passive

Passive is the opposite of active. In English class, you might be advised to avoid the passive voice. In chemistry, a passive substance doesn't react. Passive resistance is a way to protest peacefully.

When you're passive, you don't participate much and you're not very emotional. In chemistry, passive means to be "unreactive except under special or extreme conditions; inert." Gandhi used the term passive resistance in the mid-twentieth century to describe the nonviolent approach Indians should use in their quest to become an independent nation.

Primary Meanings of passive

1.
adj
lacking in energy or will
2.
adj
peacefully resistant in response to injustice
3.
adjn
expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb
the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
Full Definitions of passive
1

adj lacking in energy or will

“"Much benevolence of the passive order may be traced to a disinclination to inflict pain upon oneself"- George Meredith”
Synonyms:
inactive
hands-off
not involving participation or intervention
resistless, supine, unresisting
offering no resistance
Antonyms:
active
disposed to take action or effectuate change
activist, activistic
advocating or engaged in activism
hands-on
involving active participation
proactive
(of a policy or person or action) controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than waiting to respond to it after it happens
show more antonyms...
2

adj peacefully resistant in response to injustice

passive resistance”
Synonyms:
peaceful
nonviolent
abstaining (on principle) from the use of violence
3

adj expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb

“academics seem to favor passive sentences”
Antonyms:
active
expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions"

n the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb

“`The ball was thrown by the boy' uses the passive voice”
“`The ball was thrown' is an abbreviated passive
Synonyms:
passive voice
Antonyms:
active, active voice
the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb
Type of:
voice
(linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes

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