pteridophyte

Definitions of pteridophyte
  1. noun
    plants having vascular tissue and reproducing by spores
    synonyms: nonflowering plant
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    fern
    any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores
    fern ally
    pteridophytes of other classes than Filicopsida
    pecopteris
    Carboniferous fossil fern characterized by a regular arrangement of the leaflets resembling a comb
    film fern, filmy fern
    any fern of the genus Hymenophyllum growing in tropical humid regions and having translucent leaves
    bristle fern, filmy fern
    any fern of the genus Trichomanes having large pinnatifid often translucent fronds; most are epiphytic on tree branches and twigs or terrestrial on mossy banks
    flowering fern, osmund
    any fern of the genus Osmunda: large ferns with creeping rhizomes; naked sporangia are on modified fronds that resemble flower clusters
    Leptopteris superba, Prince-of-Wales feather, Prince-of-Wales fern, Prince-of-Wales plume, Todea superba, crape fern
    New Zealand with pinnate fronds and a densely woolly stalks; sometimes included in genus Todea
    Todea barbara, crepe fern, king fern
    fern of rain forests of tropical Australia and New Zealand and South Africa
    Schizaea pusilla, curly grass, curly grass fern
    rare small fern of northeastern North America having numerous slender spiraling fronds and forming dense tufts
    Anemia adiantifolia, pine fern
    fern of Florida and West Indies and Central America with rhizome densely clad in grown hairs
    climbing fern
    any of several ferns of the genus Lygodium that climb by twining
    Mohria caffrorum, scented fern
    sweetly scented African fern with narrow bipinnate fronds
    aquatic fern, water fern
    ferns that grow in water
    adder's tongue, adder's tongue fern
    ferns with fertile spikes shaped like a snake's tongue
    grape fern
    a fern of the genus Botrychium having a fertile frond bearing small grapelike clusters of spore cases
    Helminthostachys zeylanica, flowering fern
    Australasian fern with clusters of sporangia on stems of fertile fronds
    Diplopterygium longissimum, giant scrambling fern
    large scrambling fern forming large patches to 18 feet high; Pacific region and China
    Gleichenia flabellata, Sticherus flabellatus, fan fern, umbrella fern
    large Australasian fern with fanlike repeatedly forked fronds; sometimes placed in genus Gleichenia
    polypody
    any of numerous ferns of the genus Polypodium
    Aglaomorpha meyeniana, bear's-paw fern
    epiphytic fern with large fronds; Taiwan and Philippines
    strap fern
    fern with long narrow strap-shaped leaves
    Drynaria rigidula, basket fern
    giant epiphytic or lithophytic fern; Asia to Polynesia and Australia
    lecanopteris
    any of several bizarre ferns of the genus Lecanopteris having swollen hollow rhizomes that provide homes for symbiotic ants
    Microgramma-piloselloides, snake polypody
    epiphytic ferns with long rhizomes; tropical America
    Microsorium punctatum, climbing bird's nest fern
    tropical Africa to Australasia and Polynesia
    Phlebodium aureum, Polypodium aureum, golden polypody, rabbit's-foot fern, serpent fern
    tropical American fern with brown scaly rhizomes cultivated for its large deeply lobed deep bluish-green fronds; sometimes placed in genus Polypodium
    staghorn fern
    any of various tropical ferns of the genus Platycerium having large flat lobed fronds often resembling the antlers of a stag
    Cyclophorus lingua, Pyrrosia lingua, felt fern, tongue fern
    east Asian fern having fronds shaped like tongues; sometimes placed in genus Cyclophorus
    Solanopteris bifrons, potato fern
    small epiphytic fern of South America with tuberous swellings along rhizomes
    Vittaria lineata, grass fern, ribbon fern
    epiphytic fern found in lowland forests of tropical America
    spleenwort
    any of various chiefly rock-inhabiting ferns of the genus Asplenium
    Asplenium nidus, bird's nest fern
    tropical Old World or Australian epiphytic fern frequently forming tufts in tree crotches
