endemic

If you want to underscore just how commonly found and present something is within a particular place, try the word endemic. The saguaro cactus is endemic, or native, to the American southwest — so watch out for its sharp spines when you're hiking in Arizona!

Although endemic meaning "prevalent" often describes a plant or disease, it can also refer to something less tangible and more unwanted such as violence or poverty. Many complain of endemic corruption in the local government. Despite its -ic ending, endemic can also be used as a noun to signify a plant or animal that is prevalent in a certain region. If an endemic is brought to another area which it takes over, destroying the local population, it's classified as an invasive species.

Definitions of endemic
1

adj native to or confined to a certain region

“the islands have a number of interesting endemic species”
Antonyms:
cosmopolitan, widely distributed
growing or occurring in many parts of the world

adj originating where it is found

endemic folkways”
Synonyms:
autochthonal, autochthonic, autochthonous, indigenous
native
characteristic of or existing by virtue of geographic origin

adj of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality

“diseases endemic to the tropics”
endemic malaria”
“food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world”
Synonyms:
endemical
enzootic
of a disease that is constantly present in an animal community but only occurs in a small number of cases
Antonyms:
epidemic
(especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously
ecdemic
of or relating to a disease that originates outside the locality in which it occurs
epiphytotic
(of plants) epidemic among plants of a single kind especially over a wide area
epizootic
(of animals) epidemic among animals of a single kind within a particular region
pandemic
epidemic over a wide geographical area
pestiferous, pestilent, pestilential, plaguey
likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease
show more antonyms...

n a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location

Synonyms:
endemic disease
Type of:
disease
an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

n a plant that is native to a certain limited area

“it is an endemic found only this island”
Type of:
flora, plant, plant life
(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion

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