suffrutex

Definitions of suffrutex
1

n low-growing woody shrub or perennial with woody base

Synonyms:
subshrub
Types:
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darling pea, poison bush
either of two Australian plants of the genus Swainsona that are poisonous to sheep
Amsonia tabernaemontana, blue star
subshrubs of southeastern United States forming slow-growing clumps and having blue flowers in short terminal cymes
periwinkle
chiefly trailing poisonous plants with blue flowers
Aralia nudicaulis, false sarsaparilla, wild sarsaparilla, wild sarsparilla
common perennial herb having aromatic roots used as a substitute for sarsaparilla; central and eastern North America
American spikenard, Aralia racemosa, life-of-man, petty morel
unarmed woody rhizomatous perennial plant distinguished from wild sarsaparilla by more aromatic roots and panicled umbels; southeastern North America to Mexico
Aralia hispida, bristly sarsaparilla, bristly sarsparilla, dwarf elder
bristly herb of eastern and central North America having black fruit and medicinal bark
bloodleaf
any plant of the genus Iresine having colored foliage
Cleome pinnata, Stanleya pinnata, desert plume, prince's-plume
perennial of southwestern United States having leathery blue-green pinnatifid leaves and thick plumelike spikes of yellow flowers; sometimes placed in genus Cleome
California tree poppy, Romneya coulteri, matilija poppy
tall branching subshrub of California and Mexico often cultivated for its silvery-blue foliage and large fragrant white flowers
burdock, clotbur
any of several erect biennial herbs of temperate Eurasia having stout taproots and producing burs
Argyranthemum frutescens, Chrysanthemum frutescens, Paris daisy, marguerite, marguerite daisy
perennial subshrub of the Canary Islands having usually pale yellow daisylike flowers; often included in genus Chrysanthemum
wormwood
any of several low composite herbs of the genera Artemisia or Seriphidium
sage brush, sagebrush
any of several North American composite subshrubs of the genera Artemis or Seriphidium
beggar's-ticks, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, burr marigold, sticktight
any of several plants of the genus Bidens having yellow flowers and prickly fruits that cling to fur and clothing
centaury
any plant of the genus Centaurea
matchbush, matchweed
any of several plants of the genus Gutierrezia having tiny flower heads that resemble the heads of matches
Parthenium argentatum, guayule
much-branched subshrub with silvery leaves and small white flowers of Texas and northern Mexico; cultivated as a source of rubber
American feverfew, Parthenium integrifolium, prairie dock, wild quinine
stout perennial herb of the eastern United States with whitish flowers; leaves traditionally used by Catawba Indians to treat burns
bastard pimpernel, chaffweed, false pimpernel
weedy plant having short dry chafflike leaves
thrift
any of numerous sun-loving low-growing evergreens of the genus Armeria having round heads of pink or white flowers
marsh rosemary, sea lavender, statice
any of various plants of the genus Limonium of temperate salt marshes having spikes of white or mauve flowers
corchorus
any of various plants of the genus Corchorus having large leaves and cymose clusters of yellow flowers; a source of jute
diapensia
any boreal low-growing evergreen plant of the genus Diapensia
loosestrife
any of numerous herbs and subshrubs of the genus Lythrum
deer grass, meadow beauty
any of several plants of the genus Rhexia usually having pink-purple to magenta flowers; eastern North America
St John's wort
any of numerous plants of the genus Hypericum having yellow flowers and transparently dotted leaves; traditionally gathered on St John's eve to ward off evil
Hudsonia ericoides, false heather, golden heather
North American decumbent evergreen heathlike plant with yellow flowers
Hudsonia tomentosa, beach heather, poverty grass
small heathlike plant covered with white down growing on beaches in northeastern North America
Cassia fasciculata, Chamaecrista fasciculata, partridge pea, sensitive pea, wild sensitive plant
tropical American plant having leaflets somewhat sensitive to the touch; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Cassia tora, Senna obtusifolia, sicklepod
cosmopolitan tropical herb or subshrub with yellow flowers and slender curved pods; a weed; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
beggar lice, beggar's lice, tick trefoil
any of various tropical and subtropical plants having trifoliate leaves and rough sticky pod sections or loments
Hedysarum boreale, sweet vetch
perennial of western United States having racemes of pink to purple flowers followed by flat pods that separate into nearly orbicular joints
