symptom

A symptom is the result or byproduct of something else—specifically, the result we use to prove that that other thing exists. Simple example: a cough is a symptom of a cold. We know we have a cold because we have the symptom, a cough.

Don't confuse the symptom with the cause. Even when the symptom is worse than the cause, don't be tempted to confuse them. Fever, sneezing, achiness: all of these are symptom of a cold. But they are not the cold. They are symptoms of it. Relationship experts argue over whether "cheating” is the cause of unhappiness or the symptom. In other words, do people think about breaking up because of cheating, or do they cheat because they're thinking about breaking up.

Definitions of symptom
  1. noun
    (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
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    crepitation rale
    the crackling sound heard on auscultation when patients with respiratory diseases inhale; associated with tuberculosis and pneumonia and congestive heart failure
    hypermenorrhea, menorrhagia
    abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation; can be a symptom of uterine tumors and can lead to anemia if prolonged
    alkalinuria, alkaluria
    a condition in which the urine (which is normally slightly acidic) is alkaline
    eosinopenia
    a decrease in the number of eosinophils in the blood
    haemoglobinemia, hemoglobinemia
    presence of excessive hemoglobin in the blood plasma
    haemoptysis, hemoptysis
    coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
    hyperlipaemia, hyperlipemia, hyperlipidaemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipoidaemia, hyperlipoidemia, lipaemia, lipemia, lipidaemia, lipidemia, lipoidaemia, lipoidemia
    presence of excess lipids in the blood
    albuminuria, proteinuria
    the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
    aminoaciduria
    abnormal presence of amino acids in the urine; usually a symptom of metabolic defects
    ammoniuria
    excessive ammonia in the urine
    Jacquemier's sign
    a purplish discoloration of the mucous membrane of the vagina that occurs early in pregnancy
    Kayser-Fleischer ring
    a pigmented ring at the outer edge of the cornea of the eye; a symptom of Wilson's disease
    keratomalacia
    softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency; symptom of cystic fibrosis or sprue
    Kernig's sign
    symptom of meningitis; patient cannot extend the leg at the knee when the thigh is flexed because of stiffness in the hamstrings
    acetonemia, ketonemia, ketosis
    an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
    Koplik's spots
    small red spots with white centers found on the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue; symptom of measles that appears one or two days before the measles rash appears
    glycosuria
    the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
    lymphuria
    the presence of lymph in the urine
    monocytosis
    increase in the number of monocytes in the blood; symptom of monocytic leukemia
    thrombocytosis
    increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases
    ochronosis
    an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning
    hypercalcaemia, hypercalcemia
    the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
    hypocalcaemia, hypocalcemia
    abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
    hypercalcinuria, hypercalciuria
    the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the urine; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or osteoporosis
    hypercholesteremia, hypercholesterolemia
    the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood; associated with the risk of atherosclerosis
    hyperkalemia
    higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs
    hypokalemia
    abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics
    kaliuresis, kaluresis
    the presence of excess potassium in the urine
    natriuresis
    the presence of abnormally large amounts of sodium in the urine
    hypoproteinemia
    abnormally low level of protein in the blood; can indicate inadequate diet or intestinal or renal disorders
    hypernatremia
    excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
    hyponatremia
    abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration
    hypersplenism
    enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders
    acetonuria, ketoaciduria, ketonuria
    excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
    amenia, amenorrhea, amenorrhoea
    absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
    aura
    a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure
    chloasma, mask of pregnancy, melasma
    a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
    clubbing
    a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
    cyanosis
    a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
    diuresis
    increased secretion of urine; if not due to increased liquid intake or to the action of a diuretic drug it can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus
    prodroma, prodrome
    an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur
    syndrome
    a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
    effect
    a symptom caused by an illness or a drug
    abscess
    symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
    purulence, purulency
    symptom of being purulent (containing or forming pus)
    exophthalmos
    protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
    festination
    involuntary shortening of stride and quickening of gait that occurs in some diseases (e.g., Parkinson's disease)
    furring
    a furlike coating of matter as on the tongue
    haematuria, hematuria
    the presence of blood in the urine; often a symptom of urinary tract disease
    haemoglobinuria, hemoglobinuria
    presence of hemoglobin in the urine
    haemosiderosis, hemosiderosis
    abnormal deposit of hemosiderin; often a symptom of thalassemia or hemochromatosis
    nebula
    cloudiness of the urine
    sneeze, sneezing, sternutation
    a symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose
    lump, puffiness, swelling
    an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
    bubo
    a lymph node that is inflamed and swollen because of plague or gonorrhea or tuberculosis
    palsy
    a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor
    pyuria
    presence of white blood cells in the urine; symptom of urinary tract infection
    hyperglycaemia, hyperglycemia
    abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
    hypoglycaemia, hypoglycemia
    abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
    icterus, jaundice
    yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia
    congestion
    excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
    eruption
    symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
    numbness
    partial or total lack of sensation in a part of the body; a symptom of nerve damage or dysfunction
    hurting, pain
    a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
    paraesthesia, paresthesia
    abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
    postnasal drip
    chronic secretion of mucus from the rear of the nasal cavity into the nasopharynx
    cardiomegaly, enlarged heart, megacardia, megalocardia
    an abnormal enlargement of the heart
    cardiac murmur, heart murmur, murmur
    an abnormal sound of the heart; sometimes a sign of abnormal function of the heart valves
    palpitation
    a rapid and irregular heart beat
    heartburn, pyrosis
    a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux (backflow from the stomach irritating the esophagus); symptomatic of an ulcer or a diaphragmatic hernia or other disorder
    flush, hot flash
    sudden brief sensation of heat (associated with menopause and some mental disorders)
    dyspepsia, indigestion, stomach upset, upset stomach
    a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
    inflammation, redness, rubor
    a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
    chill, shivering
    a sensation of cold that often marks the start of an infection and the development of a fever
    ague, chills and fever
    successive stages of chills and fever that is a symptom of malaria
    cough, coughing
    a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
    hiccough, hiccup, singultus
    (usually plural) the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound; sometimes a symptom of indigestion
    meningism
    symptoms that mimic those of meningitis but without inflammation of the meninges
    nausea, sickness
    the state that precedes vomiting
    cramp, muscle spasm, spasm
    a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
    cicatrice, cicatrix, scar
    a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
    hardening
    abnormal hardening or thickening of tissue
    floater, musca volitans, muscae volitantes, spots
    spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
    febricity, febrility, fever, feverishness, pyrexia
    a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
    atrophy, wasting, wasting away
    a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
    apnea
    transient cessation of respiration
    dyspnea, dyspnoea
    difficult or labored respiration
    constipation, irregularity
    irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis
    diarrhea, diarrhoea, looseness, looseness of the bowels
    frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
    dizziness, giddiness, lightheadedness, vertigo
    a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
    anaemia, anemia
    a lack of vitality
    wheeziness
    presence of abnormal high-pitched sound heard with a stethoscope when an airway is blocked (as in asthma or chronic bronchitis)
    withdrawal symptom
    any physical or psychological disturbance (as sweating or depression) experienced by a drug addict when deprived of the drug
    hydrophobia
    a symptom of rabies in humans consisting of an aversion to swallowing liquids
    areflexia
    absence of a reflex; a sign of possible nerve damage
    myoglobinuria
    the presence of myoglobin in the urine
    oliguria
    abnormally small production of urine; can be a symptom of kidney disease or obstruction of the urinary tract or edema or an imbalance of fluids and electrolytes in the body
    eosinophilia
    a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
    rhinorrhea
    persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose (as in the common cold)
    steatorrhea
    the presence of greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces which are frothy and foul smelling and floating; a symptom of disorders of fat metabolism and malabsorption syndrome
    stridor
    a whistling sound when breathing (usually heard on inspiration); indicates obstruction of the trachea or larynx
    tinnitus
