symptom

A symptom is the result or byproduct of something else—specifically, the result we use to prove that that other thing exists. Simple example: a cough is a symptom of a cold. We know we have a cold because we have the symptom, a cough.

Don't confuse the symptom with the cause. Even when the symptom is worse than the cause, don't be tempted to confuse them. Fever, sneezing, achiness: all of these are symptom of a cold. But they are not the cold. They are symptoms of it. Relationship experts argue over whether "cheating” is the cause of unhappiness or the symptom. In other words, do people think about breaking up because of cheating, or do they cheat because they're thinking about breaking up.

Definitions of symptom
1

n (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease

Types:
show 358 types...
hide 358 types...
crepitation rale
the crackling sound heard on auscultation when patients with respiratory diseases inhale; associated with tuberculosis and pneumonia and congestive heart failure
hypermenorrhea, menorrhagia
abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation; can be a symptom of uterine tumors and can lead to anemia if prolonged
alkalinuria, alkaluria
a condition in which the urine (which is normally slightly acidic) is alkaline
eosinopenia
a decrease in the number of eosinophils in the blood
haemoglobinemia, hemoglobinemia
presence of excessive hemoglobin in the blood plasma
haemoptysis, hemoptysis
coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
hyperlipaemia, hyperlipemia, hyperlipidaemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipoidaemia, hyperlipoidemia, lipaemia, lipemia, lipidaemia, lipidemia, lipoidaemia, lipoidemia
presence of excess lipids in the blood
albuminuria, proteinuria
the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
aminoaciduria
abnormal presence of amino acids in the urine; usually a symptom of metabolic defects
ammoniuria
excessive ammonia in the urine
Jacquemier's sign
a purplish discoloration of the mucous membrane of the vagina that occurs early in pregnancy
Kayser-Fleischer ring
a pigmented ring at the outer edge of the cornea of the eye; a symptom of Wilson's disease
keratomalacia
softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency; symptom of cystic fibrosis or sprue
Kernig's sign
symptom of meningitis; patient cannot extend the leg at the knee when the thigh is flexed because of stiffness in the hamstrings
acetonemia, ketonemia, ketosis
an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
Koplik's spots
small red spots with white centers found on the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue; symptom of measles that appears one or two days before the measles rash appears
glycosuria
the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
lymphuria
the presence of lymph in the urine
monocytosis
increase in the number of monocytes in the blood; symptom of monocytic leukemia
thrombocytosis
increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases
ochronosis
an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning
hypercalcaemia, hypercalcemia
the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
hypocalcaemia, hypocalcemia
abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
hypercalcinuria, hypercalciuria
the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the urine; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or osteoporosis
hypercholesteremia, hypercholesterolemia
the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood; associated with the risk of atherosclerosis
hyperkalemia
higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs
hypokalemia
abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics
kaliuresis, kaluresis
the presence of excess potassium in the urine
natriuresis
the presence of abnormally large amounts of sodium in the urine
hypoproteinemia
abnormally low level of protein in the blood; can indicate inadequate diet or intestinal or renal disorders
hypernatremia
excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
hyponatremia
abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration
hypersplenism
enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders
acetonuria, ketoaciduria, ketonuria
excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
amenia, amenorrhea, amenorrhoea
absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
aura
a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure
chloasma, mask of pregnancy, melasma
a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
clubbing
a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
cyanosis
a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
diuresis
increased secretion of urine; if not due to increased liquid intake or to the action of a diuretic drug it can be a symptom of diabetes mellitus
prodroma, prodrome
an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur
syndrome
a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
effect
a symptom caused by an illness or a drug
abscess
symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
purulence, purulency
symptom of being purulent (containing or forming pus)
exophthalmos
protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
festination
involuntary shortening of stride and quickening of gait that occurs in some diseases (e.g., Parkinson's disease)
furring
a furlike coating of matter as on the tongue
haematuria, hematuria
the presence of blood in the urine; often a symptom of urinary tract disease
haemoglobinuria, hemoglobinuria
presence of hemoglobin in the urine
haemosiderosis, hemosiderosis
abnormal deposit of hemosiderin; often a symptom of thalassemia or hemochromatosis
nebula
cloudiness of the urine
sneeze, sneezing, sternutation
a symptom consisting of the involuntary expulsion of air from the nose
lump, puffiness, swelling
an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
bubo
a lymph node that is inflamed and swollen because of plague or gonorrhea or tuberculosis
palsy
a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor
pyuria