French honeysuckle, Hedysarum coronarium, sulla
perennial of southern Europe cultivated for forage and for its nectar-rich pink flowers that make it an important honey crop
Hippocrepis comosa, horseshoe vetch
European woody perennial with yellow umbellate flowers followed by flattened pods that separate into horseshoe-shaped joints
cube
any of several tropical American woody plants of the genus Lonchocarpus whose roots are used locally as a fish poison and commercially as a source of rotenone
Lotus americanus, compass plant, prairie bird's-foot trefoil, prairie lotus, prairie trefoil
North American annual with red or rose-colored flowers
Lotus berthelotii, coral gem
low-growing much-branched perennial of Canary Islands having orange-red to scarlet or purple flowers; naturalized in United States
Lotus corniculatus, babies' slippers, bacon and eggs, bird's foot clover, bird's foot trefoil
European forage plant having claw-shaped pods introduced in America
Indian beet, Lupinus perennis, old-maid's bonnet, sundial lupine, wild lupine
stout perennial of eastern and central North America having palmate leaves and showy racemose blue flowers
Ononis repens, rest-harrow, restharrow
European woody plant having pink flowers and unifoliate leaves and long tough roots; spreads by underground runners
Ononis spinosa, rest-harrow, restharrow
Eurasian plant having loose racemes of pink or purple flowers and spiny stems and tough roots
hoary pea
a plant of the genus Tephrosia having pinnate leaves and white or purplish flowers and flat hairy pods
Polygonum orientale, kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate, prince's-feather, prince's-plume, princess feather
annual with broadly ovate leaves and slender drooping spikes of crimson flowers; southeastern Asia and Australia; naturalized in North America
eriogonum
any plant of the genus Eriogonum with small clustered flowers
Dryas octopetala, mountain avens
creeping evergreen shrub with large white flowers; widely distributed in northern portions of Eurasia and North America
avens
any of various perennials of the genus Geum having usually pinnate basal leaves and variously colored flowers
Prunus besseyi, Rocky Mountains cherry, Western sand cherry
dwarf ornamental shrub of western United States having large black to red and yellow sweet edible fruit
woodruff
any plant of the genus Asperula
Linnaea borealis, twinflower
creeping evergreen subshrub of the northern parts of Europe and Asia with delicate fragrant tubular bell-shaped usually pink flowers borne in pairs
milkwort
any of various plants of the genus Polygala
Tribulus terestris, caltrop, devil's weed
tropical annual procumbent poisonous subshrub having fruit that splits into five spiny nutlets; serious pasture weed
pachysandra
any plant of the genus Pachysandra; low-growing evergreen herbs or subshrubs having dentate leaves and used as ground cover
Aeonium haworthii, pinwheel
perennial subshrub of Tenerife having leaves in rosettes resembling pinwheels
phlomis
any of various plants of the genus Phlomis; grown primarily for their dense whorls of lipped flowers and attractive foliage
Jerusalem sage, Phlomis fruticosa
a spreading subshrub of Mediterranean regions cultivated for dense axillary whorls of purple or yellow flowers
germander
any of various plants of the genus Teucrium
blue curls
any of several plants of the genus Trichostema having whorls of small blue flowers
eringo, eryngo
any plant of the genus Eryngium
Swainsona galegifolia, smooth darling pea
erect or trailing perennial of eastern Australia having axillary racemes of blue to purple or red flowers
Swainsona grandiflora, Swainsona greyana, hairy darling pea
shrubby perennial of southern Australia having downy or woolly stems and undersides of leaves and racemes of red to pink flowers
Vinca minor, myrtle
widely cultivated as a groundcover for its dark green shiny leaves and usually blue-violet flowers
Vinca major, large periwinkle
plant having variegated foliage and used for window boxes
Iresine herbstii, Iresine reticulata, beef plant, beefsteak plant
South American plant having green to purple or red branches with green to purple ornamental foliage and spikes of insignificant woolly flowers with dry membranous bracts
Arctium minus, common burdock, lesser burdock
a plant that is ubiquitous in all but very acid soil; found in most of Europe and North Africa
Arctium lappa, cocklebur, great burdock, greater burdock
burdock having heart-shaped leaves found in open woodland, hedgerows and rough grassland of Europe (except extreme N) and Asia Minor; sometimes cultivated for medicinal and culinary use
mugwort