    a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears; a symptom of an ear infection or Meniere's disease
    uratemia
    presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid salts in the blood; symptom of gout
    uraturia
    presence of abnormally large amounts of uric acid in the urine; symptom of gout
    uricaciduria
    presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid in the urine; symptom of gout
    spermatocele
    a swelling on the epididymis or the testis; usually contains spermatozoa
    autism
    (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
    ADD, ADHD, MBD, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, hyperkinetic syndrome, minimal brain damage, minimal brain dysfunction
    a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
    amyotrophia, amyotrophy
    progressive wasting of muscle tissues
    Graves' disease, exophthalmic goiter
    exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs
    tabes
    wasting of the body during a chronic disease
    Horner's syndrome
    a pattern of symptoms occurring as a result of damage to nerves in the cervical region of the spine (drooping eyelids and constricted pupils and absence of facial sweating)
    branched chain ketoaciduria, maple syrup urine disease
    an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood
    kinetosis, motion sickness
    the state of being dizzy or nauseated because of the motions that occur while traveling in or on a moving vehicle
    Kaposi's varicelliform eruption, eczema vaccinatum
    a now rare complication of vaccinia superimposed on atopic dermatitis with high fever and generalized vesicles and papulovesicles
    adenitis
    inflammation of a gland or lymph node
    alveolitis
    inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic
    alveolitis, dry socket
    inflammation in the socket of a tooth; sometimes occurs after a tooth is extracted and a blood clot fails to form
    angiitis
    inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
    aortitis
    inflammation of the aorta
    appendicitis
    inflammation of the vermiform appendix
    arteritis
    inflammation of an artery
    balanitis
    inflammation of the head of the penis
    balanoposthitis
    inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
    blepharitis
    inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
    bursitis
    inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
    haematocyturia, hematocyturia
    the presence of red blood cells in the urine
    fructosuria
    the presence of levulose is the urine
    glucosuria
    the presence of abnormally high levels of glucose in the urine
    Raynaud's sign, acrocyanosis
    cyanosis of the extremities; can occur when a spasm of the blood vessels is caused by exposure to cold or by strong emotion
    primary amenorrhea
    delay of menarche beyond age 18
    secondary amenorrhea
    cessation of menstruation in a woman who had previously menstruated
    cervical disc syndrome, cervical root syndrome
    an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region; involves neck pains and muscular weakness and paresthesia
    Chinese restaurant syndrome
    headache and tingling or burning feelings and sweating caused by eating food that contains monosodium glutamate
    Conn's syndrome
    disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone
    FAS, fetal alcohol syndrome
    a congenital medical condition in which body deformation occurs or facial development or mental ability is impaired because the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy
    Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness
    a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders
    Klinefelter syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome, XXY-syndrome
    syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
    malabsorption syndrome
    a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis
    Munchausen syndrome, Munchausen's syndrome
    syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
    nephrosis, nephrotic syndrome
    a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases
    Noonan's syndrome
    syndrome seen only in males; marked by short stature and lowset ears and subnormal fertility
    phantom limb syndrome
    syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated
    PMS, premenstrual syndrome
    a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
    radiation, radiation sickness, radiation syndrome
    syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours
    Ramsay Hunt syndrome
    syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus; characterized by vertigo and pain in the ears and facial nerve paralysis and sometimes hearing loss
    Reiter's disease, Reiter's syndrome
    an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis
    Ekbom syndrome, restless legs, restless legs syndrome
    feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs
    Reye's syndrome
    acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
    scalenus syndrome
    discomfort and vascular symptoms and loss of sensation in a shoulder and arm; caused by a scalene muscle compressing the subclavian artery and part of the brachial plexus
    apyretic tetanus, intermittent cramp, intermittent tetanus, tetanilla, tetany
    clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency (hypoparathyroidism) or vitamin D deficiency or alkalosis
    thoracic outlet syndrome
