pteridophyte

Definitions of pteridophyte
1

n plants having vascular tissue and reproducing by spores

Synonyms:
nonflowering plant
Types:
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fern
any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores
fern ally
pteridophytes of other classes than Filicopsida
pecopteris
Carboniferous fossil fern characterized by a regular arrangement of the leaflets resembling a comb
film fern, filmy fern
any fern of the genus Hymenophyllum growing in tropical humid regions and having translucent leaves
bristle fern, filmy fern
any fern of the genus Trichomanes having large pinnatifid often translucent fronds; most are epiphytic on tree branches and twigs or terrestrial on mossy banks
flowering fern, osmund
any fern of the genus Osmunda: large ferns with creeping rhizomes; naked sporangia are on modified fronds that resemble flower clusters
Leptopteris superba, Prince-of-Wales feather, Prince-of-Wales fern, Prince-of-Wales plume, Todea superba, crape fern
New Zealand with pinnate fronds and a densely woolly stalks; sometimes included in genus Todea
Todea barbara, crepe fern, king fern
fern of rain forests of tropical Australia and New Zealand and South Africa
Schizaea pusilla, curly grass, curly grass fern
rare small fern of northeastern North America having numerous slender spiraling fronds and forming dense tufts
Anemia adiantifolia, pine fern
fern of Florida and West Indies and Central America with rhizome densely clad in grown hairs
climbing fern
any of several ferns of the genus Lygodium that climb by twining
Mohria caffrorum, scented fern
sweetly scented African fern with narrow bipinnate fronds
aquatic fern, water fern
ferns that grow in water
adder's tongue, adder's tongue fern
ferns with fertile spikes shaped like a snake's tongue
grape fern
a fern of the genus Botrychium having a fertile frond bearing small grapelike clusters of spore cases
Helminthostachys zeylanica, flowering fern
Australasian fern with clusters of sporangia on stems of fertile fronds
Diplopterygium longissimum, giant scrambling fern
large scrambling fern forming large patches to 18 feet high; Pacific region and China
Gleichenia flabellata, Sticherus flabellatus, fan fern, umbrella fern
large Australasian fern with fanlike repeatedly forked fronds; sometimes placed in genus Gleichenia
polypody
any of numerous ferns of the genus Polypodium
Aglaomorpha meyeniana, bear's-paw fern
epiphytic fern with large fronds; Taiwan and Philippines
strap fern
fern with long narrow strap-shaped leaves
Drynaria rigidula, basket fern
giant epiphytic or lithophytic fern; Asia to Polynesia and Australia
lecanopteris
any of several bizarre ferns of the genus Lecanopteris having swollen hollow rhizomes that provide homes for symbiotic ants
Microgramma-piloselloides, snake polypody
epiphytic ferns with long rhizomes; tropical America
Microsorium punctatum, climbing bird's nest fern
tropical Africa to Australasia and Polynesia
Phlebodium aureum, Polypodium aureum, golden polypody, rabbit's-foot fern, serpent fern
tropical American fern with brown scaly rhizomes cultivated for its large deeply lobed deep bluish-green fronds; sometimes placed in genus Polypodium
staghorn fern
any of various tropical ferns of the genus Platycerium having large flat lobed fronds often resembling the antlers of a stag
Cyclophorus lingua, Pyrrosia lingua, felt fern, tongue fern
east Asian fern having fronds shaped like tongues; sometimes placed in genus Cyclophorus
Solanopteris bifrons, potato fern
small epiphytic fern of South America with tuberous swellings along rhizomes
Vittaria lineata, grass fern, ribbon fern
epiphytic fern found in lowland forests of tropical America
spleenwort
any of various chiefly rock-inhabiting ferns of the genus Asplenium
Asplenium nidus, bird's nest fern
tropical Old World or Australian epiphytic fern frequently forming tufts in tree crotches
Asplenium scolopendrium, Phyllitis scolopendrium, hart's-tongue, hart's-tongue fern
Eurasian fern with simple lanceolate fronds
Asplenium ceterach, Ceterach officinarum, scale fern, scaly fern
small European fern with chaffy leathery fronds
Asplenium nigripes, Schaffneria nigripes, Scolopendrium nigripes
a fern of the genus Schaffneria
scolopendrium
a fern thought to resemble a millipede
hard fern
any of several ferns of the genus Blechnum
doodia, rasp fern
any fern of the genus Doodia having pinnate fronds with sharply dentate pinnae
chain fern
a fern of the genus Woodwardia having the sori in chainlike rows
tree fern
any of numerous usually tropical ferns having a thick woody stem or caudex and a crown of large fronds; found especially in Australia and New Zealand; chiefly of the families Cyatheaceae and Marattiaceae but some from Polypodiaceae
davallia
any fern of the genus Davallia; having scaly creeping rhizomes
Dennstaedtia punctilobula, boulder fern, hay-scented, hay-scented fern, scented fern
fern of eastern North America with pale green fronds and an aroma like hay
Pteridium aquilinum, bracken, brake, pasture brake
large coarse fern often several feet high; essentially weed ferns; cosmopolitan
Pteridium esculentum, bracken
fern of southeastern Asia; not hardy in cold temperate regions
Culcita dubia, false bracken
resembles Pteridium aquilinum; of Queensland, Australia
buckler fern, shield fern
any of various ferns of the genera Dryopteris or Polystichum or Lastreopsis having somewhat shield-shaped coverings on the sori
wood fern, wood-fern, woodfern
any of various ferns of the genus Dryopteris
Athyrium filix-femina, lady fern
most widely grown fern of the genus Athyrium for its delicate foliage
Athyrium pycnocarpon, Diplazium pycnocarpon, glade fern, narrow-leaved spleenwort, silvery spleenwort
North American fern with narrow fronds on yellowish leafstalks
Cyrtomium aculeatum, Polystichum aculeatum, holly fern
