a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes
This morning I saw you looking over the
hedge that divides Animal Farm from Foxwood.
touch lightly and repeatedly, as with brushing motions
And—I was a long way away, but I am almost certain I saw this—he was talking to you and you were allowing him to
stroke your nose.
a change for the better; progress in development
Snowball had made a close study of some back numbers of the Farmer and Stockbreeder which he had found in the farmhouse, and was full of plans for innovations and
difficult to analyze or understand
He talked learnedly about field-drains, silage, and basic slag, and had worked out a
complicated scheme for all the animals to drop their dung directly in the fields, at a different spot every day, to save the labour of cartage.
a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock
In the long
pasture, not far from the farm buildings, there was a small knoll which was the highest point on the farm.
material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds
This would light the stalls and warm them in winter, and would also run a circular saw, a
chaff-cutter, a mangel-slicer, and an electric milking machine.
get by special effort
(How these were to be
procured, Snowball did not say.)
a dissenting clique
The animals formed themselves into two
factions under the slogans, “Vote for Snowball and the three-day week” and “Vote for Napoleon and the full manger.”
get people together
When the animals had
assembled in the big barn, Snowball stood up and, though occasionally interrupted by bleating from the sheep, set forth his reasons for advocating the building of the windmill.
push for something
When the animals had assembled in the big barn, Snowball stood up and, though occasionally interrupted by bleating from the sheep, set forth his reasons for
advocating the building of the windmill.
the act of forcing out someone or something
In spite of the shock that Snowball’s
expulsion had given them, the animals were dismayed by this announcement.
dig up for reburial or for medical investigation; of dead bodies
The skull of old Major, now clean of flesh, had been
disinterred from the orchard and set up on a stump at the foot of the flagstaff, beside the gun.
the gathering of a ripened crop
harvest was a little less successful than in the previous year, and two fields which should have been sown with roots in the early summer were not sown because the ploughing had not been completed early enough.
place (seeds) in or on the ground for future growth
The harvest was a little less successful than in the previous year, and two fields which should have been
sown with roots in the early summer were not
sown because the ploughing had not been completed early enough.
a surface excavation for extracting stone or slate
There was a good
quarry of limestone on the farm, and plenty of sand and cement had been found in one of the outhouses, so that all the materials for building were at hand.
a large smooth mass of rock detached from its place of origin
boulders, far too big to be used as they were, were lying all over the bed of the quarry.
an elevated geological formation
The animals lashed ropes round these, and then all together, cows, horses, sheep, any animal that could lay hold of the rope—even the pigs sometimes joined in at critical moments—they dragged them with desperate slowness up the
slope to the top of the quarry, where they were toppled over the edge, to shatter to pieces below.
a supply of something available for future use
By late summer a sufficient
store of stone had accumulated, and then the building began, under the superintendence of the pigs.
unsupported by other people
And in his spare moments, of which there were not many nowadays, he would go alone to the quarry, collect a load of broken stone, and drag it down to the site of the windmill
Nevertheless, as the summer wore on, various
unforeseen shortages began to make themselves felt.
having a secret or hidden meaning
Only old Benjamin refused to grow enthusiastic about the windmill, though, as usual, he would utter nothing beyond the
cryptic remark that donkeys live a long time.
someone who betrays his country by committing treason
In sheer malignity, thinking to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignominious expulsion, this
traitor has crept here under cover of night and destroyed our work of nearly a year.
pronounce judgment on
Comrades, here and now I
pronounce the death sentence upon Snowball
an acute insufficiency
Nevertheless, as the summer wore on, various unforeseen
shortages began to make themselves felt.
a negotiator who acts as a link between parties
A Mr. Whymper, a solicitor living in Willingdon, had agreed to act as
intermediary between Animal Farm and the outside world, and would visit the farm every Monday morning to receive his instructions.
being in a tense state
They had all the more reason for doing so because the news of their defeat had spread across the countryside and made the animals on the neighbouring farms more
restive than ever.
tooth on the rim of gear wheel
Gradually the plans grew into a complicated mass of cranks and
cog-wheels, covering more than half the floor, which the other animals found completely unintelligible but very impressive.
farm machine that gathers a food crop from the fields
Electricity, he said, could operate threshing machines, ploughs, harrows, rollers, and
reapers and binders, besides supplying every stall with its own electric light, hot and cold water, and an electric heater.
remote in manner
Only Napoleon held
aloof. He had declared him¬self against the windmill from the start.
made compatible or consistent
Nevertheless, the sight of Napoleon, on all fours, delivering orders to Whymper, who stood on two legs, roused their pride and partly
reconciled them to the new arrangement.