any of several weedy composite plants of the genus Artemisia
Artemisia abrotanum, southernwood
shrubby European wormwood naturalized in North America; sometimes used in brewing beer
Artemisia absinthium, absinthe, common wormwood, lad's love, old man
aromatic herb of temperate Eurasia and North Africa having a bitter taste used in making the liqueur absinthe
Artemisia annua, sweet wormwood
wormwood of southeastern Europe to Iran
Artemisia californica, California sage, California sagebrush
low ashy-grey California shrub
Artemisia campestris, field wormwood
European wormwood similar to common wormwood in its properties
Artemisia filifolia, sand sage, silvery wormwood
silver-haired shrub of central and southern United States and Mexico; a troublesome weed on rangelands
Artemisia frigida, prairie sagewort, wormwood sage
silky-leaved aromatic perennial of dry northern parts of the northern hemisphere; has tawny florets
Artemis pontica, Roman wormwood
European wormwood; minor source of absinthe
Artemis spinescens, bud brush, bud sagebrush
a perennial that is valuable as sheep forage in the United States
Artemisia stelleriana, beach wormwood, dusty miller, old woman
herb with greyish leaves found along the east coast of North America; used as an ornamental plant
Bidens bipinnata, Spanish needles
common bur marigold of the eastern United States
Bidens coronata, Bidens trichosperma, tickseed sunflower
North American bur marigold with large flowers
Bidens tripartita, European beggar-ticks, trifid beggar-ticks, trifid bur marigold
bur marigold of temperate Eurasia
Bidens connata, swampy beggar-ticks
bur marigold of eastern and northern United States and Canada common in wet pastures and meadows
Centaurea americana, basket flower
annual of southwestern United States cultivated for its purple flower heads and its bracts that resemble small baskets
Centaurea cineraria, Centaurea gymnocarpa, dusty miller
a plant having leaves and stems covered with down that resembles dust
Centauria calcitrapa, caltrop, star-thistle
Mediterranean annual or biennial herb having pinkish to purple flowers surrounded by spine-tipped scales; naturalized in America
knapweed
any of various plants of the genus Centaurea having purple thistlelike flowers
Gutierrezia microcephala, little-head snakeweed
similar to Gutierrezia sarothrae but with flower heads having fewer rays and disk flowers
Gutierrezia sarothrae, broom snakeroot, broom snakeweed, rabbit-weed, rabbitweed, snakeweed, turpentine weed
low-growing sticky subshrub of southwestern United States having narrow linear leaves on many slender branches and hundreds of tiny yellow flower heads
Gutierrezia texana, broom-weed, broomweed
annual of southwestern United States having rigid woody branches with sticky foliage and yellow flowers
Artemisia cana, Seriphidium canum, gray sage, grey sage, silver sage, silver sagebrush
low much-branched perennial of western United States having silvery leaves; an important browse and shelter plant
Artemisia maritima, Seriphidium maritimum, sea wormwood
plants of western and northern European coasts
Artemisia tridentata, Seriphidium tridentatum, big sagebrush, blue sage
aromatic shrub of arid regions of western North America having hoary leaves
Armeria maritima, cliff rose, sea pink
tufted thrift of seacoasts and mountains of north temperate zone; occasionally grown as a ground cover
Lythrum salicaria, purple loosestrife, spiked loosestrife
marsh herb with a long spike of purple flowers; originally of Europe but now rampant in eastern United States
Lythrum hyssopifolia, grass poly, hyssop loosestrife
annual with small solitary pink flowers; originally of Europe but widely naturalized in moist areas
Hypericum androsaemum, common St John's wort, tutsan
deciduous bushy Eurasian shrub with golden yellow flowers and reddish-purple fruits from which a soothing salve is made in Spain
Hypericum ascyron, Hypericum pyramidatum, great St John's wort
perennial shrub having large star-shaped yellow flowers in narrowly pyramidal cymes
Hypericum calycinum, creeping St John's wort
creeping evergreen shrub with bright yellow star-shaped summer flowers; useful as ground cover
Hypericum gentianoides, nitweed, orange grass, pine-weed, pineweed
annual wiry-stemmed North American weed with minute scalelike leaves and small yellow flowers
Hypericum crux andrae, St Andrews's cross
shrubby plant having yellow to apricot flowers with four petals arranged in a cross; southeastern United States: New York to Texas
Hypericum hypericoides, low St Andrew's cross
low shrubby plant having yellow flowers with four petals arranged in a cross; Bermuda and southeastern United States to West Indies and eastern Mexico
