malady

A malady is an illness, like a malady that keeps you home, sick in bed for days, or something that causes you to have trouble or to suffer, like jet lag — a malady that affects travelers.

Malady, pronounced "MAL-uh-dee," comes from the Latin words male, meaning "bad or ill" and habitus for "have, hold." When you have a malady, it is like something bad is holding you, such as an illness — the common cold: a malady of winter. Some bad habits cause maladies, such as never having any money — the malady of people who spend freely, not thinking of the future.

Definitions of malady
1

n impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism

Synonyms:
illness, sickness, unwellness
Antonyms:
health, wellness
a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
Types:
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condition
an illness, disease, or other medical problem
ague
a fit of shivering or shaking
amyloidosis
a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
anuresis, anuria
inability to urinate
catastrophic illness
severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization or recovery; usually involves high costs for hospitals and doctors and medicines
collapse, prostration
an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion
aeroembolism, air embolism, bends, caisson disease, decompression sickness, gas embolism
pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
food poisoning, gastrointestinal disorder
illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
lead poisoning, plumbism, saturnism
toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
disease
an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
hypermotility
excessive movement; especially excessive motility of the gastrointestinal tract
indisposition
a slight illness
ozone sickness
illness that can occur to persons exposed to ozone in high-altitude aircraft; characterized by sleepiness and headache and chest pains and itchiness
toxaemia, toxaemia of pregnancy, toxemia, toxemia of pregnancy
an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
growth
(pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor)
excrescence
(pathology) an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
breakdown, crack-up
a mental or physical breakdown
shock
(pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor
botulism
food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
mushroom poisoning
toxic condition caused by eating certain species of mushrooms (especially Amanita species)
ptomaine, ptomaine poisoning
a term for food poisoning that is no longer in scientific use; food poisoning was once thought to be caused by ingesting ptomaines
salmonellosis
a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
disease of the neuromuscular junction
a disease characterized by impairment of neuromuscular junctions
aspergillosis
disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs
anthrax
a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia
blackwater
any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
cat scratch disease
a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
complication
any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease
crud
an ill-defined bodily ailment
endemic, endemic disease
a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
enteropathy
a disease of the intestinal tract
incompetence
inability of a part or organ to function properly
Kawasaki disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
pycnosis, pyknosis
a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
Indian tick fever, Kenya fever, Marseilles fever, boutonneuse fever
a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
Meniere's disease
a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral)
milk sickness
caused by consuming milk from cattle suffering from trembles
mimesis
any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease
industrial disease, occupational disease
disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts)
onychosis
any disease or disorder of the nails
rheumatism
any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues
periarteritis nodosa, polyarteritis nodosa
a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area
periodontal disease, periodontitis
a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
liver disease
a disease affecting the liver
communicable disease
a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
exanthema subitum, pseudorubella, roseola infantilis, roseola infantum
a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat; a few days later there is a faint pinkish rash that lasts for a few hours to a few days
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness
a disease affecting the respiratory system
congenital disease, genetic abnormality, genetic defect, genetic disease, genetic disorder, hereditary condition, hereditary disease, inherited disease, inherited disorder
a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
inflammatory disease
a disease characterized by inflammation
autoimmune disease, autoimmune disorder
any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
eclampsia
a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
pre-eclampsia, preeclampsia
abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
deficiency disease
any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)
cystic breast disease, cystic mastitis, fibrocystic breast disease, fibrocystic disease of the breast
the presence of one or more cysts in a breast
goiter, goitre, struma, thyromegaly
abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
heat hyperpyrexia, heatstroke
collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
algidity
prostration characterized by cold and clammy skin and low blood pressure
pappataci fever, phlebotomus, sandfly fever
a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
disease of the skin, skin disease, skin disorder
a disease affecting the skin
exostosis
a benign outgrowth from a bone (usually covered with cartilage)
polyp, polypus
a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
peduncle
the thin process of tissue that attaches a polyp to the body
neoplasm, tumor, tumour
an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
malignance, malignancy
(medicine) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death
hamartoma
a focal growth that resembles a neoplasm but results from faulty development in an organ
eye disease
any disease of the eye
animal disease
a disease that typically does not affect human beings
plant disease
a disease that affects plants
ozaena, ozena
a chronic disease of the nose characterized by a foul-smelling nasal discharge and atrophy of nasal structures
filariasis
a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
Type of:
health problem, ill health, unhealthiness
a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain

n any unwholesome or desperate condition

“what maladies afflict our nation?”
Type of:
condition, status
a state at a particular time

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