuckle
a grey deciduous honeysuckle shrub paired white flowers turning yellow; Japan
Lonicera periclymenum, woodbine
European twining honeysuckle with fragrant red and yellow-white flowers
Lonicera sempervirens, coral honeysuckle, trumpet flower, trumpet honeysuckle, trumpet vine
evergreen North American honeysuckle vine having coral-red or orange flowers
Lonicera tatarica, Tartarian honeysuckle, bush honeysuckle
a honeysuckle shrub of southern Russia to central Asia
European fly honeysuckle, European honeysuckle, Lonicera xylosteum
cultivated Eurasian shrub with twin yellowish-white flowers and scarlet fruit
American elder, Sambucus canadensis, black elderberry, sweet elder
common elder of central and eastern North America bearing purple-black berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
Sambucus caerulea, blue elder, blue elderberry
shrub or small tree of western United States having white flowers and blue berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
Sambucus ebulus, danewort, dwarf elder
dwarf herbaceous elder of Europe having pink flowers and a nauseous odor
European elder, Sambucus nigra, black elder, bourtree, common elder, elderberry
a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of Europe and Asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
American red elder, Sambucus pubens, red-berried elder, stinking elder
common North American shrub or small tree
European red elder, Sambucus racemosa, red-berried elder
Eurasian shrub
any of various plants of the genus Polygala
Tribulus terestris, caltrop, devil's weed
tropical annual procumbent poisonous subshrub having fruit that splits into five spiny nutlets; serious pasture weed
Buxus sempervirens, European box, common box
large slow-growing evergreen shrub or small tree with multiple stems; extensively used for hedges or borders and topiary figures
any plant of the genus Pachysandra; low-growing evergreen herbs or subshrubs having dentate leaves and used as ground cover
Euonymus europaeus, common spindle tree
small erect deciduous shrub having tough white wood and cathartic bark and fruit
Euonymous alatus, winged spindle tree
bushy deciduous shrub with branches having thin wide corky longitudinal wings; brilliant red in autumn; northeastern Asia to central China
American smokewood, Cotinus americanus, Cotinus obovatus, chittamwood
shrubby tree of southern United States having large plumes of feathery flowers resembling puffs of smoke
Cotinus coggygria, Venetian sumac, wig tree
Old World shrub having large plumes of yellowish feathery flowers resembling puffs of smoke
Rhus aromatica, fragrant sumac, lemon sumac
sweet-scented sumac of eastern America having ternate leaves and yellowish-green flowers in spikes resembling catkins followed by red hairy fruits
Rhus glabra, scarlet sumac, smooth sumac, vinegar tree
common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with waxy compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries
Rhus copallina, black sumac, dwarf sumac, mountain sumac, shining sumac
common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries
Rhus ovata, sugar sumac, sugar-bush
evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with spikes of reddish yellow flowers and glandular hairy fruits
Rhus typhina, Virginian sumac, staghorn sumac, velvet sumac, vinegar tree
deciduous shrubby tree or eastern North America with compound leaves that turn brilliant red in fall and dense panicles of greenish yellow flowers followed by crimson acidic berries
Rhus trilobata, skunkbush, squaw-bush, squawbush
deciduous shrub of California with unpleasantly scented usually trifoliate leaves and edible fruit
Bumelia lycioides, mock orange, shittim, shittimwood, southern buckthorn
shrubby thorny deciduous tree of southeastern United States with white flowers and small black drupaceous fruit
Bumelia lanuginosa, black haw, chittamwood, chittimwood, false buckthorn, shittimwood
deciduous tree of southeastern United States and Mexico
Asiatic sweetleaf, Symplocus paniculata, sapphire berry
deciduous shrub of eastern Asia bearing decorative bright blue fruit
Styrax obassia, snowbell
small tree native to Japan
Japanese snowbell, Styrax japonicum
shrubby tree of China and Japan
Styrax texana, Texas snowbell, Texas snowbells
