"Animal Farm," Vocabulary from Ch's 7-8 35 words

A fable about the establishment of government and how easily power corrupts, George Orwell's "Animal Farm" features warring factions of farm animals and a struggle for power.

As you read the 1945 allegorical novella, learn these word lists: Ch's 1-2, Ch's 3-4, Ch's 5-6, Ch's 7-8, and Ch's 9-10.
  1. ration
    a fixed portion that is allotted (especially in times of scarcity)
    The corn ration was drastically reduced, and it was announced that an extra potato ration would be issued to make up for it.
  2. edible
    suitable for use as food
    The potatoes had become soft and discoloured, and only a few were edible.
  3. decree
    issue a decree
    He ordered the hens’ rations to be stopped, and decreed that any animal giving so much as a grain of corn to a hen should be punished by death.
  4. pile
    a collection of objects laid on top of each other
    It happened that there was in the yard a pile of timber which had been stacked there ten years earlier when a beech spinney was cleared.
  5. creep
    to go stealthily or furtively
    Every night, it was said, he came creeping in under cover of darkness and performed all kinds of mischief.
  6. snout
    a long projecting or anterior elongation of an animal's head; especially the nose
    He would put his snout to the ground, give several deep sniffs, and exclaim in a terrible voice, “Snowball!
  7. plot
    plan secretly, usually something illegal
    Snowball has sold himself to Frederick of Pinchfield Farm, who is even now plotting to attack us and take our farm away from us!
  8. document
    writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
    It has all been proved by documents which he left behind him and which we have only just discovered.
  9. stupefied
    as if struck dumb with astonishment and surprise
    The animals were stupefied. This was a wickedness far outdoing Snowball’s destruction of the windmill.
  10. countenance
    the appearance conveyed by a person's face
    Napoleon appeared to change countenance, and sharply ordered Boxer to let the dog go, whereat Boxer lifted his hoof, and the dog slunk away, bruised and howling.
  11. confession
    an admission of misdeeds or faults
    When they had finished their confession, the dogs promptly tore their throats out, and in a terrible voice Napoleon demanded whether any other animal had anything to confess.
  12. slaughter
    kill (animals) usually for food consumption
    The three hens who had been the ringleaders in the attempted rebellion over the eggs now came forward and stated that Snowball had appeared to them in a dream and incited them to disobey Napoleon’s orders. They too, were slaughtered.
  13. knoll
    a small natural hill
    They had made their way on to the little knoll where the half-finished windmill stood, and with one accord they all lay down as though huddling together for warmth—Clover, Muriel, Benjamin, the cows, the sheep, and a whole flock of geese and hens—everyone, indeed, except the cat, who had suddenly disappeared just before Napoleon ordered the animals to assemble.
  14. huddle
    crowd or draw together
    They had made their way on to the little knoll where the half-finished windmill stood, and with one accord they all lay down as though huddling together for warmth—Clover, Muriel, Benjamin, the cows, the sheep, and a whole flock of geese and hens—everyone, indeed, except the cat, who had suddenly disappeared just before Napoleon ordered the animals to assemble.
  15. whinny
    the characteristic sounds made by a horse
    He fidgeted to and fro, swishing his long black tail against his sides and occasionally uttering a little whinny of surprise.
  16. achievement
    the action of accomplishing something
    It had become usual to give Napoleon the credit for every successful achievement and every stroke of good fortune.
  17. leadership
    the activity of leading
    You would often hear one hen remark to another, “Under the guidance of our Leader, Comrade Napoleon, I have laid five eggs in six days”; or two cows, enjoying a drink at the pool, would exclaim, “Thanks to the leadership of Comrade Napoleon, how excellent this water tastes!”
  18. timber
    the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material
    The pile of timber was still unsold.
  19. poison
    administer poison to
    Four dogs guarded his bed at night, one at each corner, and a young pig named Pinkeye was given the task of tasting all his food before he ate it, lest it should be poisoned.
  20. treacherous
    tending to betray; especially having a treacherous character as attributed to the Carthaginians by the Romans
    As the summer wore on, and the windmill neared completion, the rumours of an impending treacherous attack grew stronger and stronger.
  21. slogan
    a favorite saying of a sect or political group
    The pigeons who were still sent out to spread tidings of the Rebellion were forbidden to set foot anywhere on Foxwood, and were also ordered to drop their former slogan of “Death to Humanity” in favour of “Death to Frederick.”
  22. machination
    a crafty and involved plot to achieve your (usually sinister) ends
    In the late summer yet another of Snowball’s machinations was laid bare.
  23. inspect
    come to see in an official or professional capacity
    Napoleon himself, attended by his dogs and his cockerel, came down to inspect the completed work; he personally congratulated the animals on their achievement, and announced that the mill would be named Napoleon Mill.
  24. congratulate
    say something to someone that expresses praise
    Napoleon himself, attended by his dogs and his cockerel, came down to inspect the completed work; he personally congratulated the animals on their achievement, and announced that the mill would be named Napoleon Mill.
  25. wagon
    any of various kinds of wheeled vehicles drawn by an animal or a tractor
    Tomorrow Frederick’s wagons would arrive and begin carting it away.
  26. beatific
    marked by utter benignity; resembling or befitting an angel or saint
    Smiling beatifically, and wearing both his decorations, Napoleon reposed on a bed of straw on the platform, with the money at his side, neatly piled on a china dish from the farmhouse kitchen.
  27. halt
    cause to stop
    Meanwhile Frederick and his men had halted about the windmill.
  28. limp
    proceed slowly or with difficulty
    Slowly they began to limp back towards the farm.
  29. alcohol
    a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent
    As his last act upon earth, Comrade Napoleon had pronounced a solemn decree: the drinking of alcohol was to be punished by death.
  30. celebration
    a joyful occasion for special festivities to mark some happy event
    Two whole days were given over to celebrations.
  31. lamentation
    a cry of sorrow and grief
    A cry of lamentation went up. Straw was laid down outside the doors of the farmhouse, and the animals walked on tiptoe.
  32. graze
    feed as in a meadow or pasture
    A week later Napoleon gave orders that the small paddock beyond the orchard, which it had previously been intended to set aside as a grazing-ground for animals who were past work, was to be ploughed up.
  33. recovery
    gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
    By the evening, however, Napoleon appeared to be somewhat better, and the following morning Squealer was able to tell them that he was well on the way to recovery.
  34. skulk
    lie in wait, lie in ambush, behave in a sneaky and secretive manner
    Snowball was known to be still skulking on Pinchfield Farm.
  35. conciliatory
    intended to placate
    In addition, four pigeons were sent to Foxwood with a conciliatory message, which it was hoped might re-establish good relations with Pilkington.