presence of white blood cells in the urine; symptom of urinary tract infection
hyperglycaemia, hyperglycemia
abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
hypoglycaemia, hypoglycemia
abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
icterus, jaundice
yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia
congestion
excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
eruption
symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible
numbness
partial or total lack of sensation in a part of the body; a symptom of nerve damage or dysfunction
hurting, pain
a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
paraesthesia, paresthesia
abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
postnasal drip
chronic secretion of mucus from the rear of the nasal cavity into the nasopharynx
cardiomegaly, enlarged heart, megacardia, megalocardia
an abnormal enlargement of the heart
cardiac murmur, heart murmur, murmur
an abnormal sound of the heart; sometimes a sign of abnormal function of the heart valves
palpitation
a rapid and irregular heart beat
heartburn, pyrosis
a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux (backflow from the stomach irritating the esophagus); symptomatic of an ulcer or a diaphragmatic hernia or other disorder
flush, hot flash
sudden brief sensation of heat (associated with menopause and some mental disorders)
dyspepsia, indigestion, stomach upset, upset stomach
a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
inflammation, redness, rubor
a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
chill, shivering
a sensation of cold that often marks the start of an infection and the development of a fever
ague, chills and fever
successive stages of chills and fever that is a symptom of malaria
cough, coughing
a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
hiccough, hiccup, singultus
(usually plural) the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound; sometimes a symptom of indigestion
meningism
symptoms that mimic those of meningitis but without inflammation of the meninges
nausea, sickness
the state that precedes vomiting
cramp, muscle spasm, spasm
a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
cicatrice, cicatrix, scar
a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
hardening
abnormal hardening or thickening of tissue
floater, musca volitans, muscae volitantes, spots
spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
febricity, febrility, fever, feverishness, pyrexia
a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
atrophy, wasting, wasting away
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
apnea
transient cessation of respiration
dyspnea, dyspnoea
difficult or labored respiration
constipation, irregularity
irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis
diarrhea, diarrhoea, looseness, looseness of the bowels
frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
dizziness, giddiness, lightheadedness, vertigo
a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
anaemia, anemia
a lack of vitality
wheeziness
presence of abnormal high-pitched sound heard with a stethoscope when an airway is blocked (as in asthma or chronic bronchitis)
withdrawal symptom
any physical or psychological disturbance (as sweating or depression) experienced by a drug addict when deprived of the drug
hydrophobia
a symptom of rabies in humans consisting of an aversion to swallowing liquids
areflexia
absence of a reflex; a sign of possible nerve damage
myoglobinuria
the presence of myoglobin in the urine
oliguria
abnormally small production of urine; can be a symptom of kidney disease or obstruction of the urinary tract or edema or an imbalance of fluids and electrolytes in the body
eosinophilia
a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
rhinorrhea
persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose (as in the common cold)
steatorrhea
the presence of greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces which are frothy and foul smelling and floating; a symptom of disorders of fat metabolism and malabsorption syndrome
stridor
a whistling sound when breathing (usually heard on inspiration); indicates obstruction of the trachea or larynx
tinnitus
a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears; a symptom of an ear infection or Meniere's disease
uratemia
presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid salts in the blood; symptom of gout
uraturia
presence of abnormally large amounts of uric acid in the urine; symptom of gout
uricaciduria
presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid in the urine; symptom of gout
spermatocele
a swelling on the epididymis or the testis; usually contains spermatozoa
autism
(psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
ADD, ADHD, MBD, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, hyperkinetic syndrome, minimal brain damage, minimal brain dysfunction
a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
amyotrophia, amyotrophy
progressive wasting of muscle tissues
Graves' disease, exophthalmic goiter
exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs
tabes
wasting of the body during a chronic disease
Horner's syndrome
a pattern of symptoms occurring as a result of damage to nerves in the cervical region of the spine (drooping eyelids and constricted pupils and absence of facial sweating)
branched chain ketoaciduria, maple syrup urine disease
an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood
kinetosis, motion sickness
the state of being dizzy or nauseated because of the motions that occur while traveling in or on a moving vehicle
Kaposi's varicelliform eruption, eczema vaccinatum
a now rare complication of vaccinia superimposed on atopic dermatitis with high fever and generalized vesicles and papulovesicles
adenitis
inflammation of a gland or lymph node
alveolitis
inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic
alveolitis, dry socket
inflammation in the socket of a tooth; sometimes occurs after a tooth is extracted and a blood clot fails to form