    tingling sensations in the fingers; caused by compression on a nerve supplying the arm
    Tietze's syndrome
    syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage (causing pain)
    Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, Tourette's syndrome
    neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia
    aftereffect
    a delayed effect of a drug or therapy
    bummer
    a bad reaction to a hallucinogenic drug
    side effect
    a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy
    abscessed tooth
    an abscess of a common kind in the tissue around a tooth
    bloat
    swelling of the rumen or intestinal tract of domestic animals caused by excessive gas
    bunion
    a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe
    dropsy, edema, hydrops, oedema
    swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
    haematocele, haematocoele, hematocele, hematocoele
    swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity (especially a swelling of the membrane covering the testis)
    intumescence, intumescency
    swelling up with blood or other fluids (as with congestion)
    iridoncus
    swelling of the iris of the eye
    lymphogranuloma
    swelling of a lymph node
    oscheocele, oscheocoele
    swelling of the scrotum
    tumidity, tumidness
    slight swelling of an organ or part
    icterus neonatorum, jaundice of the newborn, physiological jaundice of the newborn
    yellowish appearance in newborn infants; usually subsides spontaneously
    kernicterus
    an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage
    hydrothorax
    accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest) often resulting from disease of the heart or kidneys
    haemothorax, hemothorax
    accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
    hyperaemia, hyperemia
    increased blood in an organ or other body part
    pulmonary congestion
    congestion in the lungs
    stuffiness
    state of obstruction or stoppage or air in the nose or throat
    enanthem, enanthema
    eruption on a mucous membrane (as the inside of the mouth) occurring as a symptom of a disease
    exanthem, exanthema, skin eruption
    eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
    efflorescence, rash, roseola, skin rash
    any red eruption of the skin
    ache, aching
    a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain
    agony, excruciation, suffering
    a state of acute pain
    arthralgia
    pain in a joint or joints
    formication
    hallucinated sensation that insects or snakes are crawling over the skin; a common side-effect of extensive use of cocaine or amphetamines
    burn, burning
    pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
    causalgia
    a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve; usually associated with skin changes
    colic, gripes, griping, intestinal colic
    acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
    chest pain
    pain in the chest
    chiralgia
    a pain in the hand that is not traumatic
    distress
    extreme physical pain
    dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
    glossalgia, glossodynia
    pain in the tongue
    growing pains
    pain in muscles or joints sometimes experienced by children and often attributed to rapid growth
    haemorrhoid, hemorrhoid, piles
    pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
    keratalgia
    pain in the cornea
    labor pain
    pain and discomfort associated with contractions of the uterus during labor
    mastalgia
    pain in the breast
    melagra
    rheumatic or myalgic pains in the arms or legs
    meralgia
    pain in the thigh
    metralgia
    pain in the uterus
    myalgia, myodynia
    pain in a muscle or group of muscles
    nephralgia
    pain in the kidney (usually felt in the loins)
    neuralgia, neuralgy
    acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
    odynophagia
    severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus
    orchidalgia
    pain in the testes
    pang
    a sharp spasm of pain
    pang, sting
    a mental pain or distress
    photalgia, photophobia
    pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)
    costalgia, pleuralgia, pleurodynia
    pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
    podalgia
    foot pain
    proctalgia
    pain in the rectum
    referred pain
    pain that is felt at a place in the body different from the injured or diseased part where the pain would be expected
    renal colic
    sharp pain in the lower back that radiates into the groin; associated with the passage of a renal calculus through the ureter
    smart, smarting, smartness
    a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore
    sting, stinging
    a kind of pain; something as sudden and painful as being stung
    stitch
    a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running
    rawness, soreness, tenderness
    a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched)
    thermalgesia
    pain caused by heat
    throb
    a deep pulsating type of pain
    torment, torture
    unbearable physical pain
    ulalgia
    pain in the gums
    urodynia
    pain during urination
    systolic murmur
    a murmur heard during systole
    carditis
    inflammation of the heart
    catarrh
    inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus
    cellulitis
    an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
    cervicitis
    inflammation of the uterine cervix
    cheilitis
    inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