    Asplenium scolopendrium, Phyllitis scolopendrium, hart's-tongue, hart's-tongue fern
    Eurasian fern with simple lanceolate fronds
    Asplenium ceterach, Ceterach officinarum, scale fern, scaly fern
    small European fern with chaffy leathery fronds
    Asplenium nigripes, Schaffneria nigripes, Scolopendrium nigripes
    a fern of the genus Schaffneria
    scolopendrium
    a fern thought to resemble a millipede
    hard fern
    any of several ferns of the genus Blechnum
    doodia, rasp fern
    any fern of the genus Doodia having pinnate fronds with sharply dentate pinnae
    chain fern
    a fern of the genus Woodwardia having the sori in chainlike rows
    tree fern
    any of numerous usually tropical ferns having a thick woody stem or caudex and a crown of large fronds; found especially in Australia and New Zealand; chiefly of the families Cyatheaceae and Marattiaceae but some from Polypodiaceae
    davallia
    any fern of the genus Davallia; having scaly creeping rhizomes
    Dennstaedtia punctilobula, boulder fern, hay-scented, hay-scented fern, scented fern
    fern of eastern North America with pale green fronds and an aroma like hay
    Pteridium aquilinum, bracken, brake, pasture brake
    large coarse fern often several feet high; essentially weed ferns; cosmopolitan
    Pteridium esculentum, bracken
    fern of southeastern Asia; not hardy in cold temperate regions
    Culcita dubia, false bracken
    resembles Pteridium aquilinum; of Queensland, Australia
    buckler fern, shield fern
    any of various ferns of the genera Dryopteris or Polystichum or Lastreopsis having somewhat shield-shaped coverings on the sori
    wood fern, wood-fern, woodfern
    any of various ferns of the genus Dryopteris
    Athyrium filix-femina, lady fern
    most widely grown fern of the genus Athyrium for its delicate foliage
    Athyrium pycnocarpon, Diplazium pycnocarpon, glade fern, narrow-leaved spleenwort, silvery spleenwort
    North American fern with narrow fronds on yellowish leafstalks
    Cyrtomium aculeatum, Polystichum aculeatum, holly fern
    tropical Old World fern having glossy fronds suggestive of holly; sometimes placed in genus Polystichum
    bladder fern
    any fern of the genus Cystopteris characterized by a hooded indusium or bladderlike membrane covering the sori
    Athyrium thelypteroides, Deparia acrostichoides, silvery spleenwort
    fern with elongate silvery outgrowths enclosing the developing spores
    Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Thelypteris dryopteris, oak fern
    bright blue-green fern widely distributed especially in damp acid woodlands of temperate northern hemisphere
    Gymnocarpium robertianum, limestone fern, northern oak fern
    yellow-green fern of rocky areas of northern hemisphere
    Matteuccia struthiopteris, Onoclea struthiopteris, Pteretis struthiopteris, fiddlehead, ostrich fern, shuttlecock fern
    tall fern of northern temperate regions having graceful arched fronds and sporophylls resembling ostrich plumes
    Olfersia cervina, Polybotria cervina, Polybotrya cervina, hart's-tongue, hart's-tongue fern
    tropical American terrestrial fern with leathery lanceolate fronds; sometimes placed in genus Polybotrya
    Onoclea sensibilis, bead fern, sensitive fern
    beautiful spreading fern of eastern North America and eastern Asia naturalized in western Europe; pinnately divided fronds show a slight tendency to fold when touched; pinnules enclose groups of sori in beadlike lobes
    Christmas fern, Polystichum acrostichoides, canker brake, dagger fern, evergreen wood fern
    North American evergreen fern having pinnate leaves and dense clusters of lance-shaped fronds
    holly fern
    any of various ferns of the genus Polystichum having fronds with texture and gloss like holly
    Polystichum adiantiformis, Rumohra adiantiformis, leather fern, leatherleaf fern, ten-day fern
    widely distributed fern of tropical southern hemisphere having leathery pinnatifid fronds
    Tectaria cicutaria, button fern
    Jamaican fern having round buttonlike bulbils
    Indian button fern, Tectaria macrodonta
    fern of tropical Asia having round buttonlike bulbils