angiitis
inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
aortitis
inflammation of the aorta
appendicitis
inflammation of the vermiform appendix
arteritis
inflammation of an artery
balanitis
inflammation of the head of the penis
balanoposthitis
inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
haematocyturia, hematocyturia
the presence of red blood cells in the urine
fructosuria
the presence of levulose is the urine
glucosuria
the presence of abnormally high levels of glucose in the urine
Raynaud's sign, acrocyanosis
cyanosis of the extremities; can occur when a spasm of the blood vessels is caused by exposure to cold or by strong emotion
primary amenorrhea
delay of menarche beyond age 18
secondary amenorrhea
cessation of menstruation in a woman who had previously menstruated
cervical disc syndrome, cervical root syndrome
an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region; involves neck pains and muscular weakness and paresthesia
Chinese restaurant syndrome
headache and tingling or burning feelings and sweating caused by eating food that contains monosodium glutamate
Conn's syndrome
disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone
FAS, fetal alcohol syndrome
a congenital medical condition in which body deformation occurs or facial development or mental ability is impaired because the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy
Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness
a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders
Klinefelter syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome, XXY-syndrome
syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
malabsorption syndrome
a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis
Munchausen syndrome, Munchausen's syndrome
syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
nephrosis, nephrotic syndrome
a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases
Noonan's syndrome
syndrome seen only in males; marked by short stature and lowset ears and subnormal fertility
phantom limb syndrome
syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated
PMS, premenstrual syndrome
a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
radiation, radiation sickness, radiation syndrome
syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours
Ramsay Hunt syndrome
syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus; characterized by vertigo and pain in the ears and facial nerve paralysis and sometimes hearing loss
Reiter's disease, Reiter's syndrome
an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis
Ekbom syndrome, restless legs, restless legs syndrome
feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs
Reye's syndrome
acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
scalenus syndrome
discomfort and vascular symptoms and loss of sensation in a shoulder and arm; caused by a scalene muscle compressing the subclavian artery and part of the brachial plexus
apyretic tetanus, intermittent cramp, intermittent tetanus, tetanilla, tetany
clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency (hypoparathyroidism) or vitamin D deficiency or alkalosis
thoracic outlet syndrome
tingling sensations in the fingers; caused by compression on a nerve supplying the arm
Tietze's syndrome
syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage (causing pain)
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, Tourette's syndrome
neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia
aftereffect
a delayed effect of a drug or therapy
bummer
a bad reaction to a hallucinogenic drug
side effect
a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy
abscessed tooth
an abscess of a common kind in the tissue around a tooth
bloat
swelling of the rumen or intestinal tract of domestic animals caused by excessive gas
bunion
a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe
dropsy, edema, hydrops, oedema
swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
haematocele, haematocoele, hematocele, hematocoele
swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity (especially a swelling of the membrane covering the testis)
intumescence, intumescency
swelling up with blood or other fluids (as with congestion)
iridoncus
swelling of the iris of the eye
lymphogranuloma
swelling of a lymph node
oscheocele, oscheocoele
swelling of the scrotum
tumidity, tumidness
slight swelling of an organ or part
icterus neonatorum, jaundice of the newborn, physiological jaundice of the newborn
yellowish appearance in newborn infants; usually subsides spontaneously
kernicterus
an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage
hydrothorax
accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest) often resulting from disease of the heart or kidneys
haemothorax, hemothorax
accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
hyperaemia, hyperemia
increased blood in an organ or other body part
pulmonary congestion
congestion in the lungs
stuffiness
state of obstruction or stoppage or air in the nose or throat
enanthem, enanthema
eruption on a mucous membrane (as the inside of the mouth) occurring as a symptom of a disease
exanthem, exanthema, skin eruption
eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
efflorescence, rash, roseola, skin rash
any red eruption of the skin
ache, aching
a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain
agony, excruciation, suffering
a state of acute pain
arthralgia
pain in a joint or joints
formication
hallucinated sensation that insects or snakes are crawling over the skin; a common side-effect of extensive use of cocaine or amphetamines
burn, burning
pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
causalgia
a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve; usually associated with skin changes
colic, gripes, griping, intestinal colic
acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
chest pain
pain in the chest
chiralgia
a pain in the hand that is not traumatic
distress
extreme physical pain
dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