    quartan
    a malarial fever that recurs every fourth day
    cholangitis
    inflammation of the bile ducts
    cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gall bladder
    chorditis
    inflammation of the vocal cords
    chorditis
    inflammation of the spermatic cord
    colitis, inflammatory bowel disease
    inflammation of the colon
    colpitis
    inflammation of the vagina
    colpocystitis
    inflammation of the vagina and bladder
    conjunctivitis, pinkeye
    inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
    corditis
    inflammation of the spermatic cord
    costochondritis
    inflammation at the junction of a rib and its cartilage
    dacryocystitis
    inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose
    diverticulitis
    inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever and constipation
    cephalitis, encephalitis, phrenitis
    inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
    encephalomyelitis
    inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
    endarteritis
    inflammation of the inner lining of an artery
    endocervicitis
    inflammation of the mucous lining of the uterine cervix
    enteritis
    inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
    epicondylitis
    painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle
    epididymitis
    painful inflammation of the epididymis
    epiglottitis
    inflammation of the epiglottis; characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
    episcleritis
    inflammation of the sclera of the eye
    esophagitis, oesophagitis
    inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux
    fibrositis
    inflammation of white fibrous tissues (especially muscle sheaths)
    fibromyositis
    local inflammation of muscle and connective tissue
    folliculitis
    inflammation of a hair follicle
    funiculitis
    inflammation of a funiculus (especially an inflammation of the spermatic cord)
    gastritis
    inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
    glossitis
    inflammation of the tongue
    hydrarthrosis
    inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid
    ileitis
    inflammation of the ileum
    iridocyclitis
    inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye
    iridokeratitis
    inflammation of the iris and cornea of the eye
    iritis
    inflammation of the iris
    jejunitis
    inflammation of the jejunum of the small intestine
    jejunoileitis
    inflammation of the jejunum and the ileum of the small intestine
    keratitis
    inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
    keratoconjunctivitis
    inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
    keratoiritis
    inflammation of the cornea and the iris of the eye
    keratoscleritis
    inflammation of the cornea and sclera of the eye
    founder, laminitis
    inflammation of the laminated tissue that attaches the hoof to the foot of a horse
    laryngitis
    inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx; characterized by hoarseness or loss of voice and coughing
    laryngopharyngitis
    inflammation of the larynx and pharynx
    laryngotracheobronchitis
    inflammation of the larynx and trachea and bronchial passageways
    lymphadenitis
    inflammation of lymph nodes
    lymphangitis
    inflammation of a lymph vessel
    mastitis
    inflammation of a breast (or udder)
    mastoiditis
    inflammation of the mastoid
    endometritis, metritis
    inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
    myelitis
    inflammation of the spinal cord
    myositis
    inflammation of muscle tissue
    myometritis
    inflammation of the myometrium
    neuritis
    inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
    oophoritis
    inflammation of one or both ovaries
    orchitis
    inflammation of one or both testes; characterized by pain and swelling
    osteitis
    inflammation of a bone as a consequence of infection or trauma or degeneration
    otitis
    inflammation of the ear
    ovaritis
    inflammation of the ovaries
    pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
    parametritis
    inflammation of connective tissue adjacent to the uterus
    parotitis
    inflammation of one or both parotid glands
    peritoneal inflammation, peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
    phalangitis
    inflammation of a finger or toe
    phlebitis
    inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
    pneumonitis
    inflammation of the lungs; caused by a virus or an allergic reaction
    posthitis
    inflammation of the foreskin of the penis; usually caused by bacterial infection
    proctitis
    inflammation of the rectum; marked by bloody stools and a frequent urge to defecate; frequently associated with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
    prostatitis
    inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever
    rachitis
    inflammation of the vertebral column
    radiculitis
    inflammation of the radicle of a nerve
    retinitis
    inflammation of the retina
    coryza, rhinitis
    an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose (usually associated with nasal discharge)
    sinusitis
    inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
    salpingitis
    inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube
    scleritis
    inflammation of the sclera
    sialadenitis
    inflammation of the salivary glands
    splenitis