styrax of southwestern United States; a threatened species
Aeonium haworthii, pinwheel
perennial subshrub of Tenerife having leaves in rosettes resembling pinwheels
Hydrangea anomala, climbing hydrangea
deciduous climber with aerial roots having white to creamy flowers in fairly flat heads
Hydrangea arborescens, wild hydrangea
deciduous shrub with creamy white flower clusters; eastern United States
Hydrangea macrophylla hortensis, hortensia
deciduous shrub bearing roundheaded flower clusters opening green and aging to pink or blue
Hydrangea paniculata, fall-blooming hydrangea
deciduous shrub or small tree with pyramidal flower clusters
Hydrangea petiolaris, climbing hydrangea
deciduous climber with aerial roots having large flat flower heads
Carpenteria californica, carpenteria
California evergreen shrub having glossy opposite leaves and terminal clusters of a few fragrant white flowers
Decumaria barbara, Decumaria barbata, decumary
woody climber of southeastern United States having white flowers in compound terminal clusters
any of various shrubs of the genus Deutzia having usually toothed opposite leaves and shredding bark and white or pink flowers in loose terminal clusters
Philadelphus coronarius, mock orange, syringa
large hardy shrub with showy and strongly fragrant creamy-white flowers in short terminal racemes
Ribes rubrum, garden current, red currant
cultivated European current bearing small edible red berries
European black currant, Ribes nigrum, black currant
widely cultivated current bearing edible black aromatic berries
Ribes sativum, white currant
garden currant bearing small white berries
Ribes sanguineum, winter currant
a flowering shrub
English lavender, Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula officinalis
aromatic Mediterranean shrub widely cultivated for its lilac flowers which are dried and used in sachets
French lavender, Lavandula stoechas
shrubby greyish lavender of southwestern Europe having usually reddish-purple flowers
French lavender, Lavandula latifolia, spike lavender
Mediterranean plant with pale purple flowers that yields spike lavender oil
any of various plants of the genus Phlomis; grown primarily for their dense whorls of lipped flowers and attractive foliage
Jerusalem sage, Phlomis fruticosa
a spreading subshrub of Mediterranean regions cultivated for dense axillary whorls of purple or yellow flowers
any of various plants of the genus Teucrium
blue curls
any of several plants of the genus Trichostema having whorls of small blue flowers
Capsicum annuum conoides, cone pepper
plant bearing erect pungent conical red or yellow or purple fruits; sometimes grown as an ornamental
Capsicum annuum longum, cayenne, cayenne pepper, chili pepper, chilli pepper, jalapeno, long pepper
plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
Capsicum annuum grossum, bell pepper, paprika, pimento, pimiento, sweet pepper, sweet pepper plant
plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
Capsicum annuum cerasiforme, cherry pepper
plant bearing small rounded usually pungent fruits
Capsicum baccatum, Capsicum frutescens baccatum, bird pepper
plant bearing very small and very hot oblong red fruits; includes wild forms native to tropical America; thought to be ancestral to the sweet pepper and many hot peppers
Capsicum frutescens, hot pepper, tabasco pepper, tabasco plant
plant bearing very hot medium-sized oblong red peppers; grown principally in the Gulf Coast states for production of hot sauce
Datura stramonium, Jamestown weed, apple of Peru, common thorn apple, jimson weed, jimsonweed
intensely poisonous tall coarse annual tropical weed having rank-smelling foliage, large white or violet trumpet-shaped flowers and prickly fruits
Duke of Argyll's tea tree, Lycium barbarum, Lycium halimifolium, common matrimony vine
deciduous erect or spreading shrub with spiny branches and violet-purple flowers followed by orange-red berries; southeastern Europe to China
Euphorbia lathyris, caper spurge, mole plant, myrtle spurge
poisonous Old World spurge; adventive in America; seeds yield a purgative oil
Euphorbia helioscopia, devil's milk, sun spurge, wartweed, wartwort
not unattractive European weed whose flowers turn toward the sun
Euphorbia peplus, devil's milk, petty spurge
