Lamentation usually occurs when someone dies or a tragedy occurs. At the funeral, you could hardly hear the speaker above the wails of lamentation.

From the Latin lamenta, meaning “weeping” or “wailing,” lamentation means more than just shedding a few tears. Lamentation is when grief pours out. If you lose a nice pencil that's no cause for lamentation, but if you lose all your money in a stock market crash, that might be. If someone tells you you'll be late to your own funeral, you can always say: “At least I'll get to enjoy the lamentation!”

Definitions of lamentation

n the passionate and demonstrative activity of expressing grief

Type of:
any specific behavior
expression, manifestation, reflection, reflexion
expression without words

n a cry of sorrow and grief

lament, plaint, wail
Type of:
(formerly) a loud cry (or repeated cries) of pain or rage or sorrow

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