required vocabulary for beginning 8th grade

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definitions & notes only words
  1. adversary
    someone who offers opposition
  2. aplomb
    great coolness and composure under strain
  3. apprehensive
    in fear or dread of possible evil or harm
  4. aptitude
    inherent ability
  5. attentive
    taking heed
  6. banish
    expel, as if by official decree
  7. barricade
    a barrier to impede the advance of an enemy
  8. bluff
    a high steep bank
  9. brackish
    slightly salty
  10. brandish
    move or swing back and forth
  11. circumference
    the length of the closed curve of a circle
  12. commotion
    a disorderly outburst or tumult
  13. concoction
    the act of creating something by compounding or mixing
  14. conspicuous
    obvious to the eye or mind
  15. contortion
    a tortuous and twisted shape or position
  16. counter
    a calculator recording the number of times something happens
  17. cunning
    showing inventiveness and skill
  18. debris
    the remains of something that has been destroyed
  19. defiance
    a hostile challenge
  20. deft
    skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands
  21. destination
    the place designated as the end, as of a race or journey
  22. diminish
    decrease in size, extent, or range
  23. disdain
    lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
  24. dismal
    causing dejection
  25. dispel
    cause to separate and go in different directions
  26. eavesdrop
    listen without the speaker's knowledge
  27. egregious
    conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible
  28. ember
    a hot, smoldering fragment of wood left from a fire
  29. emerge
    come out into view, as from concealment
  30. engross
    devote fully to
  31. exasperation
    actions that cause great irritation
  32. exhilarate
    fill with sublime emotion
  33. falter
    move hesitatingly, as if about to give way
  34. foresight
    seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing
  35. fragrance
    a pleasingly sweet olfactory property
  36. furtive
    secret and sly
  37. grueling
    characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion
  38. gusto
    vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment
  39. habitation
    the act of dwelling in or living permanently in a place
  40. hasten
    move fast
  41. headway
    forward movement
  42. ignite
    cause to start burning
  43. illuminate
    make lighter or brighter
  44. impending
    close in time; about to occur
  45. imperious
    having or showing arrogant superiority
  46. jabber
    talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner
  47. jargon
    technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject
  48. jostle
    make one's way by pushing or shoving
  49. jut
    extend out or project in space
  50. kindle
    catch fire
  51. knoll
    a small natural hill
  52. luminous
    softly bright or radiant
  53. malleable
    capable of being shaped or bent
  54. materialize
    come into being; become reality
  55. meander
    move or cause to move in a winding or curving course
  56. meticulous
    marked by precise accordance with details
  57. misgiving
    uneasiness about the fitness of an action
  58. momentum
    the product of a body's mass and its velocity
  59. monotonous
    sounded or spoken in a tone unvarying in pitch
  60. multitude
    a large indefinite number
  61. muster
    gather or bring together
  62. narrate
    provide commentary for a film, for example
  63. obscure
    not clearly understood or expressed
  64. ominous
    threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
  65. outlandish
    noticeably or extremely unconventional or unusual
  66. persistent
    stubbornly unyielding
  67. pertinent
    being of striking appropriateness
  68. plenteous
    affording an abundant supply
  69. potential
    existing in possibility
  70. precipice
    a very steep cliff
  71. pristine
    immaculately clean and unused
  72. quell
    suppress or crush completely
  73. recluse
    one who lives in solitude
  74. recuperate
    restore to good health or strength
  75. replenish
    fill something that had previously been emptied
  76. repugnant
    offensive to the mind
  77. restitution
    the act of restoring something to its original state
  78. sabotage
    a deliberate act of destruction or disruption
  79. scarcity
    a small and inadequate amount
  80. scurry
    move about or proceed hurriedly
  81. serenity
    the absence of mental stress or anxiety
  82. sociable
    inclined to or conducive to companionship with others
  83. somber
    grave or even gloomy in character
  84. specimen
    a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes
  85. stamina
    enduring strength and energy
  86. subside
    wear off or die down
  87. swagger
    walk with a lofty proud gait
  88. swarm
    a group of many things in the air or on the ground
  89. tactic
    a plan for attaining a particular goal
  90. terse
    brief and to the point
  91. translucent
    allowing light to pass through diffusely
  92. uncanny
    surpassing the ordinary or normal
  93. unsightly
    unpleasant to look at
  94. versatile
    having great diversity or variety
  95. vigilant
    carefully observant or attentive
  96. vulnerable
    capable of being wounded or hurt
  97. waft
    a long flag; often tapering
  98. waver
    pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness
  99. weather
    atmospheric conditions such as temperature and precipitation
  100. zeal
    a feeling of strong eagerness
Created on July 18, 2015 (updated July 18, 2015)

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