glossalgia, glossodynia
pain in the tongue
growing pains
pain in muscles or joints sometimes experienced by children and often attributed to rapid growth
haemorrhoid, hemorrhoid, piles
pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
keratalgia
pain in the cornea
labor pain
pain and discomfort associated with contractions of the uterus during labor
mastalgia
pain in the breast
melagra
rheumatic or myalgic pains in the arms or legs
meralgia
pain in the thigh
metralgia
pain in the uterus
myalgia, myodynia
pain in a muscle or group of muscles
nephralgia
pain in the kidney (usually felt in the loins)
neuralgia, neuralgy
acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
odynophagia
severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus
orchidalgia
pain in the testes
pang
a sharp spasm of pain
pang, sting
a mental pain or distress
photalgia, photophobia
pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)
costalgia, pleuralgia, pleurodynia
pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
podalgia
foot pain
proctalgia
pain in the rectum
referred pain
pain that is felt at a place in the body different from the injured or diseased part where the pain would be expected
renal colic
sharp pain in the lower back that radiates into the groin; associated with the passage of a renal calculus through the ureter
smart, smarting, smartness
a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore
sting, stinging
a kind of pain; something as sudden and painful as being stung
stitch
a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running
rawness, soreness, tenderness
a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched)
thermalgesia
pain caused by heat
throb
a deep pulsating type of pain
torment, torture
unbearable physical pain
ulalgia
pain in the gums
urodynia
pain during urination
systolic murmur
a murmur heard during systole
carditis
inflammation of the heart
catarrh
inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus
cellulitis
an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
cervicitis
inflammation of the uterine cervix
cheilitis
inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
quartan
a malarial fever that recurs every fourth day
cholangitis
inflammation of the bile ducts
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gall bladder
chorditis
inflammation of the vocal cords
chorditis
inflammation of the spermatic cord
colitis, inflammatory bowel disease
inflammation of the colon
colpitis
inflammation of the vagina
colpocystitis
inflammation of the vagina and bladder
conjunctivitis, pinkeye
inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
corditis
inflammation of the spermatic cord
costochondritis
inflammation at the junction of a rib and its cartilage
dacryocystitis
inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose
diverticulitis
inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever and constipation
cephalitis, encephalitis, phrenitis
inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
encephalomyelitis
inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
endarteritis
inflammation of the inner lining of an artery
endocervicitis
inflammation of the mucous lining of the uterine cervix
enteritis
inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
epicondylitis
painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle
epididymitis
painful inflammation of the epididymis
epiglottitis
inflammation of the epiglottis; characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
episcleritis
inflammation of the sclera of the eye
esophagitis, oesophagitis
inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux
fibrositis
inflammation of white fibrous tissues (especially muscle sheaths)
fibromyositis
local inflammation of muscle and connective tissue
folliculitis
inflammation of a hair follicle
funiculitis
inflammation of a funiculus (especially an inflammation of the spermatic cord)
gastritis
inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
glossitis
inflammation of the tongue
hydrarthrosis
inflammation and swelling of a movable joint because of excess synovial fluid
ileitis
inflammation of the ileum
iridocyclitis
inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye
iridokeratitis
inflammation of the iris and cornea of the eye
iritis
inflammation of the iris
jejunitis
inflammation of the jejunum of the small intestine
jejunoileitis
inflammation of the jejunum and the ileum of the small intestine
keratitis
inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
keratoconjunctivitis
inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
keratoiritis
inflammation of the cornea and the iris of the eye
keratoscleritis
inflammation of the cornea and sclera of the eye
founder, laminitis
inflammation of the laminated tissue that attaches the hoof to the foot of a horse
laryngitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx; characterized by hoarseness or loss of voice and coughing
laryngopharyngitis
inflammation of the larynx and pharynx
laryngotracheobronchitis
inflammation of the larynx and trachea and bronchial passageways
lymphadenitis
inflammation of lymph nodes
lymphangitis
inflammation of a lymph vessel
mastitis
inflammation of a breast (or udder)
mastoiditis
inflammation of the mastoid
endometritis, metritis
inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
myelitis
inflammation of the spinal cord
myositis
inflammation of muscle tissue
myometritis
inflammation of the myometrium
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
oophoritis
inflammation of one or both ovaries
orchitis
inflammation of one or both testes; characterized by pain and swelling
osteitis
inflammation of a bone as a consequence of infection or trauma or degeneration
otitis
inflammation of the ear
ovaritis
inflammation of the ovaries
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
parametritis
inflammation of connective tissue adjacent to the uterus
parotitis
inflammation of one or both parotid glands