an Old World spurge introduced as a weed in the eastern United States
Euphorbia caput-medusae, Euphorbia medusae, medusa's head
African dwarf succulent perennial shrub with numerous slender drooping branches
Euphorbia corollata, flowering spurge, tramp's spurge, wild spurge
common perennial United States spurge having showy white petallike bracts
Euphorbia marginata, ghost weed, snow-in-summer, snow-on-the-mountain
annual spurge of western United States having showy white-bracted flower clusters and very poisonous milk
Euphorbia cyparissias, cypress spurge
Old World perennial having foliage resembling cypress; naturalized as a weed in the United States
Euphorbia esula, leafy spurge, wolf's milk
tall European perennial naturalized and troublesome as a weed in eastern North America
Euphorbia hirsuta, hairy spurge
much-branched hirsute weed native to northeastern North America
Christmas flower, Christmas star, Euphorbia pulcherrima, Mexican flameleaf, lobster plant, painted leaf, poinsettia
tropical American plant having poisonous milk and showy tapering usually scarlet petallike leaves surrounding small yellow flowers
Euphorbia heterophylla, Japanese poinsettia, mole plant, paint leaf
showy poinsettia found from the southern United States to Peru
Euphorbia cyathophora, Mexican fire plant, fire-on-the-mountain, painted leaf
poinsettia of United States and eastern Mexico; often confused with Euphorbia heterophylla
Euphorbia amygdaloides, wood spurge
European perennial herb with greenish yellow terminal flower clusters
Euphorbia antisyphilitica, candelilla
wax-coated shrub of northern Mexico and southwestern United States
Euphorbia exigua, dwarf spurge
European erect or depressed annual weedy spurge adventive in northeastern United States
Euphorbia fulgens, scarlet plume
Mexican shrub often cultivated for its scarlet-bracted flowers
Euphorbia ingens, cactus euphorbia, naboom
small tree of dry open parts of southern Africa having erect angled branches suggesting candelabra
Christ plant, Christ thorn, Euphorbia milii, crown of thorns
somewhat climbing bushy spurge of Madagascar having long woody spiny stems with few leaves and flowers with scarlet bracts
Euphorbia dentata, toothed spurge
an annual weed of northeastern North America with dentate leaves
Croton eluteria, cascarilla
West Indian shrub with aromatic bark
Manihot esculenta, Manihot utilissima, bitter cassava, gari, mandioc, mandioca, manioc, tapioca plant
cassava with long tuberous edible roots and soft brittle stems; used especially to make cassiri (an intoxicating drink) and tapioca
Manihot dulcis, sweet cassava
South American plant with roots used as a vegetable and herbage used for stock feed
Pedilanthus bracteatus, Pedilanthus pavonis, candelilla
wax-coated Mexican shrub related to Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Jew bush, Jew-bush, Jewbush, Pedilanthus tithymaloides, redbird cactus, redbird flower
low tropical American shrub having powerful emetic properties
Camellia japonica, japonica
greenhouse shrub with glossy green leaves and showy fragrant rose-like flowers; cultivated in many varieties
eringo, eryngo
any plant of the genus Eryngium
Rhamnus purshianus, bearberry, bearwood, cascara buckthorn, chittamwood, chittimwood
shrubby tree of the Pacific coast of the United States; yields cascara sagrada
Carolina buckthorn, Rhamnus carolinianus, indian cherry
deciduous shrub of eastern and central United States having black berrylike fruit; golden-yellow in autumn
California buckthorn, California coffee, Rhamnus californicus, coffeeberry
evergreen shrub of western United States bearing small red or black fruits
Rhamnus frangula, alder buckthorn, alder dogwood
small tree common in Europe
Rhamnus croceus, red-berry, redberry
small spiny evergreen shrub of western United States and Mexico with minute flowers and bright red berries
Madagascar jasmine, Stephanotis floribunda, waxflower
twining woody vine of Madagascar having thick dark waxy evergreen leaves and clusters of large fragrant waxy white flowers along the stems; widely cultivated in warm regions
Type of:
ligneous plant, woody plant
a plant having hard lignified tissues or woody parts especially stems

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