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passive

Passive is the opposite of active. In English class, you might be advised to avoid the passive voice. In chemistry, a passive substance doesn't react. Passive resistance is a way to protest peacefully.

When you're passive, you don't participate much and you're not very emotional. In chemistry, passive means to be "unreactive except under special or extreme conditions; inert." Gandhi used the term passive resistance in the mid-twentieth century to describe the nonviolent approach Indians should use in their quest to become an independent nation.

Definitions of passive
  1. adjective
    lacking in energy or will
    “"Much benevolence of the passive order may be traced to a disinclination to inflict pain upon oneself"- George Meredith”
    synonyms: inactive
    hands-off
    not involving participation or intervention
    resistless, supine, unresisting
    offering no resistance
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    Antonyms:
    active
    disposed to take action or effectuate change
    activist, activistic
    advocating or engaged in activism
    hands-on
    involving active participation
    proactive
    (of a policy or person or action) controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than waiting to respond to it after it happens
    show more antonyms...
  2. adjective
    peacefully resistant in response to injustice
    passive resistance”
    synonyms: peaceful
    nonviolent
    abstaining (on principle) from the use of violence
  3. adjective
    expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb
    “academics seem to favor passive sentences”
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    Antonyms:
    active
    expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions"
  4. noun
    the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
    “`The ball was thrown by the boy' uses the passive voice”
    “`The ball was thrown' is an abbreviated passive
    synonyms: passive voice
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    Antonyms:
    active, active voice
    the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb
    type of:
    voice
    (linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes
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