peritoneal inflammation, peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
phalangitis
inflammation of a finger or toe
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
pneumonitis
inflammation of the lungs; caused by a virus or an allergic reaction
posthitis
inflammation of the foreskin of the penis; usually caused by bacterial infection
proctitis
inflammation of the rectum; marked by bloody stools and a frequent urge to defecate; frequently associated with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever
rachitis
inflammation of the vertebral column
radiculitis
inflammation of the radicle of a nerve
retinitis
inflammation of the retina
coryza, rhinitis
an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose (usually associated with nasal discharge)
sinusitis
inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
salpingitis
inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube
scleritis
inflammation of the sclera
sialadenitis
inflammation of the salivary glands
splenitis
inflammation of the spleen
spondylitis
inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness
stomatitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
synovitis
inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint; results in pain and swelling
tarsitis
inflammation of the eyelid
tendinitis, tendonitis, tenonitis
inflammation of a tendon
thyroiditis
inflammation of the thyroid gland
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils (especially the palatine tonsils)
tracheitis
inflammation of the trachea
tracheobronchitis
common respiratory infection characterized by inflammation of the trachea and the bronchi
tympanitis
inflammation of the inner ear
ulitis
inflammation of the gums
ureteritis
inflammation of the ureter
uveitis
inflammation of the uvea of the eye
uvulitis
inflammation of the uvula
vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina (usually associated with candidiasis)
valvulitis
inflammation of a valve (especially of a cardiac valve as a consequence of rheumatic fever)
vasculitis
inflammation of a blood vessel
vasovesiculitis
inflammation of the vas deferens and seminal vesicles; usually occurring with prostatitis
vesiculitis
inflammation of a seminal vesicle (usually in conjunction with prostatitis)
vulvitis
inflammation of the vulva
vulvovaginitis
inflammation of the vulva and the vagina
morning sickness
nausea early in the day; a characteristic symptom in the early months of pregnancy
qualm, queasiness, squeamishness
a mild state of nausea
charley horse, charley-horse
a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
graphospasm, writer's cramp
muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
blepharospasm
spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
crick, kink, rick, wrick
a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back (`rick' and `wrick' are British)
myoclonus
a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
opisthotonos
severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
twitch, twitching, vellication
a sudden muscle spasm; especially one caused by a nervous condition
callus
bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone
cheloid, keloid
raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
pockmark
a scar or pit on the skin that is left by a pustule of smallpox or acne or other eruptive disease
sword-cut
a scar from a cut made by a sword
vaccination
the scar left following inoculation with a vaccine
callosity, callus
an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)
calcification
tissue hardened by deposition of lime salts
hyperpyrexia
extremely high fever (especially in children)
periodic apnea of the newborn
irregular breathing of newborns; periods of rapid breathing followed by apnea; believed to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome
orthopnea
form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect; associated with asthma and emphysema and angina pectoris
SOB, breathlessness, shortness of breath
a dyspneic condition
sleep apnea
apnea that occurs during sleep
dyschezia
difficulty in defecating (usually as a consequence of long continued voluntary suppression of the urge to defecate)
fecal impaction
accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move
obstipation
severe constipation resulting from an obstruction in the intestines
Montezuma's revenge
diarrhea contracted in Mexico or Central America
familial hypercholesterolemia
congenital disorder characterized by high levels of cholesterol and early development of atherosclerosis
Fallot's syndrome, Fallot's tetralogy, tetralogy of Fallot
a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis; characterized by four symptoms: pulmonary stenosis and ventricular septal defect and malposition of the aorta over both ventricles and hypertrophy of the right ventricle
TSS, toxic shock, toxic shock syndrome
syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock; occurs especially in menstruating women using highly absorbent tampons
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
syndrome associated with bacterial meningitis; marked by sudden high fever and skin discoloration and petechiae with hemorrhage into the adrenal glands and cardiovascular collapse
Williams syndrome
a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
syndrome consisting of intractable peptic ulceration with gastric hypersecretion and hyperacidity
shin splints
painful inflammation of the muscles around the shins; frequent among runners
kraurosis
atrophy and shriveling of the skin or mucous membrane
tenesmus
painful spasm of the anal sphincter along with an urgent desire to defecate without the significant production of feces; associated with irritable bowel syndrome
trismus
prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles
Type of:
evidence, grounds
your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief

n anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence

Type of:
indicant, indication
something that serves to indicate or suggest

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.