    inflammation of the spleen
    spondylitis
    inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness
    stomatitis
    inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
    synovitis
    inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint; results in pain and swelling
    tarsitis
    inflammation of the eyelid
    tendinitis, tendonitis, tenonitis
    inflammation of a tendon
    thyroiditis
    inflammation of the thyroid gland
    tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils (especially the palatine tonsils)
    tracheitis
    inflammation of the trachea
    tracheobronchitis
    common respiratory infection characterized by inflammation of the trachea and the bronchi
    tympanitis
    inflammation of the inner ear
    ulitis
    inflammation of the gums
    ureteritis
    inflammation of the ureter
    uveitis
    inflammation of the uvea of the eye
    uvulitis
    inflammation of the uvula
    vaginitis
    inflammation of the vagina (usually associated with candidiasis)
    valvulitis
    inflammation of a valve (especially of a cardiac valve as a consequence of rheumatic fever)
    vasculitis
    inflammation of a blood vessel
    vasovesiculitis
    inflammation of the vas deferens and seminal vesicles; usually occurring with prostatitis
    vesiculitis
    inflammation of a seminal vesicle (usually in conjunction with prostatitis)
    vulvitis
    inflammation of the vulva
    vulvovaginitis
    inflammation of the vulva and the vagina
    morning sickness
    nausea early in the day; a characteristic symptom in the early months of pregnancy
    qualm, queasiness, squeamishness
    a mild state of nausea
    charley horse, charley-horse
    a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
    graphospasm, writer's cramp
    muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
    blepharospasm
    spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
    crick, kink, rick, wrick
    a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back (`rick' and `wrick' are British)
    myoclonus
    a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
    opisthotonos
    severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
    twitch, twitching, vellication
    a sudden muscle spasm; especially one caused by a nervous condition
    callus
    bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone
    cheloid, keloid
    raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
    pockmark
    a scar or pit on the skin that is left by a pustule of smallpox or acne or other eruptive disease
    sword-cut
    a scar from a cut made by a sword
    vaccination
    the scar left following inoculation with a vaccine
    callosity, callus
    an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)
    calcification
    tissue hardened by deposition of lime salts
    hyperpyrexia
    extremely high fever (especially in children)
    periodic apnea of the newborn
    irregular breathing of newborns; periods of rapid breathing followed by apnea; believed to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome
    orthopnea
    form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect; associated with asthma and emphysema and angina pectoris
    SOB, breathlessness, shortness of breath
    a dyspneic condition
    sleep apnea
    apnea that occurs during sleep
    dyschezia
    difficulty in defecating (usually as a consequence of long continued voluntary suppression of the urge to defecate)
    fecal impaction
    accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move
    obstipation
    severe constipation resulting from an obstruction in the intestines
    Montezuma's revenge
    diarrhea contracted in Mexico or Central America
    familial hypercholesterolemia
    congenital disorder characterized by high levels of cholesterol and early development of atherosclerosis
    Fallot's syndrome, Fallot's tetralogy, tetralogy of Fallot
    a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis; characterized by four symptoms: pulmonary stenosis and ventricular septal defect and malposition of the aorta over both ventricles and hypertrophy of the right ventricle
    TSS, toxic shock, toxic shock syndrome
    syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock; occurs especially in menstruating women using highly absorbent tampons
    Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
    syndrome associated with bacterial meningitis; marked by sudden high fever and skin discoloration and petechiae with hemorrhage into the adrenal glands and cardiovascular collapse
    Williams syndrome
    a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary
    Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
    syndrome consisting of intractable peptic ulceration with gastric hypersecretion and hyperacidity
    shin splints
    painful inflammation of the muscles around the shins; frequent among runners
    kraurosis
    atrophy and shriveling of the skin or mucous membrane
    tenesmus
    painful spasm of the anal sphincter along with an urgent desire to defecate without the significant production of feces; associated with irritable bowel syndrome
    trismus
    prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles
    type of:
    evidence, grounds
    your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief
  2. noun
    anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence
    see moresee less
    type of:
    indicant, indication
    something that serves to indicate or suggest
Word Family