the reestablishment of cordial relations
He also represented an organization called the Fellowship of
Reconciliation, better known as F.O.R., a pacifist group committed to the philosophy and discipline of non-violence.
someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes
He also represented an organization called the Fellowship of Reconciliation, better known as F.O.R., a
pacifist group committed to the philosophy and discipline of non-violence.
peacefully resistant in response to injustice
F.O.R. had also published a popular comic book called Martin Luther King and the Montgomery Story, which explained the basics of
passive resistance and non-violent action as tools for desegregation.
group action in opposition to those in power
Jim talked about the Montgomery bus boycott, about war
resistance, about nonviolence.
destroy completely, as if down to the roots
And how we could apply nonviolence, just as Dr. King did in Montgomery, all across America -- south and north -- to
eradicate some of the evils we all faced.
a system of rules of conduct or method of practice
Jim Lawson conveyed the urgency of developing our philosophy, our
discipline, our understanding.
grant freedom to
liberated me. I thought, this is it... This is the way out.
deprive of the positive qualities of a person
We each tried to do everything we could to test ourselves, to break each others' spirits. We tried to
dehumanize each other.
in accordance with accepted standards or principles
We each purchased something, establishing us as
legitimate paying customers, and then sat down at the lunch counter for a bite to eat.
related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal
When news of this student-led
campaign spread, words of encouragement and support flowed in from around the country.
inspiring a feeling of fear; strange and frightening
We sat in that
eerie quiet for several hours.
suspension of an ongoing activity
The store owners are asking for a
moratorium on the sit-ins.
state of violent mental agitation
Fury spends itself pretty quickly when there's no
fury facing it.
wear off or die down
without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
The police, conspicuously absent while were beaten, arrived quickly after the mob wore themselves out.
joyful and proud especially because of triumph or success
jubilant as we filled the jail cells.
unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice
We weren't about to cooperate in any way with the system allowing the very
discrimination we were protesting.
characterized by a feeling of well-being or elation
Dr. Wright was the first black college president in the country to take such a stand. We were
someone against whom an action is brought in a court of law
First off, y'all should know we're gonna be trying the
defendants in groups of half a dozen or so.
disposed to act in accordance with someone's wishes
They were peaceful customers, fully
compliant with the law, who were harassed and beaten.
not adhering to ethical principles
We feel that by paying these fines, we would be contributing to, and supporting, the injustices and
immoral practices that have been performed in the arrest and conviction of the defendants.
a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case
We feel that by paying these fines, we would be contributing to, and supporting, the injustices and immoral practices that have been performed in the arrest and
conviction of the defendants.
favoring or promoting modern or innovative ideas
Much like Nashville itself, Mayor Ben West had a relatively
progressive reputation on race.
feeling or showing extreme anger
There were no arrests that day, but after Tennessee Governor Buford Ellington saw footage of the day's protest on the national news, he was
provoke or stir up
These sit-ins are
instigated by, and staged for the convenience of, the Columbia Broadcast System.
a social system with separate facilities for minority groups
Thurgood Marshall was a good man, but listening to him speak convinced me, more than ever, that our revolt was as much against the traditional black leadership structure as it was against
segregation and discrimination.
apply in a manner consistent with its purpose or design
We must tap into our greatest resource, a people no longer the victims of racial evil, who can act in a disciplined manner to
implement the constitution.
represent something in a theatrical manner
If we're to make ourselves heard, we must
dramatize the situation, and we have to stand together.
a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue
I will do EVERYTHING I can to enforce the laws without
prejudice -- but I have NO power to force restaurant owners to serve people they don't want to.
a high standing achieved through success or influence
Will you use the
prestige of your office to appeal to the citizens to stop racial discrimination?
intolerance and prejudice
I appeal to all citizens to end discrimination. To have no
bigotry, no bias, no hatred.
the act of arousing to a particular emotion or action
I came to Nashville not to bring
inspiration, but to gain
inspiration from the great movement that has taken place in this community.