Hypericum perforatum, klammath weed
yellow-flowered perennial common in fields and waste places but a weed in rangelands
Hypericum prolificum, Hypericum spathulatum, shrubby St John's wort
stiff shrub having oblong entire leaves and dense cymes of yellow flowers
Hypericum maculatum, Hypericum tetrapterum, St Peter's wort
European perennial St John's wort; Ireland and France to western Siberia
Hypericum virginianum, marsh St-John's wort
perennial marsh herb with pink to mauve flowers; southeastern United States
Desmodium purpureum, Desmodium tortuosum, beggarweed
West Indian forage plant cultivated in southern United States as forage and to improve soil
Tephrosia purpurea, bastard indigo
East Indian shrub
Tephrosia virginiana, catgut, goat's rue, wild sweet pea
perennial subshrub of eastern North America having downy leaves yellowish and rose flowers and; source of rotenone
Eriogonum allenii, umbrella plant
late blooming perennial plant of shale barrens of Virginia having flowers in flat-topped clusters
California buckwheat, Erigonum fasciculatum, wild buckwheat
low-growing shrub with spreading branches and flowers in loose heads; desert regions of western United States (California to Utah)
Geum alleppicum strictum, Geum strictum, yellow avens
erect subshrub with deep yellow flowers; Europe and Asia and North America
Geum canadense, bennet, white avens
North American white-flowered avens
Geum macrophyllum, yellow avens
hairy yellow-flowered plant of eastern Asia and North America
Geum rivale, Indian chocolate, chocolate root, purple avens, water avens
erect perennial of north temperate zone having pinnate leaves and a few nodding flowers with a brown-purple calyx and orange and pink petals
Geum triflorum, prairie smoke, purple avens
North American perennial with hairy basal pinnate leaves and purple flowers and plume-tipped fruits
Geum urbanum, clover-root, cloveroot, herb bennet, wood avens
hairy Eurasian plant with small yellow flowers and an astringent root formerly used medicinally
Geum virginianum, bennet, white avens
avens of Virginia having pale or greenish yellow flowers
Asperula tinctoria, dyer's woodruff
creeping European perennial having red or pinkish-white flowers and red roots sometimes used as a substitute for madder in dyeing
American twinflower, Linnaea borealis americana
similar to the twinflower of northern Europe and Asia
Polygala alba, senega
perennial bushy herb of central and southern United States having white flowers with green centers and often purple crest; similar to Seneca snakeroot
Polygala lutea, candyweed, orange milkwort, yellow bachelor's button, yellow milkwort
bog plant of pine barrens of southeastern United States having spikes of irregular yellow-orange flowers
Polygala paucifolia, bird-on-the-wing, flowering wintergreen, fringed polygala, gaywings
common trailing perennial milkwort of eastern North America having leaves like wintergreen and usually rosy-purple flowers with winged sepals
Polygala senega, Seneca snakeroot, Seneka snakeroot, senega root, senega snakeroot, senga root
eastern North American plant having a terminal cluster of small white flowers and medicinal roots
Polygala vulgaris, common milkwort, gand flower
small European perennial with numerous branches having racemes of blue, pink or white flowers; formerly reputed to promote human lactation
Allegheny mountain spurge, Allegheny spurge, Pachysandra procumbens
low semi-evergreen perennial herb having small spikes of white or pinkish flowers; native to southern United States but grown elsewhere
Japanese spurge, Pachysandra terminalis
slow-growing Japanese evergreen subshrub having terminal spikes of white flowers; grown as a ground cover
American germander, Teucrium canadense, wood sage
subshrub with serrate leaves and cream-colored to pink or purple flowers in spikelike racemes; North America
Teucrium chamaedrys, wall germander
European perennial subshrub with red-purple or bright rose flowers with red and white spots
Teucrium marum, cat thyme, marum
Mediterranean germander having small hairy leaves and reddish purple flowers; attractive to cats
Teucrium scorodonia, wood sage
European germander with one-sided racemes of yellow flowers; naturalized in North America
California romero, Trichostema lanatum, black sage, wooly blue curls
an aromatic plant with wooly leaves found in southern California and Mexico
Trichostema lanceolatum, camphorweed, turpentine camphor weed, vinegarweed
aromatic plant of western United States
Trichostema dichotomum, bastard pennyroyal
aromatic plant of the eastern United States
Type of:
bush, shrub
a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems

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