a fixed portion that is allotted
ration was drastically reduced, and it was announced that an extra potato
ration would be issued to make up for it.
suitable for use as food
The potatoes had become soft and discoloured, and only a few were
issue an authoritative order
He ordered the hens’ rations to be stopped, and
decreed that any animal giving so much as a grain of corn to a hen should be punished by death.
a collection of objects laid on top of each other
It happened that there was in the yard a
pile of timber which had been stacked there ten years earlier when a beech spinney was cleared.
to go stealthily or furtively
Every night, it was said, he came
creeping in under cover of darkness and performed all kinds of mischief.
a long projecting or anterior elongation of an animal's head
He would put his
snout to the ground, give several deep sniffs, and exclaim in a terrible voice, “Snowball!
plan secretly, usually something illegal
Snowball has sold himself to Frederick of Pinchfield Farm, who is even now
plotting to attack us and take our farm away from us!
writing that provides information
It has all been proved by
documents which he left behind him and which we have only just discovered.
as if struck dumb with astonishment and surprise
The animals were
stupefied. This was a wickedness far outdoing Snowball’s destruction of the windmill.
the appearance conveyed by a person's face
Napoleon appeared to change
countenance, and sharply ordered Boxer to let the dog go, whereat Boxer lifted his hoof, and the dog slunk away, bruised and howling.
an admission of misdeeds or faults
When they had finished their
confession, the dogs promptly tore their throats out, and in a terrible voice Napoleon demanded whether any other animal had anything to confess.
kill, usually for food consumption
The three hens who had been the ringleaders in the attempted rebellion over the eggs now came forward and stated that Snowball had appeared to them in a dream and incited them to disobey Napoleon’s orders. They too, were
a small natural hill
They had made their way on to the little
knoll where the half-finished windmill stood, and with one accord they all lay down as though huddling together for warmth—Clover, Muriel, Benjamin, the cows, the sheep, and a whole flock of geese and hens—everyone, indeed, except the cat, who had suddenly disappeared just before Napoleon ordered the animals to assemble.
crowd or draw together
They had made their way on to the little knoll where the half-finished windmill stood, and with one accord they all lay down as though
huddling together for warmth—Clover, Muriel, Benjamin, the cows, the sheep, and a whole flock of geese and hens—everyone, indeed, except the cat, who had suddenly disappeared just before Napoleon ordered the animals to assemble.
the characteristic sounds made by a horse
He fidgeted to and fro, swishing his long black tail against his sides and occasionally uttering a little
whinny of surprise.
the action of accomplishing something
It had become usual to give Napoleon the credit for every successful
achievement and every stroke of good fortune.
the activity of being in charge
You would often hear one hen remark to another, “Under the guidance of our Leader, Comrade Napoleon, I have laid five eggs in six days”; or two cows, enjoying a drink at the pool, would exclaim, “Thanks to the
leadership of Comrade Napoleon, how excellent this water tastes!”
the wood of trees prepared for use as building material
The pile of
timber was still unsold.
administer a harmful substance to
Four dogs guarded his bed at night, one at each corner, and a young pig named Pinkeye was given the task of tasting all his food before he ate it, lest it should be
tending to betray
As the summer wore on, and the windmill neared completion, the rumours of an impending
treacherous attack grew stronger and stronger.
a favorite saying of a sect or political group
The pigeons who were still sent out to spread tidings of the Rebellion were forbidden to set foot anywhere on Foxwood, and were also ordered to drop their former
slogan of “Death to Humanity” in favour of “Death to Frederick.”
a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends
In the late summer yet another of Snowball’s
machinations was laid bare.
come to see in an official or professional capacity
Napoleon himself, attended by his dogs and his cockerel, came down to
inspect the completed work; he personally congratulated the animals on their achievement, and announced that the mill would be named Napoleon Mill.
say something to someone that expresses praise
Napoleon himself, attended by his dogs and his cockerel, came down to inspect the completed work; he personally
congratulated the animals on their achievement, and announced that the mill would be named Napoleon Mill.
a wheeled vehicle drawn by an animal or a tractor
wagons would arrive and begin carting it away.
marked by utter benignity
beatifically, and wearing both his decorations, Napoleon reposed on a bed of straw on the platform, with the money at his side, neatly piled on a china dish from the farmhouse kitchen.
cause to stop
Meanwhile Frederick and his men had
halted about the windmill.
proceed slowly or with difficulty
Slowly they began to
limp back towards the farm.
a liquor containing a volatile compound made by distillation
As his last act upon earth, Comrade Napoleon had pronounced a solemn decree: the drinking of
alcohol was to be punished by death.
a joyful occasion for festivities to mark some happy event
Two whole days were given over to
a cry of sorrow and grief
A cry of
lamentation went up. Straw was laid down outside the doors of the farmhouse, and the animals walked on tiptoe.
feed as in a meadow or pasture
A week later Napoleon gave orders that the small paddock beyond the orchard, which it had previously been intended to set aside as a
grazing-ground for animals who were past work, was to be ploughed up.
gradual healing through rest after sickness or injury
By the evening, however, Napoleon appeared to be somewhat better, and the following morning Squealer was able to tell them that he was well on the way to
lie in wait or behave in a sneaky and secretive manner
Snowball was known to be still
skulking on Pinchfield Farm.
intended to placate
In addition, four pigeons were sent to Foxwood with a
conciliatory message, which it was hoped might re-establish good relations with Pilkington.