    woodsia
    any fern of the genus Woodsia
    Oleandra mollis, Oleandra neriiformis, oleander fern
    tropical fern having leathery fronds resembling oleander; found from Asia to Polynesia
    sword fern
    any of several tropical ferns having more or less sword-shaped fronds including one from which the Boston fern developed
    Acrostichum aureum, golden fern, leather fern
    stout tropical swamp fern (especially tropical America) having large fronds with golden yellow sporangia covering the undersides
    maidenhair, maidenhair fern
    any of various small to large terrestrial ferns of the genus Adiantum having delicate palmately branched fronds
    Anogramma leptophylla, Jersey fern, annual fern
    small short-lived fern of Central and South America
    lip fern, lipfern
    any of various terrestrial ferns of the genus Cheilanthes; cosmopolitan in arid and semiarid temperate or tropical regions
    Cheilanthes gracillima, lace fern
    small tufted fern of northwestern America
    Coniogramme japonica, bamboo fern
    fast-growing sturdy Japanese fern; cultivated for their attractive broad dark-green pinnate fronds
    rock brake
    dwarf deciduous lithophytic ferns
    Doryopteris pedata, hand fern
    tropical American fern with coarsely lobed to palmatifid fronds
    cliff brake, cliff-brake, rock brake
    any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions
    Pellaea rotundifolia, button fern
    fern of New Zealand and Australia having trailing fronds with dark green buttonlike leaflets
    Pityrogramma argentea, silver fern
    fern of southern tropical Africa having fronds with white undersides
    Pityrogramma calomelanos, silver fern
    tropical American fern having fronds with white undersides
    Pityrogramma calomelanos aureoflava, golden fern
    tropical American fern having fronds with light golden undersides
    Pityrogramma chrysophylla, gold fern
    fern of West Indies and South America having fronds with bright golden-yellow undersides
    brake
    any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants
    Pteris cretica
    cultivated in many varieties as houseplants
    Pteris multifida, spider brake, spider fern
    Asiatic fern introduced in America
    Pteris serrulata, ribbon fern, spider fern
    fern of North Africa and Azores and Canary Islands
    Marattia salicina, potato fern
    large Australasian evergreen fern with an edible rhizome sometimes used as a vegetable by indigenous people
    whisk fern
    chiefly tropical clump-forming plants of skeletal appearance resembling whisk brooms; lacking roots
    horsetail
    perennial rushlike flowerless herbs with jointed hollow stems and narrow toothlike leaves that spread by creeping rhizomes; tend to become weedy; common in northern hemisphere; some in Africa and South America
    club moss, club-moss, lycopod
    primitive evergreen moss-like plant with spores in club-shaped strobiles
    quillwort
    any of several spore-bearing aquatic or marsh plants having short rhizomes and leaves resembling quills; worldwide except Polynesia
    Dryopteris thelypteris, Thelypteris palustris, marsh fern
    fern having pinnatifid fronds and growing in wet places; cosmopolitan in north temperate regions
    christella
    any of several tropical ferns of the genus Christella having thin brittle fronds
    Dryopteris oreopteris, Oreopteris limbosperma, mountain fern
    common European mountain fern having fragrant lemon or balsam scented fronds
    Dryopteris noveboracensis, New York fern, Parathelypteris novae-boracensis
    slender shield fern of moist woods of eastern North America; sometimes placed in genus Dryopteris
    Massachusetts fern, Parathelypteris simulata, Thelypteris simulata
    delicate feathery shield fern of the eastern United States; sometimes placed in genus Thelypteris
    beech fern
    any fern of the genus Phegopteris having deeply cut triangular fronds
    type of:
    tracheophyte, vascular plant
    green plant having a vascular system: ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms
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