tropical Old World fern having glossy fronds suggestive of holly; sometimes placed in genus Polystichum
bladder fern
any fern of the genus Cystopteris characterized by a hooded indusium or bladderlike membrane covering the sori
Athyrium thelypteroides, Deparia acrostichoides, silvery spleenwort
fern with elongate silvery outgrowths enclosing the developing spores
Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Thelypteris dryopteris, oak fern
bright blue-green fern widely distributed especially in damp acid woodlands of temperate northern hemisphere
Gymnocarpium robertianum, limestone fern, northern oak fern
yellow-green fern of rocky areas of northern hemisphere
Matteuccia struthiopteris, Onoclea struthiopteris, Pteretis struthiopteris, fiddlehead, ostrich fern, shuttlecock fern
tall fern of northern temperate regions having graceful arched fronds and sporophylls resembling ostrich plumes
Olfersia cervina, Polybotria cervina, Polybotrya cervina, hart's-tongue, hart's-tongue fern
tropical American terrestrial fern with leathery lanceolate fronds; sometimes placed in genus Polybotrya
Onoclea sensibilis, bead fern, sensitive fern
beautiful spreading fern of eastern North America and eastern Asia naturalized in western Europe; pinnately divided fronds show a slight tendency to fold when touched; pinnules enclose groups of sori in beadlike lobes
Christmas fern, Polystichum acrostichoides, canker brake, dagger fern, evergreen wood fern
North American evergreen fern having pinnate leaves and dense clusters of lance-shaped fronds
holly fern
any of various ferns of the genus Polystichum having fronds with texture and gloss like holly
Polystichum adiantiformis, Rumohra adiantiformis, leather fern, leatherleaf fern, ten-day fern
widely distributed fern of tropical southern hemisphere having leathery pinnatifid fronds
Tectaria cicutaria, button fern
Jamaican fern having round buttonlike bulbils
Indian button fern, Tectaria macrodonta
fern of tropical Asia having round buttonlike bulbils
woodsia
any fern of the genus Woodsia
Oleandra mollis, Oleandra neriiformis, oleander fern
tropical fern having leathery fronds resembling oleander; found from Asia to Polynesia
sword fern
any of several tropical ferns having more or less sword-shaped fronds including one from which the Boston fern developed
Acrostichum aureum, golden fern, leather fern
stout tropical swamp fern (especially tropical America) having large fronds with golden yellow sporangia covering the undersides
maidenhair, maidenhair fern
any of various small to large terrestrial ferns of the genus Adiantum having delicate palmately branched fronds
Anogramma leptophylla, Jersey fern, annual fern
small short-lived fern of Central and South America
lip fern, lipfern
any of various terrestrial ferns of the genus Cheilanthes; cosmopolitan in arid and semiarid temperate or tropical regions
Cheilanthes gracillima, lace fern
small tufted fern of northwestern America
Coniogramme japonica, bamboo fern
fast-growing sturdy Japanese fern; cultivated for their attractive broad dark-green pinnate fronds
rock brake
dwarf deciduous lithophytic ferns
Doryopteris pedata, hand fern
tropical American fern with coarsely lobed to palmatifid fronds
cliff brake, cliff-brake, rock brake
any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions
Pellaea rotundifolia, button fern
fern of New Zealand and Australia having trailing fronds with dark green buttonlike leaflets
Pityrogramma argentea, silver fern
fern of southern tropical Africa having fronds with white undersides
Pityrogramma calomelanos, silver fern
tropical American fern having fronds with white undersides
Pityrogramma calomelanos aureoflava, golden fern
tropical American fern having fronds with light golden undersides
Pityrogramma chrysophylla, gold fern
fern of West Indies and South America having fronds with bright golden-yellow undersides
brake
any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants
Pteris cretica
cultivated in many varieties as houseplants
Pteris multifida, spider brake, spider fern
Asiatic fern introduced in America
Pteris serrulata, ribbon fern, spider fern
fern of North Africa and Azores and Canary Islands
Marattia salicina, potato fern
large Australasian evergreen fern with an edible rhizome sometimes used as a vegetable by indigenous people
whisk fern
chiefly tropical clump-forming plants of skeletal appearance resembling whisk brooms; lacking roots
horsetail
perennial rushlike flowerless herbs with jointed hollow stems and narrow toothlike leaves that spread by creeping rhizomes; tend to become weedy; common in northern hemisphere; some in Africa and South America
club moss, club-moss, lycopod
primitive evergreen moss-like plant with spores in club-shaped strobiles
quillwort
any of several spore-bearing aquatic or marsh plants having short rhizomes and leaves resembling quills; worldwide except Polynesia
Dryopteris thelypteris, Thelypteris palustris, marsh fern
fern having pinnatifid fronds and growing in wet places; cosmopolitan in north temperate regions
christella
any of several tropical ferns of the genus Christella having thin brittle fronds
Dryopteris oreopteris, Oreopteris limbosperma, mountain fern
common European mountain fern having fragrant lemon or balsam scented fronds
Dryopteris noveboracensis, New York fern, Parathelypteris novae-boracensis
slender shield fern of moist woods of eastern North America; sometimes placed in genus Dryopteris
Massachusetts fern, Parathelypteris simulata, Thelypteris simulata
delicate feathery shield fern of the eastern United States; sometimes placed in genus Thelypteris
beech fern
any fern of the genus Phegopteris having deeply cut triangular fronds
Type of:
tracheophyte, vascular plant
green plant having a vascular system: ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms

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