# definite quantity

Definitions of definite quantity
1. noun
a specific measure of amount
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types:
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absolute value, numerical value
a real number regardless of its sign
acid value
(chemistry) the amount of free acid present in fat as measured by the milligrams of potassium hydroxide needed to neutralize it
chlorinity
a measure of the quantity of chlorine or other halides in water (especially seawater)
number
a concept of quantity involving zero and units
quire
a quantity of paper; 24 or 25 sheets
ream
a quantity of paper; 480 or 500 sheets; one ream equals 20 quires
solubility
the quantity of a particular substance that can dissolve in a particular solvent (yielding a saturated solution)
toxicity
the degree to which something is poisonous
unit, unit of measurement
any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
arity
the number of arguments that a function can take
co-ordinate, coordinate
a number that identifies a position relative to an axis
folio, page number, pagination, paging
the system of numbering pages
cytotoxicity
the degree to which something is toxic to living cells
measuring block, measuring unit
a unit of measurement
denier
a unit of measurement for the fineness of silk or nylon or rayon
diopter, dioptre
a unit of measurement of the refractive power of a lens which is equal to the reciprocal of the focal length measured in meters; used by oculists
carat, karat, kt
the unit of measurement for the proportion of gold in an alloy; 18-karat gold is 75% gold; 24-karat gold is pure gold
decimal
a number in the decimal system
constant
a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context
oxidation number, oxidation state
the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule; for simple atoms or ions the oxidation number is equal to the ionic charge
cardinality
(mathematics) the number of elements in a set or group (considered as a property of that grouping)
count
the total number counted
factor
any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together
Fibonacci number
a number in the Fibonacci sequence
prime, prime quantity
a number that has no factor but itself and 1
composite number
an integer that is divisible without remainder by at least one positive integer other than itself and one
score
a number that expresses the accomplishment of a team or an individual in a game or contest
record
the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had
compound number
a quantity expressed in two different units
no., ordinal, ordinal number
the number designating place in an ordered sequence
cardinal, cardinal number
the number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order
base, radix
(numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place
floating-point number
a number represented in floating-point notation
fixed-point number
a number represented in fixed-point notation
atomic number
the order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements; equal to the number of protons in the nucleus or electrons in the neutral state of an atom of an element
baryon number
a number equal to the difference between the number of baryons and the number of antibaryons in any subatomic structure; it is conserved in all types of particle interactions
quota
a prescribed number
absorption unit
a unit for measuring absorption
acceleration unit
a unit for measuring acceleration
angular unit
a unit of measurement for angles
area unit, square measure
a system of units used to measure areas
capacity measure, capacity unit, cubage unit, cubature unit, cubic content unit, cubic measure, displacement unit, volume unit
a unit of measurement of volume or capacity
computer memory unit
a unit for measuring computer memory
electromagnetic unit, emu
any of various systems of units for measuring electricity and magnetism
explosive unit
any unit for measuring the force of explosions
force unit
a unit of measurement of physical force
linear measure, linear unit
a unit of measurement of length
metric, metric unit
a decimal unit of measurement of the metric system (based on meters and kilograms and seconds)
miles per gallon
the distance traveled in a vehicle powered by one gallon of gasoline or diesel fuel
monetary unit
a unit of money
MFLOP, megaflop, million floating point operations per second
(computer science) a unit for measuring the speed of a computer system
teraflop, trillion floating point operations per second
(computer science) a unit for measuring the speed of a computer system
MIPS, million instructions per second
(computer science) a unit for measuring the execution speed of a computer's CPU (but not the whole system)
pain unit
a unit measuring the intensity of pain
pressure unit
a unit measuring force per unit area
printing unit
a unit of measurement for printing
sound unit
any acoustic unit of measurement
telephone unit
a unit of measurement for telephone use
temperature unit
a unit of measurement for temperature
weight, weight unit
a unit used to measure weight
mass unit
a unit of measurement for mass
unit of viscosity
a unit of measurement for viscosity
energy unit, heat unit, work unit
a unit of measurement for work
langley
unit of solar radiation
Brinell number
measure of the hardness of a material
point
the unit of counting in scoring a game or contest
bit
a unit of measurement of information (from binary + digit); the amount of information in a system having two equiprobable states
electrostatic unit
any of various units of electricity based on forces of interaction between electric charges
linage, lineage
the number of lines in a piece of printed material
natural number
the number 1 and any other number obtained by adding 1 to it repeatedly
integer, whole number
any of the natural numbers (positive or negative) or zero
addend
a number that is added to another number (the augend)
augend
a number to which another number (the addend) is added
minuend
the number from which the subtrahend is subtracted
subtrahend
the number to be subtracted from the minuend
difference, remainder
the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend
complex number, complex quantity, imaginary, imaginary number
(mathematics) a number of the form a+bi where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1
modulus
the absolute value of a complex number
second power, square
the product of two equal terms
cube, third power
the product of three equal terms
biquadrate, biquadratic, fourth power, quartic
an algebraic equation of the fourth degree
root
a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number
dividend
a number to be divided by another number
divisor
the number by which a dividend is divided
quotient
the number obtained by division
remainder
the part of the dividend that is left over when the dividend is not evenly divisible by the divisor
multiplier, multiplier factor
the number by which a multiplicand is multiplied
multiplicand
the number that is multiplied by the multiplier
type of:
amount, measure, quantity
how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify
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