sickness

The condition of being unwell or having an illness is sickness. Your sickness during the month of November might mean you miss a lot of school.

A well-known, Christian version of wedding vows includes a promise to "have and to hold...in sickness and in health." This means the couple agrees to stay together and support each other whether they're healthy or ill. Some sickness is a chronic or permanent kind of malady, while others are more specific, like morning sickness during pregnancy or a brief flash of sickness when your plane hits a patch of turbulence.

Definitions of sickness
  1. noun
    impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
    synonyms: illness, malady, unwellness
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    Antonyms:
    health, wellness
    a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
    types:
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    condition
    an illness, disease, or other medical problem
    ague
    a fit of shivering or shaking
    amyloidosis
    a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
    anuresis, anuria
    inability to urinate
    catastrophic illness
    severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery; usually involves high costs for hospitals and doctors and medicines
    collapse, prostration
    an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion
    aeroembolism, air embolism, bends, caisson disease, decompression sickness, gas embolism
    pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
    food poisoning, gastrointestinal disorder
    illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
    lead poisoning, plumbism, saturnism
    toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
    disease
    an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
    hypermotility
    excessive movement; especially excessive motility of the gastrointestinal tract
    indisposition
    a slight illness
    ozone sickness
    illness that can occur to persons exposed to ozone in high-altitude aircraft; characterized by sleepiness and headache and chest pains and itchiness
    toxaemia, toxaemia of pregnancy, toxemia, toxemia of pregnancy
    an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
    growth
    (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor)
    excrescence
    (pathology) an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
    breakdown, crack-up
    a mental or physical breakdown
    shock
    (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor
    botulism
    food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
    mushroom poisoning
    toxic condition caused by eating certain species of mushrooms (especially Amanita species)
    ptomaine, ptomaine poisoning
    a term for food poisoning that is no longer in scientific use; food poisoning was once thought to be caused by ingesting ptomaines
    salmonellosis
    a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
    disease of the neuromuscular junction
    a disease characterized by impairment of neuromuscular junctions
    aspergillosis
    disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs
    anthrax
    a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia
    blackwater
    any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
    cat scratch disease
    a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
    complication
    any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease
    crud
    an ill-defined bodily ailment
    endemic, endemic disease
    a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
    enteropathy
    a disease of the intestinal tract
    incompetence
    inability of a part or organ to function properly
    Kawasaki disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
    an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
    pycnosis, pyknosis
    a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
    Indian tick fever, Kenya fever, Marseilles fever, boutonneuse fever
    a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
    Meniere's disease
    a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral)
    milk sickness
    caused by consuming milk from cattle suffering from trembles
    mimesis
    any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease
    industrial disease, occupational disease
    disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts)
    onychosis
    any disease or disorder of the nails
    rheumatism
    any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues
    periarteritis nodosa, polyarteritis nodosa
    a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area
    periodontal disease, periodontitis
    a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
    liver disease
    a disease affecting the liver
    communicable disease
    a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
    exanthema subitum, pseudorubella, roseola infantilis, roseola infantum
    a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat; a few days later there is a faint pinkish rash that lasts for a few hours to a few days
    respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness
    a disease affecting the respiratory system
    congenital disease, genetic abnormality, genetic defect, genetic disease, genetic disorder, hereditary condition, hereditary disease, inherited disease, inherited disorder
    a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
    inflammatory disease
    a disease characterized by inflammation
    autoimmune disease, autoimmune disorder
    any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
    eclampsia
    a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
    pre-eclampsia, preeclampsia
    abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
    deficiency disease
    any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)
    cystic breast disease, cystic mastitis, fibrocystic breast disease, fibrocystic disease of the breast
    the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
    goiter, goitre, struma, thyromegaly
    abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
    heat hyperpyrexia, heatstroke
    collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
    algidity
    prostration characterized by cold and clammy skin and low blood pressure
    pappataci fever, phlebotomus, sandfly fever
    a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
    disease of the skin, skin disease, skin disorder
    a disease affecting the skin
    exostosis
    a benign outgrowth from a bone (usually covered with cartilage)
    polyp, polypus
    a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
    peduncle
    the thin process of tissue that attaches a polyp to the body
    neoplasm, tumor, tumour
    an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
    malignance, malignancy
    (medicine) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death
    hamartoma
    a focal growth that resembles a neoplasm but results from faulty development in an organ
    eye disease
    any disease of the eye
    animal disease
    a disease that typically does not affect human beings
    plant disease
    a disease that affects plants
    ozaena, ozena
    a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures
    filariasis
    a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
    type of:
    health problem, ill health, unhealthiness
    a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
  2. noun
    the state that precedes vomiting
    synonyms: nausea
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    types:
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    kinetosis, motion sickness
    the state of being dizzy or nauseated because of the motions that occur while traveling in or on a moving vehicle
    morning sickness
    nausea early in the day; a characteristic symptom in the early months of pregnancy
    qualm, queasiness, squeamishness
    a mild state of nausea
    air sickness, airsickness
    motion sickness experienced while traveling by air (especially during turbulence)
    car sickness
    motion sickness experienced while traveling in a car
    mal de mer, naupathia, seasickness
    motion sickness experienced while traveling on water
    type of:
    symptom
    (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
  3. noun
    defectiveness or unsoundness
    “a great sickness of his judgment”
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    type of:
    defectiveness, faultiness
    the state of being defective
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